Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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197 kb

PERSPECTIVE OF USING KRASNOSTOPS OF THE ANAPA STATION SELECTION IN THE WINE-MAKING

abstract 1351801004 issue 135 pp. 58 – 68 31.01.2018 ru 149
Currently, more and more popular in the world are indigenous grape varieties. Now in Russia and abroad there is a growing interest in Krasnostops - a high quality indigenous red grape varieties of technical direction. The object of research was the red technical grape variety called Krasnostop Anapa and Krasnostop AZOS, grown in Anapa ampelocalamus and wine from them. As a control, we used two classic grape varieties of varying degrees of saturation in color and extract content of the wines of Cabernet Sauvignon and Saperavi. The article presents the materials of years of research – agrobiological, technological and economic indicators of technical grades of grapes of selection of the Anapa station – Krasnostop Anapa and Krasnostop AZOS. The amount of anthocyanins in wine from Anapa Krasnostops has superior data for these components in the control options. The mass concentration of phenolic substances and their monomer forms in wine materials of grape varieties Krasnostop AZOS and Krasnostop Anapsky is higher than in the quality control of red wines-Cabernet Sauvignon, which indicates a high accumulation of phenolic substances in new grape varieties. In the years of the study of Krasnostop AZOS and Krasnostop Anapsky on organoleptic properties of wine has received good performance - and of 8.78 8.73 points. The brands of wines developed on their basis will fill up a number of high-quality table and liqueur red wines in the Russian market. These grapes have high potential and great prospects in the light of the global trend of their use in winemaking. All this allows to recommend these grades for wide introduction into production in the southern wine-growing regions of Russia
153 kb

SELECTION OF HIGH-PRODUCTIVE MEDIUM HYBRIDES OF CORN

abstract 1351801005 issue 135 pp. 69 – 79 31.01.2018 ru 79
In the article, we show the results of researches on creation of a material with a fast return of moisture at ripening of a grain are resulted. The general (ACS) and specific (SCS) combinational ability of new corn lines was determined. A promising material has been identified for further work in the field of rapid release of moisture to grain during maturation
172 kb

FORMATION OF THE PERSPECTIVE ASSORTMENT OF CUPRESSOCYPARIS LEYLANDII J. AND THUJA L. IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1351801011 issue 135 pp. 113 – 124 31.01.2018 ru 105
The work presents results of the study of Cupressocyparis Leylandii J. and Thuja L. varieties in the conditions of the Kuban zone of horticulture of the Krasnodar region on the main adaptive features: winter hardiness, drought resistance, resistance to common diseases, and decorative features. The aim of the research was to identify the most adaptive and highly decorative varieties of Cupressocyparis and Thuja in the conditions of increasing abiotic and biotic stresses and to form an adaptive and promising assortment of coniferous plants for the conditions of the south Russia's gardening. The results of a complex assessment of 6 introduced varieties Cupressocyparis Leylandii J. and 12 varieties of Thuja L. are presented. The varietal features of adaptability and decorativeness was established in specific growth conditions, which made it possible to identify the most adaptive, combining resistance to temperature stresses (drought-resistant, winter-hardy), major diseases and pests in combination with high decorative indices (architectonics of the crown, color of needles, vitality, decorative period). These are Cupressocyparis Leylandii J. varieties: Leightons Green, Variegata, Gold Rider; and Thuja L. varieties: Degroots Spire, Mini Smaragd, Atrovirens, Dura, Brabant, Can-Can, which showed a high adaptation to the weather and climatic conditions of the southern region in combination with decorativeness, recommended for the extension of the assortment of coniferous plants and creation of garden landscapes in the conditions of the south of Russia
917 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF CREATION OF BASIC MOTHER LIQUIDS OF GRAPES IN THE CONDITIONS OF UST-KUNDRCHENSKY SANDY ARRAY

abstract 1351801012 issue 135 pp. 125 – 146 31.01.2018 ru 102
The generalized long-term experience on creation of base of Queen cells in grape varieties, improved in vitro culture, on the sandy array of Ust-Donetsk district of Rostov region. Problems frequently encountered on sandy soils and ways of their solution are shown. We focus on: rehabilitation of the landing of plants of grapes in the conditions of greenhouses, open ground, the optimum time and methods of planting. The work shows the effectiveness of different dressings and types of fertilizers, influence of drugs of new generation, affected the uterine protection of plantations from pests and disease, deep sandy soils freezing in winter, especially the development of root system of different varieties. On the basis of generalization of long-term data, we suggest the most appropriate solutions, and developed technology bookmarks and conducting basic queen cells from healthy in vitro planting material of grapes in the sandy array
296 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF AGROTECHNOLOGICAL METHODS IN A FRUIT TREE NURSERY

abstract 1351801019 issue 135 pp. 180 – 187 31.01.2018 ru 74
Agro-technological operations, achieved in the specialized fruit tree nurseries are directed toward the optimization of the seedlings cultivation conditions. The agro-chemicals application is one of the most important technological questions in production system. The method of the complex use of physiologically active materials with the nourishing salts is directed, in the first place, toward the development of the healthy, actively functioning assimilation apparatus of the perennial plant, whose task – the balanced increase and the formation of reproductive organs already in the early stages of ontogenesis. In the article the results of work on introduction into the flow chart of the production of the apple tree landing material of bio stimulants and fertilizers of the directional effect are represented. Positive effect from the introduction into the diagram of nourishing salts of stamp N20P8K8+1,5Mg+9S in different combinations with the preparations: «lignogumat» of sodium, «lignogumat» of potassium, by ethane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid, by the natural stimulator of an increase «Silk» it was reflected in the level of the plants security of with mineral elements, it contributed to an increase on 5,7-10,2 % the diameter of trunk; the height of seedlings exceeded index in the control on 4,9-6,2 %
33012 kb

