Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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262 kb

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TRITICALE IN FEEDING

abstract 1161602057 issue 116 pp. 821 – 849 29.02.2016 ru 1023
In the decision to establish solid fodder resources in the arid parts of Southern Russia triticale should take its rightful place. It must be introduced instead of winter wheat, inferior to the yield, quality and output of nutrients per unit of area. It is necessary to maximize the potential of new varieties of winter triticale, as the productivity of animals largely depends on the varietal characteristics of the culture. Triticale has attracted special attention by its ability to exceed the parental forms on productivity and quality, and resistance to adverse soil and climatic conditions and the most dangerous disease is not inferior to rye. The generalized data of most researchers characterize triticale as a factor in increasing the productivity of animals and reducing the cost of feed per unit of output, although in some cases there is a negative trend in reduction of productivity by the replacement of cereal grain components for winter triticale. Due to the enrichment of compound feed with triticale grain by enzyme preparations and enzyme-probiotic supplements we can greatly increase productivity, digestibility of main nutrients, improve meat quality and reduce the cost of feed per unit of output. We can increase the productive effect of triticale grain by extrusion. In physiological metabolic experiments, it is found that by extruding of triticale grain the digestibility of the main nutrients is increased by 1.3-1.8%. Extruding of triticale before feeding promotes slaughter yield and increases the levels of protein in the muscle. The use of triticale in rations instead of wheat reduces the cost of the diet, the cost of the manufactured products and increases profitability. The study of achievements of scientists from various scientific organizations necessitates the further breeding work with the culture of triticale and requires the development of innovative technological methods that can help reduce the concentration of pentosans and beta-glucans in the grain
179 kb

HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS OF MAIZE VEGETATION DUE TO THE DATES OF PLANTING IN THE SUFFICIENT MOISTURE ZONE OF CENTRAL CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1161602078 issue 116 pp. 1224 – 1241 29.02.2016 ru 607
There were reviewed the results of the study of the dependence of main of phenological phases of development of corn hybrids of different maturity groups of selection of Krasnodar Research Institute of Agriculture named. P.P. Lukyanenko in a zone of sufficient moisture of Central Ciscaucasia (Ross 199, Ross 299, Krasnodar 382 and Krasnodar 410) and the All-Russian Research Institute of Corn (Mashuk 170, Newton, RIC 345 and Eric), as well as early-middle middle Rossiyskaya 1 from the change of average daily air temperature at different dates of sowing and preplant seed treatment by the preparation "TMTD-plus" containing the growth promoter called Krezatsin in its composition. The studies were conducted in accordance with the thematic plan of scientific researches of the department of crop and forage production of Stavropol State Agrarian University. The technology of maize growing on the experimental plot corresponds to the standard technology for this area and culture. The sowing was performed in three stages. The first (early) sowing period was at t = + 7 ... +8 ° C. The second (recommended) – was at t = + 10 ... + 12 ° C. The third (later) sowing period was carried out at t = +15 ° C. There was identified a high inverse correlation between the average daily air temperature and the duration of the intraphase periods of maize propagation. Thus, at the shifting of maize sowing dates with the second half of may on the second half of April, the optimization of heat regime in the generative period and rising of efficiency of use of thermal of resources of the region. There was marked the acceleration of development of corn seedlings when the average daily air temperatures was up to +12 ° C at the samples with the application of the disinfectant TMTD-plus
491 kb

PECULIARITIES OF FORMING AGROBIOLOGICAL INDEXES OF REAL FRUITFULNESS ON GRAPE BUSHES SAPERAVI VARIETY UNDER INFLUENSE OF TREATMENT BY “VIMPEL” PREPARATION AND NEW GENERATION FERTILIZER

