Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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154 kb

SOURCES AND METHODS OF THEIR PROCESSING IN THE WORKS OF KHANGIREY

abstract 1211607058 issue 121 pp. 955 – 968 30.09.2016 ru 713
The article is devoted to source base of Khan-Girey works. Two types of the sources used by Khan-Girey are allocated: historical and historiographic. In its turn, historical sources are conditionally subdivided in written, material and sources of the oral origin. The relation of Khan-Girey to the problem of reliability of sources, the responsibility of authors on the provided data are considered. It is concluded, that in the works of Khan-Girey oral sources are predominant, all others, including historiographical, act as subsidaries. It is emphasized, that in this period there were only oral sources, came from the Adyghe environment, all the others were the evidences of other cultures. The relation of Khan-Girey to folklore as to a historical source is revealed. We have identified other types of oral sources, such as personal knowledge and KhanGirey memories, and eyewitness evidences. The analysis of the working methods of Khan-Girey with historiographical sources is carried out. At the end of the article, the conclusion is made that the source base of Khan-Girey works, for objective reasons, is limited, although the use of most sources, found by him, were confirmed in historiography
144 kb

THE ACTIVITIES OF THE REGIONAL BRANCH OF THE ALL-RUSSIAN VOLUNTARY SOCIETY FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (VOOPIK) ON THE TERRITORY OF ADYGEA

abstract 1211607059 issue 121 pp. 969 – 980 30.09.2016 ru 714
The article is devoted to the activities of the regional branch of all-Russian voluntary society for protection of monuments of history and culture (VOOLIK) in the territory of Adygheya. The studied problem has not been the subject of special study. The main source was archival dataб which were not included into scientific circulation. First, these are the minutes of the regional conferences of VOOPIK and the meetings of its regional branch. The article discusses the processes of creation and functioning of the society; we have determined the range of issues included in their competence and the most active members of the society, revealed the conditions for the establishment of primary organizations and the requirements for entering into society. The analysis of the reports of the regional conferences of VOOPIK and the meetings of the regional branch was allowed to identify specific activities conducted by the regional branch of VOOPIK, for the creation and preservation of the historical heritage of the Republic of Adygea
161 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF THE INFORMATIONAL SOCIETY AND CYBERSPACE

abstract 1211607116 issue 121 pp. 1850 – 1863 30.09.2016 ru 575
The modern informational technologies and the Internet as a part of them are changing our world. These changes are the reason for genesis of new theoretical concepts in the middle of XX century, which research the influence of informational technologies on spheres of social life. Step by step we developed different theoretical concepts of “Informational society”, which try to predict the prospects of society. We have formed a new term of “cyberspace”, but scientists still argue about its meaning. One part thinks that it has only “network” meaning, which means that cyberspace is only the Internet, another part understands this term more widely, include the hardware part in this term. In this article, the author analyzes different theoretical concepts which research the question of genesis and development of informational society, and the process of forming of the term of “cyberspace”, research of the process of transformation of “postindustrial society” into “informational society”, highlight the main ideas of informational society concepts
149 kb

THE ARCHITECTURAL AND THE SCULPTURAL SYMBOLS OF THE HISTORICAL AND THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE CIVIL WAR ON THE TERRITORY OF KUBAN

