Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
130 kb

ENHANCEMENT OF CULTURE MEDIA FOR PROPIONIBACTERIUM SHERMANII ON THE BASIS OF TOMATO JUICE AS VEGETABLE FILLING

abstract 1171603038 issue 117 pp. 612 – 621 31.03.2016 ru 715
The article presents materials about selection and optimization of the nutrient medium for cultivation of Propionibacterium shermanii. We have shown a high positive effect expressed in the intensive growth of microorganisms of Propionibacterium shermanii on optimized medium with the juice from the tomatoes, as well as replacement of glucose on corn extract, which allows concluding that these components have a positive impact on the accumulation of biomass of Propionibacterium shermanii
207 kb

THE USING LOCAL NATURAL ORIGIN FORAGE RESOURCES IN COMPOUNDS OF BROILER CHICKENS

abstract 1171603086 issue 117 pp. 1317 – 1328 31.03.2016 ru 424
Using of compound feeds in broiler feed additives of plant resources, activates body's biological functions. This increases productivity and gives an ability to make environmentally friendly products. These local plants feed additives contributing to enrich animal feed with active ingredients include flour from nettle and Caspian marine algae. This article is devoted to studying the composition of nettle from the different locations of growth in Dagestan Republic and also, to determine the effectiveness of the use of nettle flour individually and to how implement it with the seaweeds flour in feeds of broiler chickens instead of herbal flour. The studies showed that nettle from a foothill zone in the flowering period exceeds slightly the nettle from mountain zone on the content of dry matter-1.19 % of protein-0.09 % and exchange energy 0.77 kcal/100g. Nettle meal from mountainous zone also inferiors the foothills in the energy value to 6.81 kcal/100 g. The inclusion of 2% feed meal nettle, 3% seaweed either alone or in combination of 2% instead of+3% of alfalfa grass meal resulted increasing broilers’ body weight 4,60-8,95% betterment survival to2,8-5,70%, increasing muscle output at 0,56-2,54% compared with the control group. The protein content and the amount of essential amino acids in the thoracic muscle in the test group was to 0.97-2.74%andto1,68- 2,11%, respectively, higher than the control. There was a significant increasing iodine in thoracic muscles of experimental groups 119,6-166,07% relative to control. Based on the results of the research, it is recommended to include 2% of feed meal nettle and 3% from algae instead of 4% grass meal of alfalfa to improve the productivity and biological value of broiler meat and 1 % of cereals
317 kb

ALIEN POLYCHAETE SPECIES IN THE BOTTOM COMMUNITIES OF THE AZOV SEA IN THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY

abstract 1171603089 issue 117 pp. 1357 – 1369 31.03.2016 ru 733
The article presents monitoring of the course and the beginning of new invasions due to the intensification of these processes in the basin of the Azov Sea of; investigation of the influence of the alien species upon the acceptor ecosystem. Methods. The material was collected at the monitoring transect in the Don River delta and in the surveys of the r/v “Professor Panov” in the Taganrog Bay, Sea of Azov. Standard hydrobiological methods of the data collection were used. Results. Penetration of three polychaete species was recorded; course of invasion of two of them was traced. Impact upon the acceptor ecosystem was researched. Preliminary species identifications using morphological characters were carried out; sources and the ways of the invasions are suggested. Conclusions. Estuary zone of the Sea of Azov (the Taganrog Bay) has a high invasion capacity. Of the three species penetrated into the Sea of Azov basin in 2013-2015, one (Aracia sp.) naturalized successfully, though didn’t affect much the ecosystem. On the contrary, polychaetes of the genus Marenzelleria are increasing rapidly their area; in two years, they became dominant along the considerable part of the water body. The invasion of Streblospio sp. is at its very beginning at the time
134 kb