AUTOMATED SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS IN AGRONOMY

abstract 1361802011 issue 136 pp. 87 – 145 28.02.2018 ru 296
Agronomy systems with good reason can be considered as complex multiparameter natural and technical systems. In these systems, there are numerous and diverse physical, chemical and biological processes. On the one hand, these processes have a significant impact on the performance of these systems. On the other hand, they are extremely difficult to be described in the form of meaningful analytical models based on equations. As a result, the development of meaningful analytical models is associated with a large number of simplifying assumptions that reduce the validity of these models. Usually we consider linear univariate models for agronomic systems, whereas practices are necessary for nonlinear multiparameter models. Thus, we face the problem proposed to be solved by the application of a phenomenological meaningful systemic cognitive models. These models are created using automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) using the intellectual system called "Eidos" directly based on empirical data and used for the decision of tasks of forecasting, decision support and research of the modeled subject area. In this case, empirical data can be large, incomplete (fragmented), noisy, presented in different types of measuring scales (nominal, ordinal and numerical) and in different units of measurement. The comparability of the processing of heterogeneous data is ensured by the fact that they are all converted into units of measurement of the amount of information. A numerical example has been given
266 kb

RESULTS OF THE CHERRY BREEDING ON FRUIT QUALITY IN THE LOWER VOLGA REGION

abstract 1361802013 issue 136 pp. 146 – 156 28.02.2018 ru 101
In cherry breeding aimed to improve fruit quality, methods of intervarietal, interspecific and remote hybridization are often used. As a result of the conducted studies, new promising cherry varieties of different maturation period, developed in the conditions of the Lower Volga region by the method of remote ecologic-genetic hybridization using the best local varieties, were studied. The most effective crosses are those developed with use of high-quality cherry forms Zhukovskaya and Podbelskaya. According to the aggregate parameters of fruit quality (dry matter content, sugar-acid index), the following varieties were positively identified: Temnookrashennaya, Dubovochka, Lydia, Rozovaya, Lyubimitsa, Coloritnaya, Korneevskaya, Loznovskaya, Afina, Sharada, Lexema. The content of vitamin C - Temnookrashennaya, Lydia, Coloritnaya, Rozovaya, Lexema. Varieties Temnookrashennaya, Lydia, Coloritnaya, Rozovaya, Lexema are offered for use in the canning industry
181 kb

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SEASONED COGNAC DISTILLATES FROM THE VARIETIES OF PERVENETS MAGARACHA AND RIESUS OF TAMAN AGROECOLOGICAL ZONE WITH DIFFERENT SUGAR CONTENT

abstract 1361802014 issue 136 pp. 157 – 168 28.02.2018 ru 151
The article presents results of the research on the chemical composition of cognac wine materials, distillates and aged alcohols from the varieties of the Magarach Pervenets and Rice of different sugar content grown in the Taman agroecological zone. The influence of the initial sugar content on the chemical composition, physicochemical parameters and organoleptic evaluation, as well as the correlation of soil-climatic conditions and varietal features on the composition of cognac distillates, is shown. Soil analyzes were carried out at the FGBIC Anapskaya ZOSViV SKZNIISiV with the use of the latest equipment by conventional methods of determining indicators of soil characteristics. The purpose of the research is to give a detailed description of the site under study, as well as to identify the boundaries of the ecological macrozone for cultivating cognac varieties of grapes. In the course of the research it was clarified that for the selection and evaluation of raw zones of cognac production, it is necessary to take into account the optimal soil and climatic parameters for obtaining high-quality cognac raw materials
164 kb

INFLUENCE OF A WAY OF PROCESSING OF THE SOIL ON EFFICIENCY OF SUNFLOWER

abstract 1361802015 issue 136 pp. 169 – 178 28.02.2018 ru 109
This article discusses the results of a study to determine the impact of different primary tillage to sunflower yield. The task of the research was to determine the impact of primary tillage in the agrophysical and agrochemical soil properties. It has been established that the content of productive moisture during the growing period in 0-100 cm soil layer does not depend on the method of processing. Surface treatment of the soil did not have negative effects on soil properties and its agrophysical structure in comparison with moldboard ploughing. . When dump processing improves the density of the soil, accumulates more moisture in the autumn winter period, reduces the weediness of sunflower perennial weeds. Productivity in contaminated areas increases by 3.3 - 5.4 c / ha. On weed-free crops, the yield increased by 2.5 - 3.5 c / ha, due to the improvement of the physical parameters of the soil
289 kb

PECULIARITIES OF VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION OF PERSPECTIVE VARIETIES OF RASPBERRY BY THE METHOD OF MARKING IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1371803015 issue 137 pp. 61 – 76 30.03.2018 ru 77
In conditions of field and laboratory experiments, there were learned particular properties of vegetative reproduction of raspberry varieties. During the experiment, there were used Scromnitza, Glen Ample, Miraj varieties. In field conditions, there were made phenological accounts, also there were made biochemical observations of quality markers of fruits of observed raspberry varieties, based on department of laboratory of pomology of Kuban SAU. Optimal correlation of common sugars and acids, which define fruit tastes, seen on raspberry variety Glen Ample. Maximal amount of planting stocks obtained at reproduction of root stems with a more than 5 mm diameter. Glen Ample had the biggest (in comparison with other varieties) result of output amount of daughter plants. According to commercial – attractable level, raspberry varieties arranged in increasing order: Scromnitza, Miraj, Glen Ample. During the assessment of winter hardiness (based on degree of harming generative buds by frosts), Miraj was positively underlined
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