Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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223 kb

FORMATION OF A UNIFIED SYSTEM OF PLANTING IN VOLZSKY

abstract 0661102002 issue 66 pp. 19 – 28 28.02.2011 ru 1796
The stages of forming a unified system of planting in Volzhskiy are reviewed. Economic mechanism for implementing the proposed activities is statedм
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FORESTRY AND ECONOMICAL EFFICIENCY OF FOREST TENDING ACTIVITIES IN TERMS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

abstract 1121508048 issue 112 pp. 657 – 668 30.10.2015 ru 925
On the example of middle-aged and mature valuable forest stands we have brought an assessment of forestry and economic efficiency of various options of silvicultural actions for the reconstruction of invaluable young growths (17 objects with a total area of 102,6 hectares) which was carried out in 1947-1959 and to formation of plantings from subgrowth and young growth of the coniferous breeds kept when carrying out gradual and continuous cabins in 1962-1996 and also from forest cultures (8 objects of 44,9 hectares) for conditions of the coniferous and broad-leaved woods of the Republic of Tatarstan. The results of the researches showed that the best indicators of forestry and economic efficiency of actions of care of the woods by reconstruction are observed in pine plantings at a continuous way: the grown-up wood reserves on a root (346-522 m3/hectare in 55 years) exceed stocks of modal forest stands on 109-288 m3/hectare with economic efficiency within 10625-50659 rub/hectare. Slightly less efficient - larch and spruce plantings at a corridor way of reconstruction. Similar indicators of actions for formation of plantings from subgrowth represent positive results as well: forestry efficiency made from 31 to 208 m3/hectare, economic - within 10584-26846 rub/hectare. Based on the researches we made conclusions, offers and recommendations for practical use in forestry of the Republic of Tatarstan
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FOREST DIVISION AND STATUS OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF THE TAMAN PENINSULA

abstract 1341710047 issue 134 pp. 585 – 599 29.12.2017 ru 497
The article presents long-term studies of afforestation on the Taman Peninsula. The directions of improving the ecology of the peninsula are considered by increasing the total biomass of the biogeocenosis of the given region by creating forest plantations, increase of forest cover and involvement of non-generating land in the economic circulation. Practical agro-forest-meliorative aspects of development of a specific category of nonproducing lands are presented. The basic agrotechnical methods are recommended at creation of forest plantations. The analysis of the state of forest plantations on the unique site of the Taman Peninsula is given - it is a tract of Sad Yakhno
584 kb

FORECASTING OF GRAPE YIELD AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF OPTIMUM BUSH LOADING DURING THE CUTTING IN BUDS ON THE PROPOSED YIELD ON THE EXAMPLE OF OAO AF «SOUTH»

abstract 1161602026 issue 116 pp. 352 – 368 29.02.2016 ru 836
The article presents the material of forecasting for grape yield of next year and establishing the optimal loading if cutting of bushes. The material includes 14 varieties of grapes, 11 of them are technical and 3 are table ones. For each year of stable high yield of grapes, it is necessary to pre-set the optimum length of fruit cutting of shoots and optimum load on the bush healthy eyes. To do this for each variety on the eve of trimming bushes we perform optimum productivity analysis of wintering buds of fruit along the length of shoots, i.e. we implement forecasting of grape yield for next year. We have a plan of forecasting for yields of vineyards by microscopy of wintering buds on one-year shoots of fruit ripened grapes in order to establish the potential of embryonic establishment of inflorescences in the central holes of buds. Based on the analysis of buds, the indices were calculated for wintering fruiting buds and their degree of damage during the growing season. It was revealed, that the majority of grape varieties under study shows high tab embryonic inflorescences in central buds in overwintering buds for next year yield. Higher rates at a rate of fruiting buds were wintering in the varieties: Moldova (section 27). - 1.66; Bianca (section 6). - 1.83; Kunlean (section 15). - 1.71; Merlot (section 14). - 1.64; Saperavi (section 56). - 1.76. The lowest rates of fructification - the varieties Muscat Hamburg (section 21) and Augustine (section 11) and were respectively 1.20 and 1.24. As a planned productivity, we offered the optimal loading model of cutting bushes buds. As a result of productivity analyzes of buds along the length of the fruit shoots in 2016 we recommended to carry out pruning of fruit annual shoots 3-4 buds of the form of AZOS-1 and the form of cordon - 5-6 buds
130 kb

