Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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304 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF TWO GEODETIC REFERENCE POINTS USING TWO SOURCES

abstract 1171603043 issue 117 pp. 676 – 683 31.03.2016 ru 636
The article examines an important matter of topical problems of the thickening of planned justification from the starting points, for which we have known or predetermined locations using satellite-surveying instruments. The authors present a method of solving the problem of two geodetic reference points using two sources (the approach of the Hansen) by determining the true adjoining corners and converting the problem to the solution of direct angular notches. We have also given a numerical example of the solution and the estimated accuracy of the obtained coordinates of the points P and Q using found valid adjoining corners and edge lengths of the resulting triangles
819 kb

NEW METHODS OF ENGINEERINGGEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE TERRITORY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGEA

abstract 1321708019 issue 132 pp. 239 – 248 31.10.2017 ru 664
The article presents the experience of engineeringgeological zoning to establish patterns of spatial variability of the components of engineeringgeological conditions. In the ArcGIS environment was created a set of electron-digital maps, taking into account the influence of adverse geological processes and landforms for the design, construction and operation of linear engineering structures.
993 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 1. STRATIGRAPHY OF THE SNOW COVER AND WATER STORAGE

abstract 1291705059 issue 129 pp. 793 – 819 31.05.2017 ru 691
Considered in the study, there are specific features and stratigraphy of the snow cover in the region of the mountain claster of Sochi (Krasnaya Polyana) during winter of 2016-2017. We have analyzed patterns of snow thickness distribution, its dependence on the absolute elevation, slope exposition and landscape type. Conclusions were made about the necessity of the regular study of the structure and quality of the snow cover for the purpose of mountain skiing development
1212 kb

EVALUATION OF TOURISTIC ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE BLACK SEA BEACHES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706055 issue 130 pp. 789 – 798 30.06.2017 ru 789
The methodology of evaluation of touristic attractiveness of the Black sea coast of the Krasnodar area is presented in this article. This method is based on ranked assessment using statistical analysis
1982 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN THE WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 2. METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND AVALANCHE SITUATION

abstract 1311707045 issue 131 pp. 489 – 514 29.09.2017 ru 813
In the article, we consider climatic conditions during the cold period of the year in the mountain claster of Sochi. We have analyzed variability of time series of air temperature and precipitation sums at meteostation Krasnaya Polyana. We have established, that average daily temperature in the cold period was growing during the last thirty years. This process was accompanied by decreasing of daily temperature amplitides. Winter of the year 2016/17 is characterized by early beginning of snow accumulation because of comparatively low temperatures in December 2016. This was the reason in general for comparatively more dense snow cover and to more frequent avalanches
277 kb

HYPOTHESIS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE, SOLAR SYSTEM AND EARTH

abstract 1181604013 issue 118 pp. 223 – 244 29.04.2016 ru 834
It is assumed that in the primordial state of the Universe was missing the elements of matter, it was submitted to electromagnetic photon field in a broad frequency band. Photons with energy ε=1,02 born MeV electrons and positrons, and photons with energy ε=1,87 born МeV protons and antiprotons. The Association of protons, electrons and essential spectrum of photons created a sustainable hydrogen atoms and neutrons. Association of hydrogen atoms led to the creation of hydrogen clusters, and merging neutron – neutron creation of clusters (pulsars). As a result, the concentration of photons in the Universe decreased and the universe were compressed. The gravitational interactions between the hydrogen and neutron clusters was coming off of a mass of matter from both. The torn mass of hydrogen clusters were created on the planet. Separation of the mass from neutron clusters led to the neutron exposure of the main hydrogen clusters and loose parts from him (future planets). The latter, being closer to the main hydrogen accumulation, under the influence of neutron flux were redesigned to all elements of the periodic table. The article describes nuclear reactions convert one chemical element to another. After irradiation of the primary hydrogen clusters of neutrons and the emergence of the heavy and superheavy hydrogen, started fusion reactions with the release of photon energy and the transition of hydrogen clusters in Stellar condition. They began to glow. The selection of the photon energy of the Stars led to the increase in the concentration of photons in the Universe, the increase of the pressure and the expansion of the Universe, which is what happens at the present stage of its development. Combining antiprotons, electrons (positrons) with the required spectrum of photons created sustainable antihydrogen and antineutrons, and their clusters – clumps of antimatter in the Universe
151 kb

