Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Rembalovich Geоrgiy Kоnstantinоvich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

associated professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev
   

Web site url

Email

rgk.rgatu@yandex.ru


Articles count: 26

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284 kb

ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF DIAGNOSING OF FUEL EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOTRACTOR DIESEL ENGINES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF A HIGHPRESSURE FUEL PUMP

abstract 1231609010 issue 123 pp. 169 – 192 30.11.2016 ru 643
In agriculture the issue of enhancing the efficiency of operation of internal combustion engines (ICE), reducing the costs of maintenance (TO) and repairing (TP) fuel supply apparatus (TA) using the improvement of methods and means of diagnosis is a topical in connection with the aging rolling stock farming and lack of investment. Analysis of the known TA diesel engine vehicles systems showed that the most widespread system is the divided type with multiplunger high pressure fuel pump (fuel pump), while the methods of its diagnosing are laborious, they require partial disassembly and have insufficient accuracy. The mathematical models that characterize the work of a high-pressure fuel pump (fuel pump) use a large number of parameters that significantly affect the quality of dynamics of the change of pressure values of diesel fuel. However, in the materials of previously published articles there were no issues considered assessing the extent of the quantitative impact, performance and features change in the sensitivity settings of the mathematical models on the simulation results, there are no recommendations on the degree of sensitivity and importance of each of the parameters. For a more accurate diagnosis of the fuel supply apparatus of a diesel engine it is advisable to use several methods of diagnosing. The article substantiates development of a mathematical model of a high-pressure fuel pump based on the analysis of modern methods of diagnosing of fuel equipment for autotractor diesel engines
787 kb

ANALYSIS OF PROCESS OF UNLOADING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION FROM THE ADVANCED BODY OF THE TRACTOR TRAILER

abstract 1121508058 issue 112 pp. 774 – 797 30.10.2015 ru 1135
The development of agricultural production inevitably entails an increasing volume of traffic and a turnover of goods. Therefore, the issues of increasing transport efficiency, reducing the price of transportations and improving productivity acquire great importance. In most cases, supersize dump trucks used for the transport of agricultural production have much more than 6 tons axle load. Thus, these cars need to have roads with improved surface to each field, which undoubtedly is a significant drawback. Because of the extra movements of harvester dump trucks on the turning strip at the end of the field, it increases expenses of damage and loss of crops and the arrival of heavy machinery in the field leading to soil compaction, that in the end affects the future crop. Transportation of agricultural commodities is most effective when the car arrives directly to the harvester machinery. Such vehicles must have sufficient abilities and capacity of the body comparable with the volume of a combine hopper and has no significant impact on soil sealing. With this method, harvesters do not make extra movements and are not idle. Basic requirements for vehicles used in the harvesting potatoes, are in a more productive use due to increasing the capacity and reducing downtime when loading or unloading and minimizing the level of damage to other tubers. For the transportation of agricultural products there is a different transport technology, which either do not fully meets the requirements of transportation of highly fragile product, or has a significant cost. Therefore, we require a specially equipped vehicle bodies, with a competitive ability in the range acceptable to the Russian Federation. As one of the innovative developments, this article proposes a tipper body of the vehicle for transportation of highly fragile agricultural products. The proposed design solution for the tipper ensures a uniform unloading of transported products from the vehicle body and prevents arching issues
461 kb

FEATURES OF THE APPLICATION OF MODERN TRACTOR TRANSPORT IN THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES FOR THE CULTIVATION OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

abstract 1261702013 issue 126 pp. 180 – 198 28.02.2017 ru 495
The role of transport in agricultural production is significant. It is the connecting link in the technological chain of the agro-industrial complex (of the APC). On-farm transport in the APC together with cars and tractor transport are widely used. The rationality of the use of wheeled tractors for farm transport substantiates the possibility of their movement on asphalt and on dirt roads. The specific gravity of the tractor transport in the domestic agriculture is 22-27% of the total volume of transport and 50-60% of the volume of farm traffic. A high level of use of tractor transport has been observed in the countries of Western Europe and the USA. In the farms of leading countries of Western Europe (Germany, Italy, France, etc.) about 70- 90% on-farm transport of agricultural goods is done by tractor transport. Tractor transport in a live environment is running on roads with varying terrain, a wavy profile cover, on soils with different hardness and humidity. When driving vehicles at high speeds, the trailer is wobbling from side to side, constantly accompanying tractor transport during its operation. As a result, it is bad for propulsion, transmission, and it deteriorates the dynamic performance properties of equipment, working conditions of the operator. To reduce the amplitude of oscillations of the trailer, the operator is forced to work strenuously with the steering wheel or to slow down the speed, which in turn affects operator fatigue, as well as the performance and maneuverability of the vehicle. Thus, advanced technologies in electronics, sensor technology and software will determine the nature of agro-technical innovations and will lead to increased automation of business processes in crop production with the aim to organize the work more effectively, efficiently, accurately, environmentally friendly and economically feasible. When working with intelligent technologies, understanding the development of high-tech, precision engineering requires a revision to the personnel policy and education in agriculture, which should be based on the relevant organization of farms and their proper new type engineering solutions
5762 kb

INCREASE ОF ОPERATIОNAL AND TECHNОLОGICAL INDICATОRS ОF TRANSPОRT AND SPECIAL MACHINERY FОR HARVESTING PОTATОES

abstract 0881304034 issue 88 pp. 510 – 519 30.04.2013 ru 1618
This article deals with the present level of harvesting and transport operations in the production of potatoes and methods of improving the operational and technological parameters of machines with which they are carried out by introducing into their design of innovative devices
176 kb

INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY OF EXPLOITATION OF VEHICLES AND MOBILE AGRICULTURAL DEVICES FOR INNER TRANSPORTATION

abstract 0881304035 issue 88 pp. 520 – 530 30.04.2013 ru 1547
In the article, the questions of increasing productivity exploitation of vehicles and mobile agricultural technology by developing universal vehicles for inner transportations of agricultural products have been reviewed
434 kb

JUSTIFICATION OF THE RIGIDITY OF COMPOSITE BARS OF A POTATO HARVESTER ELEVATOR

abstract 1582004016 issue 158 pp. 215 – 228 30.04.2020 ru 243
High-strength steels are used to increase the reliability of potato harvesters. With the advent of new materials and new technologies in agricultural engineering, it is possible to significantly reduce the mass of working bodies, to reduce energy costs. The elastic system of the composite elevator bar, unbalanced by the impact of the component of the potato heap, is in oscillatory motion. An increase in the height of the fall, and hence the speed of collision with the bar of the component of the potato heap, determines the amount of deflection of the composite bar. During vibrations, in addition to static deformations, dynamic ones are added, depending on the magnitude of the impact force. It was established that a bar made of composite material should have the following parameters: elastic modulus E = 55000 MPa; the diameter of the composite bar d = 0,012 m
140 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF PROBABILISTIC ASSESSMENT OF THE ONSET OF TECHNOLOGICAL FAILURE OF A POTATO HARVESTER

abstract 0991405011 issue 99 pp. 189 – 200 30.05.2014 ru 1401
The mathematical model presented in this article is designed to assess the probability of occurrence probability of technological failure potato harvester according to the specific conditions and usage
201 kb

METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS STUDY FOR NUMBER OF STATIONS FOR INTERACTIVE MONITORING THE TECHNICAL CONDITION OF MACHINERY IN AGRICULTURE

abstract 1281704011 issue 128 pp. 188 – 199 28.04.2017 ru 348
Condition monitoring is a necessary element of the transport and special machinery in agriculture. The task of the control operations other than the determination of the technical state of the object is to determine the required amount of work, as well as rational amount of collateral the repair of which could be combined with the next maintenance. Based on the results of processing of the information, we may generate requests for service. In the conditions of uncertainty of receipt of requests for servicing of individual machines, estimated volumes and timing, we have am appropriate development of applied technique of justification of the number of diagnostic posts for interactive control of a technical condition of vehicles and special machinery in agriculture. The presented methodology is based on probabilistic methods, and allows the quick optimization of the number of existing posts interactive diagnostics in the enterprise, if necessary, translating the existing posts in "standby" mode, or Vice versa, returning from a reserve in "work" mode. The production and technical base of the enterprise service based on the specific assumptions are considered as a system of mass service (SMO), and the function of such a SMO – as the process of mass service. The process of queuing as applied to interactive diagnosis are "Markov" processes "death and reproduction" with a finite or countable number of States and continuous time. To describe the states of the system we use the system of the Kolmogorov equations for steady state of "Markov" process. On their basis, we have determined average queue length, time of stay orders in the queue, number of busy channels and the bandwidth of the CFR. Using the intensity of the requests and the service time of a single application for specific equipment, the article establishes the efficiency of online diagnosis posts. The result of the proposed applied methodology enables timely decision-making about the need for reconstruction or technical re-equipment of the company
410 kb

MODERN QUESTIONS OF POTATO HARVESTING EQUIPMENT PERFECTION

abstract 1141510075 issue 114 pp. 988 – 1003 30.12.2015 ru 941
Potato is cultivated in 130 countries on an area of over 18 million hectares; it annually gives more than 300 million tons of tubers. The share of the Russian Federation accounts is about 11% ... 14% of total production. The resulting potatoes consumed in food, animal feed, technical purposes, seed fund. According to the Ministry of agriculture of Russia, the largest number of potatoes in our country (89 %) is produced in peasant farms and personal farms of citizens, the area of cultivation of which make up about 2.7 million hectares. At such farms for the harvest, they use mainly potatodiggers, followed by selection of crops manually. The use of diggers in small areas of planting is more costefficiently in relation to the harvesting combine. In addition, the parameters requested for ATT to damage potatoes when harvesting with the diggers (3%) are higher than during harvesting by combine harvester (5%). As practice shows, for the use of cleaning units, even under optimal harvesting conditions in the hopper of the combine, there are soil and vegetable impurities. There are many different devices intended to localize the problem. Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that it is necessary to pay considerable attention to the quality of work of excavating working bodies, because it affects the productivity of the functioning of the whole machine. Currently, there are widespread potato aggregates with the receiving part, equipped with side disks, spaced along the edges of the plowshares. The disks cut off the raised layer of soil from between the rows. This entails improving the performance of the potato harvester. The most efficient and economical from the point of view of energy consumption, is the work of passive disks with hooks. The quality of potato harvesters depends on the design and performance of excavating bodies. The proposed design solution for an excavating body increases the productivity of harvesting machines
123 kb

PERFORMANCE RELATIONSHIP WITH PARAMETERS OF TUBER DAMAGE OF TECHNICAL STATE FARM EQUIPMENT IN PRODUCTION OF POTATOES

abstract 0741110053 issue 74 pp. 606 – 616 30.12.2011 ru 1714
This article deals with the rules of observance of agriculture technology requirements for the production of potatoes in particular. On the example of the combine PDA 1.2, we have considered the places having the greatest damaging effect on roots. One can also find a summary procedure for calculating the probability of defective products
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