Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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131 kb

THE PRINCIPAL SCIENTIFIC AND GENERAL TENDENCIES OF COEVOLUTIONS IN DEVELOPING SYSTEMS

abstract 1071503025 issue 107 pp. 364 – 373 31.03.2015 ru 741
In the article we consider some main tendencies which are characteristic for development of modern natural sciences and for ontology and the theory of knowledge’s process. Features of synergetic as interdisciplinary scientific direction, the concept of a universal evolutionism, value of information in nature development are discussed. Methodological basis of the process of integration of scientific knowledge is the interdisciplinary direction of the research which important component is the synergetic. It plays an important role in the concept of coevolution realization which considers mutual relation of the person and the nature, the micro- and the mega-world. The article demonstrates that having revealed the laws of functioning of complexly evolutionizing, nonlinear systems, synergetic thus posed the fundamental questions of both epistemological and ideological and value nature. Conceptual shifts occurring in cognition open up the new sides in the interpretation of not just order and disorder but also the categories they generate. The author points out on the features of synergy, which using the linearity аnd nonlinearity in the theory expresses the aspects of material unity of the world, linked to the general properties of self-development of complex systems. The universe is seen as a dissipative system with periodically removable elements (elementary dissipative systems)
128 kb

ABOUT A QUESTION OF SELFORGANIZATION IN DEVELOPING SYSTEMS

abstract 1071503026 issue 107 pp. 374 – 383 31.03.2015 ru 789
The problem of transition from the abstract and general dialectics to the concrete and common theory of development, the problem of diachronic of dialectic and synergetic cognition’s culture in the context of comporation between the philosophic and natural science are discussed in the article. The hypothese of cosmologic singularity the birth of tte world from «nothing» and the role of «dark materia» in the developing’s process of our Universe are also described. The author points out on the features of synergy, which using the linearity аnd nonlinearity in the theory expresses the aspects of material unity of the world, linked to the general properties of self-development of complex systems. The universe is seen as a dissipative system with periodically removable elements (elementary dissipative systems). The spontaneous disbalance of symmetry and the appearance of new physical forms of existence are characteristic for the elementary parts. The order? The symmetry and the spontaneous disorder in the symmetry are the phenomena of self-organization of the material. The scientific results which we found with the quantum theory of field, can give us the theoretical descriotions of such forms of existence that’s why the structural unity in all levels of materia can be explained in the quantum and field image of the world
233 kb

SYSTEMS AND SOCIOCULTURAL APPROACHES TO THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE

abstract 1071503090 issue 107 pp. 1381 – 1400 31.03.2015 ru 811
The article shows the distinctive features of biological and cognitive approaches to the study of the origin and evolution of language. Their advantages in understanding and explaining of the individual foundations of language faculty are considered. The study shows that these approaches do not take into account the socio-cultural and supra-individual nature of language and its close evolutionary and functional relation with communication in nature and society. The paper argues that the aim of many researchers to find specific genes of language or special cognitive linguistic ‘modules’ are achievable only in part due to systems and social nature of language, which cannot be reduced to any individual innate or acquired abilities. Nevertheless, biological and cognitive foundations should not be excluded from the system analysis of the language and have to be studied in their integrity with other sign systems (mathematic, expressive means of art, writing system, non-verbal communication, etc.). The article also discusses new insights into the theory of evolution and their applicability to the study of the origin and development of language (in particular, the problem of gradualistic/abrupt emergence of language). It is argued that the question of the "abrupt", "punctuated" evolution of language cannot be "Darwin's problem", as a number of modern scholars believe. As an alternative to the evolution of language on the basis of "macromutations" it is offered the concept of socio-cultural evolution model based on an understanding of language as a supra-individual, sociocultural sign system that develops due to the cumulative nature of culture and plasticity of individual development
145 kb

RELATIONSHIP OF SCIENCE, PRODUCTION AND EDUCATION IN THE EXPERIENCE OF REFLECTION

abstract 1061502080 issue 106 pp. 1195 – 1206 28.02.2015 ru 584
The article raises the issue related with some functioning features of modern science. Special attention is paid to the process of interaction between science, production and education. The science role in reproduction and development of modern productive forces is in creating the productive forces in the form of knowledge and transfer them from this form into real factors of material production. This process is carried out by implementing in the material production technical, technological and nontechnical innovations through the system (or canal) of implementation by the reproduction of qualitative features of the human resources in the system of general, special and higher professional education. It is should be noted that in modern globalization conditions both production means, human resources and social productive forces are reproduced neither spontaneously nor even with use of the common mind, but on the ground of transference of the productive forces created, first of all, in the form of scientific knowledge to the material productive forces. The structures providing such transference and simultaneously mediating the connection of science with material production are the implementing system and educational system
154 kb

