Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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2613 kb

APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 1295
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
3337 kb

CALCULATION OF MELTING RATE OF DEBRIS-COVERED AREAS OF A MOUNTAIN GLACIER

abstract 1331709078 issue 133 pp. 1062 – 1078 30.11.2017 ru 1312
Considerable parts of the ablation zones of mountain glaciers in various mountain systems of the World are covered with rocks (dibris). Heat and physical properties of debris layer are very different from those of ice. Debris layer determines ablation rate and ice run-off regime. Dependently on thickness, it can accelerate ablation or totally isolate ice cover from melting. To describe ablation rate in a mathematical model correctly, one needs to include in it a block responsible for heat exchange of debris-covered areas with the atmosphere. In the paper, we consider an algorithm for calculation of ablation rate under the layer of debris, which is to be incorporated to the surface mass balance model. We also describe results of calculations of temperature distribution in a debris layer and estimates of ablation rate under the latter. All calculations were carried out for heat and physical properties of Djankuat Glacier in the Central Caucasus
2934 kb

CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA: TENDENCIES AND POSSIBILITIES FOR PREDICTION

abstract 1111507030 issue 111 pp. 538 – 552 30.09.2015 ru 1404
What we have analyzed in the article is the spatial structure of the surface air temperature and precipitation amount fields in the Black Sea Region. Spatial correlation method is applied to reveal teleconnections between surface air temperature and precipitation measured at the meteorological stations of the region from one hand and globally averaged surface air temperature and atmospheric circulation indecies from the other hand. Atmospheric circulation indecies – North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Oscillation «North Sea – Northern Caspian Sea» (NCP) – determine to a great extent regional temperature and precipitation regime. The goal of the current research is to establish probable causes and mechanisms influencing regional climatic variations and examining of possible connections of the latter with the global climate change. It is demonstrated that relations between air temperature and precipitation at particular stations in the region and global temperature are weak and ambigous. At the same time, temperature and precipitation regimes are affected by changes of phases of NAO and NCP. It means that global warming has no direct effect on the regional climate. More probably, global warming influences the regional climate through the changes in the atmospheric circulation pattern in the particular region
352 kb

DIAPIR STRUCTURES OF THE TEREK-SUNZHA OIL AND GAS REGION OF THE EASTERN CAUCASUS – QUASI-MUD VOLCANOES

abstract 1301706032 issue 130 pp. 421 – 446 30.06.2017 ru 1022
Within the Terek-Sunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus a productive sediments are clearly expressed by the classical diapir due to the increase in power in the arched part of the strata of the Maikop clays. In accordance with the theory of I. M. Gubkin, developed based on the analysis of the structure of the oil and gas structures of mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan, diapirism of the structure is an important prerequisite for the formation of a mud volcano. The article provides a comparative analysis of diapir structures of the TerekSunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus, which is quasi-mud unripe volcanoes, and structures of mud volcanoes in the South-Eastern end of the Caucasus range (the Apsheron Peninsula and other territories of Azerbaijan) and the North-Western end of the Caucasus range (the Kerch and Taman Peninsula). It is shown that the formation of diapir structure, when, in the context of high power clay strata, is not a sufficient condition for its transformation into a mud volcano. In such geological conditions, it is essential to determine the capacity of clay strata, but also the degree of its water-filled porosity, visco-plastic and fluid-forming properties, contributing to the transition of the breed in a phase of active current and the coming to the surface
1212 kb

EVALUATION OF TOURISTIC ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE BLACK SEA BEACHES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706055 issue 130 pp. 789 – 798 30.06.2017 ru 789
The methodology of evaluation of touristic attractiveness of the Black sea coast of the Krasnodar area is presented in this article. This method is based on ranked assessment using statistical analysis
1982 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN THE WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 2. METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND AVALANCHE SITUATION

abstract 1311707045 issue 131 pp. 489 – 514 29.09.2017 ru 813
In the article, we consider climatic conditions during the cold period of the year in the mountain claster of Sochi. We have analyzed variability of time series of air temperature and precipitation sums at meteostation Krasnaya Polyana. We have established, that average daily temperature in the cold period was growing during the last thirty years. This process was accompanied by decreasing of daily temperature amplitides. Winter of the year 2016/17 is characterized by early beginning of snow accumulation because of comparatively low temperatures in December 2016. This was the reason in general for comparatively more dense snow cover and to more frequent avalanches
993 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 1. STRATIGRAPHY OF THE SNOW COVER AND WATER STORAGE