A VARIETY OF ASTERACEAE IN NATURAL COMMUNITIES OF THE YAKUT BOTANICAL GARDEN

abstract 1161602023 issue 116 pp. 306 – 315 29.02.2016 ru 887
The article provides information about the species diversity of the family of Asteraceae in the natural area of the Yakut botanical garden. We provide the information about the method and the area of the study, the description of the phytocenotic surrounding, taxonomic analysis, areal analysis, bio-morphological analysis (the variety of life forms) which was given by the K. Raunkier, rhythmological analysis, environmental analysis (by A.P. Schennikov), analysis of phytocoenotic
249 kb

ECOLOGICAL-HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF THE RECREATIONAL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1161602067 issue 116 pp. 983 – 995 29.02.2016 ru 802
The anthropogenic interference plays more and more increasing role in modern ecologic paradigm. Adjusting this role to the studied region, it is defined by the socio-economic conditions being formed in our country. The rate of construction in the resort zones of the Krasnodar region is sweepingly rising. In spite of the high therapeutic-recreational capacity of the region, this tendency is leading to the further worsening of the ecological situation. The strengthening of the ecological control in the terms of the present economic crisis is highly urgent when more and more Russians prefer native resorts for their rest and in the first turn - resorts of the Krasnodar region. The condition of the ambient air of some recreation zones of the Krasnodar region has been studied. Methods of atomic-absorbing chromatography and optical emissive spectrometry have been used. It has been shown that the differences in data are mainly determined by the different content of the air impurities depending on the probe selection place. According to the studied data, the ecologically purest places are Krasnaya Polyana and Goryachy Klyuch. Whereas, the content of atmospheric air pollutants in the central districts of the resort towns of Sochi and Goryachy Klyuch exceeds MAC. The comparison of the obtained data with the same data of the city of Krasnodar that had been obtained before allows making a conclusion about the favorable eco-hygienic state of the resort zones of the Krasnodar region. So our investigations authentically prove the existence of the significant differences in the ecological conditions of the city on the one hand and of the resort zones of the Krasnodar region on the other hand
189 kb

STUDYING THE INFLUENCE OF FUROLAN, METHIONINE AND THEIR COMPOSITIONS ON THE WATER BALANCE AND ANATOMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WINTER WHEAT LEAVES OF KRASNODARSKAYA 99VARIETY

abstract 1161602082 issue 116 pp. 1306 – 1321 29.02.2016 ru 792
The plant body cells must contain a certain amount of water for a normal life. Water deficiency in cultivated plants was due to using herbicides used in intensive technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops. The conditions of the environment determine the sensitivity of the plant to herbicide. Soil and climatic conditions of winter wheat grown in the time of herbicide treatment are important for the effectiveness of its actions. It was found, that plants grown under shade or high humidity are more sensitive to herbicides than ones grown in bright sunlight and in times of drought. During drought, and in the open sunny spot, plant development is faster and become more stable. On soils rich in humus, we may grow less herbicide-resistant plants than in soils poor in organic matter. Herbicides are moved through the vascular system of plants with nutrients and metabolic products, they cause general poisoning as deformation of the stem and leaves of the plants, growth inhibition, chlorosis, fragility of leaves and stems, sterility, reducing the amount of free to bound water, which is particularly important for combating perennial weeds that have strong and well-developed root system. Monocots are able to immobilize the leaf herbicides. Latency of herbicides and their immobilization are carried out in various ways. Elucidation of the physiological characteristics that determine the resistance of plants to water scarcity and the effects of the herbicides is the most important task, the solution of which is not only of great theoretical, but also has practical significance
252 kb

