Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
186 kb

FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE EMERGENCE OF FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS OF BIRTH-GENITAL APPARATUS AT COWS

abstract 1211607113 issue 121 pp. 1818 – 1827 30.09.2016 ru 151
ЖИВОТНОВОДСТВО, КРУПНЫЙ РОГАТЫЙ СКОТ, ДИСФУНКЦИЯ ЯИЧНИКОВ, ЭНДОМЕТРИТ, БЕСПЛОДИЕ, СУБИНВОЛЮЦИЯ МАТКИ, ПОЛОВОЙ ЦИКЛ, ПЕРСИСТИРУЮЩЕЕ ЖЕЛТОЕ ТЕЛО, КИСТА ЯИЧНИКОВ, ГОРМОНЫ
625 kb

MONITORING OF GLYCEMIA IN COWS FOR THE DETECTION OF PRIMARY METABOLIC DISORDERS IN THE TRANSITION PERIOD

abstract 1211607140 issue 121 pp. 2246 – 2287 30.09.2016 ru 193
The article contains a synthesis of modern views on the problem of ketosis and related metabolic disorders. We have given evidences of the exceptional role of hypoglycemia in the development of progressive metabolic diseases of cows during the transition period. The necessity of implementing a program for critical period with mandatory control of glycemia was substantiated
151 kb

DISTRIBUTION AND SPECIES COMPOSITION OF PECTORIS AND RHODOCOCCUS

abstract 1241610081 issue 124 pp. 1282 – 1291 30.12.2016 ru 201
There are numerous reports about the possibility of sensitization to tuberculin animals when infected with pectoris and Rhodococcus and it is considered to be expedient to create one monoallergenov to differentiate allergic reactions. In this context, the spread of pectoris and Rhodococcus in nature, the general physico-chemical and biological properties of mycobacteria, increasingly emerging reports of a possible sensitization of the microorganism, require a detailed study of them in order to determine the specificity of allergy
145 kb

DETERMINATION OF ACUTE TOXICITY OF ROKSATSIN

abstract 1211607124 issue 121 pp. 1975 – 1984 30.09.2016 ru 262
In this article, the authors have defined the acute toxicity of Roksatsin preparation, which represents a 20 % aqueous solution of polyhexamethylene guanidinehydrochloride (PHMG). The acute toxicity of Roksatsin in the first series of experiments was studied on white mice upon intragastric administration. In the second series of the experiments, Roksatsin was administered subcutaneously to white rats and in the third series of experiments the preparation was administered intracisternally to cows. The results of the first series of experiments showed that Roksatsin by the internal method of appointment is slightly toxic to white mice. In this experiment not been a single case of acute intoxication and death of animals. Experiments to determine the acute toxicity of the preparation for white rats were performed in triplicate. In the first series of experiment, the LD50 was 4.8 ml/kg. It is found, that the calculated coefficients LD50 for other two series were close to the first one: the second - 4.2 ml/kg and the third - 4.5 ml/kg. Therefore, the authors found that the Roksatsin preparation upon subcutaneously administration according GOST 12.1.007-76 is a low-toxic compound (4th class of danger). As a result of the third series of the experiments, it was found that the intracisternally administration of Roksatsin preparation to cows in a dose of 5 ml is not toxic to the animal organism. Intracisternal administration of Roksatsin does not have a significant impact on the morphological and biochemical indices of blood. On this basis, Roksatsin preparation with different routes of administration is low-toxic and it can be recommended for clinical researches
183 kb

EFFICIENCY OF ROKSATSIN IN AEROSOL DISINFECTION OF THE LIVESTOCK BUILDINGS

abstract 1211607125 issue 121 pp. 1985 – 1994 30.09.2016 ru 279
The authors briefly describe the properties of polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride (PHMG), which refers to a broad-spectrum biocide and has antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, viruses and fungi. PHMG has a deodorizing effect, gives the treated surfaces long bactericidal effect, which can be stored depending on the surface and other external factors from 3 days to 8 months. The authors have presented data about the level of bacterial and fungal contamination of air in the dispensary before and after aerosol treatment of Roksatsin. Bacterial contamination of air dispensary determined via the sedimentation method (Koch Method), which is settling microflora (in air), under gravity, on the surface of a growth medium. For the determination of total bacteria and fungi in 1m3 of air the authors make calculations of total aerobic microbial count (TAMC) according to the formula that was proposed by V.L. Omelyanskii. Bacterial contamination of air was evaluated before disinfection. Accounting quality of aerosol disinfection performed by sedimentation microflora on Petri Dishes through 30, 60 and 120 minutes of exposition. In the analysis of the data the authors defined that Roksatsin as a disinfectant has a negative effect on pathogens, namely significantly reduced the content of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic bacteria and fungi in the air, so it can be used for preventive and compelled aerosol disinfection of air in the livestock buildings
145 kb

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY OF A NEW COMPLEX HEPATOPROTECTIVE PREPARATION

abstract 1191605076 issue 119 pp. 1077 – 1088 31.05.2016 ru 304
This article presents the results of the studies of the influence of a new complex hepatoprotective preparation on the basic system of the body, the mechanism of occurrence and manifestation of its biological effects, the dependence of this action from the components that are parts of the preparation, the dose, as well as the regularity of manifestation of possible side effects. The effect of the different doses of the preparation (1% and 2%) on the average daily weight gain and morphological and biochemical indices of the birds’ blood was studied. The conducted research determined a stimulatory influence of the preparation on the growth, development and safety of broiler chickens. The new hepatoprotector exhibits the properties aimed on revitalizing the erythro- and hematopoiesis and magnification of the cellular immunity against the exogenous influence. The use of the preparation helps to improve liver function and reduce the toxic load on hepatocytes, which manifests an increase in a number of metabolic parameters, such as total protein, glucose, calcium, phosphorus. We have noted an expressed hepatoprotective effect on the enzyme activity of AST and the remission of the cytolytic syndrome of the experimental chickens. Thereby it was found out that the complex hepatoprotective preparation has a pronounced pharmacological activity, providing a significant impact on the energy of the broiler chickens’ growth and their safety, morphological and biochemical indices of the blood and metabolic processes in the body of the bird
284 kb

