Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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163 kb

ABOUT REASONS OF ALL-CLASS NATURE OF THE BLACK HUNDRED ORGANIZATIONS

abstract 0631009019 issue 63 pp. 244 – 261 27.11.2010 ru 2561
The article is about reasons of all-class and international nature of the Black Hundred organizations. The author comes to a conclusion about limited method of class approach to solve this problem. According to his research, the main cause of all-class participation in the activity of the Black Hundred organizations was the commonness of religious consciousness and traditional outlook
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ABOUT SOME CONTROVERSIAL ASPECTS OF CIVIL WAR AND INTERVENTION IN RUSSIA

abstract 1241610060 issue 124 pp. 897 – 909 30.12.2016 ru 662
The authors have devoted some of its controversial aspects, which have been going on for decades in the scientific community, namely, the time-frame of the Civil War, its causes and about the time of its beginning. In addition to these issues, the article is considered the relationship between the socialist parties and their participation in the civil war, the role of foreign intervention in the case of incitement to war and, finally, the reasons of the defeat of the White movement. The authors did not set out to elaborate on all four stages of the civil war, and focused on the examination of its first phase, covering the period from the end of May to November 1918. The main object of consideration the question arose about the beginning of the Civil War. The authors dwell on the various points of view expressed in this historical science, argues with those of them who, in their opinion, do not withstand scientific scrutiny. They speculate about details of alternative embodiments of the historical process, try to consider the option that could have been avoided civil war, if there was a coalition of socialist parties and come to the conclusion that such a coalition was impossible and it looks ephemeral. The authors dwell on the consideration of the role that is played in the raging civil fratricidal war, foreign intervention. They rightly point out that it is military intervention exacerbated and intensified civil war, has extended its time frame, the number of dead and wounded, even more glowing civil and class hatred
140 kb

ABOUT THE CONCEPT OF NATIONWIDE HISTORY

abstract 1181604070 issue 118 pp. 1119 – 1128 29.04.2016 ru 738
In the context of the problem situation caused by the territorial limitation of the modern paradigm of Russian history, the author actualizes the model of a holistic, in territorial aspect, a nationwide history of Russia, covering an exceptionally all regions of the country. In conditions of complex territorial structure of Russian society, the unity of its history has unique singularity due to variety of regional contexts of historical development. Therefore, it is impossible to understand the uniqueness of civilizational singularity of Russia fully without learning regional features and territorial components. Based in it, it is concluded, that the concept of nationwide Russian history for high school must have more complete, maybe even total territorial coverage of historical events and processes and must point on either great achievements or negative, dramatic errors, ignoring of which contraries to the task of creation a tolerant patriotism. In this way, the author considers the concept of nationwide history can be a catalyst of modern national idea, which may be one of the factors the cohesion of society of strengthening territorial unity and integrity of Russia
117 kb

ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTION OF TIMBER INDUSTRY IN ECONOMY OF USSR DURING THE PERIOD OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR (1941-1945)

abstract 0781204043 issue 78 pp. 502 – 511 30.04.2012 ru 1296
The contribution of timber industry in the process of development of economy of USSR during the perios of the Great Patriotic War was analysed in this article. The most important factors and characteristics of the industry in the conditions of mobilization of economy were considered
124 kb

ACTIVITY IN OF R. POROKHNYA - THE FIRST TROOP ARCHPRIEST OF THE BLACK SEA COSSACKS IN THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1111507001 issue 111 pp. 1 – 10 30.09.2015 ru 943
In modern conditions of personification of history it becomes especially important to study works of famous figures of the Black Sea clergy. Roman Porokhnya was one of such priests. His personality never became an object of special research that was connected with scarcity of sources. In this article an attempt to observe his life and activity as the first army archpriest of the Black Sea Cossacks on the Kuban earth was made for the first time, the archival documents which hadn’t been studied before were introduced into scientific circulation. A lot of place in article is allocated for reconstruction of the historical past of the Black Sea Cossacks of the end of XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries. In this work, on the basis of the analysis of the works of R. Porokhnya we have shown a special place of a role of the priest in the life of the Black Sea Cossacks. In the article his educational activity, his works connected with the beginning of church construction in uninhabited Kuban lands were considered in detail. A lot of place here was taken by the history of church relics of the Black Sea Cossacks, the important role of Roman Porochnya in their preservation is shown. Also the problem connected with formation of local clergy doesn't remain unaddressed. In the article the main difficulties of it are shown, local specifics were discussed. Against the background of the description of the socio-economic and political development of the Kuban we presented a historical portrait of R. Porokhnya and we showed the role of a well-known personality in the history of the Kuban
140 kb

