Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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181 kb

IDEA OF THE TERM “SECURITY ARCHITECTURE“ IN THE ASPECT OF THE CONCEPT “CONSTRUCTION” IN RUSSIAN, GERMAN AND ENGLISH LINGUISTIC CULTURES

abstract 1251701057 issue 125 pp. 840 – 855 31.01.2017 ru 376
The article discusses the specific character of the representation of the notion “Security Architecture” presenting the concept “Construction” in Russian, German and English linguistic fields. The peculiarities of the cultural and historical development, fundamental divergences of the political systems, levels of economic and social progress, different world -view and world interpretation of Russia, Germany, Great Britain and the USA resulted in causes of the polar appreciation of the notion “Security Architecture” from the point of view of national and international interests. The increasing tendencies of the global changes in the world politics and political line of these countries are reflected in lexical language figures and in social journalism realized in the political discourse. The undertaken trends of the lexical-semantic and comparative analysis of present lexical units and certain texts of Russian, German and Anglo-American printed mass media and research papers have revealed the different comprehension of the notion “Security Architecture” in the national linguistic cultures. It made possible to draw a conclusion on polar connotation of the notion in Russian, German and English conditioned by the specified tendencies in political, ideological and economic fields. To the opinion of the author the notion “Security Architecture” presented by the concept “Construction” because of its actualization may claim to be universal and therefore be related to the constants of culture. In this regard, the analysis of the notion “Security Architecture” as a part of the present concept is of a substantial interest. Due to results of the present research, the author resumes the peculiarities of explication of cognitive signs and the reasons influencing the transformation of the notion in Russian, German and English linguistic cultures
320 kb

PRECEDENT TEXTS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMPONENT IN STUDENTS' SPEECH

abstract 1241610053 issue 124 pp. 809 – 819 30.12.2016 ru 198
The article was written in the mainstream of modern Lingua-cognitive research and is dedicated to the analysis of precedent texts created by a group of languag- personality of a high school student, as well as intertextual meaningswhich have been updated by signs, misleading by precedent texts and demonstrating category of artistic values of language groupe personality of the student. The main methods of precedent texts studies, were continuous sampling of the material, linguistic experiment and semantic-cognitive analysis. The study was made on a material of texts of a educational online communication. The analysis results were 1) identification of the main structural components and content of student precedent texts of online subdiscourse; 2) the classification of the group of precedent texts student linguistic identity, including modern phraseological units; 3) The consideration of the phraseological transformation of units in the online discourse; 4) the definition of the role of new borrowing in the current phraseologisms student community. The goal of the phraseological transformation is a student a data encoding of lexical units in order to enrich the student sub language, giving it brightness and imagery. This conclusion fits into the general tendence of modern contact process and cognitive linguistics
130 kb

LANGUAGE IDENTITY THROUGH THE PRISM OF POLITICAL NEWSPAPER COMMUNICATION

abstract 1231609011 issue 123 pp. 193 – 203 30.11.2016 ru 409
Political newspaper communication has been researched and it is pointed out that the communication between communicators is carried out at the inner mental dialogical level. Questions of text comprehension are analyzed. It is emphasized that behind the political newspaper text there is a language system and without knowledge of this system communication based on text activity is impossible
144 kb

THE SUN AS THE ARCHETYPE OF “HEIGHT” IN JOHN DONN’S POETRY

abstract 1231609067 issue 123 pp. 956 – 966 30.11.2016 ru 276
This article conveys J. Donn’s poetry from the point of view of archetype “Height”, namely the Sun. The Sun as an object of the material world, always attracts people’s attention. At all times it has energy and power, tenderness and endearment. The Sun has been in the focus of interest both for primitive men and our contemporaries. The Sun is depicted in literature, works of art, folklore, architecture. In the poems by J. Donn the Sun is personificated, the author gives Him human beings’ features, the hero is equal to Him, he asks the Sun questions and even tries to reign over Him. The Sun rays can be compared with passion, high feelings, gladness; love is associated with sunrise, zenith and sunset. Partly this article compares barocco and modern literature. The archetype “Height” is connected with the Sun image in the Medieval literature. So, it may be concluded that the Sun, its image and archetype is the key point of J. Donn’s creative work
128 kb

ESSENCE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF PRINTED MATERIALS

abstract 1231609090 issue 123 pp. 1318 – 1327 30.11.2016 ru 237
PR-journalism today has become an integral part of modern life. We are faced with it not only in the media. It enters into all spheres of human activity, and has a serious impact on the public consciousness. Indeed, today this genre in print media is multifaceted, ubiquitous and diverse. In Russia he became not only a part of the economy, but also a part of the mass culture. Interest is due to the fact that the text is one of the most complex in semiotic terms of information and impact models. Thus, we can say that the absolute involvement of each of us in its sphere of influence can determine the place that genre occupies today, including the field of humanitarian studies
156 kb

AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL PROSE OF BORIS PASTERNAK: THE PROBLEM OF THE AUTHOR’S IDENTIFICATION

abstract 1231609091 issue 123 pp. 1328 – 1340 30.11.2016 ru 185
The article deals with the problem of author identification in the early autobiographical prose of Boris Pasternak. In his early autobiography "Safe Conduct" the poet searches for artistic and personal self-identification. Unlike the traditional genre of autobiography, "Safe Conduct" is based not on memory of real facts but on sensual feelings from them. It means that autobiographical prose created by the poet reduces the real biographical facts, filling gaps with emotions and feelings. This feature coupled with fragmentariness of narrative fragmentation tends “challenge to biographism”. Indulging in memories, searching for artistic self-identification the poet defines his own identity. Search for himself Pasternak associates with biography of "other" people, who have played a great role in formation of his personality. “Safe Conduct” is tractate on someone else's creative genius. Meanwhile the author puts himself aside and takes a reset position towards “other” talents. These relationships have a repeated temper. Firstly, the author admires someone’s talent, coming closer to it, and then breaks up with it, and finds his own way. The final goal of self-identification is poetry; the author closes to it through philosophy and music, overcomes their attractiveness and leaves them. The fundamental feature of Pasternak’s poetry and biography is the necessity to identify and understand himself through "alien", "other" things
149 kb

