Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
178 kb

VITALITY AND VARIABILITY OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS LILIUM PENSYLVANICUM KER-GAWL. IN THE NATURE AND CULTURE

abstract 1241610055 issue 124 pp. 840 – 851 30.12.2016 ru 525
The article presents the results of studies of vitality and of the correlation variability of morphological traits cenopopulations Lilium pensylvanicum Ker.- Gawl. on the natural territory of the Yakutsk Botanical Garden and in cultura. The study shows variability of their parts (variability) and the estimation coenopopulations vitality (vitality)
383 kb

APPROBATION OF SSR MARKERS DEVELOPED FOR THE SPECIES OF PRUNUS PERSICA, IN RELATION TO DISCHARGE PLUM

abstract 1241610098 issue 124 pp. 1479 – 1490 30.12.2016 ru 682
Microsatellite DNA markers are currently used effectively in the study of the genetic diversity of the gene pool of fruit crops and DNA certification of varieties. For plum now there is rather limited list of works on the development of this type of DNA markers. Most often, the search for new SSR-markers for this species is carried out by checking of crossreproducibility of SSR-markers developed in other species of the genus Prunus. In this study, for the 18 SSR-markers previously developed on a peach, there was performed testing and evaluation of the prospects for the use of the genotyping of plum cultivars. Testing was made on the 4 varieties of genetically distant, belonging to the 4 different subspecies of Prunus domestica L., showed the effectiveness of their use. During the study, all tested DNA-markers were grouped together in multiplex sets comprising 3-4 markers. This allows simultaneous genotyping of 3-4 loci in a single PCR reaction. These multiplex kits are available for use in the study of genetic polymorphism of species Prunus domestica L
3641 kb

CREATION OF THE GENERALIZED IMAGES OF GENUS OF BUGS OF GROUND BEETLES (COLEOPTERA, CARABIDAE) ON THE BASIS OF THEIR TYPES IMAGES, USING THE ASKANALYSIS METHOD

abstract 1231609002 issue 123 pp. 30 – 66 30.11.2016 ru 558
In this article we consider application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASK-analysis), its mathematical model – a systemic information theory and the program tools realizing them – the intellectual Eidos system, for input (digitization) of images from graphic files, synthesis of the generalized images of classes, their abstraction, classification of the generalized images of classes (clusters and constructs), comparison of concrete images with the generalized images (identification) of classes, comparisons of classes with each other and creations of the generalized images of genus of ground beetles on the basis of images of the types. The new approach to digitization of images of ground beetles based on use of a polar frame, the center of weight of the image and its external contour is offered. Before digitization of images, their transformations standardizing the provision of images, their sizes and an angle of rotation can be applied. Therefore, the results of digitization and the ASK-analysis of images can be invariant (are independent) concerning their situation, the sizes and turn. There is a successful experience of the solution of similar tasks in other subject domains. This article can be considered as a continuation of series of the works devoted to application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASK-analysis) and its program tools – the Eidos system
154 kb

CHRONIC TOXICITY OF IMIDAZOLINONE HERBICIDE CALLED IMAZETHAPYR TO FRESHWATER ORGANISMS OF VARIOUS SYSTEMATIC GROUPS

abstract 1231609005 issue 123 pp. 90 – 101 30.11.2016 ru 597
The article presents the results on the effects of Imazethapyr herbicide on aquatic organisms. The chronic toxic effects have been studied of the imidazolinone herbicide in a concentration range of 0.4 - 1150 mg/l to the representatives of various groups of aquatic organisms: zoobenthos – great ramshorn snail (Planorbarius corneus), zooplankton - Daphnia (Daphnia magna Straus), phytoplankton - protococcal alga (Scenedesmus guadrigauda) and macrophytes - higher aquatic vegetation (Elodea canadensis Michx). It is shown that the herbicide does not have a pronounced lethal effect to aquatic organisms tested. Their respective LC50 values are > 1000, 680, 510 and 910. Elodea is shown to be most sensitive to its sublethal effects (decreased growth of lateral and main sprouts at a concentration of 10 mg/l and more), reduced fertility was observed in Daphnia at a concentration of 300 mg/l and above, and as to the great ramshorn snail no sublethal effects have been revealed for all the concentrations studied
1326 kb

INTRODUCTION OF NEW GRAPES VARIETIES TO THE IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1231609023 issue 123 pp. 339 – 346 30.11.2016 ru 492
Clonal micro-multiplication – is this the basic method of obtaining the qualitative virus-free planting material. The high quality specificity of the explants reaction of the grapes varieties to the composition of nutrient medium requires the individual selection of the medium components for the most successful multiplication in vitro. In the article we present the results of studies on the cultivation of the grapes apexes in vitro the modified medium with the reduced content of macrocells. As a result of conducted investigations we have established that for the grapes varieties of Academic Trubilin, Artemis, Gurman Kraynova, Maria Kallas, Nizina, Petit Verdo and Traminer Black the most effective introduction into the in vitro culture (acclimatization of apexes 80- 100%) occurs on modified nutrient medium to Murasige and Skoog (1962), by being differed in terms of the content macro-elements (mG/l): NH4NO3 – 1237; KNO3 – 1425; MgSO4 · 7N2O – 277,5; KN2PO4 · H2O – 277,5, of the vitamin Of v1 – 10,0 mG/l, nicotinic acid – 4 mG/l. Remaining varieties of Kishmish luchistiy, Preobrajenie, Roshfor K and Yubiley Novocherkasska in the same medium were developed slowly and in a different way
156 kb