DAGESTAN HAWTHORN - A VALUABLE SOURCE OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

abstract 1161602087 issue 116 pp. 1362 – 1372 29.02.2016 ru 683
The article deals with hawthorn Dagestan. It is noted that the more than 100 species are found 14 species in Dagestan. The most common of them are studied as a source of biologically active substances and nutrients, and they can be used as food additives for various purposes. The content of biologically active substances and nutrients are defined. The high content of phenolic substances in C. pentagyna Waldst. et Kit, which play an important role in the formation of immunity and possessing P-vitamin activity is defined. Amino acid and fatty acid composition of the fruit of the hawthorn Crataegus pentagyna Waldst. et Kit, as the most valuable for using as food additives is defined by ionexchange and gas-liquid chromatography. Sixteen amino acids were identified and quantified in the protein component of hawthorn fruit. The high content of essential amino acids such as lysine, threonine, valine, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine. The amount of essential amino acids is 296.1 mg / 100 g. Chromatographic separation of fatty acid methyl esters has enabled us to establish the presence of the following fatty acids: palmitic, oleic, stearic, linoleic and linolenic, including established the presence of essential fatty acids - the family of alpha-linolenic acid OMEGA -3 and linoleic acid family of OMEGA -6
0 kb

CURRENT STATE OF THE COLLECTION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS OF THE YAKUTSK BOTANICAL GARDEN

abstract 1161602103 issue 116 pp. 1649 – 1660 29.02.2016 ru 0
The article considers data on the stocktaking of plants in the collection of medicinal plants of the Yakut Botanical Garden on the following parameters: the study of the component composition, the inclusion in the Pharmacopoeia articles and the Russian State Register of medicinal products. Introduction test in the collection has been performed for 158 species from 99 genera and 41 families, currently the collection has 101 species from 79 genera and 34 families. Chemical composition of plants is known for 61 species. 17 species are pharmacopoeal and 15 species make medicinal products available. The rest of the medicinal plants can be used in folk medicine. Most represented are Asteraceae family (25), Ranunculaceae (20), Rosaceae (16), Fabaceae (15), Lamiaceae (13), among tested plants. According to the assessment of introduction capabilities, 49 species in the collection are highly stable, 51 - stable and just one is unstable
0 kb

BIOTECHNOLOGY – SCIENCE AND SECTOR OF AGRICULTURE

abstract 1161602106 issue 116 pp. 1695 – 1727 29.02.2016 ru 0
This article presents information about the features of biotechnology as the driving force of scientific and technological progress. The national programs of the leading countries of the world, it is one of the priority sectors, reflecting the level of the socio-economic condition of the society. Biotechnology is now successfully solves such vital tasks as providing food, the establishment of effective medicaments, obtaining fuel based on renewable raw materials, maintaining ecological balance, conservation of biological resources of the Earth. The development of agriculture in modern conditions is impossible without agricultural biotechnology. It is directly related to viticulture. Choosing an object of an integrated system (embryos, apical meristem, axillary buds), it is possible to clone plants, i.e. produce plants identical to the original. If the same as the object to use isolated cells or protoplasts, in this case, there will most likely altered versions, creating diversity for the breeder. Genetic engineering – the science of younger, since the establishment of the first chimeric DNA molecule. The origin of genetic engineering is rooted in the development of molecular genetics, biochemistry. These technologies, undoubtedly progressive, but their biological safety is still insufficiently explored and is a danger to all life on Earth. The leading Western powers carried out strict control over the introduction of transgenic crop plants, as they are in agrocenosis new biological risks that may adversely affect the plants, animals and humans. In Russia, as in other countries, have already adopted the law “State regulation of genetic engineering”
154 kb

INNOVATIVE APPROACH BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF BAT TO DEVELOP TECHNOLOGY OF OIL-CONTAMINATED WASTE UTILIZATION

abstract 1151601019 issue 115 pp. 320 – 332 27.01.2016 ru 621
The article deals with the problem of oil-contaminated waste utilization. It has suggested the ways of technological advancement taking into account the principles of BAT. The analysis of the legal framework for BAT in Russia and the EU is carried out. The features of the state regulation in the field of BAT and the main approaches to formation of a complex of measures for transition to principles of BAT are considered. It has described the innovative approach to the development of waste treatment technologies that are best and available from an environmental and economic point of view. It has identified limiting parameters affecting the efficiency of waste utilization and the suitability for use as secondary material resources, particularly in the construction industry
.