IRONIC DISCOURSE IN "NOTEBOOKS" BY A. VAMPILOV

abstract 1231609092 issue 123 pp. 1341 – 1352 30.11.2016 ru 248
The article analyzes "Notebooks" by one of the most prominent playwrights of the 20th century Aleksandr Vampilov. "Notebooks" are considered as an example of ironic discourse in this genre. The study of irony nature in Vampilov’s “Notebooks” reveals the patterns of ironic discourse, which manifest themselves in the ironic light of serious domestic, moral, and professional problems. We perceive it today as intellectual and moral impetus, a special mood allowing us to survive, as self-protection of the individual from the pressure of reality. The irony in Vampilov’s "Notebooks" is achieved by the desire of getting away from the stereotypes of consciousness, obsolete dogmas. The irony "disallows" the eternal oppositions "new—old", "temporary—eternal", "subjective—objective", "art— life". The ironic game with terms, cliché expressions, denoting compromised political and ideological phenomena, with the concept of a name; the ironic interpretation of moon image as a leitmotif in Vampilov’s work reflect dominant ironic pathos of notebooks. The analysis of “Notebooks” by A. Vampilov allows us to understand the irony not only as a consequence of painful antinomicity, personal spiritual contradictions inherent to the artist of that time, but as a way of world vision: the ability to overcome the deadlock of crisis period, and aspiration of the creative personality to the desired integrity
148 kb

INDIRECT COMMUNICATION MEANS AS CONFLICT SITUATION MARKERS

abstract 1221608015 issue 122 pp. 213 – 225 31.10.2016 ru 302
The article considers the problems of indirect communication in conflict situations. The diversity of means of communicative strategies realization in terms of their diversity, and in terms of their explicitness/implicitness is noted. The role of corresponding meanings markers discernment has been emphasized in indirect communication as part of communication in general. It is important in the communication process for understanding indirect communication to study non-verbal means as a hidden source of informative material, independent of the semantics of speech, and that means having increased reliability. Non-verbal means play a special role in decoding indirect communication in the field of diplomatic relations. Markers implementing covert communication are such deviations from the original behavioral, emotional, bodily and behavioral norms of human like agitation, change of clothing style, facial expressions, manner of smoking, and contradictions between verbal and non-verbal actions. The ability to decode visual and non-verbal information, as well as features of paralinguistic aspect of communication is the key to its effectiveness. At the same time, paralinguistic funds may implement indirect communication in violation of generally accepted social norms or originality of a person's behavior. The norm of originality can become a conduit for indirect communication, carrying the potential for conflict, not only at its violation or deviation from it, but when you apply the intensity, excessiveness; when realized its ambivalent character
167 kb

THE SEMANTIC FEATURES OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE CONCEPT OF “MUSLIM WORLD” IN THE INTERNET SPACE

abstract 1221608039 issue 122 pp. 537 – 553 31.10.2016 ru 232
The article deals with the specifics of verbal actualization of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” in the modern English-speaking discourse. Based on the achievements of cognitive linguistics and cultural linguistics, it is possible to research the concept of “Muslim World” as a phenomenon of the English linguistic culture. The author notes the concept can be submitted directly via the meaning of “MUSLIM WORLD” or by its connotation. The means of a nominative, descriptive and expressive realization of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” are described using the material of 100 pieces of contemporary Englishlanguage discourse, which actualize the concept “MUSLIM WORLD”. The author concludes the concept is treated as a multidimensional construct of thought, reflecting the knowledge of the surrounding reality, the process and the result of human activity, experience and knowledge about the world, containing the information about it. Cognitive-discursive analysis permits to set the content and the structure of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” not only in the conditional but also in the discursive spaces in cooperation with nominative, descriptive and expressive realization. The author makes a conclusion the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” appears in the American print mass media from a negative sight - this is the result of a lack of public awareness about the cultural heritage of the Islamic world, its customs, and key problems
123 kb

SUFFIXATION AS A PRODUCTIVE WAY OF TERM-FORMATION

abstract 1221608068 issue 122 pp. 971 – 981 31.10.2016 ru 386
This work deals with the characteristics of suffixation as on of the most productive ways of termformation. Linguistic study and description of the term-forming system in the natural science terminology is relevant because suffixation as a cognitive-derivational mechanism of a language is not being studied closely enough, although it is necessary due to a rapid development of numerous terminological and subject areas. There is a pressing need felt in terminology studies to define and describe productive methods and primary ways of producing substantive terms in the natural science terminology, because it holds a special interest for humanity. The processes of suffixal term derivation of substantives in the natural science terminology are important cognitive processes in scientific worldview development and a national language in general. The processes of suffixal term derivation have a specific quality that allows reflecting the categorical affiliation of the term in its structure. Terms derived suffixally can be categorised into three terminological modules for suffixal derivation that are formed based on a common root, suffix or a derivational model. The study of the derivational mechanisms of termformation in the natural science terminology (chemistry, mineralogy, geology, Pharm, etc.) based on a noun allows to say that the suffixation is one of the most productive ways of forming derived terms. A suffix acts as a special cognitive-derivational code in the derivational relations system holding and actualizing specific information
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