Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Baranovskaya Tatyana Petrovna

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Academic rank

professor

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Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 65

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3170 kb

THE RATIONALE FOR SELECTING THE METHOD OF FORECASTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DIVERSIFIED CORPORATION

abstract 1221608004 issue 122 pp. 43 – 58 31.10.2016 ru 463
Application of classical forecasting methods applied to a diversified corporation faces some certain difficulties, due to its economic nature. Unlike other businesses, diversified corporations are characterized by multidimensional arrays of data with a high degree of distortion and fragmentation of the information due to the cumulative effect of the incompleteness and distortion of accounting information from its enterprises. Under these conditions, the applied methods and tools must have high resolution and to work effectively with large databases with incomplete information, to ensure correct common comparable quantitative processing of the heterogeneous nature of the factors measured in different units. It is therefore necessary to select or develop some methods that can work with poorly formalized complex tasks. This fact substantiates the relevance of the problem of developing models, methods and tools for solving the problem of forecasting the development of diversified corporations. This article compares methods of forecasting and encourages using the ask analysis which has a good theoretical justification for the meaningful interpretation of a knowledge model based on information theory; high accuracy and independence of calculation results of the unit of measurement baseline data through the use of not the correlation matrix, as in statistical systems, and matrices of knowledge. A well-developed and available Toolkit of the ASK-analysis which is an intellectual system called "Eidos" (created by E. V. Lutsenko, 1994) allows, on the basis of fragmented, noisy source data of various nature (numeric, text) to create models of large dimension. The ASK-analysis and the system of "Eidos" have been widely and successfully used in economics, engineering, agriculture, sociology and other fields. These features of the ASK-analysis have led to the fact that it was chosen as the method of forecasting of dynamics of indicators of the corporation
215 kb

ASSESSMENT OF SMALL BUSINESSES DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND PROBLEMS OF THEIR FUNCTIONING AND MANAGEMENT

abstract 1221608081 issue 122 pp. 1216 – 1231 31.10.2016 ru 548
Small businesses play a special role in the development of the state economy: the national budget from taxes, increasing the welfare of the population, the question of employment, the formation of competitive environment, cost containment and improving the quality of goods and services. In this regard, become topical issues related to the creation of favorable conditions for the functioning and development of management tools and mechanisms of development of organizations of this segment of the economy. This work aims to identify the key problems of functioning of small business organizations through the assessment of the development of this segment in the economy of the Krasnodar region. For the evaluation of small business development in the Krasnodar region we used basic unit of economic analysis aimed at determining the major trends of change in number of organizations average number of employees, revenues, as well as a number of relative indicators in the whole segment and by major activities. It was determined that the number of small businesses in the Krasnodar region for three years practically did not change, whereas a decrease in the number of workers employed in this segment, revenue has a small tendency to increase. In the structure of the segment is dominated by micro-enterprises, 47% operate in the trade sector. Indicators of development of small business organizations meet the classification criteria in terms of revenue for microenterprises and their share in total number of companies this segment is 1%. The results of the study say the lack of a clear strategy from small businesses, due to unavailability of tools for its development, expressed the high value of the resource and, as a consequence, ignoring this question when organizing the activities of enterprises. Therefore, the question becomes more urgent the development of tools of business modeling and strategic planning adapted to the requirements of this segment
258 kb

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CREDIT FUNDS IN THE ASSOCIATED ENTERPRISES OF AN AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

abstract 1221608083 issue 122 pp. 1257 – 1273 31.10.2016 ru 463
The article presents results of the study to assess the effectiveness of credit funds in interacting agricultural (AES) and processing (PP) agricultural enterprises. The conducted studies are a continuation of the scientific work on the development of mathematical models of interaction of the enterprises of the AES and PP, are shown in the articles [1, 2, 3]. This article presents the authors’ developed set of models of management of credit funds of interacting enterprises of an agroindustrial complex. It includes mathematical models of economic efficiency of agricultural enterprises considering the use of loan funds, as well as the assessment of the maximum amount of interest rate of the loan and the minimum selling prices of units of finished agricultural products; a mathematical model of the economic efficiency of the processing plant taking into account credit obligations of the agricultural enterprise and a model for the calculation of the minimum selling prices of its finished products; a mathematical model of the economic efficiency of the combined entity with all its loans. We have proposed a model to calculate the minimum selling prices of its finished products
263 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS TO AN APPLICATION FOR AUTOMATION OF THE PROCESS OF DESIGNING BUSINESS-MODELS FOR SMALL BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS

