Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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133 kb

PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY OF PEA BY USING MICRO-FERTILIZERS AND GROWTH REGULATORS

abstract 1291705077 issue 129 pp. 1070 – 1078 31.05.2017 ru 534
The use of resource-saving technologies for cultivation of basic crops does not make sense without the use of microelement fertilizers, biologics and growth regulators. All this fully applies to the technology of cultivation of the main bean culture – pea. In the current market conditions of agrochemical products, microfertilizers are presented in a wide range. Identifying the most effective of them at a price and yield increase is a defining task for agricultural producers. In this connection, the purpose of the research was to study the influence of biologics and growth regulators on the development and productivity of peas with the definition of their most effective them. The studies were conducted in 2014-2016 on the fields of the training and demonstration center on the introduction of resource-saving technologies of the IPCC APK VO "DGAU" in Zernograd, Rostov Region. As the studied drugs there were used Rizotorfin, Extrasol, Vigor Fort, Miwal Agro, Flavobacterin, Biogumat Kubansky, KU-8 Agrofon. As a result of the research, it was established that all the preparations studied showed a positive effect on the development of pea plants grade Angela. The yield gain was 0,34-0,56 t/ha in comparison with the control. The most effective are the following ones: Extrasol with a yield increase of 0,56 t / ha (14,6%) and a profitability level of 232%, Mival Agro – 0,54 t/ha (14,1%) and a profitability level of 192%, Biohumat Kuban – 0,55 t/ha (14,3%) and the level of profitability of 271%. A good level of profitability was noted at KU-8 Agrofon – 224%
8474 kb

PERSPECTIVE VARIETIES OF HIBISCUS SYRIAN (HIBISCUS SYRIACUS L) FOR A SIGNS COLLECTION IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1291705006 issue 129 pp. 68 – 78 31.05.2017 ru 407
The article presents brief results of the introduction of Hibiscus syriacus L. varieties for a signs collection in the south of Russia. Since 2007, Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution North Caucasian Regional Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture (Krasnodar) has been working on the introduction and researching of Hibiscus Syriacus varieties and signs collection is being formed. Introduced varieties of hibiscus are obtained in zones with a moderate temperature-humidity regime, therefore not all are easily adapted in the conditions of the south of Russia. According to the results of the research, several varieties of sources of valuable traits have been identified. Varieties with pure white petals: Totus Alba, William R. Smith, White Chiffon, White Pillar. Varieties with bright crimson color petals: Freedom, Carneus Plenus, Woodbridge, Duc de Brabant. The Blue Chiffon variety is the source of bright blue petals, Sanchonyo is a source of bright purple-crimson petals. Of great value are varieties that have an unusual combination in the color of petals, like the varieties Monstrosus and Hamabo. By the sign: a large flower (d of a flower more than 12 cm), the collection includes varieties White Chiffon, Chaina Chiffon, Pink Giant. Variety Dorothi Crane and hybrids: T-16-11, T-7-11, K-16-12 are identified as sources of round, wheel-shaped flower. With a double flower type, the varieties are represented by varieties: Blue Chiffon, White Chiffon, China Chiffon, Leopoldii, Speciosus, Lucci, Sanchonyo, Freedom, Carneus Plenus. Varieties: Woodbrige, Russion Violet, Ledy Stenly, White Chiffon, China Chiffon, Purple Pillar are sources of abundant long (more than 3 months) flowering. With a high degree of self-purification after flowering, varieties are distinguished: White Chiffon, Sanchonyo, Purple Pillar, White Pillar, Freedom. Varieties: China Chiffon, Freedom, Lucii, Leopoldii, RussionViolet, hybrid forms: T-16-11, T-18-11, T-21- 12 are characterized by increased adaptability to abiotic factors in south of Russia. Dedicated varieties and forms - sources of valuable economic and biological characteristics are of interest for involving in selection and allow to model varieties with given properties
165 kb

PERSPECTIVES OF USING VARIETIES OF INDUCED TYPES OF JUNIPERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOOTHILL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1341710114 issue 134 pp. 1459 – 1472 29.12.2017 ru 428
In the article, long-term data (2007-2015) of biometric parameters of an elevated part of plants are provided. Assessment of prospects of five introduced botanical species of juniper is carried out and recommendations about their use in landscaping are made. From 25 studied grades of junipers of types: Cossack, Sredniy, Virginia, Horizontal and Scaly we have established very perspective, perspective and a little perspective for gardening in the conditions of a foothill zone of the Krasnodar region
368 kb

PHENOTYPIC PECULIARITIES OF VARIETIES OF AN APPLLE-TREES IN THE CONDITIONS OF FOOTHILLZONE OF KRASNODAR REGION HORTICULTURE

abstract 0661102011 issue 66 pp. 119 – 132 28.02.2011 ru 2232
The differences of phenotypes of perspective varieties of the apple-trees of Pinova and Honey Crisp and peculiarities of passing the main phenological phases of growth and development, relation to draught, amount and quality of crop yield with the regard to tree stock and conditions of growing were revealed in this research
220 kb