USE OF FLUCONAZOLE FOR TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ENDOMETRITIS AT COWS

abstract 1241610057 issue 124 pp. 862 – 874 30.12.2016 ru 313
That article is of interest to practicing veterinarians. Currently, the biggest obstacle in the development of dairy farming is infertility at cows, which is caused by the presence of diseases of the reproductive organs, most of which is occupied by acute and chronic endometritis. The frequency of occurrence of chronic endometritis at cows reaches high levels, from 10 to 66.3%, averaging 14%. One of the direct causes of chronic endometritis is association of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms and fungi. Many chemotherapeutic agents which are designed for prophylaxis and treatment of acute postpartum endometritis do not give a high therapeutic effect in the treatment of chronic endometritis or amount and frequency of application drugs is very high. Analyzing the data, the authors developed a new drug which has fungicidal and antibacterial actions - Florinazol. The experiments showed that the use the Florinazol preparation in combination with myotropic, pathogenetic and vitamin preparations gives 90% of therapeutic efficiency, while the frequency of administration of the drug was on average 3 fold, and the duration of treatment was 5 days
511 kb

AVIAN POX

abstract 1231609137 issue 123 pp. 2059 – 2069 30.11.2016 ru 326
According to the veterinary reporting on 01.01.2016, presence of a bird in the agricultural organizations and poultry farms makes 13 million 440 thousand heads, in the private sector (hens, geese, ducks, etc.) - 6 million 287 thousand heads. In 2015 in the Krasnodar region 3 million 337 thousand 127 heads were subjected to bacterination against smallpox and a diphtheria. Data on registration of outbreak of smallpox of birds in a private farmstead of the Krasnodar region are presented in article. The case rate and a mortality at hens of breeds of Kulanga and Bramah and pigeons of the Andijan breed are studied. The dermal, diphtheroid and admixed forms of clinical implication of smallpox at hens of different breeds and pigeons in this farmstead are studied. Pathoanathomical features of implication of smallpox of birds are studied. The biological test on chickens of 3-4-month age and a microscopy of the painted smears prints on Pashena is carried out. In smears Pashen's little bodies are found. The events for elimination of a disease in this LTD including rejection of a sick bird, the compelled bacterination at an acquisitive bird, mechanical cleaning and disinfection in a hen house and a dovecot, isolation and a symptomatic treatment of breeding birds are developed and held
557 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOLOGOUS DERMAL FIBROBLASTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL ANIMALS

abstract 1211607055 issue 121 pp. 917 – 928 30.09.2016 ru 334
The level of development of modern medical equipment for the past 20-30 years is in constant development, many of the technologies and methods of treatment of certain diseases that were previously only available for the treatment of a person with success began to penetrate in the veterinary practice. The objective aim at the initial stage was the establishment of testing and suitability for the cultivation of autologous dermal fibroblasts animals of previously known techniques and the modernization of the existing techniques. Next, we had to carry out measurements of morphometric parameters and to identify structural features and functional activity of fibroblasts of different kinds of agricultural animals. Conclusions: The study showed the conducted morphometric autologous dermal fibroblasts tests allowed us to obtain the correlation line. In addition, to identify common patterns in the development and growth of fibroblasts derived from different species of agricultural animals. And also, to obtain material for comparative evaluation of the quality of the obtained cell cultures using entropy equivalent
171 kb

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPOSITION OF MICROORGANISMS, WHICH WERE ISOLATED FROM NEWBORN CALVES AND PIGLETS AT ACUTE INTESTINAL DISEASES

abstract 1321708058 issue 132 pp. 728 – 741 31.10.2017 ru 339
One of the reasons extensions acute intestinal diseases in newborn calves and piglets is absence at them of formed immune system and colonization resistance. For this reason, their intestine often occupies relative pathogenic microorganisms, which in the subsequent cause diarrheal diseases. The characteristic feature of the last time is the fact that these diseases have the associated disposition and composition of association can be the most various but not only biological objects (for calves and piglets), and also territorial borders. The goal of this work was in comparative study of the structure microorganisms, which were isolated from newborn calves and piglets at acute intestinal diseases in Krasnodar territory and the establishment of the dominant species. During the bacteriologic examination of pathological material was detach and finger 1299 isolate calves and 476 from piglets which was found to belonged to 6 families: Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Enterococcaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Alcaligenaceae, Alteromonadaceae. Studies have shown that dominant logic value in nosological profile of the allocated bacteria belongs to enterobacterium, enterococcus, streptococcus, the share of which in the general pool of isolates has made 70,1%, 15,9% and 11,1%, respectively. At the same time among the enterobacterium detached as from calves, and pigs, the prevailing species was E. coli (55,6%), streptococcus – S. bovis (24,9%), enterococcus – E. faecium and E. faecalis (88,3%). Meanwhile, along with the general character of frequency separation of certain types of bacteria, also their specific preference is set. That why from calves there were more often selected enterobacter, citrobacter, kluyvera, E. faecalis, S. cricetus, S. mitior, S. parauberis and P. aeruginosa. Whereas from pigs more often were allocated protei, providencia, shigella, E. mundtii, E. casseliflavus, S. acidominimus, S. oralis, S. pneumoniae, S. vestibularis и Alcaligenes fecalis than from pigs
.