Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Slavyanov Andrey Stanislavovich

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associated professor

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Bauman Moscow State Technical University
   

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Articles count: 14

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240 kb

DECISION MAKING IN THE CONDITIONS OF ACTIVATION OF EXTERNAL RESTRAINING FACTORS WITH USING OF INFORMATION MODEL OF THE COMPANY

abstract 1211607042 issue 121 pp. 757 – 771 30.09.2016 ru 214
Decision-making requires a thorough analysis of the external environment in which the economic system operates. Anti-Russian economic sanctions is significantly destabilized external environment that has complicated the task of making decisions on management of the enterprise. This study analyzes the problem of decision making under conditions of the uncertainty caused by the anti-Russian sanctions, the conclusion about the limited decision-making methods based on game theory. The most effective are management practices supported by information systems. The article analyzes the current information technology of managing a company made by different developers who have already installed their software products on objects, which are strategic for the Russian economy. In terms of economic sanctions, such a situation creates a threat to the economic security of the country. Based on domestic developments, it is proposed to construct an information model of the enterprise, which will reduce the risks and increase the quality of managerial decisions. The work presents a structural scheme of the information model and defines its objectives and characteristics
249 kb

FACTOR ANALYSIS OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT OF A SCIENTIFIC ENTERPRISE ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE DOMESTIC ROCKET AND SPACE INDUSTRY

abstract 1321708059 issue 132 pp. 742 – 761 31.10.2017 ru 120
The main factors influencing the innovative development of the domestic science-intensive sector of the economy, were identified and studied in the work. The authors singled out two groups of factors, internal and external, determining their composition and interrelationship. The paper focuses on one of the segments of the knowledge-intensive market of products and services - space activities. In the postwar period, Russia firmly maintained leadership in virtually all areas of the industry, however, economic and political reforms intensified the negative impact of financial and economic factors, which significantly retarded the technological development of the space industry. The paper studies the influence of environmental, technological, financial, economic and other factors affecting the development of knowledgebased enterprises. A graphical and economicmathematical multi-factor model for the innovative development of knowledge-intensive enterprises involved in the implementation of space programs is constructed. The methods of expert assessments determined the influence of each factor on the development of space activities: - the production of launch vehicles, space vehicles, ground-based space technology and the provision of services. The received estimations of influence of factors will find application at formation of programs of innovative development of the high technology enterprises
136 kb

HISTORICAL TENDENCIES OF ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION

abstract 1331709067 issue 133 pp. 883 – 892 30.11.2017 ru 102
In this work, prerequisites of processes of globalization of economies which source, according to authors, is the scientific and technological revolution of the XVIIIXIX century of century are considered. Dissemination of new technologies led to the international labor division, and emergence of information technologies promoted to increase in speed of communications, deleting of economic borders between the countries. A specific place in processes of globalization is held by space technologies by means of which there was a possibility of exchange of information between various consumers and the companies, which are in the different countries and continents. Based on the carriedout analysis, it is revealed that in the conditions of globalization pressure of group of industrially developed countries upon the rest of the world for the purpose of imposing of a certain model of their existence by the rest amplifies. The tool in competition are new technologies which help to drive the national companies out of the local markets. A special role in the course of globalization is played by information and space technologies of communication and broadcasting. Only competitive hi-tech productions focused on perspective technological ways can resist to influence of the international corporations. According to authors, distribution of innovative technologies has to contribute to the uniform development of all countries, formation of the multipolar world, the excluding domination of any country or the international group
585 kb

INNOVATION-ORIENTED EVALUATION METHODOLOGY OF THE STATUS AND POTENTIAL FOR GROWTH OF NATIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM

abstract 1151601006 issue 115 pp. 98 – 116 27.01.2016 ru 354
The article describes a new approach to the assessment of the economic system. The authors propose to assume that the system grows, if its share in the world production increases. For the qualitative assessment, we have offered to analyze the dynamics of growth of exports of products with high benefit to the foreign countries, which include engineering goods, defense, manufacturing materials. On the world market of hightech products, we have the stiff competition and the growth of exports of domestic products with high benefit indicates high level of innovation. Based on the analysis of available statistical data, we revealed a correlation between exports of innovative products, the volumes of financing research and development and foreign direct investment in the national economy. It was determined foreign capital has a negative impact on exports of products with high benefit. The authors proposed a two-factor regression model, which allows you to make short-term forecasts and allocate resources. The study showed that despite the ongoing economic sanctions and unsuccessful economic reforms in the past, Russia has a high potential for innovation, which is activated when reducing the influence of foreign capital. Attempts to isolate the Russian economic system led to the mobilization of resources and the growth of innovation activity of domestic business
349 kb

PROBLEMS OF FORMATION OF THE PROGRAM OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ROCKET SPACE INDUSTRY

abstract 1281704078 issue 128 pp. 1115 – 1129 28.04.2017 ru 181
In this work, the authors investigate practice of application of a program and a target method in planning and management of the space industry. The carried-out analysis has shown that modern methods of formation of programs in space activity do not correspond to the basic principles of program and target planning. Programs of the leading organizations of Roskosmos represent a set of actions, which are poorly coordinated among themselves. The purposes of the program are washed away or not designated absolutely. Lack of definite purposes of the program leads to problems in a result assessment, to decrease in efficiency of use of resources and lag in development from world technological level. The country has already lost leadership in the market of starting services, problems with rendering communication services and broadcasting are observed, the share of the domestic space-rocket industry in the world market of space services decreases. The authors suggest considering a main objective of the program of innovative development growth of competitiveness of the domestic space-rocket industry measured in increase in a share of the Russian production and services in the world space market. The authors believe that the country has the sufficient innovative potential for reduction of lag from leaders of the world space market
257 kb