THE SYSTEM OF HIGH SCHOOL IN THE GLOBALIZED WORLD

abstract 1061502081 issue 106 pp. 1207 – 1218 28.02.2015 ru 609
The article analyses the problems of science development and modernization of higher education. The role of higher school is under consideration which includes our success or failure both at production site and in the areas of science, techniques, technology, innovations, culture with regard to institutionalization of the world informational space and globalization of the world economy. In contemporary conditions, the higher education as a main component of the national educational complex is one of the most extensive and important areas of human activity which has integrated with all other areas of social life. The higher education is the largest sector of the Russian economy which, on the one hand, promotes the formation and development of the main productive force – the man and, on the other hand, - serves as an important source of mindset and methodology formation, an indicator of development of the socio-cultural environment of modern society. It also needs consideration that the expenses on the higher school at their socio-economical content are the investments in rising of the scientific and educational, the scientific and production potentials which result in increasing of the commonly shared human capital of the country
241 kb

LINGUISTIC DETERMINISM, CUMULATIVE EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

abstract 1051501006 issue 105 pp. 105 – 127 30.01.2015 ru 681
The main purpose of this study is to examine how language and its historically inherited content and structure allows accumulating knowledge and determines the development of the individuals, culture and science. The article shows the theoretical drawbacks of modern "pragmatic turn" in which language is depicted only as a derivate of natural, cultural and cognitive systems. Instead, it is stated that language, in addition to all of the above, have to be considered also as a relatively independent basis and one of the causes that determine individual and social development. For that reason, the study examines the system nature of language, thought and culture, their environmental and social "embeddiness", a close relationship with other sign systems and with various forms of social activities. From that point, theoretical reduction of multiple relations and varying causes in complex ecological and social systems only to bilateral relations of language-thought, language-culture are revised. Particular attention is paid to the role of language in the accumulation and systematization of scientific knowledge and the transmission of cultural traditions. In that context, language is seen as part of the non-genetic inheritance systems, "social a priori" that determines the content and creates conditions for cumulative social evolution. Therefore, it is maintained that the comprehensive studies of language and its significance for culture and science have to embrace within a systems approach both the linguistic and pragmatic "turns"
236 kb

ORIGIN, EVOLUTION AND DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN NATURE

abstract 1051501009 issue 105 pp. 187 – 208 30.01.2015 ru 681
The article considers current trends and unsolved problems in studies of the origin and evolution of communication in nature. Distinctive features of natural language, its biological, cognitive and sociocultural foundations are revised from the perspectives of new findings in this field. The article also investigates the main characteristics of primal and basic forms of "communication" (e.g. in bacteria and plants). It is argued that to them are more applicable non-representational models of communication, because they are not based on the representation of meanings or the processes of cognition and interpretation. On the example of the acoustic signals of birds and primates it is shown that they have such linguistic features as referentiality, plasticity and sociocultural heritability. Discovery of the faculty, for instance in some species of birds, for a "semantically compositional communication" ("semantic compositionality"), reveals also the presence of the "protosyntax" in animal communication. Considered studies enable to bring together features of communication in nature and natural language and to see the evolution of communication as the more gradualistic process than previously thought. Nevertheless, it is emphasized that there is a need for the development in the modern studies the socio-cultural approaches to communication that take into account the non-genetic inheritance system and the cumulative nature of culture
133 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE NATURE OF THE SCIENCE-INNOVATIONS-PRODUCTION SYSTEM

abstract 1041410051 issue 104 pp. 689 – 699 30.12.2014 ru 709
In this article in the light of a common social and philosophical traditions we present two trends, that define connection between science and material production: a trend of dependence of the science development from needs of production, and a trend of increasingly growing reverse impact of science on material production (along with engineering, technology, innovation). This article analyzes not only the individual elements of the "science-innovationsproduction", but also focuses on the study of the interaction and the relationship between its elements
137 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE DEFINITION OF THE MODERN SCIENCE TERM

abstract 1041410052 issue 104 pp. 700 – 709 30.12.2014 ru 749
The article analyzes the concept and the specific of science, discusses some patterns of functioning, integration and differentiation of modern science. We consider the difference of science and knowledge, nonexistence of sharp distinctions between the terms “science”, “innovation” and “engineering”
140 kb

THE ROLE OF RELIGION AS A FORM OF SPIRITUAL CULTURE IN HUMAN LIFE

abstract 1041410090 issue 104 pp. 1215 – 1224 30.12.2014 ru 785
The article discusses the role of religion as a form of spiritual culture in the context of everyday life. Cultural and religious function of religion reveals the relation of religion to spiritual cultural in aspect of the symbolic codes of everyday life. Under the spiritual culture we understand a set of positive achievements of mankind in intellectual and emotional spheres, in achieving awareness and understanding between people of different faiths
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