Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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154 kb

REALISTIC CONCEPTION OF V.M. BEHTEREV

abstract 1161602019 issue 116 pp. 262 – 274 29.02.2016 ru 1098
In the focus of the article we have the philosophical concept of the outstanding scientist and social activist V.M. Behterev, which is considered as philosophical realism. Philosophical realism is a trend of Russian intellectual thought. It aims to study the nature and the man is substantial part of which. In this way, the realism is based on the anthropological tradition. Realistic ideology, which is developed by scientists, indicates the comprehension of the relationship of material and ideal in nature. To designate such connection the author proposes the concept of "philosophical conversion". Behterev's theory is positioned as a particular expression of philosophical realism in nature science, and it is termed by "evolutionary monism". It means a correlative connection of a total processes in nature. By analyzing the philosophical views of the scientist, the author concludes that psychic energy appears as a correlate of material and ideal and it is intermediated by humans. Psychic energy like other forms of energy is never destroyed and provides a social immortality of the man. The accumulation of mental energy leads to the creation of higher moral being named «progenerativ». The realistic concept of Behterev is interesting both a historical point of view and in the context of contemporary interdisciplinary efforts to comprehend the "second reality" of man, namely a virtual reality
143 kb

TRANSFORMATION OF THE IMAGE OF AN ALIEN IN CONDITIONS OF THE POSTFRONTIER CULTURAL PARADIGM

abstract 1141510024 issue 114 pp. 326 – 337 30.12.2015 ru 1105
Cultural dialogue with an Alien/Stranger on Frontier territories takes different forms depending on the specific period in which intercultural communication occurs. It is possible to allocate three periods with particular forms of intercultural communication: the early frontier, active frontier and postfrontier. If meeting with a Stranger/Alien in the active period of the frontier is characterized by the active suppression of a Stranger, sometimes to His complete destruction or enslavement, in the period of postfrontier there comes a revision of forms of this dialogue and the image of an Alien/Stranger radically changed from negative to positive. This article analyzes the transformation of the Stranger’s image in the postfrontier space of the USA. It shows how the image of the Indian in the second half of the 20-th century got increasingly positive features
152 kb

CLIP THINKING PHENOMENON THROUGH A PRISM OF GERBERT MARCUSE’S “ONEDIMENSIONAL MAN”

abstract 1141510113 issue 114 pp. 1569 – 1582 30.12.2015 ru 1114
Clip thinking phenomenon analysis is considered through a comparison to a theory of one-dimensional man by outstanding representative of Frankfurt school of social research Herbert Marcuse. Approaches to definition for clip thinking phenomenon and indication its reasons are conducted. Although this phenomenon was defined and presented more than 20 years ago by philosopher F. Girenok, descent reasons and impact apparatus of clip thinking were described earlier by Gerbert Marcuse within ‘one-dimensional man’ theory. Philosopher contemplates modern industrial society as never-ending consumer system, its aims of own life support predetermined a formation of new type man which represents mass society by ability of living according to “correct” social attitudes. The man’s life should be brought under control of constant consumer process. Any exertions of individuality or public point of view deviations should be eliminated. These things are executed by means of mass media indoctrination and appropriate ideas implementation. However every man is still able to think critically and his vision of world comprehension may be quite full due to cultural environment accessory even in spite of one-sided perception prism
313 kb

PHILOSOPHICAL REASONING OF THE CONCEPT OF HUMAN ECONOMICUS OF J. BAUDRILLARD

abstract 1121508045 issue 112 pp. 619 – 628 30.10.2015 ru 1138
The conceptualization of the phenomenon of a man in Economics is one of the key problems of a modern science. Interdisciplinary investigations devoted to the models of «homo economicus», have found their acceptance in the second half of the twentieth century. So, Jean Baudrillard considered the «homo economicus» as part of the postmodern trends. Baudrillard’s man is a consumer living in a society of abundance. The author considers the main features of modern man, presented in the works of Baudrillard. The article analyzes the characteristics of the consumer society that emerged in the twentieth century after the revolution of well-being, defined are the criteria and procedures of selection of the human wealth, and also their further consumption. Special attention is paid to the nature of consumption as a process and an end in itself, the transformation of the credit system, the credit perception of the Human. Individual ceases to be a key agent of the economy. Demand is subjected to an action from the supply side, it is becoming a function of production, under the influence of which the structure of demand is being changed. The author has also addressed to the problem of rationality as the basis of economic modeling and detects the Baudrillard’s negation of rationality as the characteristics of a person consuming. In conclusion, the article has presented the basic concepts of Jean Baudrillard about human behavior in the modern economic environment
128 kb

