Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Lysenko Aleksandr Anatolyevich

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Kuban State University

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Articles count: 4

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abstract 1381804035 issue 138 pp. 149 – 159 30.04.2018 ru 4
We have studied biochemical changes in the body of cattle, sick with nodular dermatitis in the initial stage of the clinical manifestation of the disease. It is proved that in case of disease in animals there is a significant increase in the level of creatinine up to 295.5 mg%. The excess of the norm by 82.1%. In treatment, this indicator was significantly reduced (189.2 mg%), but did not reach the upper limits of the norm (162.4 mg%). In the blood serum of patients, the carotene content was reduced to 0.09 mg%, which was restored to normal three days after the start of treatment (1.0 mg%). The glucose level at the beginning of the disease was 18% below normal and reached the lower limit of the norm 8 hours after the start of treatment. When studying the activity of CKK, it was found that the activity of the enzyme in animals before the introduction of a 5% solution of sodium hydrogencarbonate is 82% higher than the upper limit of the norm. After the treatment, this indicator returned to normal. The inorganic phosphorus index did not reach the physiological norm (2.5 mmol / l) before and after treatment, and remained 11.6% higher (2.9 mmol / l), which indicates a violation of mineral metabolism in sick animals. The level of reserve alkalinity began to recover after 8 hours of observation and reached a minimum limit of 48.91 vol. % CO2. During the entire period of the experimental studies, before and after the administration of the drug, there were no significant changes in the biochemical parameters of total protein, calcium, vitamin E and urea. The nature of the established changes varied within the limits of physiological norms. The use of a 5% solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate in nodular dermatitis increases the effectiveness of symptomatic treatment, reduces the likelihood of complications and stimulates the production of specific antibodies against viruses and bacteria. We have recommended intravenous injection of 5% sodium hydrogencarbonate solution to sick animals at the rate of 1 ml per 1 kg of live weight of the animal three times with an interval of 3 days
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abstract 1321708027 issue 132 pp. 335 – 345 31.10.2017 ru 185
The use of intensive milk production technologies in practice, nonobservance of the principles of feeding and keeping animals leads to a decrease in the level of compensatory-regenerative processes in the body, violation of general and specific metabolic reactions, emergence of a number of pathological conditions, and, primarily, hepatopathies leading to a decrease in the productivity of dairy cattle, to the birth of unviable young animals and to the impossibility of their further exploitation. Therefore, on the background of early diagnosis of violations of the liver it is necessary to conduct adequate pharmacoprophylaxis, which prevents further development of hepatopathies with the help of hepatoprotectors. These preparations include a new injectable one – livazen, the mechanism of action of which works due to its antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing action. The preparation has a lipotropic effect, favorably affects the antitoxic and pigmentary function of liver, and increases resistance to hypoxia and various kinds of intoxication. Research conducted to study its effect in the system of prophylactic measures of hepatosis in sterile cows showed that on the background of the use of lavazen there was a significant increase in total protein by 16,6% and increase in albumins - by 13,8%. The level of γ-globulins, on the contrary, decreased by 20,9%. The study of the preparation had a normalizing effect on lipid metabolism, which was manifested by an increase in the concentration of triglycerides in 3,1 times and increase in cholesterol by 24,7%. An increase in the concentration of calcium by 14,5% was also found out. The use of livazen allowed to ensure a tendency towards a decrease in enzyme activity (according to AST - by 6,9%, by ALT - by 24,4%, according to alkaline phosphatase - by 11,6%), in contrast to control animals whose aspartate aminotransferase increased by 11,3% from the initial; ultrasonography of liver of cows confirmed the expressed effectiveness of the pharmacoprophylaxis