PRODUCTIVITY FORECAST OF BROWN FOREST SOILS FOR TEA CULTIVATION IN ADYGEA BASED ON MODERN EVALUATION METHODS

abstract 1191605015 issue 119 pp. 227 – 237 31.05.2016 ru 875
Increasing of tea production in the foothills of Adygea should be based on potential soil properties suitable for tea plant. The goal was achieved using modern methods of soil evaluation of tea plantations. The evaluation criteria were the following agrochemical and agro indicators: soil acidity (pH KCl); hydrolytic acidity; the sum of exchangeable bases; bases saturation; granulometric composition. It was found that the soil under tea plantation in Adygeya classifies as brown forest poorly unsaturated with the level of potential fertility rated as satisfactory (bonitet rating 40-60). However, the low supply of nutrients in the layer 0-40 cm: phosphorus (19,04 ± 2,42 mg / 100 g soil), potassium (17,70 ± 1,60 mg / 100 g soil) and a sufficiently high degree of saturation of soil bases in the layer of 50- 100 cm (67,10 ± 11,67%) in combination with a soil moisture deficit determine their low productivity of 16,0 ± 5,0 kg / ha, whereas their potential productivity of 30-50 t / ha. The development of scientifically grounded, targeted ameliorative and agro-technical measures (irrigation, nutrition systems using physiologically acidic forms of nitrogen and potash fertilizers that reduce the degree of saturation of the soil bases) will help to increase the effective soil fertility and allow the tea plants reach its biological potential and achieve predicted productivity in Adygea region
774 kb

UNIQUE NATURAL MONUMENTS AND THE CONDITIONS OF THE KABARDINO-BALKAR REPUBLIC AND THE NORTH CAUCASUS TO ORGANIZE ECOLOGICAL TOURISM

abstract 1341710057 issue 134 pp. 720 – 732 29.12.2017 ru 958
The article focuses on the unique nature of the CBD and the North Caucasus, and to existing problems. It was noted that many areas of protected and recreational areas are eroded and disturbed by human activities and environmental tourism in the regions is not developed. We have made a justification for the establishment of eco-tourism, the key objectives and tasks. On the example of Kabardino-Balkaria, there was set scientific and technological rationale of the organization of the centers of ecological tourism in the regions. The article shows a comparative analysis about the developing ecological tourism in Europe as an active form of recreation. Unlike European counterparts, in our project we have a strong emphasis on the popularization and implementation of environmental technologies for the protection and improvement of springs, hiking trails and recreation areas for tourists. You can find descriptions of the most interesting and amazing natural monuments, and recreation areas divided in ecological routes and areas of the CBD. The mountain zones of the CBD are mainly located in four valleys: in the Baksan, Cherek, Chehem and Malka, where these amazing natural monuments and landscapes are. The authors conducted a field research work for the study of the unique natural sites in all environmental routes and areas of the CBD. In conclusion, it is noted that in our region there is great potential for organization of ecological tourism and all these beautiful natural conditions are the basis for this. The development of ecological tourism will further attract more than 10 thousand tourists who are interested in nature in Kabardino-Balkaria and environmental issues in the region
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 979
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
456 kb

HOW TO ESTIMATE THE ACCURACY OF DETERMINING THE COORDINATES IN THE APPROACH OF HANSEN

abstract 1171603010 issue 117 pp. 192 – 203 31.03.2016 ru 1014
Recently, there have been satellite-based methods widely used to determine the coordinates of points, which allow, without mutual visibility between points, to pursue their coordinates. However, in some cases, for example in forests, in urban buildings the application of these methods becomes a problem and it is easier to apply traditional methods. The article describes the case of using the method of calculation of coordinates for "the approach of Hansen" and held to evaluate the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the points. Some studies provide only recommendation guidelines that the most accurate results are obtained when the shape of the building is shaped similar to a square. In our case, on the basis of obtained formulae we had an analysis of the influence of the length of the corresponding base, and its distance from the source side on the accuracy of determination of coordinates of the original points. The conclusion is that the accuracy of determination of coordinates of required points depends on the ratio of the length of the original basis and the baseline. The optimal can be considered the distance equal to 0.3-0.6 of the length of the baseline. The holding data in the study can successfully be used for the drafting of geodetic reference polygonometries moves and thickening of networks
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