Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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234 kb

TOOLS FOR OPTIMIZING PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT PRICING MODELS

abstract 1311707079 issue 131 pp. 955 – 975 29.09.2017 ru 302
The state of any economic system depends on the values of its parameters, both in the current period and at previous times. Therefore, in the process of optimization of production management, it is necessary to take into account this feature of the development of the systems under consideration. The most important task of economic research is the establishment of an equilibrium price. The most suitable hysteresis converters for solving this problem, the formal description of which is based on their operator interpretation. However, at present, when analyzing the functions of supply and demand, a cobweb-like model and its analogues are used, as a rule. This article discusses the unresolved problem of optimizing production under conditions of hysteresis pricing and competition. Taking into account that their mathematical modeling is the main method of analyzing economic systems with hysteresis properties, different pricing models (discrete and continuous) are considered in the article, as well as economic and mathematical tools for optimizing production activity under hysteresis pricing conditions. The developed models can be used to increase the adequacy of the formal mathematical description of the corresponding systems, which is the basis for more accurate forecasts of their development. In the conditions of hysteresis pricing, production optimization algorithms will allow to create optimal (in terms of achieving maximum profit) price and production strategies for the development of economic systems
186 kb

MODELLING OF FINANCIAL STABILITY OF ROCKET-SPACE COMPLEX COMPANIES

abstract 1311707080 issue 131 pp. 976 – 989 29.09.2017 ru 439
Mathematical modeling is one of the leading places among methods of research of economic systems and processes. The article considers the main management problem of the rocket-space complex in modern conditions and gives a brief description of this problem in conjunction with the tasks of innovative modernization and financial sustainability of enterprises of the complex. We have considered a common situation where the enterprises of the rocket-space complex in implementation of its development is carrying out an investment project, the financing of which is taken from a loan. It is proved that the implementation of this project can be appropriate, if as a result of the implementation the net present value of the enterprise increases. We have developed a model, which provides optimization of financial providing of high-tech enterprises of the rocket-space complex in the implementation of their modernization project taking into account the specifics of the use of own and borrowed funds
161 kb

FORMATION OF A SYSTEM OF STAFF ROTATION IN ORGANIZATIONS

abstract 1311707081 issue 131 pp. 990 – 1002 29.09.2017 ru 984
The article discusses the role and importance of the process of staff rotation in organizations. Not to mention the important role of this process in constructing the system of personnel management. The proposed system of rotation of personnel in the organization, which consists of several stages, including some incoming information and the necessary procedures. A schematic representation of the process of rotation of personnel in the organization will allow management to clearly understand the objectives and actions at each stage of rotation and to systematize the results. Systematization of the process of rotation will increase staff motivation and productivity, reduce employee turnover and organizational costs. An important component of the rotation is planning of internal staff movements. The article presents an example of a table plan staff movements taking into account the types of movement, divisions and posts. This takes into account the sequence of individual movements and training of candidates. Planning internal labor movements will improve the moralpsychological climate in the team, reduce staff turnover and thus improve socio-economic performance of the organization as a whole. As a result of implementation of the above activities, the organization will receive not only economic but also social effect
440 kb

SIMULATION OF THE LARGE-SCALE TRANSPORT NETWORK BY PREFRACTAL GRAPHS

abstract 1311707085 issue 131 pp. 1035 – 1045 29.09.2017 ru 400
This work is devoted to a new method for designing large-scale structures of transport networks. The model of a large-scale transport network is built on prefractal graphs. The model of a large-scale transport network is based on the principle of hierarchical organization of territories. A prefractal graph is a finite analogue of a fractal graph combining the properties of a fractal and a graph. Some problems of discrete optimization on prefractal graphs become polynomially solvable under certain conditions. Reducing the complexity of extreme problems on prefractal graphs is due to the fact that on these graphs for some problems, along with the selfsimilarity property, the property of heredity appears. Using this property, it is possible to construct parallel algorithms for problems on prefractal graphs, the complexity of which is orders of magnitude lower than for known successive algorithms
349 kb

ADJUSTMENT OF THE ENTERPRISE’S IMITATION MODEL FOR THE ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF SMALL FIRMS

abstract 1311707092 issue 131 pp. 1102 – 1119 29.09.2017 ru 332
The article presents a simulation modeling method which is applied to the development analysis of the microeconomic objects. Examination of the classical version of the simulation dynamic model E (Enterprise) intended for research of monoproduct enterprises with unchanged technology is conducted; the possibilities of its adaptation for small business objects and modifications to the imitation model of a small enterprise (IMSE) are proved. The dendrogram of the complex of possible IMSE modifications formed on the basis of the E model is presented, which allows describing the activity of small firms of different profiles and solving a wide range of tasks of their strategic planning and management. The proposed dendrogram is a conceptual framework for imitating modeling of small business objects
160 kb

BTC: INNOVATIVE CURRENCY OR FINANCIAL CRIMES INSTRUMENT?

