Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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149 kb

RESULTS OF THE STUDY OF WATERMELON AND MELON COMPATIBILITY IN VARIOUS KINDS OF STOCKS

abstract 1141510082 issue 114 pp. 1083 – 1092 30.12.2015 ru 1036
A priority direction at the present stage of vegetable growing development is to obtain high-quality, environmentally friendly production on the basis of development and introduction of new technologies of cultivation. At the same time, it is compulsory to emphasize the importance of expanding the range of crops which can vary nutrition of population. Currently promising direction is search of new high-efficient and environmentally friendly methods of plant protection. Biological methods of effect on the plant body acquire great significance. One of such methods is using grafts. In a light of new changed conditions, the research on grafted plants was not conducted in our country
372 kb

STUDYING THE FEATURES OF CULTIVATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF COMPOSITION CULTURE MEDIA FOR LACTOBACILLUS SP.

abstract 1141510087 issue 114 pp. 1148 – 1158 30.12.2015 ru 1120
The article presents the materials of the study of the features of cultivation of Lactobacillus sp. on different culture medium. We have made a comparison of standard culture medium for cultivation Lactobacillus sp. and determined the most optimal culture medium
490 kb

FEATURES OF THE CULTIVATION OF PROPIONIBACTERIUM SHERMANII STRAIN

abstract 1141510088 issue 114 pp. 1159 – 1172 30.12.2015 ru 1724
We have presented materials about nutrient media for growing and industrial the cultivation of Propionibacterium shermanii: Trypticase Yeast Extract Glucose Medium, the culture medium Ellinger and ATCC Medium 33. We have studied pH change and its impact on the biomass accumulation of propionic acid microorganisms. We have also defined the best time of cultivation
211 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE CAPACITY OF CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL GRAPE VARIETIES (SELECTION OF INSTITUTE OF GRAPE AND WINE) MAGARACH - PERVENETS MAGARACHA, PODAROK MAGARACHA AND CYTRONY MAGARACHA

abstract 1141510093 issue 114 pp. 1211 – 1232 30.12.2015 ru 932
The article presents the results of three years of researches conducted at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University, to study the processes of shoots and rooting of the three-bud cuttings of grapes of Pervenets Magaracha, Podarok Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha of the selection of Magarach Institute of Grape and Wine. The area of these varieties, which are inter-specific hybrids, in the Krasnodar region is more than 2 thousands hectares. The cuttings were rooted in sawdust in a greenhouse on a heated rack. It was found, that the regenerative capacity of cuttings was strongly dependent on the method of their storage prior to installation on the germination. The best results were obtained in the case when cuttings had been stored in the refrigerator before starting the experiment. The lowest impact of the way to store cuttings was on the percentage of cuttings with blossoming eyes, and the largest - the length of the shoots, the output of the cuttings with at least 3 of the roots, and the average number of roots developed on one cutting. Rooting of cuttings and their growth with three and more roots were different over the years for the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha, in favor of one sort or another, but the average 3-year difference between varieties was not significant. On average, in two or three years, the maximum number of roots appeared in the variety of Cytrony Magaracha, which was a bit ahead of Pervenets Magaracha. The difference in the number of cuttings formed at the roots was authentic. Correlation analysis showed that the closest relationship to the performance of the rooting ability of cuttings was found in the length of the shoots. The level and the nature of the identified correlations suggests that the rooting ability of the cuttings of the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha was determined primarily by hormonal activity, Podarok Magaracha by its supply of plastic substances, and Cytrony Magaracha had equally both factors
688 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE ABILITY IN CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL VARIETIES OF BIANCO, VIORICA AND RITON

abstract 1141510094 issue 114 pp. 1233 – 1256 30.12.2015 ru 814
The article presents the results of three years of studies on regenerative processes in technical white one-bud cuttings of resistant varieties of grapes Bianca, Viorica and Riton. The studies were conducted in greenhouse experiments at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University. It was found, that the cuttings of Viorica varieties had achieved the best ripening, and the worst was Bianca. Varieties of Viorica and Ryton which have rather good level of ripening of the cuttings, had starch in carbohydrates and Bianca variety had sugar. Earlier blooming of buds characterized the cuttings of Ryton. Blooming of the buds of Bianca somewhat delayed. Maximum length of the shoots characterized the cuttings of Bianca, and the lowest – Viorica. The shortest pre-root period (26.3 days) was observed in Ryton, and the longest (29.3 days) – in Bianca. Viorica was characterized by the highest yield of cuttings with 3 roots and more (81.3%), this indicator was a bit less (72.5%) for Ryton. For Bianca it was minimal and it was 26.3%. A similar pattern was observed for the average number of cuttings formed at the roots: the variety Viorica - 9.4 pc.,Ryton - 8.1 pc. and Bianca - 4.3 pc. Thus, cuttings of the varieties of Viorica and Ryton belong to a group with a very high root growing activity and Bianca has an average activity
325 kb

