Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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233 kb

SYSTEMS AND SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACHES TO THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE

abstract 1071503090 issue 107 pp. 1381 – 1400 31.03.2015 ru 1046
The article shows the distinctive features of biological and cognitive approaches to the study of the origin and evolution of language. Their advantages in understanding and explaining of the individual foundations of language faculty are considered. The study shows that these approaches do not take into account the socio-cultural and supra-individual nature of language and its close evolutionary and functional relation with communication in nature and society. The paper argues that the aim of many researchers to find specific genes of language or special cognitive linguistic ‘modules’ are achievable only in part due to systems and social nature of language, which cannot be reduced to any individual innate or acquired abilities. Nevertheless, biological and cognitive foundations should not be excluded from the system analysis of the language and have to be studied in their integrity with other sign systems (mathematic, expressive means of art, writing system, non-verbal communication, etc.). The article also discusses new insights into the theory of evolution and their applicability to the study of the origin and development of language (in particular, the problem of gradualistic/abrupt emergence of language). It is argued that the question of the "abrupt", "punctuated" evolution of language cannot be "Darwin's problem", as a number of modern scholars believe. As an alternative to the evolution of language on the basis of "macromutations" it is offered the concept of socio-cultural evolution model based on an understanding of language as a supra-individual, sociocultural sign system that develops due to the cumulative nature of culture and plasticity of individual development
159 kb

THE SUBSTITUTION OF SENSE PLATFORMS IN THE PROCESS OF PHILOSOPHICAL UNDERSTANDING OF SOME ISSUES OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

abstract 1101506016 issue 110 pp. 263 – 274 30.06.2015 ru 1048
The problem of correlation of senses and notions in the science, their substitution and the birth of so-called pseudo knowledge is the issue which is more than ever burning in our times of perturbations and big changes. Biological sciences could not avoid these problems as well. All the more so because they stayed for many years under significant pressure of the ruling ideology of those times, of the state and of the governing party machineries. That is exactly why Darwinism as such requires a profound analysis in terms of contemporary achievements of the science, inclusive of philosophy. The analysis of knowledge which is available now and has been accumulated for many centuries of development of the biological science allows finding logical contradictions, possible substitutions of sense platforms, i.e. the birth of pseudo knowledge, which needs to be ascertained and suppressed. The appearance of such branch of the science as biophilosophy exceedingly aggravated the situation due to a number of big methodological shortcomings of this branch which still remains to be a non-science. As it cannot facilitate studying the organic world and, the other way round, even confuses such studying by applying an anthropomorphous matrix to the world, while the ethic and the aesthetic cannot only be attributed to the human mind, the situation becomes pretty complicated. At the same time, the philosophic envelope of the biological science is often filled with various kinds of ideology which makes no contribution to the objectivity of knowledge
140 kb

THE ROLE OF RELIGION AS A FORM OF SPIRITUAL CULTURE IN HUMAN LIFE

abstract 1041410090 issue 104 pp. 1215 – 1224 30.12.2014 ru 1061
The article discusses the role of religion as a form of spiritual culture in the context of everyday life. Cultural and religious function of religion reveals the relation of religion to spiritual cultural in aspect of the symbolic codes of everyday life. Under the spiritual culture we understand a set of positive achievements of mankind in intellectual and emotional spheres, in achieving awareness and understanding between people of different faiths
152 kb

YOUTH LANGUAGE MENTALITY AS A WAY OF EXPLORING THE WORLD

abstract 1161602020 issue 116 pp. 275 – 284 29.02.2016 ru 1061
In this article, we are talking about language mentality of youth. The problem is multifaceted and allows the researcher to see different aspects of the interaction of language and mentality, and also their actions in unity. Mentality of young people is largely determined by social conditions, which is expressed in language features. Language, in turn, has some formative influence on the socialization process of the youth mentality. Philosophers, psychologists, linguists, historians examine various aspects of interaction of mentality and language, relations between language and thought, language and history, language and national culture, language and learning, language and humor, etc. In this article, exploring the mentality of the youth system, we distinguish among them language. The goal is to show features of youth language mentality as a way of perceiving the world, to determine levels (degrees) of functioning mentality as a language picture of the world, to identify the factors of formation of individual linguistic mentality of the individual and the social environment
131 kb

THE PRINCIPAL SCIENTIFIC AND GENERAL TENDENCIES OF COEVOLUTIONS IN DEVELOPING SYSTEMS

abstract 1071503025 issue 107 pp. 364 – 373 31.03.2015 ru 1066
In the article we consider some main tendencies which are characteristic for development of modern natural sciences and for ontology and the theory of knowledge’s process. Features of synergetic as interdisciplinary scientific direction, the concept of a universal evolutionism, value of information in nature development are discussed. Methodological basis of the process of integration of scientific knowledge is the interdisciplinary direction of the research which important component is the synergetic. It plays an important role in the concept of coevolution realization which considers mutual relation of the person and the nature, the micro- and the mega-world. The article demonstrates that having revealed the laws of functioning of complexly evolutionizing, nonlinear systems, synergetic thus posed the fundamental questions of both epistemological and ideological and value nature. Conceptual shifts occurring in cognition open up the new sides in the interpretation of not just order and disorder but also the categories they generate. The author points out on the features of synergy, which using the linearity аnd nonlinearity in the theory expresses the aspects of material unity of the world, linked to the general properties of self-development of complex systems. The universe is seen as a dissipative system with periodically removable elements (elementary dissipative systems)
153 kb