abstract 1311707108 issue 131 pp. 1301 – 1310 29.09.2017 ru 604
The article describes definition of a new type of crypto currency and innovative payment system. It outlines the relevance in connection with the fact that Bitcoin is gaining popularity. For the first time in history Bitcoin exchange rate reached $ 4000 per token. It is noted that despite the growing popularity of Bitcoin, Russia's opinion about Bitcoin's official status is ambiguous: Bitcoin is not officially recognized, as a means of payment, and, at the same time, as noted in the official report of the Central Bank of Russia, is not prohibited. The main types of fraud using of crypto currency are listed. The negative consequences of the introduction of crypto currency into circulation have been studied and analyzed. The main advantages of Bitcoin are described: it is easy to use, reliable; its system is open and not subject to counterfeiting. The possibilities of its use for the financial crimes was analyzed. It describes positions of the leading countries of the world in relation to the legal status of Bitcoin. The main principles of the Bitcoin system operation are summarized and systemized; the main vulnerabilities and "weak spots" of Bitcoin are described with examples of the most known crimes in the world using virtual money. The BTC vulnerabilities are described in the article. This data, as well as a description of the main aspects of the Bitcoin practical essence, can be applied in practice as the basis for analysis to identify and prevent financial crimes using crypto currency
375 kb

PERFORMANCE MODELS FOR SMALL PROCESSING COMPANIES OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX (part 1)

abstract 1311707109 issue 131 pp. 1311 – 1338 29.09.2017 ru 417
The article proposes a solution to one of the problems of small business, which is creation of a part of the software of management of information system efficiency for small processing enterprises of AIC. The fact is, that currently, there are almost no information systems to support small business. All known information systems have approximately the same list of automated functions, covering the accounting phase, and sometimes phase of analysis. Practically, not affected by the evaluation function of the economic situation, prediction, planning and regulation. The proposed mathematical model has been developed on the basis of the creation of streaming schemes of one-product processing enterprises of agroindustrial complex and mathematical description of the proceeding financial and material flows
155 kb

CREATION METHODOLOGIES OF CONSUMER VALUE OF CONFECTIONERY

abstract 1311707110 issue 131 pp. 1339 – 1351 29.09.2017 ru 707
In the article the analysis of an entity of consumer value is provided, approaches to the description of a concept of value are discussed; problems of a research and measurement of consumer value are updated. The consumer value of goods expresses in a choice from a large number of similar goods, conditions for which can be its cost, qualitative characteristics, gradations, the sizes. It is set that in case of determination of consumer value it is impossible to be guided only by its cost, here its qualitative characteristics, conditions of the supplier and the level of service will be an important index for acquisition by wholesalers. The consumer value of production proceeds from the advantages got by the buyer from his acquisition and costs of its purchase made by it. In addition, to understand priorities of the buyer, it is necessary to select analysis stages of consumer value, which are divided into several processes; they include production, a market research, and questions of sale and support of production. Authors consider the value as one-dimensional and multivariate construction, select three basic approaches to value assessment. It is set that pricing based on prime cost is made from analytics of need of the buyer, with establishment of necessity of goods for it, and its cost should characterize its advantages
142 kb

THE MODERN REQUIREMENTS TO AUDIT DOCUMENTATION IN ACCORDANCE TO ISAS

abstract 1311707116 issue 131 pp. 1425 – 1437 29.09.2017 ru 915
The article is about modern requirements to audit documentation in accordance with International Standards of Audit (ISAs). As the usage of ISAs in Russia obliges auditors to use the new approaches to agreeing terms of audit engagement, audit planning, obtaining audit evidence and forming audit opinion, an auditor has to prepare new forms of audit documentation as the result of an audit conduct. The main standard that contains information about audit documentation is ISA 230 «Audit documentation». It gives definition of «audit documentation», «audit file», «requirements to audit documentation» etc. The author also analyses the theses of some other ISAs that might also contain rules of making audit documentation. For example, ISA 210 «Agreeing the term of audit engagements» obliges auditor to make an audit engagement letter, ISA 501 «Audit evidence – specific consideration for selected items» says that an auditor should conduct inventory of materials and as the result of it make a request for being included into in the inventory committee etc.
645 kb

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF THE INVESTMENT AND INNOVATION ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1311707117 issue 131 pp. 1438 – 1448 29.09.2017 ru 384
The article covers the theoretical aspects of the regional investment and innovation policy and the investment potential of the region. The key task of regional investment and innovation policy is defined ensuring innovation and reproduction of growth for by using the competitive advantages of the region. The analysis of distribution of the Russian regions on a rating of the investment climate and the characteristic of regions with the smallest and greatest investment risk is submitted. It is revealed that the Krasnodar region, speaking of the investment potential, within the last two years surely takes the fourth place among regions of Russia, and the share of Kuban in the Russia's investment potential has made 2,856%. Thus, the favorable investment climate of the Krasnodar region develops at the expense of the following factors: convenient geographical position, the developed transport infrastructure, availability of unique recreational resources, attractive sales markets, positive climatic conditions and reserves of minerals. We have defined the essence and the main directions of development of the investment and innovation capacity of the region on the example of the Krasnodar region, which include: technology modernization and structural adjustment of the region; forming and continuous organizational support of regional projects and programs; stimulation of development acting and creation of new innovation, scientific production and scientific and technical structures. The scheme of carrying out monitoring of development of the innovation capacity of the region and the scheme of organizational and economic ensuring implementation of the investment and innovation policy of the region have also been developed
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