THE APPLICATION OF THE BACTERIOPHAGES TO COMBAT COLIBACILLOSIS AND CAMPYLOBACTERIOSIS IN POULTRY

abstract 1231609029 issue 123 pp. 421 – 432 30.11.2016 ru 660
This work considers the needs and methods of phage therapy of two bacterial infections in poultry. The review examines the use of bacteriophages, from the moment of their discovery to the present day. We discuss the relevance of such diseases as compilobacteriosis and colibacteriosis transmitted from birds to humans, we show how to use bacteriophages and their efficacy in models of adult birds and chickens, including information provided on the pilot study of phage therapy at a poultry farm. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 16-44-230855 and No. 13-04- 00991 and № 16-44-230855-р_а
444 kb

BIOMONITORING OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS CONTAMINATION OF RECREATIONAL AREAS OF ROSTOV-ON-DON

abstract 1231609032 issue 123 pp. 480 – 490 30.11.2016 ru 379
The article presents the data on the chemical elements content in soils, plant leaves and lichens of three squares in Rostov-on-Don. The calculation of the total index of soil contamination by chemical elements finds that soils of the square are characterized by a low degree of contamination
183 kb

MODERN WAYS OF OIL-CONTAMINATED WASTE UTILIZATION FOR THE ELIMINATION OF POLLUTION

abstract 1231609062 issue 123 pp. 902 – 916 30.11.2016 ru 585
The article deals with the problem of eliminating environmental pollution by oil-contaminated waste. It's suggested modern ways of improving technologies for oily waste utilization. The comparative characteristic of the essence, advantages and disadvantages, effectiveness of ways of waste recycling is described. The basic utilization technologies of oil sludge of various origins are emphasized taking into account the aspects of their composition and properties. It's represented the results of a patent search in this area to ensure a high level of new developments. It's characterized the developed technologies for utilization and recycling of oily waste to produce environmentally products of utilization – organic and mineral additives which are suitable for use as secondary material resources
135 kb

USE OF EPIN-EXTRA, R PREPARATION ON SEED PLANTS OF ONION

abstract 1231609080 issue 123 pp. 1142 – 1151 30.11.2016 ru 516
An important element in the technology of growing seed plants of onion is the use of physiologically active substances to protect plants from frost in early spring growing season. Damage to plants during this period affects seed production. In the experiment we used preparation called Epin-Extra R, with which the leaves of plants were treated a day before expected frost. Test results have shown high efficiency of preparation in the field and in the film unheated greenhouse. Treatment helps to balance the negative impact of low temperatures and obtain an additional seeds yield 92-95 kg / ha more compared with the control, due to the increase of seed of productivity of plants to 3.2 g
299 kb

THE PECULIARITIES OF REGENERATION ACTIVITY OF WILDING CUTTINGS OF PHYLLOXERARESISTANT VARIETYS OF GRAPES INFLUENCED BY HETEROAUXIN TREATMENT

abstract 1231609102 issue 123 pp. 1498 – 1532 30.11.2016 ru 346
The research results on regeneration activity of wilding cuttings of phylloxeraresistant varieties of grapes influenced by heteroauxin treatment are analysed in the article. The preliminary studies were held in All-Russian research institute of viticulture and wine-making of Ya.I. Potapenko using cuttings of 3 grape varieties – Berlandieri x Riparia Cober 5bb, Riparia x Rupestris 101-14 and Berlandieri x Riparia CO-4. The cuttings were soaked during 48 hours in 0,005 % heteroauxin and were implanted in sand in adjustable conditions of temperature, humidity and aeration. In 2012-2013 experiments were continued in Kuban State Agrarian University. The varieties Gravesak, RSB and Berlandieri x Riparia Teleki 5C were added to the experiment. Three-items buds were shooted in damp steamed sawdust in a film hothouse. In preliminary researches application of heteroauxin has allowed to increase root-growing by 20,3-40,0 %. The greatest increase of root-growing (40 %) was observed on variety СО-4, that is characterized by the weakest potential rhizogenesis activity, and the least (20,3 %) on control variety Cober 5 bb. Next researches show that treatment of cuttings basal ends by 0,01 % heteroauxin activated their regeneration process, that was expressed in: increase in sprouts length – variety 5 C, 101-14 and Gravesak by 23,1- 157,6 %; increasing of cuttings root-growing from 16,7 % on variety 5C to 60,0 % on variety Cober 5 bb, the quantity of cuttings with not fewer of 3 roots from accordingly 13,0 % to 54,7 %; increasing of roots from 0,7 on variety СО-4 to 2,7 on variety 101-14 or in 1,7-2,7 times. The application of heteroauxin on variety RSB did not show positive results, because of the variety peculiarities
.