FOOD AND BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF MEAT PRODUCTS PRODUCED FROM MEAT OF PIGS OF DIFFERENT GENOTYPES

abstract 0891305071 issue 89 pp. 1051 – 1059 29.05.2013 ru 1468
In this article, we have presented and analyzed the chemical analysis and the organoleptic evaluation of the energy value of sausage products made from meat type pigs bred in the Southern Federal District, and their hybrids
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FODDER AMINOACID COMPOSITION COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

abstract 1071503110 issue 107 pp. 1693 – 1704 31.03.2015 ru 872
The right balance of essential amino acids and protein is the main condition for the optimization of weight gain, feed conversion and high profits. In VGC "Megamix" the quality of different types of raw full-fat soy, wheat, corn, meat and bone meal and fish was assessed on the content of amino acids on the IR analyzer of FOSSNIR Systems company. Amino acid content in the feed does not always match the average standards of reference. So in the reference data content of methionine, threonine and phenylalanine in wheat, indicated 0.23%, 0.43% and 0.64% respectively, and studied in the laboratory of VGC "Megamix", respectively, 0.24%, 0.45% and 0 73%, that is 0.01%, 0.02% and 0.09% higher of tabular values. The lysine content of the wheat to be investigated in a laboratory and provided in the averaged data was on the same level. Thus, the calculation of the recipes should be carried out taking into account not tabulated values but the actual, which will reduce the so-called "safety stock" to get food of consistent quality and reduce the cost of the cost of animal feed, which in turn affects the economic efficiency of livestock production
440 kb

FODDER ADDITIVE «NUTOVIT» USE IN DIET AND ITS INFLUENCE ON GROWING CHICKEN BODY PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES

abstract 1311707135 issue 131 pp. 1653 – 1667 29.09.2017 ru 468
The researches were carried out with the support of the Federal state budget establishment "The development assistance fund of small forms enterprises in scientific-technical sphere" (Fund for the innovation promotion), contract number 0019671. The fodder additive «Nutovit» in growing chickens feeding application enriched mixed fodder for farm poultry with protein and especially with the amino acid such as lysine. Scientific-economic experiment was carried out at the poultry-farm enterprise of the Volgograd region in 2015-2016. 4 growing chicken groups with 54 heads in each group were selected for the experiment. The growing chickens were selected according to the cross, age, living body weight, health status. The difference in experimental poultries feeding was that in the experimental groups the sunflower oil cake in the feed mixture was replaced by fodder additive "Nutovit". It was established, that the essential amino acids availability and the saturation of fodder additives with vitamins influence positively on: young chickens live weight and average daily growth, the live weight to 120-days age in the second experimental group amounted to 1657 g, and average daily growth was to 12.46 g, which is higher compared to the control group by 4.48 % at 100% poultry livability; blood morphological and biochemical composition: formed elements of blood, namely erythrocytes, in the experimental groups young chickens blood were more in 0.02 to 0.05×1012/l compared with the control one. The researches established that blood leukocytes reduction in growing chickens of the experimental group was little, in 0.04, 0.09, 0.08 ×109 l. Calcium content in growing chickens blood in the control group was 2.6 mmol/L. The experimental group surpassed the control on 0.14-0.21 mmol/L. The phosphorus content in chickens blood in the experimental groups exceeded the control one by 0.08-0.24 mmol/l. In addition, the feeding cost reduction was established due to the fodder additive "Nutovit" use
127 kb

FIZILOGICHESKY'S RESULTS OF EXCHANGE EXPERIENCE ON BROILERS WHEN USING IN DIETS OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUPPLEMENTS

abstract 0841210064 issue 84 pp. 834 – 843 28.12.2012 ru 1580
The review of the studying digestibility and assimilation of broilers diet nutrients under the influence of multienzyme composition Ronozim VP, phospholipid preparation of lecithin and probiotic Bifidum for agricultural animals is given in this article. The most important results of the effective use of mixture of biologically active substances included in diets are also discussed
180 kb

FIRST EXPERIENCE OF BUMBLEBEES FOR OBTAINING OF HYBRID SEEDS WIT THE USE OF MARKER SIGNS bs AND bs-2 AS PARENT FORMS O TOMATO LINES

abstract 0921308095 issue 92 pp. 1387 – 1396 31.10.2013 ru 1555
There were presented the results of bumblebee application for obtaining of hybrid seeds of tomatoes
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FINAL INDICATORS OF VALUABLE PROPERTIES FOR NEW TOBACCO SORTS (FOR FIVE YEAR PERIOD)

abstract 1281704091 issue 128 pp. 1294 – 1308 28.04.2017 ru 408
Basic aim of institute’s breeding is to keep, renew and increase selection and genetic resources of Nicotiana tabacum. Final stages of this work are competitive and state sort testing procedures. Their results are base for zoning new sorts. In the article, the results on testing 8 new tobacco sorts of Trapezond and Ostrolist sort type are presented. Testing on experimental field situated in Severskii district of the Krasnodar region lasted for five years. For this purpose, phenological observations, biometric and technological properties measuring, plant productivity and dried tobacco quality assessments and other operations were carried. As the result, Trapezond 25, Ostrolist 360 and Sheptalskii 63 sorts may be recommended for zoning and utilizing in industry. Trapezond 25 and Sheptalskii 63 are sorts with high productivity, high quality of dried tobacco and good curing properties. Ostrolist 360 when earlymiddle maturing keeps high productivity and quality of cured tobacco. Other sorts: Trapezond 115, Ostrolist 311, Ostrolist 149, Ostrolist 90, Krupnolistniy 22 can be initial material for further selection
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