THE EFFECT OF TREATMENT OF GRAPE CUTTINGS WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON THEIR REGENERATIVE SKILLS

abstract 1141510095 issue 114 pp. 1257 – 1274 30.12.2015 ru 1007
The article presents the results of studies on the effect of processing varieties of grape cuttings of Pervenets Magaracha using alternating electromagnetic field on their regenerative skills. Processing the cuttings with alternating electromagnetic field was carried out using an induction coil for 5,10,15 and 20 min. As a control option, the cuttings were soaked in water, as a standard option – the cuttings were soaked for 24 hours in a 0.01% solution of IAA. Rooting was performed in vessels with water at optimum temperature conditions. It was found, that the use of IAA for the first time led to the inhibition of blooming buds. EMF treatment of cuttings with each exposure has a stimulating effect on this indicator. Application of EMF exposures in the 5 to 15 minutes resulted in a significant increase in the length of shoots, compared to the control variant and the option to IAA. Processing cuttings with EMF exposures at 5,15 and 20 minutes resulted in a significant increase in rooting compared with the control. Maximum rooting was obtained at an exposure of 15 minutes. It was the same as in the version with a standard rooting stimulant - IAA. However, the highest yield of cuttings with 3 roots and ended up in a version with a 20-minute exposure. Maximum number was noted on the heel of the roots cuttings option with IAA. Treatment of cuttings with EMF exposure 5, 10 and 20 minutes, has also led to a significant increasing of this indicator, respectively, 45.5; 22.7 and 79.5%. The maximum increase in the number of roots was obtained in the variant with exposure 20 minutes. Thus, this option should be considered as the best one
182 kb

APPROBATION OF MULTIPLEX SSRANALYSIS FOR DNA-FINGERPRINTS OF RICE VARIETIES

abstract 1141510103 issue 114 pp. 1420 – 1430 30.12.2015 ru 901
Results of testing of multiplex sets SSR-markers for genotyping of rice varieties are presented in the article. Two sets of SSR-markers were formed: 1: RM1+ RM11+ RM70+RM122; 2: RM164+RM167+RM168. The optimal combination of DNA markers in the multiplex sets and PCR conditions allowed obtaining accurate, easily interpretable results when performing fragment analysis on automated genetic analyzer ABIprism3130. Using multiplex sets, genotyping was performed for several varieties of rice: domestic breeding and one variety – IR36 from the breeding of IRRI (Manila, Philippines). For all the studied varieties specific SSR-fingerprints were obtained. RM 168 marker showed in domestic varieties a low level of polymorphism - one allele of 97 bp. However, at the same time, the variety IR-36, showed a second type of allele 107 bp. In addition, the loci of RM1, RM11, RM167 and RM164 have unique alleles in this variety. It is consistent with significant genetic differences of these varieties and the rest of the varieties in studied sample. The proposed SSR multiplexes are promising for use in DNA certification of rice varieties and assessment of genetic diversity
184 kb

CLASSIFICATION OF RICE VARIETIES FROM GENETIC COLLECTION BASED ON AGGREGATED INTEGRAL INDICATOR OF GRAIN QUALITY

abstract 1141510114 issue 114 pp. 1583 – 1594 30.12.2015 ru 1029
In this article, we discuss the results of the research of quality characteristics of Russian and foreign rice varieties. Possibility of using data in characterizing germplasm from collection is discussed
136 kb

PHYTOCENOTIC CHARATERISTIC OF COMMUNITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF ASTRAGALUS ANGARENSIS (FABACEAE) IN CENTRAL YAKUTIA

abstract 1131509014 issue 113 pp. 174 – 183 30.11.2015 ru 876
The article presents materials on studying distribution and phytocenotic confinedness of relict steppe species of Astragalus angarensis. Astragalus angarensis is the endemic of the Angara region and Yakutia, it is a relict species. Three small isolated fragments express the area of species. The largest fragment was found in the Angara region; the smallest two fragments are occurred in the valley of the Lena river, in the southwest Yakutia near Olekminsk and in the central Yakutia, from Yakutsk to Bulgunnakhtaakh village. Ecological and geobotanical characteristics of habit area of Angara Astragalus is given; floristic content of community is studied. The described desertificated Krascheninnikovia, Psathyrostachys steppes and also Festuca, Agropyron, Koeleria and Artemisia communities with Astragulus angarensis confined to slope habitats, characterized by poor floristic content that gives evidence of low competitiveness of this species
148 kb

LAMPENFLORA OF NOVOAFONSKAYA CAVE

abstract 1131509016 issue 113 pp. 196 – 207 30.11.2015 ru 844
Novoafonskaya cave is located in Abkhazia. It is equipped for visits in 1975. The cave has permanently installed lighting. In caves with artificial lighting, a vegetation of cyanobacteria and algae, bryophytes and ferns can be found around lamps. The development of lampenflora is a typical problem for cave management. We have identified 69 species of phototrophs in Novoafonskaya cave: Magnoliophyta 2 species, Pteridophyta 6 species, Bryophyta 11 species, Cyanobacteria 34 species, Bacillariophyta 9 species, Ochrophyta 2 species, Chlorophyta 5 species. The article considers main habitat of lampenflora and gives their characteristics. We have also revealed predominance of cyanobacteria in the cave
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