AGAINST THE LIES AND INSINUATIONS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 1941 – 1945

abstract 1181604054 issue 118 pp. 905 – 915 29.04.2016 ru 741
The authors in the article reveal the highlights of the history associated with the prehistory of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, its tragical beginning in the first few months and its further course, up to the Great Victory in May of 1945. They dwell on the analysis of the causes of the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people against Hitler Germany. The authors, in spite of liars and forgers, show who is to blame for their unleashing and clearly indicate that the Second World War was unleashed by Hitler, through and in fact with the blessing of Western powers and especially Britain and France, carried out the policy of "appeasement" the aggressor, and ended the Munich Agreement of 1938. The authors pay special attention to the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the USSR, signed on August 23, 1939, known as the Molotov - Ribbentrop Pact. They argue that this was a necessary step on the part of the Soviet Union and that this agreement, Stalin was trying to gain time and delay the beginning of the war against Nazi Germany. The authors show that Stalin and the Soviet leadership were perfectly aware of the fact that on 1 September 1939, Hitler attacked Poland and then it would be the USSR. Considering the progress, results and lessons of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the authors elaborate and criticize the information widespread in Western historiography, as well as, first and foremost, in terms of the Soviet-Russian, lies, slander and all kinds of insinuations about the Great Patriotic war
143 kb

AGITATION AND MASS FORMS OF ART IN THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1211607034 issue 121 pp. 660 – 670 30.09.2016 ru 642
The article deals with the forms of agitation and mass art, the creation of which was authorized by the Bolsheviks in the 20ies of the XX century for effective advocacy activities. It is noted, that agitation and mass art is one of the most important and effective means of policies and has played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power. Propaganda direction was manifested in the both of drawing and painting and was aimed at the formation of a new proletarian thinking in a socialist society. It is stated, that the content of works of art is determined, above all, by the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown, that in the works of art displayed figures of the new revolutionary themes, events and characters, but also significant presence of the image of the new man - working men and women, sailors, soldiers, peasants was traced. Festive decoration of cities and towns, from the capital to the smallest provincial towns was filled with agitation and propaganda content. The conclusion is that artistic and political design of squares, streets, public buildings should help to create a festive mood, increase employment, ideological and socio-political activity of the workers. In general, new forms of agitation and propaganda were created through art, by turning the novelty of content, depth of the emotional impact, thematic literacy and specificity for the necessary psychological mood of society during the study period
147 kb

AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES AND ASSOCIATIONS IN THE KUBAN REGION DURING THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

abstract 0881304027 issue 88 pp. 417 – 432 30.04.2013 ru 2240
In the article, the activity of agricultural companies and associations in Kuban at the beginning of the XX century is considered. Problems and difficulties of formation of associations and companies are shown. Their contribution to development of agrarian sector of economy of area is defined
181 kb

AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN GERMANY’S ECONOMIC STRATEGY IN 1942-1943

abstract 1071503034 issue 107 pp. 484 – 497 31.03.2015 ru 997
The article explores shift of emphasis in the Third Reich policy in the North Caucasus when agricultural resources of the region became the main object of economic exploitation and one of the most important source of Germany's food supply. Firstly the author shows the place the North Caucasus had in agriculture of the Soviet Union on the eve of the Great Patriotic War. Despite a relatively small area and population, the region played an important role in the production of wheat, corn, sunflower, meat and other products. It is emphasized that the region was of special interest to Germany primarily for its oil fields which allowed solving the fuel problems. But with the failure of Hitler’s "oil plans" the agricultural products became the most important revenue source for the German economy in the North Caucasus in 1942-1943. The author shows that for stable agricultural exploitation the occupation regime not only refused the collective farms’ accelerated elimination but also adapted them to harvesting crops and saving huge livestock. Using the pro-Nazi newspapers and archival documents, the author reveals the occupier’s methodology of action and propaganda by local supporters of the regime for a timely crops harvest. In conclusion, the results of agrarian policy of Germany in the North Caucasus are shown. This article is intended for specialists in the field of history and economics as well as a wide range of readers
642 kb

ANALYSIS OF HUNTING STRATEGY OF UPPER PALEOLITHIC IN THE NORTHERN BLACK SEA COAST

abstract 1061502044 issue 106 pp. 700 – 734 28.02.2015 ru 1062
This article is devoted to the studying of one of the most important aspects of learning of life-support and wildlife management systems of hunting of ancient inhabitants of the Northern Black Sea Coast. Such researches are one of the main directions in sphere of studying prehistory of humankind in our country and abroad. The main aim of the research was to create the hunting pattern and to learn the chronological changes, by studying same time materials of Kamennaya Balka II, Tretij Mys, Anetolka II and Amvrosievka. During this research, the complex analysis of faunistic remainders was conducted with the help of new methods, which were developed by Russian and foreign authors. This led to a number of new high-quality results. The article shows the meaning of data which can be learnt by studying faunistic remainders and importance of such type of sources. The continuation of such research can extend our conception of life of our ancient ancestors
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