ABOUT A QUESTION OF SELFORGANIZATION IN DEVELOPING SYSTEMS

abstract 1071503026 issue 107 pp. 374 – 383 31.03.2015 ru 1156
The problem of transition from the abstract and general dialectics to the concrete and common theory of development, the problem of diachronic of dialectic and synergetic cognition’s culture in the context of comporation between the philosophic and natural science are discussed in the article. The hypothese of cosmologic singularity the birth of tte world from «nothing» and the role of «dark materia» in the developing’s process of our Universe are also described. The author points out on the features of synergy, which using the linearity аnd nonlinearity in the theory expresses the aspects of material unity of the world, linked to the general properties of self-development of complex systems. The universe is seen as a dissipative system with periodically removable elements (elementary dissipative systems). The spontaneous disbalance of symmetry and the appearance of new physical forms of existence are characteristic for the elementary parts. The order? The symmetry and the spontaneous disorder in the symmetry are the phenomena of self-organization of the material. The scientific results which we found with the quantum theory of field, can give us the theoretical descriotions of such forms of existence that’s why the structural unity in all levels of materia can be explained in the quantum and field image of the world
129 kb

THE SUBJECT OF PEDAGOGICAL DISCOURSE IN RUSSIA AND GERMANY

abstract 1121508004 issue 112 pp. 78 – 87 30.10.2015 ru 1169
This article explores the critics of pedagogical discourse within activity theory. This critical approach is provided explicitly in contemporary Russian philosophy by I.A. Karavaeva. Within activity theory, the idea of objectivity serves as a main criterion of an educational process, whereas a teacher and a student are losing their subjectivity. While a teacher is reproducing the learning material by means of the method, both of which are determined not by himself, a student should be reproducing the provided material as close to the original as possible. The learning process resembles the reflection in the mirror. The article raises the question of how to return the subjectivity back to pedagogical discourse. The article states that we should take into account the classical German philosophy by F.W.J. Shelling (concept of “un-grounding” of knowledge) as well as the contemporary continental philosophy by J. Deleuze (identity of thinking and learning). These theories help to understand how a teacher and a student can think and learn together. The dialogue between a teacher and a student produces a unique and contingent learning situation, when thinking is provoked by the necessity of interpreting signs and making them meaningful. In terms of didactics, this results in abandoning the illusion of primordial knowledge as well as in transition towards the post-methodological approach in education
203 kb

GENERAL SEMANTICS OF A. KORZYBSKI AS A TEACHING METHOD OF "AWARE OF ABSTRACTION"

abstract 1091505032 issue 109 pp. 541 – 559 29.05.2015 ru 1212
The article is devoted to the well-known American logician and teacher A. Korzybski, the activity of which was aimed at enhancing the human psyche in the direction of non-identification and non-elementalizm. He called the proposed section of the science of General semantics, and later he created Institute of General semantics in the United States. Scientists believe that human consciousness is limited by the capability of the nervous system and by the use of language. Korzybski supposed his pedagogical purpose to teach people to improve the awareness of abstraction, the ability to see the structure, not only empirical fact. To distinguish between the structures of abstraction it introduces the concept of «map» - a diagram model, any ideological system, all that is formulated people. Korzybski denies the law of identity, which is a global challenge to the laws of thinking: «Whatever you say the thing is, it isn’t». He uses this idea not as a universal code, but as a teaching method for people able to find the way to think under conditions of uncertainty and probability. It is so called «modus operandi» for changing people’s way of thinking. In his work, Science and Sanity, he presents his technique; develop an understanding of his «non-aristotelian» system, which includes the incertainty, nonlocality, nonlinearity, the dependence of the environment. In this regard, it offers every statement be considered as a probability. So every statement must be considered as a probabilistic statement. A. Korzybsky and some modern scientists see the permanent uncertainty not like a problem but a tremendous opportunity for creation and research. In «non-aristotelian» Korzybsky’s theory we have to see the opportunity as the first reality and personal activity as the best language
180 kb

PROBLEM OF CRITERIA OF TRUE KNOWLEDGE OF SUBJECTIVE REALITY OF LIVING BEINGS

abstract 0941310042 issue 94 pp. 632 – 649 27.12.2013 ru 1213
In the article we present the analysis of criteria of the validity of knowledge of the subjective world of living beings
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TНЕ ОNTOLOGIC BASES OF THE PROCESS OF SELF-ORGANISATION IN THE PHASE OF INITIAL-PERIODS OF PASSAGE TO THE EVOLUTION OF THE MEGAWORLD

abstract 0851301017 issue 85 pp. 204 – 213 28.01.2013 ru 1215
The author points out on the features of synergy, which using the linearity and nonlinearity in the theory expresses the aspects of material unity of the world, linked to the general properties of self-development of complex systems. The universe is seen as a dissipative system with periodically removable elements (elemen-tary dissipative systems)
150 kb

PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF MODERN NORWEGIAN PHILOSOPHY: ACHIEVEMENTS AND DILEMMAS

abstract 0961402002 issue 96 pp. 17 – 32 28.02.2014 ru 1244
This article represents a review of achievements of post-war Norwegian philosophy. The author analyses the most current issues and tendencies for philosophers in Norway. Here is introduced several new sources that had not been engaged in Russian science before
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