Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
124 kb

ACTIVITY IN OF R. POROKHNYA - THE FIRST TROOP ARCHPRIEST OF THE BLACK SEA COSSACKS IN THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1111507001 issue 111 pp. 1 – 10 30.09.2015 ru 1002
In modern conditions of personification of history it becomes especially important to study works of famous figures of the Black Sea clergy. Roman Porokhnya was one of such priests. His personality never became an object of special research that was connected with scarcity of sources. In this article an attempt to observe his life and activity as the first army archpriest of the Black Sea Cossacks on the Kuban earth was made for the first time, the archival documents which hadn’t been studied before were introduced into scientific circulation. A lot of place in article is allocated for reconstruction of the historical past of the Black Sea Cossacks of the end of XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries. In this work, on the basis of the analysis of the works of R. Porokhnya we have shown a special place of a role of the priest in the life of the Black Sea Cossacks. In the article his educational activity, his works connected with the beginning of church construction in uninhabited Kuban lands were considered in detail. A lot of place here was taken by the history of church relics of the Black Sea Cossacks, the important role of Roman Porochnya in their preservation is shown. Also the problem connected with formation of local clergy doesn't remain unaddressed. In the article the main difficulties of it are shown, local specifics were discussed. Against the background of the description of the socio-economic and political development of the Kuban we presented a historical portrait of R. Porokhnya and we showed the role of a well-known personality in the history of the Kuban
119 kb

THE ACTIVITY OF THE ORTHODOX CLERGY OF THE KUBAN COSSACKS IN THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY

abstract 1111507002 issue 111 pp. 11 – 19 30.09.2015 ru 891
In modern conditions of political instability the appeal to historical experience is especially important. Consideration of activity of orthodox clergy at the beginning of the twentieth century, on the one hand, allows estimating its role at lives of the Russian society, with another to track interrelation between spiritual crises and strengthening of revolutionary moods in Russia. In this work the complex analysis of relationship of the Kuban society and clergy at the beginning of the twentieth century for the first time is given, special attention is paid to the factors that played an important role in the growth of anti-clerical sentiment. In the article the contribution of priests to culture of Kuban is considered as well. It occupies a special place coverage outreach and philanthropy. In the research, the attention is focused on diverse structure of the Kuban clergy that found reflection in their miscellaneous social and in the material status. All of this has contributed to the presence of three movements in the ranks of the priesthood of the Kuban. Shortly before revolution the part of the Kuban church clergy supported cardinal changes in life of Church, others were supporters of moderate reforms, the third were opponents of all changes. Based on the analysis of archival documents in an article released in the specifics of the position of the Orthodox clergy Kuban from other regions of Russia. In this article it is convincingly proved that the authority of Russian Orthodox Church was much higher here that found reflection levels of moral development of society. Unlike the central provinces spiritual crisis was much weaker here; less all Cossacks were subject to its influence. All this promoted preservation of monarchic moods and among the most part of residents of Kuban. Therefore, the news of the overthrow of the monarchy, the establishment of Soviet power there was perceived negatively by the majority of inhabitants
161 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOVEREIGNTY PROCESS OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE BALTIC REPUBLICS IN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES (1988-1991)

abstract 1111507058 issue 111 pp. 971 – 984 30.09.2015 ru 893
Study of centrifugal tendencies in the Baltic republics in the years of perestroika, especially on the background of today's events in the Ukraine (the Crimea entry into Russia, the civil war in the Donbass, the aggravation of relations between Russia and the Western powers), is very important. An important direction in social and political life of the Baltic republics was the legislative activity of the Supreme Council, which made laws and regulations aimed at the isolation and subsequent exit of republics from the Soviet Union. Nowadays the problem of the role of the Supreme Council of the Baltic States in the process of sovereignty and independence was not seriously developed. That’s why consideration of the main legal acts as a historical source is an important area of research in the field of legislation the Supreme Council of the Baltic states in the perestroika years, from 1988 to 1991. The aim of the work is to study the process of sovereignty of the Baltic States through the activities of the republican Supreme Soviets in the above period. The object of work is to study legal acts of the Supreme Soviets of the Baltic republics. This article will address the following regulations: the Declaration of Sovereignty, language laws, citizenship, national symbols, as well as regulations, declared a withdrawal from the Soviet Union (as in Lithuania) or the beginning of transitional period (as in Latvia and Estonia). It should be noted that in Latvia and Estonia citizenship laws in the years 1988-1991 were only developed. Finally these laws were passed after the official recognition of these republics, so they are not included in the focus of our attention. The subject of the work is legislative activity of the Supreme Soviets of the Baltic republics in the years of perestroika
150 kb