PROBLEMS OF RESOURCE ENSURING INNOVATIVE MODERNIZATION OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY

abstract 1211607126 issue 121 pp. 1995 – 2009 30.09.2016 ru 298
Realization of the objects set in the Strategy of innovative development of the Russian Federation depends on the level of resource providing the projects and programs entering it. In this work, types of resources and a possibility of their effective use are analyzed. Russia possesses practically all types of natural resources and the labor potential necessary for a country conclusion in leaders of world economy. The problem consists in inefficient use of these resources, which are distributed in the directions, deadlock for our country. During the analysis which is carried out by means of production function it is established that return from investments into mining industry is much lower, than from capital investments in the productions which are turning out competitive, innovative products with high value added. Important task is distribution of resources in the priority directions of Strategy among which there is no astronautics, of a nuclear power engineering, aircraft, those branches where still there is a scientific and technical reserve and there were qualified personnel. The analysis of historical experience showed that the country achieved the greatest success in post-war years when command methods carried out mobilization of all necessary resources for achievement of a goal. In the modern market conditions it is offered to finance the initial stages of life cycle of innovative projects from public funds, and on closing stages to raise funds from investors by means of tools of public-private partnership
180 kb

PRODUCTION RISKS AND ECONOMIC HAZARDS OF MODERN HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

abstract 1171603019 issue 117 pp. 329 – 345 31.03.2016 ru 194
The article shows that when the plans for the creation and production of modern high-tech innovative products for different purposes it is necessary to consider all possible risks and dangers that accompany modern innovative projects. New approaches to the planning of the development of science-intensive industries should ensure that the accounting and the management of risk situations of the financialeconomic, scientific-technical and industrialtechnological character. One of the promising directions of the domestic output of the industrial complex from its current unstable state is a strategic planning and forecasting of its activity, the development strategies should be based on an evaluation of available enterprise resources, the lack of which leads to stagnation. With active government support the company can successfully implement a strategy of stabilization and progress through cooperation and diversification of production and to make a technological breakthrough in creating high-tech products of new generation
266 kb

PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY IN THE CONDITIONS OF ACTIVIZATION OF EXTERNAL LIMITING FACTORS FROM POSITIONS OF THERMODYNAMICAL MODEL

abstract 1121508150 issue 112 pp. 2127 – 2148 30.10.2015 ru 685
The analysis of social and economic development of countries in the conditions of the globalization of the world economy which is carried out with the use of thermo-dynamical model showed that interaction of the open economic systems standing on different levels of development can lead to absorption or destruction of one systems by others that finally will lead to "thermal death" in economy (stagnation). The closed economic systems can communicate with other countries by means of international trade. Less developed countries can't compete with industrially developed states and will inevitably get under their influence. The isolated economic systems can develop only in the presence of domestic market, resources and rigid social structure. Introduction of the anti-Russian sanctions and other external factors led to restriction of the influence of the foreign capital. Innovative activity in economy and strengthening of government institutions might be observed as a result. The thermo-dynamical model shows that partial isolation of the developing economic system possessing sufficient production and scientific potential leads to stabilization of its structure and growth of the innovative activity
554 kb

RISKS AND PRIORITIES OF THE STRATEGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE NATIONAL SPACE-ROCKET INDUSTRY

abstract 1291705075 issue 129 pp. 1046 – 1060 31.05.2017 ru 284
Based on risk analysis and consequences of the accidents which have happened to the space equipment from the moment of the beginning of an active phase of space activity, the authors have come to a conclusion that initial stages of life cycle of the project, namely start and a conclusion to an orbit of artificial Earth satellites are subject to the greatest risks. Further functioning of the spacecraft in an orbit is accompanied by much smaller risks, and the least risky are works on service of land infrastructure, processing and information transfer to consumers. Methods of economic protection, which provide acceptance or transfer for a certain payment of risks are not always acceptable for an initial stage of the space project – start and removal into a satellite orbit. Authors suggest evading whenever possible from similar risks for what it is necessary to reduce starts for the benefit of foreign customers. The research of structure of the world space market has shown that such kinds of activity as production of land space infrastructure and rendering services of satellite communication and broadcasting are the most demanded. The market of starting services is gradually reduced in connection with miniaturization of the equipment of satellites and high specific risks of start. The policy of Roskosmos is focused generally on preservation of leadership in starting services which differ in high risks, to the detriment of creation of own satellite group capable to render a wide range of space services to foreign partners. Change of reference points of the strategy of development of the domestic spacerocket industry towards highly profitable and least risky types of space activity is offered
190 kb

ROLE OF THE FOREIGN FACTOR IN INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY

abstract 1121508151 issue 112 pp. 2149 – 2164 30.10.2015 ru 552
Influence of a foreign factor on innovative development of the countries isn't unambiguous, for Russia the foreign capital was rather limiting factor, than incentive to development. The analysis of historical experience of development of domestic science and equipment showed that the maximum innovative activity of economy was noted during the centralized science funding and education. The most important for the invention and opening which found the application in domestic economy, were made times of the state control of processes of development and introduction of new types of production and technologies. As a result of the retrospective analysis, it was revealed that innovative processes in domestic economy in the period of economic sanctions and restrictions especially become more active. In this work, it is shown that the market mechanisms providing free movement of technologies, knowledge, scientists and experts have negative impact on the developing national innovative system. Foreign investments by means of which foreign corporations exercise control over the domestic enterprises have special impact on development and promote capital outflow abroad. It is offered to toughen control of the foreign capital within the current legislation and to promote activation of an exchange of scientific and technical information at the international level
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