Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 88
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 86
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 200
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
406 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’s CREATIVE METHOD (the main milestones of the architect’s biography in the context of the Baltic Region architecture development in terms of cult architecture)

abstract 1191605049 issue 119 pp. 677 – 689 31.05.2016 ru 145
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-on-Don city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
1356 kb

CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF STAGED FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL CREATIVE METHOD OF AN ARCHITECT

abstract 1171603041 issue 117 pp. 648 – 663 31.03.2016 ru 391
The article considers the development of a model of gradual formation of individual creative method of an architect in the propaedeutic level since preuniversity stage (with the involvement of distance training) and its continuity of the first courses of architectural disciplines in high school in terms of the Rostov school of architecture. There have been examined some studies by Nechaev N.N. and Sulimenko S.D. at the architectural department of the Far Eastern Technical University, that have revealed a non-linear nature of the formation of spatial thinking and the need to develop a systematic approach in the propaedeutic phase of training. These studies formed the basis of a new conceptual model. A list of the input competence requirements for applicants entering architectural universities to ensure the quality of training at university propaedeutic phase is done. Methodological feature of the Rostov school of architecture, which is both a synthesis of problems in the field of threedimensional composition and design problems is revealed, as well as a combination of methods of modeling and manual architectural drawing with computer graphics (SketchUp, CorelDraw, Photoshop, AutoCad). The schemes of a number of separate stages of the formation of individual creative method of the architect, as well as the general scheme of the whole conceptual model is given
326 kb

PAST AND PRESENT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY: NANO-POWDER TECHNOLOGY AS HYDROFOBISATION MEAN OF SURFACES OF DIFFERENT PHYSICAL NATURE

abstract 1121508094 issue 112 pp. 1291 – 1302 30.10.2015 ru 772
In the context of nano-technological history, some possibilities of nano-powders possibilities are discovered. Through a very high dispersal property they remain on different surfaces, chemical neutral, withheld high temperature, not very expensive to treat surfaces in the process of hydrofobisation, non toxic. Some perspectives to use nano-powders in many fields of industry are discussed
1061 kb

THE ROLE OF ARCHITECTURAL PROPAEDEUTICS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF AN ARCHITECT

abstract 1061502014 issue 106 pp. 200 – 211 28.02.2015 ru 913
Experience of leading architectural schools and faculties of the country on the integration of propaedeutic course with fundamentals of architectural design in early stages of education is described in the article. The technique of the relationship between composition and specific design tasks, implemented in Rostov architectural school is presented here. The schemes of the phased teaching of students of architectural specialties by the example of the first three course works
151 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF CINEMAS IN KRASNODAR

abstract 0380804005 issue 38 pp. 72 – 79 29.04.2008 ru 3768
Number of population in Krasnodar increased in 1,8 times, but number of seats in cinemas decreased in 2,4 times in comparison from 1970 to 2007. Accessibility radius of the most cinemas doesn’t cover all existing districts of Krasnodar. Substantiation of cinemas types and their amount with an account of norms are given in the article.
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