PHENOTYPING OF HIGH-QUALITY TECHNICAL GRAPES OF AZOSVIV SELECTION IN THE AMPELOGRAPHIC COLLECTION

abstract 1341710019 issue 134 pp. 230 – 240 29.12.2017 ru 518
A variety determines the direction of use of grape products and plays a leading role in improving its quality. Preservation of genetic resources of grapes and their studying are very important for modern science. The studied material makes it possible to use the selected genetic characteristics for breeding new varieties of grapes, taking into account the requirements, and introducing them into production, as well as highlighting the most valuable varieties for transferring them to the state variety testing. Among a wide variety of grape varieties, in the ampelographic collection there are varieties of AZOSVIV selection of the technical direction: Krasnostop AZOS and Dostoiniy, for which complete phenotyping was carried out. The phenological and agrobiological information on the grape varieties studied for 2015- 2017 is collected. The presented grades of grapes of the technical direction are characterized by high quality of production. The wines from the varieties Krasnostop AZOS and Dostoiniy are competitive, characterized with high consumer properties; they enjoy the well-deserved fame and were nominees of exhibitions and holders of diplomas repeatedly. Based on the results of microsatellite profiling, the varieties showed a sort-specific general combination of alleles. At the same time, in each locus there is one identical allele, which corresponds to the fact that the varieties Krasnostop AZOS and Dostoiniy have one common parent (Phylloxer-resistant Gemete). The received formulas of a variety (DNA-passports) in practice can be effectively applied to determine the cleanliness of planting stock and plantations of grapes, specification of the parent forms of the sample and in the disputed questions of the authorship of the variety. The study was supported by Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations program for support the bioresource collections
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PHENOTYPING OF NEWEST TABLE GRAPE VARIETIES AND FORMS, SELECTION OF NIVIV "MAGARACH" AND KUBSAU

abstract 0981404112 issue 98 pp. 1604 – 1621 30.04.2014 ru 1589
In presence article results of the three-year study of new varieties of table grapes and elite forms of super-early and very early ripening by their Agrobiological and economically valuable characteristics in terms of the Crimea and North Caucasus.
89 kb

PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF THE GRASS MIXTURE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE RECULTIVATED ASH DISPOSAL AREA

abstract 0621008005 issue 62 pp. 72 – 77 28.10.2010 ru 1764
The results of multi-years field study of the research of photosynthetic activity of Hungarian sainfoin + coach grass + awnless brome grass mixture in the conditions of the second recultivated section of ash disposal area of the Novocherkassk SDPP are reported
395 kb

PHYLLOXERA-RESISTANT HYBRID FORM OF GRAPES OF TECHNICAL SORTS FOR IMPROVING THE ASSORTMENT

abstract 1121508084 issue 112 pp. 1162 – 1172 30.10.2015 ru 1080
Many old varieties of grapes do not meet modern requirements, so there is a need for improved assortment of new high-quality varieties. The translation of the vineyards of the black sea coast of the Krasnodar region on inoculated culture is not fully decided the fate of the viticulture of the area. Weak resistance of American rootstocks to increased content of calcium and salts in the soil, caused the weakening of the bushes, reducing the vigor of the shoots, their maturation and yield of grape plantations in some areas of the district while reducing their quality indicators. In this regard, the development of new high-yielding varieties suitable for own-rooted viticulture remains the most urgent task for breeders. The article shows the potential of many years of breeding work and study of grapes of technical varieties in Anapa Zone Station, tolerant to phylloxera and resistant to fungal diseases and frost, with high quality products and gives a brief description of some prominent grape varieties
128 kb

PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL STATUS OF THE BODY OF A BROILER CHICKEN WHEN IMPROVING THE PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OF FEED GRAIN

abstract 0841210063 issue 84 pp. 824 – 833 28.12.2012 ru 1922
In the process of scientific and economic experiments on broiler chickens to enhance the physiological and productive effect of growing broiler chickens on grass-soy diets, it is recommended to include the inhibitor of mold “toxins nil” to reduce the risk of aflatoxicosis
188 kb

PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF GROWTH AND FRUITING OF PEACH ON VVA-1 CLONAL ROOTSTOCK, DEPENDING ON THE LAYOUT OF TREES

abstract 1211607082 issue 121 pp. 1324 – 1334 30.09.2016 ru 418
The article presents results of the evaluation of the physiological aspects of growth and fruiting of peach on clonal rootstock VVA-1, depending on the layout of the trees. It was found that when forming a spindleshaped crown, the most productive planting scheme is 5,0х1,5 m, at which the most optimized physiological processes were proved
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