abstract 1201606019 issue 120 pp. 307 – 319 30.06.2016 ru 594
The article deals with issues related to the analysis of the problems of historical and cultural heritage of the Civil War, namely, the role of war in the development of architectural and sculptural symbolism in Krasnodar. It is stated that the historical and cultural heritage, which is kept properly and is presented correctly to younger generation, emerges as a necessary means of regulation and integration of contemporary Russian society. It is noted that the monuments of the Civil War and its participants are a valuable research material for the most complete study of the problem of historical and cultural heritage. It is said that a large number of monuments, that have become an integral part of the appearance of many cities of our country, are constructed after the war in the Soviet Union. Several tens of busts, tombstones and obelisks has been established for died military and civilians during the war. Krasnodar was a survivor of a terrible fratricidal war, where the main element acted Cossacks, was no exception. Memorial monuments and obelisks of human tragedy become an important part of life, both the capital of the Kuban and the entire Krasnodar Territory as a whole. They allow you to save a vivid memory of the tragedy of the Civil War. It is emphasized that Civil War monuments play evident and significant role in the education of the young growing generation now. The conclusion is that the architectural and sculptural symbolism of the Civil War, which is presented in Krasnodar, is multifaceted and diverse. Today it is one of the most important elements of patriotic education and the preservation of the historical memory of a terrible fratricidal war. The architectural and sculptural symbolism, which has prevailed since the end of war and the establishment of Soviet power, carried out and provides a vital link to the past present and future, it contributes to maintaining a sense of patriotism and belonging to the human tragedy of our past
132 kb

KUBAN PRINTED PUBLICATIONS IN THE 20- IES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (FROM THE HISTORY OF ADVOCACY ACTIVITIES)

abstract 1201606020 issue 120 pp. 320 – 329 30.06.2016 ru 623
The article deals with advocacy, organized with the help of publications by the Bolsheviks in the 20-ies of XX century in the Kuban. It is noted that the press has performed as one of the most important and effective means and played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power in the Cossack region. The central agency of procurement and distribution of print "Centropechat" at the Central Executive Committee occupied the distribution of official media. It is stated that the content of propaganda and agitation conducted among the civilian population and in the army was determined, above all, as the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown that agitation and propaganda carried out by the military newspapers and magazines in difficult conditions and post wartime and the specific tasks were set before the Soviet propaganda organs. The conclusion is that a flexible system for the implementation of advocacy was created during this period. She assumed deepening cooperation and coordination of all the means of propaganda and agitation, which made the Soviet propaganda very successful and effective. The efforts of awareness-raising structures were aimed at creating political awareness and stimulating social activity of the population in this difficult time. The press acted as one of the most powerful tools used by the authorities to achieve the consolidation and integration of society that were the most relevant in the 20ies
135 kb

THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN 1918-1919 YY: POLITICAL REGIMES AND FORMS OF THEIR STATE ORGANIZATION

abstract 1201606055 issue 120 pp. 823 – 832 30.06.2016 ru 501
The article is devoted to process of the state development and emergence of new forms of the government in the region of the North Caucasus during the Civil War. The author tells how forms of a political system and the government in the region after October revolution of 1917 have changed. He analyzes the process of emergence of the new military-political modes and character of a state system in its various areas. In the article, the political background of appearance of new forms of statehood and power organization is also considered. The author equally investigates the forms of the state life created by Bolsheviks and their supporters, and the forms of their political opponents – representatives of the white, antiBolshevist movement. The author emphasizes that it was the period of disintegration of traditional Russian statehood and traditional forms of the organization of the political power in the region. New options of the state system which are directly connected with the crisis of the Russian society in 1917 y. came in the region to replace the old ones. In some cases, they represented rather non-standard forms of the organization of the government, including formation of the Soviet republics in the territory of the region, appearance of the ataman power and military dictatorships. On the one hand, they were based on ethnocultural specifics of regional life, and on the other hand they were defined by the crisis of the period of the Civil War
140 kb

AGAINST THE LIES AND INSINUATIONS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 1941 – 1945

