Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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9059 kb

AUTOMATED SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS OF SPECIFIC SPECTRAL AND INTEGRATED IMAGES IN "EIDOS" SYSTEM (APPLICATION OF INFORMATION THEORY AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN SPECTRAL ANALYSIS)

abstract 1281704001 issue 128 pp. 1 – 64 28.04.2017 ru 34
Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) for images provides automatic identification of specific characteristics of the given images from the color of the pixels and image edges, the synthesis of generalized images of pictures (classes), identifying the most and the least specific image features for the class, determining values of features of images for their differentiation, deletion low-value characteristics (abstraction) from the model, problem solving for quantitative comparison of specific images with generalized images of classes and generalized images of the classes with each other, and objectives of the study of the simulated subject area by studying its model. The work discusses the new features of the ASC-analysis and its implementing intellectual system called "Eidos" for identifying features of images using their spectral analysis, formation of the generalized spectra of classes, the task of comparison of images of specific objects to classes and classes with each other in their spectra. For the first time, it became possible to form the generalized spectra of classes with weights of the colors according to their degree of specificity and unspecific features for classes, and it is not the intensity of the color in the spectrum, but the amount of information in the color on the linking the object with that color to the class. In fact, there is a question of generalization of spectral analysis by using intelligent cognitive technologies and information theory in the spectral analysis. First, everyone is talking about the fact that spectral lines contain information about which element or substance is included in the object, but no one bothered to count what exactly the amount of information is and then use it to determine the composition of the object pattern recognition methods based on the use of this information. Second, spectral analysis is traditionally used to determine the elemental and molecular composition of the object; we propose to use it not only for that, but also to identify any images. A numerical example has been given
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RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF FOOD SUPPLEMENTS ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF WAFFLE SEMI PRODUCTS

abstract 1281704004 issue 128 pp. 100 – 111 28.04.2017 ru 28
A selection of food additives for the enrichment of waffle products was made. Food additive "Powder from tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" is distinguished by a high content of inulin - 46.21%. Low-fat sunflower lecithin contains a significant amount of phospholipids (98.29%). The influence of the joint application of food additives "Powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" and nonfat sunflower lecithin on the technological properties of the wafer test was studied. It is established that the introduction of the food additive "Powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" together with defatted sunflower lecithin, instead of the traditional soybean, allows to reduce the viscosity of the wafer test. When introduced into wafer dough, the dosage of defatted sunflower lecithin can be reduced, compared to soybean, from 0.4 to 0.2% by weight of flour
832 kb

AUTOMATION DETERMINATION OF HEAT CAPACITY AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS

abstract 1281704005 issue 128 pp. 112 – 121 28.04.2017 ru 29
The article describes a method for determining the heat capacity from data of differential scanning calorimetry and thermal conductivity of materials, using the DSM-2M and IT-λ-400 instruments with original computer programs
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BRANCH WASTE RECYCLING SYSTEM AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL IN SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF WASTE DISPOSAL

abstract 1281704006 issue 128 pp. 122 – 134 28.04.2017 ru 17
Utilization of decommissioned equipment has received little attention. Recycling systems for technical equipment in Russia do not exist. The article proposes a variant of the mechanism of solving the problem of waste disposal
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A MODERN APPROACH TO POTATO PRODUCTION

abstract 1281704008 issue 128 pp. 146 – 153 28.04.2017 ru 12
Potato has been and remains one of the five world's most important crops. For nearly two hundred years potato in Russia is the "second bread". This is one of the so-called social products. Over the past 20 - 25 years of potato farming in our country, there have been significant changes, both positive and negative. Today, potatoes are grown in different soil and climatic conditions in more than one hundred countries around the world, including the desert oasis and beyond the polar circle. Potato cultivation Center recently has moved to Asia. In our time, the leaders of potato production are China, Russia, India, the US and Ukraine. Over the past few decades the number of produced potatoes has increased by 41% and the area under potato planting only 9.5%. From the above data it is clear that the world potato economy in recent years has got significant changes, indicating that the timeliness and relevance of the material in this article is true
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THE EFFECT OF PLANT FOOD ADDITIVES ON THE PROPERTIES OF WHEAT FLOUR AND DOUGH

abstract 1281704009 issue 128 pp. 154 – 166 28.04.2017 ru 12
The article presents data describing composition of macronutrients and food additives "Apple Powder" and food additive "Pumpkin Powder" obtained from secondary resources processing of apples and pumpkins with innovative technology that ensures their high antioxidant activity. Introduction of the studied food additives in wheat flour provides a boost of its antioxidant activity compared to the control (wheat flour without any additives). We have revealed that the introduction of the studied food additives in wheat flour provides a strengthening effect to the gluten flour, while dietary Supplement Powder called "Apple" has a strengthening effect on the gluten of wheat flour compared with a dietary Supplement called "Pumpkin Powder". We proved a positive impact of food additives on the gas-forming ability of wheat flour and water absorption capacity of dough; at he same time, with the same dosage of additives, water absorption capacity of dough with the introduction of additives of "Pumpkin Powder" is higher than this figure with the introduction of the additives of "Apple Powder", due to the higher content of pectin in the additive "Pumpkin Powder " compared with the additive "Apple Powder", having a high water-holding capacity. We have found that the dough with the introduction of the investigated supplements has the best rheological properties in comparison with control samples. The obtained results allow us to develop evidence-based formulation and technological modes of production of bakery products enriched with antioxidant properties, with the use of food additives called " Apple Powder" and "Pumpkin Powder"
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CONTROL OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES BASED ON SCADA