abstract 1291705059 issue 129 pp. 793 – 819 31.05.2017 ru 690
Considered in the study, there are specific features and stratigraphy of the snow cover in the region of the mountain claster of Sochi (Krasnaya Polyana) during winter of 2016-2017. We have analyzed patterns of snow thickness distribution, its dependence on the absolute elevation, slope exposition and landscape type. Conclusions were made about the necessity of the regular study of the structure and quality of the snow cover for the purpose of mountain skiing development
456 kb

HOW TO ESTIMATE THE ACCURACY OF DETERMINING THE COORDINATES IN THE APPROACH OF HANSEN

abstract 1171603010 issue 117 pp. 192 – 203 31.03.2016 ru 1014
Recently, there have been satellite-based methods widely used to determine the coordinates of points, which allow, without mutual visibility between points, to pursue their coordinates. However, in some cases, for example in forests, in urban buildings the application of these methods becomes a problem and it is easier to apply traditional methods. The article describes the case of using the method of calculation of coordinates for "the approach of Hansen" and held to evaluate the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the points. Some studies provide only recommendation guidelines that the most accurate results are obtained when the shape of the building is shaped similar to a square. In our case, on the basis of obtained formulae we had an analysis of the influence of the length of the corresponding base, and its distance from the source side on the accuracy of determination of coordinates of the original points. The conclusion is that the accuracy of determination of coordinates of required points depends on the ratio of the length of the original basis and the baseline. The optimal can be considered the distance equal to 0.3-0.6 of the length of the baseline. The holding data in the study can successfully be used for the drafting of geodetic reference polygonometries moves and thickening of networks
277 kb

HYPOTHESIS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE, SOLAR SYSTEM AND EARTH

abstract 1181604013 issue 118 pp. 223 – 244 29.04.2016 ru 834
It is assumed that in the primordial state of the Universe was missing the elements of matter, it was submitted to electromagnetic photon field in a broad frequency band. Photons with energy ε=1,02 born MeV electrons and positrons, and photons with energy ε=1,87 born МeV protons and antiprotons. The Association of protons, electrons and essential spectrum of photons created a sustainable hydrogen atoms and neutrons. Association of hydrogen atoms led to the creation of hydrogen clusters, and merging neutron – neutron creation of clusters (pulsars). As a result, the concentration of photons in the Universe decreased and the universe were compressed. The gravitational interactions between the hydrogen and neutron clusters was coming off of a mass of matter from both. The torn mass of hydrogen clusters were created on the planet. Separation of the mass from neutron clusters led to the neutron exposure of the main hydrogen clusters and loose parts from him (future planets). The latter, being closer to the main hydrogen accumulation, under the influence of neutron flux were redesigned to all elements of the periodic table. The article describes nuclear reactions convert one chemical element to another. After irradiation of the primary hydrogen clusters of neutrons and the emergence of the heavy and superheavy hydrogen, started fusion reactions with the release of photon energy and the transition of hydrogen clusters in Stellar condition. They began to glow. The selection of the photon energy of the Stars led to the increase in the concentration of photons in the Universe, the increase of the pressure and the expansion of the Universe, which is what happens at the present stage of its development. Combining antiprotons, electrons (positrons) with the required spectrum of photons created sustainable antihydrogen and antineutrons, and their clusters – clumps of antimatter in the Universe
255 kb

INFLUENCE OF FEATURES OF ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES ON PROBLEMS OF RESEARCHES AT ARRANGEMENT OF OIL AND GAS FIELDS

abstract 1061502054 issue 106 pp. 853 – 866 28.02.2015 ru 1307
Prospects of development of oil-extracting branch of the Krasnodar region are connected with continuation of prospecting works and search drilling in a zone of transit of the Kuban River and water areas of the Black and Azov seas. In the existing normative documents about technical researches we didn't find reflection of the rule of works on platforms of capital construction of wells on the earth and in transitional conditions. The technique of studying of engineering-geological features of territories of oil and gas fields is offered. Regional and zone factors of engineering-geological conditions of oil and gas fields are established. Engineering-geological structures are allocated. Additional types of technical researches are defined
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