LOCAL HISTORY OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS AS A FACTOR OF INTEGRATION OF THE REGION IN THE SOVIET GEOPOLITICAL SPACE (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507099 issue 111 pp. 1518 – 1530 30.09.2015 ru 1046
The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)». The article is made in the framework of regional competition: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)».Formation of the Soviet national local history through adyghe intelligentsia began in 20-ies. The active participation of the twentieth century intellectuals in the regional movement was caused and anxiety for the fate of cultural heritage and culture in general, and the changes in the conditions of work and life. Everywhere there were different forms of organization and scale of local history, which set themselves common objectives: a comprehensive study native land, to disseminate knowledge about the homeland of the people. The study region was closely connected with the identification, collection, accounting, protection and use of a variety of historical and cultural monuments. "Golden Age" of the national local lore came in the first post-revolutionary decade. During this period, the efforts of national intelligence unified both within the local history organizations and leading independent research has done a great organization, research served as the basis for further research activities. There was intense accumulation of sources, there were papers on various subjects of national history, attempts writing generalizing works, establish cooperation with the regional and central and local history research organizations
167 kb

CREATING NATIONAL LITERATURE AS A FACTOR IN THE SOVIETIZATION OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507100 issue 111 pp. 1531 – 1545 30.09.2015 ru 1001
The article describes the creation and use of the national literature and national Circassia’s language, as a major factor of Sovietization of the North Caucasus in the process of integration of the region in Soviet geopolitical space in the 1920s-1930s. The article is made in the framework of regional competition: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2014 - the Krasnodar Territory. 14-11-23007 Project Type "(p)", the theme: "The Role of the national intelligentsia in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space of the. Nineteenth century. - 20-ies. Twentieth century. (based on the Adyghe people). " It is pointed out that the development of the national writing by Circassian intelligence became not only an important matter of national life of Adyghe people, but also a key part of the national policy of the Soviet authorities towards national minorities. It is noted, that in many respects, revolutionary events in Russia became one of the most powerful external factors that stimulated the revitalization of Circassian intelligentsia in the development and diffusion of national literature. It is shown that in the course of the policy of "language building" in the national autonomies within the first twenty years of the Soviet government the graphics based writing changed three times (Arabic, Latin, Russian) and three times they were eliminating illiteracy. The conclusion is that intellectuals deprived of the possibility to solve these issues, and a key influence on the development of national literature evolution of Circassians had views of the Bolsheviks in the language policy. In general, the issue of writing, mostly related to the problem of education in specific historical circumstances, has acquired great social and political importance, and has become an important part of the national policy of the Soviet government in matters of Sovietization of the North Caucasus
142 kb

HISTORICAL EXPERIENCE OF SPECIALIST STAFF TRAINING FOR THE VILLAGE (A CASE STUDY OF CHIASSR. 1966-1975)

abstract 1111507108 issue 111 pp. 1655 – 1665 30.09.2015 ru 951
The historical experience of specialist staff training for rural areas in our country is invaluable for the countries in which differences between urban and rural areas there still exist. Rural development is unthinkable without the active work of the rural literate. In this article, we consider this process in Chechen-Ingush Republic in 1966-1975. There is a rapid growth in number of knowledge workers in the rural areas there. Chechen-Ingush State University dominated in the process of qualified staff training for non-agricultural occupations for the village. 7 Faculties functioned there, where, at the end of the period, 5,000 students studied. Half of them were the national staff. They were trained by qualified highereducation teaching personnel. The following material and technical conditions were available for normal training: a hostel for 1480 people, a canteen, and a library with a huge book collection. Every year, a large number of teachers from a number of regions of the Russian Federation arrived in the republic. For rural people, admission to universities of the country was facilitated. As a result of work done, within two fiveyear periods universities of CHIASSR prepared 16.9 thousand highly qualified specialists, most of whom were directed to work in rural areas. Scope of training of specialists with secondary education for the village was widened. As a result of performed work, staff scarcity for trained specialist decreased in rural areas
136 kb