abstract 1281704010 issue 128 pp. 167 – 187 28.04.2017 ru 15
SCADA is modern information technologies. The monitoring and control of various technological processes in industry and in agriculture are possible thanks to these technologies. The training complex is created to study features of SCADA systems. The domestic SCADA Trace Mode The domestic SCADA Trace Mode is used in this complex. Students study the abilities of this system on the example of the heating process. Trace Mode controls humidity and regulates temperature in a closed space. Its advantage consists in creation of automatical workstation. There are a device for accurate temperature measurement; Video, which repeats the work of the heater on the screen of the workstation. There is also a trend with graphs of humidity, of temperature; there is an alarm report with information on the magnitude and timing of the process failure. Among them, there is a device for accurate temperature measurement; video, which repeats the work of the heater. There is the picture with graphs of humidity, of temperature and of the target on a temperature also, there is a report of the alarms about information on the magnitude and timing of the failure the process. A distinctive feature of the developed this complex is to provide students opportunities for acquiring skills of design and operation training of the automated control system of technological process of heating with the holding of tests in real time. After studying one SCADA system, students are easily transferred to work in another system, for example, Master SCADA, domestic producer InSAT
201 kb

METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS STUDY FOR NUMBER OF STATIONS FOR INTERACTIVE MONITORING THE TECHNICAL CONDITION OF MACHINERY IN AGRICULTURE

abstract 1281704011 issue 128 pp. 188 – 199 28.04.2017 ru 18
Condition monitoring is a necessary element of the transport and special machinery in agriculture. The task of the control operations other than the determination of the technical state of the object is to determine the required amount of work, as well as rational amount of collateral the repair of which could be combined with the next maintenance. Based on the results of processing of the information, we may generate requests for service. In the conditions of uncertainty of receipt of requests for servicing of individual machines, estimated volumes and timing, we have am appropriate development of applied technique of justification of the number of diagnostic posts for interactive control of a technical condition of vehicles and special machinery in agriculture. The presented methodology is based on probabilistic methods, and allows the quick optimization of the number of existing posts interactive diagnostics in the enterprise, if necessary, translating the existing posts in "standby" mode, or Vice versa, returning from a reserve in "work" mode. The production and technical base of the enterprise service based on the specific assumptions are considered as a system of mass service (SMO), and the function of such a SMO – as the process of mass service. The process of queuing as applied to interactive diagnosis are "Markov" processes "death and reproduction" with a finite or countable number of States and continuous time. To describe the states of the system we use the system of the Kolmogorov equations for steady state of "Markov" process. On their basis, we have determined average queue length, time of stay orders in the queue, number of busy channels and the bandwidth of the CFR. Using the intensity of the requests and the service time of a single application for specific equipment, the article establishes the efficiency of online diagnosis posts. The result of the proposed applied methodology enables timely decision-making about the need for reconstruction or technical re-equipment of the company
459 kb

RESEARCH OF MODERNIZED BD-4M HAULM SHREDDER WITH ARTICULATED KNIVES

abstract 1281704012 issue 128 pp. 200 – 213 28.04.2017 ru 24
In the general complex of mechanized works when growing potatoes, potato harvesting is one of the main operations. The efficiency of potatoes growing at the farm largely depends on harvest quality and crop retrieval. When harvesting potatoes with potato harvesters their productivity largely depends on the state of potato haulm. In a case of evolved and laid haulm the harvesting machines productivity falls sharply due to working organs clogging and in some cases their work is not possible at all. Therefore, to facilitate the work of potato harvesters it is necessary to remove potato haulm before harvesting. But the process of haulm removing is very laborious, including several operations, such as mowing, raking and transportation, each of which is performed by a separate machine. The appearance of domestically made rotary-type machines like KIR-1.5, UBD-3 and BD-4 at the end of 1950-1960 made it possible to mechanize the harvesting process of potato haulm. But it was noticed in the operation that rotor machines have a number of drawbacks caused by imperfections in the rotor design, its kinematic regimes, lack of balance and some others. Therefore, studies aimed at improving the design of rotary-type machines seem to be very important. To achieve this goal some theoretical and experimental studies and lab and field tests of the modernized four-row shredder have been carried out. When studying methods of mathematical analysis and elements of classical mechanics were used. Some modern methods were applied in the lab and field tests. The modernized haulm shredder BD-4 was tested at JSC “Avangard” in Ryazan district
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APPROACH TO SAFETY MANAGEMENT AT MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ENTERPRISES

abstract 1281704013 issue 128 pp. 214 – 228 28.04.2017 ru 22
In the article, approaches to the management existing at the present stage are considered, their merits and disadvantages are described. General scientific and special approaches to management are singled out. The system, functional and process approaches are described in more detail. The principles of E. Deming are considered. It is pointed out that the application of the above approaches to production management is limited only by the economic sphere of activity, while there is a prospect of using these approaches in the field of labor protection. The article substantiates a selection of the process approach as the most promising in the management of the labor safety management system and health protection of a machine-building enterprise
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