abstract 1161602094 issue 116 pp. 1462 – 1490 29.02.2016 ru 608
This article deals with the results of the research work concerning the influence of foliar application of grape of Saperavi variety by soluble fertilizers of new generation-Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon. The influence of these fertilizers on yield and actual fruitfulness have also been investigated. The experiments have been carried out both in pureform and in a tankmixture with growth regulator “VIMPEL”. The treatment by these fertilizers has been done three times in the following period; after flowering, in fruit growth phase,(pea-size berry) and in the phase of fruit maturing The foliar treatment in a pure form as well as in a tank mixture led to increase of bunch weight, harvest per bush and the yield capacity of plantation. The influence of fertilizers depended not only on variants of experiment but also on weather conditions of the previous and current year as well as on the previous yield. The negative correlation between the indexes of yield structure of the previous year and the actual fruitfulness of the current year has been revealed. However, the character of these correlative connections depends on many factors and greatly differs according to the year. As a result of these investigations, it was stated that foliar application of Saperavi grape variety by fertilizers of a new generation Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon in a tank mixture with growth regulator “Vimpel” in periods after flowering, berry growth(pea-size berry) and at the beginning of berry maturing did not promote a stable and significant increase of the main indexes of an actual fruitfulness. The real increase observed in all experimental variants was achieved mainly due to the increase of the average weight of the bunch
223 kb

WEATHER CONDITIONS OF MAIZE VEGETATION IN CONNECTION WITH THE PLANTING DATES IN THE ARID ZONE OF CENTRAL CISCAUCASUSIA

abstract 1161602095 issue 116 pp. 1491 – 1514 29.02.2016 ru 588
There were reviewed the results of the study of the dependence of main phenological phases of development of corn hybrids of different maturity groups of the selection of Krasnodar Research Institute of Agriculture named after P.P. Lukyanenko in the arid zone of Central Ciscaucasia (Ross 199, Ross 299, Krasnodar 382 and Krasnodar 410) and the AllRussian Research Institute of Corn (Mashuk 170, Newton, RIC 345 and Eric), as well as early-middle Rossiyskaya 1 from the changes of average daily air temperature of planting dates and preplant seed treatment by the preparation "TMTD-plus", containing the growth promoter called Krezatsin in its composition. The studies were conducted in accordance with the thematic plan of scientific researches of the department of crop and forage production of Stavropol State Agrarian University. The technology of maize growing on the experimental plot corresponds to the standard technology for this area and culture. The sowing was performed in three stages. The first (early) sowing period was at t = + 7 ... +8 ° C. The second (recommended) – was at t = + 10 ... + 12 ° C. The third (later) sowing period was at t = +15 ° C. There was identified a high inverse correlation between the average daily air temperature and the duration of the intraphase periods of maize propagation. Thus, at the shifting of maize sowing dates with the second half of May on the second half of April we have optimization of heat regime in the generative period and rising of the efficiency of use of thermal resources of the region. There was marked the acceleration of development of corn seedlings when the average daily air temperatures was up to 12 ° C at the samples with the application of the disinfectant TMTD-plus
144 kb

RESOURCE-SAVING APPROACHES TO THE POULTRY FEEDING

abstract 1151601001 issue 115 pp. 1 – 10 27.01.2016 ru 823
The experiment studied the use of an herbal component in feeding of young geese, consisting of hay meal and alfalfa juices coagulate. The replacement of 50 % of complete feed by the studied feeding stuff reduced the protein content in the diet by 9.9-14.9 % and increased the content of crude fiber 1.76-2.01 times. Gross weight gain in the experimental group decreased by 3.9 %, with an increase in feed cost by 17.1 %. However, carcasses of geese in experimental group increased absolute weight of muscles of the breast and legs by 28.6%, and the relative – 5.6 % (Р˃0.05). Using of herbal ingredients tended to increase the yield of dressed carcass by 4.8 %, while the share of internal fat and skin with subcutaneous fat was decreased. There were no differences in the chemical composition of poultry muscle tissue in the groups. Using of herbal ingredients decreased the cost of 1 kg of feed by 0.7 rubles, but the cost price of weight gain increased by 5.0 %. It was concluded that it is necessary to carry out additional studies involving the feeding of poultry with the identical by nutritional value compound feed with the additive under study or without it
164 kb

HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF PIGS WHEN USING YAKON TUBERS AND ADSORBENTS IN RATIONS

abstract 1151601004 issue 115 pp. 76 – 86 27.01.2016 ru 622
Under the current conditions, it is very important to boost the production of pork and improve its sanitary and hygienic quality for the successful handling of problems subjected to import substitution of meat products. This can be reached by means of strengthening of food reserve. For that purposes, in the frame of two experiments yacon tubers in combination with enzymatic agent protosubtilin GZx have been introduced in the intakes of fattening pork stores instead of fodder beat, and various doses of carbitox adsorbent have been additionally added when superfluous background of heavy metals was observed. During the 1st experiment, the substitution of fodder beet with the similar quantity of yacon tubers has allowed the animals of experimental group to outweigh the ones from the control group on 7,5% in the terms of gross formation of body weight, and to gain 100 kg of body weight for 7 days ahead of the animals from control group as well. Additionally, fodder costs per product have been reduced and the morphological and biochemical values of animals blood have been optimized. Based on the data from 2 nd experiment, it has been defined that the better dose for feeding of adsorbent carbitox was 2,0 kg per tonne of concentrates thereby the animals of 3rd experimental group had reasonably higher body weight gain and thereby higher feed-conversion ratio by products. Therewith, the animals intermediary metabolism has been speeded up due to optimization of morphological and biochemical values of blood and reduction of heavy metals content in blood serum, in other words level of zinc, lead and cadmium was not exceeding maximum allowable concentration
141 kb

THE INCREASE IN THE EROSION RESISTANCE OF SOILS IN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES OF THE BRYANSK REGION USING PHYTOMELIORATIVE ACTIVITIES

abstract 1151601011 issue 115 pp. 173 – 182 27.01.2016 ru 557
This article summarizes results of the research on the assessment of soil erosion effectiveness of crops and the rationale of the practical application of phytomeliorative actions aimed at improving the erosion resistance of slope lands. We have obtained values of the resistance of soils to erosion under agricultural crops and in terms of pure steam and calculated the indicator of the efficiency of soil conservation crops. The tests allowed differentiating the crops on well, poorly and very poorly in protecting forest soils from erosion
159 kb

SELECTION OF NEW SELF-POLLINATED CORN LINES FOR BREEDING OF EARLY MATURING HYBRIDS

abstract 1151601024 issue 115 pp. 379 – 390 27.01.2016 ru 592
The article covers the stages of evaluation and selection of new self-pollinated corn lines. The results of testing of new lines and test crosses were reflected. Comparative analysis of yield of the best test crosses was presented. General and specific combining ability of new lines was calculated. The opportunities of further usage of new lines in breeding programs and early maturing hybrids including these lines are considering. The researches were conducted on the field of the institution, following the course of scientific researches of department of selection and seed management of corn, Federal State Budgetary Scientific Organization Krasnodar Lukyanenko Research Institution of Agriculture
177 kb

GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND YIELD OF WINTER BARLEY IN THE CENTRAL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1151601037 issue 115 pp. 594 – 612 27.01.2016 ru 657
The article deals with a combination of different methods of cultivation of winter barley on the background of plowing, and their impact on growth, development and crop yield. The main technological factors allowing implementing the biological potential of culture are adaptive variety, quality seeds, predecessors, sowing and harvesting, fertilizer, soil fertility, crop care, including protection from weeds, pests and diseases. Barley is the culture of versatile use, which is grown for food and feed purposes. Intensification of cultivation methods of this phenomenon is essential and significantly affects the grain yield of this crop. Under the natural fertility of the soil and favorable weather conditions for black earth of Kuban it is possible to get 3,0-3,5 tons per hectare of winter crops of grain, and this requires the creation of an optimal diet, because one of the main factors affecting the productivity of field crops, including one phenomenon are fertilizers. In addition, the level of soil fertility and protection system of weeds, pests and diseases has great importance. Since these types of issues are relevant for agriculture, we have carried out studies to identify the optimal combination of different methods on growth, development and productivity of a single phenomenon
178 kb

PHYTO-SANITARY CONDITION OF CROPS OF WINTER BARLEY WHEN GROWING USING DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES

abstract 1151601038 issue 115 pp. 613 – 631 27.01.2016 ru 578
The article presents the biennial data on infestation of winter barley infected with his disease and pests, depending on fertilizer rates, the main method of tillage and plant protection. Weeds are one of the most highly potent factors that reduce the productivity of plants. System of agronomic plant cannot increase the productivity of plants, if it contributes to impurity of crops. In the studied years, the most common weeds at the recommended tillage were dead nettle, cleavers, chickweed, field bindweed. At zero processing - foxtail, poppy, wild oats, Leptospermum, dead nettle, veronica. The use of biological and chemical plant protection products reduced the degree of expansion and development of disease
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