PAGES OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION HISTORY: RURAL SCHOOLS OF CHECHENOINGUSHETIA (1966-1975)

abstract 1111507109 issue 111 pp. 1666 – 1676 30.09.2015 ru 907
The task of improving of quality of school education is a problem pressing for education workers both before, and now. This article attempts to examine ways of solving it by teachers of Chechen-Ingush ASSR in the 60s-70's last century. The Republic paid great attention to recruitment and retention of trained teaching staff at schools. Competence of teaching staff was developed continuously. As a result, both quantitative and qualitative profile of teaching staff increased steadily, qualitative profile of rural schoolmasters was improved. Official evaluation of teachers, conducted since 1972, contributed to improvement of the professional level of teaching staff, and overall operation of general education school. Care about living conditions of rural teachers positively impacted on school operation. Career enhancement training was carried out on a regular basis. Technical training aids were introduced into school practice. Schools switched to new programs, taught children in national schools from the age of six, which contributed to improving of learning of native and Russian languages, and had a positive effect on quality increase of the entire educational work of school. As a result of a complex of works conducted, overwhelming majority of teachers in rural schools of the republic finished school years without non achievers and repeaters
175 kb

MUSLIM HOLIDAYS IN THE POLICY OF THE THIRD REICH AMONG THE MOUNTAINEERS OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN 1942-1944.

abstract 1101506040 issue 110 pp. 593 – 608 30.06.2015 ru 1254
The article considers the place of Islamic festivities of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in the policy of Nazi Germany among the North Caucasus highlanders. Implementing “The North Caucasian experiment” based on speculation costs in prewar policy of Soviet power in the North Caucasus, the occupation regime has identified Islamic holidays a special role in the demonstration of “good intentions” and propaganda among highlanders. The author's concept is founded on the premise that under Nazi occupation of mountain areas Muslim holidays, with a strong outward expression, became a part of not only religious but also the ethno-political, social and economic policies of the Third Reich and served as a means of “political security” for Nazi rule. Using the archival documents and materials of the Berlin newspaper “Gazavat”, the author reveals the background, course and consequences of celebration of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in the occupied North Caucasus in October and December 1942 and the place of Islamic holidays in Anti-Communist propaganda among highlanders in the Wehrmacht units. The chronological scope of the study is conditioned by the fact that it was during 1942-1944 the arsenal of policy of the Third Reich among Muslims in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East included Muslim holidays
149 kb

THE CRISIS OF THE TRADITIONAL FAMILY AND THE EVOLUTION OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY RELATIONS DURING THE CIVIL WAR (1917 - 1920 YY.)

abstract 1091505063 issue 109 pp. 925 – 937 29.05.2015 ru 1127
The given article explores the political and social processes that were occurred in the Civil War in the sphere of existence of the Russian family. The author examines the nature of family and socio-cultural relations of the Russian population in this period, especially the processes of modification and transformation of family values, the policy of the new leadership came to power in October 1917 in traditional Russian family; he also analyzes the reasons of attempts of reforms permanently taken by the authorities in this sphere of life of the Russian society. The changes taking place after the October revolution of 1917 y. in the Russian society were so profound in nature that lead the thoughts of whether to exist at the family as a social unit in its traditional form or there has come the time of complete denial of family values, the elimination of the family as a special social institution or there comes a time of the formation of new forms of sexual interaction between men and women in accordance with the changed social conditions, such forms that will make their relationship more free and relaxed in social terms. New decrees and laws enacted after October 1917 y. by the Bolshevik government contributed to the transformation of the whole system of family ties; they changed the very basis of the existence of previous family and dictated a new social reality in which there was no place for the values of the past. Everything on what the traditional family was based in Russia, in fact was revoked and there came new norms and rules of family life dictated by the views of the Bolshevik ideologists about relations between the sexes
159 kb

TOPONYMICS OF THE KUBAN REGION IN HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1091505072 issue 109 pp. 1014 – 1028 29.05.2015 ru 1164
Questions, which are considered in the article, have been connected with the role of the Great Patriotic War in the geo- graphical, administrative and territorial name changes in the Kuban region. It is pointed out that the place names are valuable research material for the most complete study of the problem of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War. It is noted that after the Great Patriotic War the situation, where many of the new names of geographical and administrative-territorial objects went counter to the traditional main function of the place name - address and its purpose-to help orientation in space, continued. It is shown that politically sensitive "military" place names, being an important element of the Soviet propaganda and agitation, were necessary for the ideological support of the authorities, but at the same time, allows you to save memory of the Great Victory. "Military" toponymy, which has prevailed since the end of the Great Patriotic War , carried out a living link with the past present and future. New post-war name of streets, squares, parks, alleys of cities and villages of Kuban dedicated to heroes and events of the Great Patriotic War, helped to preserve a sense of patriotism and belonging to the victory over fascism. The conclusion is that the central government continued to use after the Great Patriotic War the place names as one of the new genres of advocacy and created a new concept of "military" place name, one of the essential component of which is a moral burden that was to have political overtones
.