Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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249 kb

FACTOR ANALYSIS OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT OF A SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE DOMESTIC ROCKET AND SPACE INDUSTRY

abstract 1321708059 issue 132 pp. 742 – 761 31.10.2017 ru 368
The main factors influencing the innovative development of the domestic science-intensive sector of the economy, were identified and studied in the work. The authors singled out two groups of factors, internal and external, determining their composition and interrelationship. The paper focuses on one of the segments of the knowledge-intensive market of products and services - space activities. In the postwar period, Russia firmly maintained leadership in virtually all areas of the industry, however, economic and political reforms intensified the negative impact of financial and economic factors, which significantly retarded the technological development of the space industry. The paper studies the influence of environmental, technological, financial, economic and other factors affecting the development of knowledgebased enterprises. A graphical and economicmathematical multi-factor model for the innovative development of knowledge-intensive enterprises involved in the implementation of space programs is constructed. The methods of expert assessments determined the influence of each factor on the development of space activities: - the production of launch vehicles, space vehicles, ground-based space technology and the provision of services. The received estimations of influence of factors will find application at formation of programs of innovative development of the high technology enterprises
132 kb

PROBLEMS OF TRANSITION OF SMALL AND MEDIUM OIL COMPANIES IN LARGE BUSINESS

abstract 1321708061 issue 132 pp. 762 – 771 31.10.2017 ru 419
This article covers the qualitative difference between small, middle and large oil and gas business companies. Difficulties are shown while transferring from small into big business. Special methods of technology adaptation in oil and gas management are given when transferring from small into big business. The adaptation managing technological methods are defined in oil and gas enterprises while transferring ftom small into big business. The main problem in this case is the absence of adequate mechanisms of management efficiency. Such mechanisms would show quite exactly the role of each of the subjects of corporate relations and would form effective communications, state definite managing tasks, produce a definite control of their realization, connecting them with the system of encouragement and motivation. While transferring from small and medium into big business in oil and gas industry the struggle inside of the corporation strengthens for the influence over the finical aspects. This general struggle should be transformed into in cooperation and general development of the corporation, management and owners of the company. In this sphere most of modern researches are fixed on the adaptation of foreign methods, technologies of management to problems of Russian oil and gas companies. For solving this problem it is necessary to work out quite a different approach which will be based not on copying positive forms of relations but on formation conditions for a new type of Russian corporative management with economic, historical and social specialties of the national management
231 kb

PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS

abstract 1321708064 issue 132 pp. 798 – 817 31.10.2017 ru 353
In the article, problems of Agro-industrial complex of Russia in the conditions of economic sanctions are considered. External and internal circumstances, which influence the solution of ensuring food security’s problems of the state, are examined. In particular, Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization and participation in regional integration associations on economic space of the CIS is considered. The analysis of the Russian Federation’s participation in the Eurasian Economic Union is carried out. Need of import substitution agricultural production is considered. System problems in the agrarian sphere of economy and difficult internal macroeconomic conditions are analyzed. In this article, we perform an analysis of agricultural production on categories of farms in the Russian Federation for 2013-2015. The conclusion is drawn that in farms of all categories intensive growth is observed. Following the results of 2015, the level of food security, which was reached in previous years, remains. At the same time, threshold values, which are established by Doctrine to food security, are exceeded. On grain: 99,1% against 95%, on potatoes - 97,2% against 95%, on sugar - 93,5% against 80% and on vegetable oil - 84,3% against 80%. In the article, the analysis of main types of import-substituting food products’ production is carried out to the Russian Federation for 2013-2015. Trade and investment communications of the Russian Federation’s agroindustrial complex for this period are studied. The valid conclusion about positive tendencies in these directions is given. The influence of the anti-Russian sanctions on financial and investment conditions of Russian agro-industrial complex’s development was analyzed. In the article, ways of food security strengthening of the state and processes of import substitution are offered: optimization the forms and mechanisms of agricultural industry’s state support, innovative development of branch, increase in availability of credit resources to agricultural producers, preparation and involvement of qualified personnel for agricultural industry, to improve the social living conditions in the village and state regulation of the agricultural markets. The conclusion is drawn that the problem of Russian ensuring food security in the conditions of sanctions has to be solved on the basis of intelligent long-term and system decisions, on the basis of a research and implementation of the effective long-term strategy to develop the agricultural industry
348 kb

IMPROVING TOOLS FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MILITARYINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

abstract 1321708066 issue 132 pp. 831 – 849 31.10.2017 ru 315
The modernization of the military-industrial complex of Russia is accomplished by the implementation of the program of its development. Implementation of these measures requires scientific and methodological support. However, the tools help you solve this problem, using modern mathematical methods with a focus on practical use in the form of methods and economic and mathematical models, to date, not fully developed. The article is devoted to the development of tools for assessment of activities of the militaryindustrial complex The proposed models and algorithms are based on the production rules of inference of fuzzy logic and process variables to a fuzzy mind by assigning confidence factors. The prioritization of activities proposed to be carried out by ranking these factors
337 kb

METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT AND COMPLEX EVALUATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES OF MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF CORPORATE INTEGRATED STRUCTURES

abstract 1321708071 issue 132 pp. 906 – 925 31.10.2017 ru 367
The article deals with the methodological aspects of developing a design method and a comprehensive assessment of the organizational structures of the corporate integrated structure management system. Corporate integrated structures form a significant segment of the modern economy of the Russian Federation. One of the significant problems of their functioning and development is the creation of an effective management system. An analytical review of existing methods of designing organizational structures showed that today there are no methods adapted to corporate integrated structures that take into account the multilevel management system, the heterogeneity of its elements in development stages, the types of organizational structures used, which determines the relevance of the research topic. As a result of the conducted researches, the article describes the characteristics of modern types of organizational structures, gives recommendations on their use at various stages of the life cycle of organizations that are part of the corporate integrated structure, including depending on the industry specifics. A comparative analysis of the methods of designing organizational structures made it possible to select the basic methods that form the basis of the developed method and formalize its main stages, taking into account the level of the organization's development, factors leading to a management crisis at this level of development, a functional set that triggers development mechanisms, structuring development goals and a functional-structural The model of organizations at all levels of the corporate integrated structures management system. The evaluation stage of the developed alternative variants was proposed to be carried out taking into account a variety of heterogeneous criteria: the degree of centralization and decentralization of management, the speed of information flow, and the level of costs for the implementation of functions and operations. Such an approach will allow taking into account the main problem points that are typical for corporate integrated structures and will allow designing effective organizational structures for all levels of the management system taking into account the emergence principle
181 kb

THE INCREASING OF EFFECTIVENESS OF TOURIST BUSINESS IN LLC SOCHI SEASONS

abstract 1321708076 issue 132 pp. 986 – 1002 31.10.2017 ru 331
The ensuring of high rates of development and growth of competitiveness of tourism organizations in the long term, especially in the context of economic sanctions is predetermined by the level of investment activity. In a competitive environment, the most important factor of profit maximization is investing in business diversification. The object of our research was Sochi Seasons LLC, Sochi. The main activity of the organization is reservation services in the sphere of tourism, transport travels in the Kuban and Abkhazia and various excursion programs. The analysis shows that the unstable growth of profitability indicators of economic activity does not contribute to ensuring the competitiveness and investment attractiveness of the organization, it is a brake on investment processes. The results of SWOT-analysis in the organization testify to the difficulties of the firm's position in the market. In Sochi Seasons LLC, in order to increase the efficiency of investment activities are proposed: business diversification; improvement of commercial activities. The creation of a tourist cafe in the Krasnaya Polyana area along the route of tourist routes is a profitable business with great potential for development. Evaluation of economic efficiency indicates the feasibility of investing in a project that is characterized by an average degree of risk. The system of commercial, organizational and financial functions aimed at the most complete and rapid satisfaction of the demand of tourism services consumers should provide for: a comprehensive study of the state of the tourism market and the prospects for its development; perfection of forms, methods of realization of services; improvement of pricing policy; organization of advertising activities; forming of a strategic marketing plan
128 kb

ACTIVITIES FOR FORMATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF A BANK IN THE SPHERE OF INDIVIDUAL CAR LOANS

abstract 1321708077 issue 132 pp. 1003 – 1012 31.10.2017 ru 300
The article discusses the prospects of development of crediting in the Russian federation; the author analyzes the important reasons for the increased costs of cars, as inflation and refinancing rate in Russia and the United States. This article also studied the dynamics of sales of cars on credit in recent years, the terms of the car loan program called “Buy back”. In addition, the calculation of economic efficiency in the changing conditions of early repayment of a classic car loan, implementation of Buy back program, and the efficiency of implementation of project proposals
147 kb

EVALUATION OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF INVESTMENT AND INNOVATION PROJECT IN ANIMALS

abstract 1321708079 issue 132 pp. 1024 – 1034 31.10.2017 ru 337
The article considers the indicators of economic efficiency evaluation of the investment-innovative project in dairy cattle breeding. Factors that deter investment and innovation processes and the importance of introducing innovative technologies in livestock development and state support issues for the development of this sector are revealed
165 kb

SPECIALIZED STOCK EXCHANGE OF SECURITIES OF HI-TECH ISSUERS

abstract 1321708081 issue 132 pp. 1045 – 1055 31.10.2017 ru 291
The transformation of the Russian economy directed to transition to the sixth technological way shall rely on the perspective ideas, one of which is the idea reproductive neo - industrialization. It is revealed that reproductive neo - industrialization initiates three interdependent processes in the internal environment of economic systems processes: 1) restoration of own potential of development of these systems; 2) decapitalization of the institutional status that allows to realize dismantling of the mechanism of movement of these systems; 3) restoration of internal homogeneity of these systems, that is, their homogenization, support of harmony of communications of elements. The article offers an algorithm of financial and investment support reproductive neo - industrialization by means of which it is possible to solve a complex problem of attraction of investments into the economic systems of depressive type. It is defined, that the happening technological conversions directed to transition of the Russian economy to the sixth technological way bring new opportunities of movement of the dummy capital to life. According to the author, within economies of depressive type the cross-border fund of support of the innovations oriented on institutional changes and also specialized stock exchange of securities of hi-tech issuers on which site investment of financial innovations shall be carried out is popular
130 kb

MODERN STATE AND TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF MEAT CATTLE BREEDING OF RUSSIA

abstract 1321708083 issue 132 pp. 1066 – 1075 31.10.2017 ru 443
The article reflects modern condition of production of meat of cattle in Russia. We have analyzed the population dynamics of the cattle population and beef production and thee main problems that accompany the functioning of the beef cattle industry. We have given the measures of state support of the industry, to solve problems for which the Ministry of agriculture has developed a program to support the development of beef cattle. Considering prospects and possible risks of development of domestic the beef cattle industry, we have specified a need of such development of the branch; it has to be based, first of all, on implementation of large-scale projects on the basis of the competitive meat breeds of world level. On the basis of the findings we have identified the forecasts for the domestic producers, based on the current market dynamics. Solving the problem of providing the population with beef is possible at the expense of specialized meat cattle breeding. In order to improve economic efficiency of meat production of cattle we must not only find internal reserves and improve industrial relations economic relations, but the establishment of integration structures in the form of unions of agricultural enterprises, processing enterprises and marketing organizations, as well as large-scale economic and legislative support from the state
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