Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo

Name

Velichko Ludmila Fedorovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

Web site url

Email

kubanagro@list.ru


Articles count: 3

Sort by: Date Title Views
117 kb

ASSESSMENT OF YOUNG PIGS ON THEIR OWN PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF SPERM

abstract 1351801028 issue 135 pp. 200 – 207 31.01.2018 ru 40
A comprehensive assessment was made of the own productivity of repair pigs and the quality of sperm production of boars of different breeds. Imported boars and mumps had thin bacon 13-15 mm, high early ripeness 145-153 days and a depth of "muscular eye" 53-53.9 mm, indicating an increase in the content of lean meat in the carcass. However, the length of the trunk of the animals was 120 cm, which corresponds to the first class of the instructions for bonitation. There was a significant difference in the growth rate of repair young (about 300 g), which indicates the individual characteristics of animals and the possibility of selecting the best animals for reproduction of the herd. Assessment of pigs by phenotype is an important element of breeding work on complexes. It is established that the quality of sperm production is affected both by the breed and the season of the year: the volume of ejaculate and the concentration of spermatozoa in all breeds are greatest in the autumn-winter period. Boars Maxgro were distinguished by an increased volume of ejaculate, but a low concentration of sperm compared to a large white breed and landrace. During the year, the greatest fluctuations in sperm concentration in large white breed boars were observed ± 133 million / ml, the smallest - Landrace ± 29 million / ml, which contributes to the uniform production of semen doses for insemination
140 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF DELICACIES FROM MEAT OF IMPORTED PIGS

abstract 1311707003 issue 131 pp. 19 – 28 29.09.2017 ru 157
In recent years, many pigs of specialized breeds, characterized by increased meat qualities, have been brought to Russia from Canada and a number of European countries. The article presents the results of the assessment of slaughter and meat qualities of pigs of different genotypes. Danish pig meat was used as research objects: purebred landrace (CHL), benthic hybrid Landrasx yorkshire (LxY), three-breed hybrid landrace hyorkshire x dyurok (LxXxD), removed from control fattening, and developed prototypes of delicacy products. The commission evaluation of meat and broth showed that the boiled meat from the three breed animals received the highest score, and the quality of the broth significantly exceeded the samples of purebred landrace and two-breed animals. As a result of the tasting evaluation of the Voronezh ham, it was established that the samples of meat from threebreeded pigs, in comparison with the samples from purebred meat, show the most pronounced flavor, aroma and soft consistency
127 kb

THE PATH FOR IMPORT- SUBSTITUTION OF THE USE OF FOREIGN BREED PIGS

abstract 1301706078 issue 130 pp. 1058 – 1065 30.06.2017 ru 132
The extensive path for development in the country in the twentieth century caused low competitiveness of Russian pig production. The productivity of domestic pig production was significantly lower than in Europe, US, Canada and China. Feed costs per 1 kg of gain were 2-3 times higher with a low yield of piglets from a sow per year: 14-16 with an average European 25-27 heads. The country did not have enough meat; as a result, a significant amount of meat products was imported to Russia. Restrictions on imports in connection to the imposition of embargoes contributed to the increase in demand for domestic products and opened new opportunities for Russian producers. One way to increase the production of pork is to use pigs with a high genetic potential for productivity, imported for breeding from Canada and Europe. Based on the conducted studies, it has been established that pigs of foreign breeding have high reproductive qualities, which proves the expediency of their application in commercial pig production to increase the efficiency of the industry development and reduce the import of pedigree youngsters from abroad. The implementation of two breed gilts will help increase productivity in the industrial pig production
.