abstract 1281704081 issue 128 pp. 1170 – 1185 28.04.2017 ru 551
Small business is an important segment of the economy of the state. However, today, there remains a number of problems in the effective functioning of small business organizations, including the lack of adequate tools for information processing, necessary to justify their development strategy. The article presents a solution to the task of developing functional requirements for an application that automates the process of forming a business model of small business organizations. The set of developed requirements is represented by a set of diagrams "Use Case Diagram", built using the unified modeling language UML. It is shown, that the business model is the main source of data for calculating the efficiency indicators of business ideas, capital investments, incomes and expenses. As a basic approach to the development of the business model, the template proposed by A. Osterwalder was chosen, which was supplemented with the "Competitors analysis" block. Thus, the improved business model template will include the following processes: "Project Value Proposal", "Design Consumer Segments", "Design Sales Channels", "Design Customer Relationship Technologies", "Design Processes", "Design Resources", "Design partners", "Analyze suppliers". Among the blocks of the business model template, the key one ("Distribution channels") is provided, which includes the calculation of revenues and expenditures, performance indicators for each sales channel, and their consolidated representation in the overall business model
397 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSING OF A COMPANY

abstract 1291705078 issue 129 pp. 1079 – 1099 31.05.2017 ru 390
Sustainability of enterprises plays an important role in the economic and social life of all industrially developed countries. Despite numerous publications devoted to the analysis of the sustainability of organizations, there are still ambiguous approaches to the methods of analysis for different authors. In addition, for companies of different industries, forms of ownership, geographically located in different regions of the border, the methods and indicators for assessing sustainability can vary considerably. In this connection, there is a need to develop a decision support system that would allow the most efficient assessment of the sustainability of the largest possible range of enterprises, with the possibility of adjusting and flexibly tuning as many parameters as possible. The article describes the architecture and algorithm of the DSS, which implements the following model of initial data generation in its functional; Model of formation of a tree-like structure of groups of indicators on the basis of which the stability is assessed; Model for specifying the fuzzy sets belonging to the recommended values of the indicators; Model for calculating the values of groups of indicators and their fuzzy estimates; The model of graphical interpretation of the organization's sustainability assessment. The developed system was tested on the basis of the company called Antey LLC
375 kb

PERFORMANCE MODELS FOR SMALL PROCESSING COMPANIES OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX (part 1)

abstract 1311707109 issue 131 pp. 1311 – 1338 29.09.2017 ru 393
The article proposes a solution to one of the problems of small business, which is creation of a part of the software of management of information system efficiency for small processing enterprises of AIC. The fact is, that currently, there are almost no information systems to support small business. All known information systems have approximately the same list of automated functions, covering the accounting phase, and sometimes phase of analysis. Practically, not affected by the evaluation function of the economic situation, prediction, planning and regulation. The proposed mathematical model has been developed on the basis of the creation of streaming schemes of one-product processing enterprises of agroindustrial complex and mathematical description of the proceeding financial and material flows
113 kb

USING SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS FOR ESTIMATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DIVERSIFIED CORPORATION

abstract 1321708001 issue 132 pp. 1 – 7 31.10.2017 ru 423
A diversified corporation is a highly complex multivariable dynamic system. The application of classical forecasting methods applied to such objects has encountered a number of difficulties, due to its economic nature. In the article, we substantiate the requirements to the forecasting method; on the basis of these requirements we can select the method and its software tool
241 kb

PERFORMANCE MODELS FOR SMALL PROCESSING COMPANIES OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX (part 2)

abstract 1321708120 issue 132 pp. 1443 – 1464 31.10.2017 ru 367
The article proposes a solution to one of the problems of small business, which is creation of a part of the software of management of information system efficiency for small processing enterprises of AIC. The fact is, that currently, there are almost no information systems to support small business. All known information systems have approximately the same list of automated functions, covering the accounting phase, and sometimes phase of analysis. Practically, not affected by the evaluation function of the economic situation, prediction, planning and regulation. The proposed mathematical model has been developed on the basis of the creation of streaming schemes of one-product processing enterprises of agroindustrial complex and mathematical description of the proceeding financial and material flows
119 kb

INFORMATION THEORY AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN MANAGEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE REGION THROUGH INVESTMENTS IN AGRIBUSINESS

abstract 1331709001 issue 133 pp. 1 – 7 30.11.2017 ru 438
The quality of life of the population of the region is an important integral criterion of estimation of efficiency of activity of regional administration. The most important strategic sector of the economy of the Krasnodar region is the agro-industrial complex (AIC). This poses the problem of management of the quality of life of the region through the use of as the control factor of the volume and direction of investment in agriculture
361 kb

SYSTEMIC COGNITIVE ANALYSIS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE NOMENCLATURE AND VOLUMES OF PURCHASES-SALES IN AGRICULTURAL TRADE: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

abstract 1331709055 issue 133 pp. 730 – 734 30.11.2017 ru 413
The performance indicators of a trading company in physical and monetary terms is significantly affected by the types and volumes of purchased and sold products, and which she purchased suppliers and the consumers sold. However, the solution to the problem of choosing the rational range of products faces considerable cost of computational and human resources, and lack of baseline data, and in real dimensions this problem has no solution. The paper proposes such a solution is very economical in costs of different types of resources based on the application of information theory, cognitive and control theory
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