FIXING THE ONTOLOGICAL HIERARCHY IN ANCIENT GREEK EPIC

abstract 1091505062 issue 109 pp. 913 – 924 29.05.2015 ru 1071
The article is devoted to the analysis of representations of hierarchical structure of the universe in ancient Greek mythic-epic tradition. In the research there was shown that the myth reflects the main program of interpretation of main principles of the universe by a man in its structure; the Chaos in itself possesses the generative power and forms an order from itself but the hierarchy appears together with the formation of the order-outer space. The first deities – Gaea and born from her Uranus, mountains, Pontus, - possess the great power and in the first place, the power of generation. From works of Gomer and Gesiodus we ascertained that the history of gods was connected with the fight of children with the father-sovereign. One generation of gods became that support on which the other stands. The third generation of gods is sovereigns in greater extent than another one. The generation of Titans is implacable but lives according to unlimited forces of nature. Titans are unbridled. Gods-Olympians, on contrary, have the relation to conscious restriction. Gods of the third generation possess passions: love, hate. However, Olympians as well as humans must submit to transcendental law of the universe. Gods of the third generation join to the rationale. The order of the universe submitted to the law – Destiny is disseminated in human community. Power as an accidental of initial hierarchy gives itself in hands of that who can submit its will to absolute power of Destiny. The legitimacy of power is determined by initial hierarchy of the universe
174 kb

TECHNOPHOBIA IN PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1181604037 issue 118 pp. 675 – 691 29.04.2016 ru 1074
The article is devoted to the analysis of positions of some philosophers who negatively estimate a role of equipment in human lives and societies. It discusses the philosophical concepts of E. Yunger, F. Yunger, M. Heidegger, K. Jaspers, etc. Besides, the authors of this article address to A. Schopenhauer, F. Nietzsche, M. Makklyuen's heritage. In this work it is shown as methods of formalization and symbolization in science are transferred to areas of humanitarian knowledge and spiritual life, impoverishing them, turning "the understanding thinking in estimating". Calculation becomes a sign of the mechanized reality in which education, work, household submit also to the principles of mechanization. Extrapolation of mechanics to all the spheres of human existence leads to destruction of the humanistic principles: the world as mechanical system is the world where one element can be replaced with another where each part represents only object for studying and manipulation. In the article we also describe tendencies of transformation of people into masses on the basis of the rational estimating tradition of Modern times. Thus, in this work the problems menacing to the essence of "human" are being put and the message for further searches of the way of permission of the question of dehumanization in connection with technical development is formulated, when it is impossible to refuse it completely
408 kb

IN SEARCH OF SENSES (SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS IN WORKS OF G. A. KOTELNIKOV)

abstract 1121508039 issue 112 pp. 527 – 553 30.10.2015 ru 1078
In the recent past, class-consciousness was considered one of the expression forms of social consciousness and acted as its main form due to close interaction with interests of people. The class-consciousness and the consciousness of classes were two separate matters of consideration. It was supposed that the essence of class-consciousness and of the class-psychology concomitant with it could only be comprehended in consideration of structure of the social consciousness as a whole. The correlation and interconnection of social psychology and structural units of social consciousness and ideology was a topical issue. However, it should be noted that any consideration of the social consciousness and psychology is just a naked abstraction when it is made in any of their interpretations with no account taken of the material bearer, i.e. the human who is a living organism, and of population, genetic and environmental circumstances. Therefore, talking about the class-consciousness and revolutionary nature of consciousness of the working class, we meet the following expected question: how can we talk about any progress if everything comes to destruction and further formation of an allegedly classless society with bloodshed and death of a significant part of population? At the same time, we can observe reemergence of the thesis of human heterogeneity that the humankind is not a single species but a biological genus. The species this genus consists of have their own genus-consciousness, which is also aggravated by race features and race consciousness. That is why there is actually no sense in talking about peculiarity of the class-consciousness and social consciousness regardless of certain society encased in some geographical shell. Research in this field is worth being developed after moving to the level of biosphere
130 kb

FAMILY VALUES AS AN OBJECT OF SOCIO-PHILOSOPHIC ANALYSIS

abstract 0961402022 issue 96 pp. 298 – 309 28.02.2014 ru 1082
The analysis of values of family system was done; we also shown the transformation of the family values with the development of the society
184 kb

THE PHENOMENON OF CULTURAL SELF-IDENTITY IN A HISTORICAL CONTEXT

abstract 1001406063 issue 100 pp. 968 – 985 30.06.2014 ru 1091
The article deals with the issues of formation and development of cultural self-identity under the influence of the cultural and historical dynamics. Careful attention is paid to the description of continuous formation of the elements of self-identity on the back of the changing time perception
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