Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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180 kb

NEW APPROACHES IN THE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TOURISM AS A TOOL OF REGIONAL ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1341710063 issue 134 pp. 782 – 792 29.12.2017 ru 263
The reasons diminishing the efficiency of those approaches or the difficulties in their realization are explained. The authors propose 2 models of rural tourism development as a tool for territorial development and, as consequence, regional economic development. The first model foresees large investments from the national and regional budget. The second one proposes the review of the economic actors’ roles in the development of regional economics and in activation of the entrepreneurship activity. In the framework of the second model the investment from the national and regional budgets to be reduced and, in part, tools of a territorial selforganization to be launched thanks to activity of special couch groups and integrating the territory in the process of digital economy
142 kb

SECTORAL MEASURES IN THE FIELD OF IMPORT SUBSTITUTION OF WINE-MAKING AND WINE-GROWING IN KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1241610080 issue 124 pp. 1269 – 1281 30.12.2016 ru 264
The problems of import substitution in the Russian Federation in whole and in such industry as winemaking and wine-growing in Krasnodar region are considered in the article. There was analyzed the designed in Krasnodar region plan of measures for promotion of import substitution - road map. There were presented the objectives and indicators in the framework of the program «Development of winegrowing and wine-making subsector» of the state program of Krasnodar region «Development of agriculture and regulation of agricultural product markets, raw materials and food». There was presented the legislative initiative on amendments into the Federal law «On state regulation of production and turnover of ethyl alcohol, alcoholic and alcoholcontaining products and about restriction of consumption (drinking) of alcoholic products». There was substantiated the necessity of improvement of excise taxation in the context of implementation of a policy of efficient import substitution
129 kb

THE DEFINITION OF THE COMPETITIVE STRATEGY OF THE ENTERPRISE

abstract 1301706060 issue 130 pp. 846 – 855 30.06.2017 ru 264
In the modern conditions of development and improvement of technical and technological factors of the development of production, it is necessary to approach to issues of planning and further development of the enterprise more carefully, taking into account the volume of production and number of sales. Process of production depends not only on internal factors. It depends also on external factors related to the external environment of a business entity. The activities of marketing services should be focused on the choice of development strategies, which allowed maximizing profits and minimizing risks associated with the accelerating changes in market conditions. The relevance of the topic is due to insufficient experience of the use of methodological approaches associated with the use of economic as the market potential. Theoretical aspects used in practice and agricultural enterprises in modern market conditions will be able to use of available resources to define their own goals. It is especially important to consider the risks associated with competitive advantage of other goods producers. One of possibilities will allow agricultural enterprises to improve their performance in selling the products used in completing the models. The main feature is the consideration of factors under uncertainty associated with a competitive advantage. Thus, modeling of production volumes and range of products will allow the company adapt quickly to external conditions and increase the volume of realization of the product
123 kb

THE EVALUATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL WITH THE HELP OF THE COMPANY’S POTENTIAL EVALUATION

abstract 1201606011 issue 120 pp. 200 – 208 30.06.2016 ru 272
Strategically significant dealings of business entities’ amalgamation and absorption are revised in the article. We have listed the methods and the information supply of the evaluation of the business entity’s potential and the evaluation of potential increment of a business entity as a result of integration
419 kb

COGNITIVE ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF THE STAGES OF THE LIFE CYCLE OF ORGANIZATIONS IN THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPING ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES

abstract 1341710105 issue 134 pp. 1322 – 1339 29.12.2017 ru 272
The article substantiates the necessity to use factors that trigger development mechanisms and describe risks at various stages of the organization's life cycle in the process of developing organizational structures for such large social and economic systems as corporate integrated structures characterized by the presence of diverse organizations in their structure. A comparative analysis of approaches to the description of the life cycle was conducted, as a result of which it was determined that L. Greiner's model is incomplete (it describes only the stages of development), and I. Adizes' model contains a blurred system of factors. To solve the problems, the model of I. Adizes was chosen as the basic approach and the characteristics of the stages of the life cycle of the organizations are selected. To formalize the factors that trigger the development mechanisms and describe the risks at various stages of the life cycle of organizations, a cognitive analysis and modeling apparatus was chosen and a corresponding methodology was developed. The implementation of the methodology is represented by the example of the first stage of the organization's life cycle ("Courtship"), which resulted in the compilation of a list of factors, their mutual influence on each other, the type of communication, and the cognitive model. Analysis of the cognitive model allowed us to determine the key factor that has the greatest impact on the transition to the next stage of development
144 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF THE METHOD OF EVALUATING THE FINANCIAL STABILITY OF BAKERY ORGANIZATIONS

abstract 1321708095 issue 132 pp. 1188 – 1198 31.10.2017 ru 273
The article considers theoretical aspects of financial stability of the organization, presents the author's view on the definition of financial stability of the organization in modern conditions. The general description of the food and processing industry of Russia is given. The leading regions for the production of bread and bakery products are identified. Based on the existing methods of assessing financial sustainability, the indicators of three organizations of the Krasnodar Region baking bread and bakery products were calculated. As a result, it was recommended that the organizations of this industry count one of the important indicators of the financial stability of the organization - the availability of its own working capital as a difference between equity and non-current assets. In the economic literature, you can find several options for calculating this indicator. Also considered is the ratio of accounts receivable and payable as one of the indicators of financial stability of the organization. The main means of baking organizations and their wear and tear are estimated. Because of this assessment, there was a significant deterioration in fixed assets and recommendations were made for their renewal. Specific features of the composition of stocks of organizations of the bakery industry were determined, and recommendations were made on the policy of stock management
219 kb

ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENCY OF PRODUCTION OF PLANT GROWING PRODUCTS OF CJSC "CENTRALNOE", KRASNODAR

abstract 1341710065 issue 134 pp. 804 – 819 29.12.2017 ru 273
The article gives an analysis of the efficiency indicators for the production of plant growing products using the example of the reporting of CJSC "Centralnoe". We have revealed the mathematical model for the analysis of economic efficiency of production of plant growing products. In the work there were considered the following indicators characterizing economic efficiency: labor intensity; profit from the sale of fruits; profitability; cost of 1 centner of fruit; yield; costs for the maintenance of fixed assets used in production. Various models of the dependence of indicators characterizing economic efficiency on the above indicators were considered. As a basic culture, we have selected fruits, because these cultures are the main types of products for this organization. The authors singled out a reliable and qualitative mathematical model of the relationship between profit on sales and yield, labor intensity, and self-worth. Model could be used to determine the economic efficiency of organizations engaged in agricultural activities. The relevance of the study is due because these problem is one of the most important for all organizations that produce plant growing products. The agrarian sector has certain peculiarities, therefore, when determining of the economic efficiency of a separate economic entity and the industry as a whole, it is necessary to take into account these features
816 kb

EVALUATION OF THE MODERNIZATION OF THE PRODUCTION BUILDING AND TECHNICAL RE-EQUIPMENT OF ENTERPRISES OF THE MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

abstract 1341710115 issue 134 pp. 1473 – 1495 29.12.2017 ru 273
We have considered the most important direction of development of enterprises of the military-industrial complex: modernizing production capacity and technical re-equipment of these enterprises. The relevance of this issue in recent years has increased significantly due to changes in the terms of military development (economic hardship, sanctions, etc.). We have developed an economic-mathematical model of the choice between modernization and radical technical re-equipment of enterprises. The article has an analysis of this model taking into account the financial factors in this choice. The use of the developed economic-mathematical apparatus in practice allows increasing the efficiency of technological development of enterprises of the military-industrial complex
285 kb

SYSTEM PARADIGM AS THE BASIS OF CREATION OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX CONTROLLING SERVICE

abstract 1321708043 issue 132 pp. 518 – 548 31.10.2017 ru 274
System paradigm is discussed conformably to functioning of controlling institution of a large-scale agro-industrial system. Presently the systemacity became the general platform of fundamental and applied, scientific and practical elaborations and projects. Now in the sphere of system researches surge of interest in questions of classification is observed. Apparently, it is connected with accumulation of results of private researches in all areas of this discipline and with inevitable transdisciplinary crossings of their practical applications. So, undoubted intervention of high technologies to the agrarian sphere is observed. The efficiency of this introduction, certainly, depends on coordination of actions of developers of various subject domains. On the basis of the objective analysis it must be noted that in the arsenal of managers, especially foreign ones, there is practically no fundamentally new methods and tools of controlling. So says the executive director of Russian Association of Controllers prof. S. G. Falco. However, promising mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling actively developed in our country. It is necessary to implement them. For example, managers should be used advanced mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling. These methods are based on the modern development of mathematics as a whole - on the system interval fuzzy math. Considered methods are developed in accordance with the new paradigm of mathematical methods of research. It includes new paradigms of applied statistics, mathematical statistics, mathematical methods of economics, methods of analysis of statistical and expert data in management and control. In the XXI century there were more than 10 books issued, developed in accordance with the new paradigm of mathematical methods of research. The systems approach to solving specific applications often requires going beyond the economy. Very important are the procedures for the introduction of innovative methods and tools. In this article we consider the above research results in their interconnection
283 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT DECISION-MAKING

abstract 1301706041 issue 130 pp. 567 – 597 30.06.2017 ru 277
The article is devoted to discussion of modern views on management decisions. We have released several bulk textbooks on the theory of decision-making. This article discusses several key aspects of this theory: a comparison of approaches to decisionmaking, the pitfalls of voting, and the methodology of decision-making, management responsibility. We have considered a simple example of a problem of decision-making in the management of the organization: selection a model of a new car to run into a series. Criteria for making a decision, which put forward by the four experts-theorists, contradicted each other. The Board of Directors decided to issue a vote. We have considered the "reefs" of voting. In the production and realization of administrative decisions we distinguish four levels. The first and most important level, which determine the success or failure of administrative activity is methodological. We discuss the levels of production and realization of administrative decisions. We give some examples where methodological errors lead to wrong management decisions. For example, a call to "maximum profit at the lowest cost" is quite common in the speeches and orders of a general nature. However, it is mistaken. Practice of development, adoption and implementation of solutions is based on a few basic concepts: Who makes the decisions? The procedure for preparation of the solution (the regulations). Objectives. Resources. The risks and uncertainties. Criteria for estimating decisions. The manager has his responsibility for the decisions taken. Volition of manager - the basis of management
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