abstract 1181604054 issue 118 pp. 905 – 915 29.04.2016 ru 806
The authors in the article reveal the highlights of the history associated with the prehistory of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, its tragical beginning in the first few months and its further course, up to the Great Victory in May of 1945. They dwell on the analysis of the causes of the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people against Hitler Germany. The authors, in spite of liars and forgers, show who is to blame for their unleashing and clearly indicate that the Second World War was unleashed by Hitler, through and in fact with the blessing of Western powers and especially Britain and France, carried out the policy of "appeasement" the aggressor, and ended the Munich Agreement of 1938. The authors pay special attention to the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the USSR, signed on August 23, 1939, known as the Molotov - Ribbentrop Pact. They argue that this was a necessary step on the part of the Soviet Union and that this agreement, Stalin was trying to gain time and delay the beginning of the war against Nazi Germany. The authors show that Stalin and the Soviet leadership were perfectly aware of the fact that on 1 September 1939, Hitler attacked Poland and then it would be the USSR. Considering the progress, results and lessons of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the authors elaborate and criticize the information widespread in Western historiography, as well as, first and foremost, in terms of the Soviet-Russian, lies, slander and all kinds of insinuations about the Great Patriotic war
140 kb

ABOUT THE CONCEPT OF NATIONWIDE HISTORY

abstract 1181604070 issue 118 pp. 1119 – 1128 29.04.2016 ru 802
In the context of the problem situation caused by the territorial limitation of the modern paradigm of Russian history, the author actualizes the model of a holistic, in territorial aspect, a nationwide history of Russia, covering an exceptionally all regions of the country. In conditions of complex territorial structure of Russian society, the unity of its history has unique singularity due to variety of regional contexts of historical development. Therefore, it is impossible to understand the uniqueness of civilizational singularity of Russia fully without learning regional features and territorial components. Based in it, it is concluded, that the concept of nationwide Russian history for high school must have more complete, maybe even total territorial coverage of historical events and processes and must point on either great achievements or negative, dramatic errors, ignoring of which contraries to the task of creation a tolerant patriotism. In this way, the author considers the concept of nationwide history can be a catalyst of modern national idea, which may be one of the factors the cohesion of society of strengthening territorial unity and integrity of Russia
129 kb

TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE REASONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTESTANTISM IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA (LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES)

abstract 1181604069 issue 118 pp. 1109 – 1118 29.04.2016 ru 776
The reasons for the development of Protestantism in the South of Russia in the late XIX - early XX centuries are discussed in this article. Standpattism is spreading among the population of southern Russia. The ranks of the Protestants were replenished with the social strata associated with the development of capitalist relations in town and village. The emergence and development of Protestantism is an important feature of capitalization and Europeanization of Russia. By the beginning of XX century the Baptists are widely distributed throughout the South of Russia. In the late XIX - early XX century the process of converting from Orthodoxy to Protestantism of Cossacks was observed in the South of Russia. The article also researches Russian Protestantism – the old belief. In 1883 it became possible the old believers' worship. Russian Protestantism gained almost full rights
133 kb

THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR AND ITS FALSIFICATORS

abstract 1161602012 issue 116 pp. 180 – 189 29.02.2016 ru 785
The authors analyze the results of the lessons and consequences of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 in the context of modernity, as well as falsification attempts to distort, defame and otherwise detract the role of the USSR in the victory over Nazi Germany. They argue that the knowledge of the truth about the Great Patriotic War gives us the opportunity not only proud of the feat of their fathers and grandfathers, our homeland, but also strengthen the belief in the great future of modern Russia. They say that for a long time in Western historiography, and, unfortunately, in the domestic, and plant abstracts, not only contrary to the truth, archival materials and documents, but also the common logic. In particular, the article in question of who is to blame for fueling the war - the Soviet Union and Germany, Stalin or Hitler? The authors argue that, despite some external similarities in politics and ideology of the two historical actors of Stalin and Hitler, the two totalitarian regimes, it is really only superficial similarities. The authors show that it is the ideology and politics of fascism and Nazism became the primary cause of the outbreak of Hitler started World War II, and then the attack on the Soviet Union. The article stated a direct continuity between past and present Nazi fascism, emerging after the coup in the Ukraine with the direct support of the West. The article analyzes and that assistance provided by the Soviet Union and its allies in the anti-Hitler Germany - United States and Britain. Without belittling their contribution to winning, the authors, however, have proved a decisive role of our country in it
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