Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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261 kb

THE INTRODUCTION OF ELEMENTS OF BIOLOGIZATION IN THE CULTIVATION OF WINTER WHEAT IN THE CENTRAL CHERNOZEM EARTH REGION

abstract 1121508032 issue 112 pp. 420 – 436 30.10.2015 ru 952
The article presents the results of the study to determine changes in indicators of fertility in typical Chernozem of the Belgorod region and the productivity of winter wheat using different agricultural technologies, including elements of biologization
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FORESTRY AND ECONOMICAL EFFICIENCY OF FOREST TENDING ACTIVITIES IN TERMS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

abstract 1121508048 issue 112 pp. 657 – 668 30.10.2015 ru 901
On the example of middle-aged and mature valuable forest stands we have brought an assessment of forestry and economic efficiency of various options of silvicultural actions for the reconstruction of invaluable young growths (17 objects with a total area of 102,6 hectares) which was carried out in 1947-1959 and to formation of plantings from subgrowth and young growth of the coniferous breeds kept when carrying out gradual and continuous cabins in 1962-1996 and also from forest cultures (8 objects of 44,9 hectares) for conditions of the coniferous and broad-leaved woods of the Republic of Tatarstan. The results of the researches showed that the best indicators of forestry and economic efficiency of actions of care of the woods by reconstruction are observed in pine plantings at a continuous way: the grown-up wood reserves on a root (346-522 m3/hectare in 55 years) exceed stocks of modal forest stands on 109-288 m3/hectare with economic efficiency within 10625-50659 rub/hectare. Slightly less efficient - larch and spruce plantings at a corridor way of reconstruction. Similar indicators of actions for formation of plantings from subgrowth represent positive results as well: forestry efficiency made from 31 to 208 m3/hectare, economic - within 10584-26846 rub/hectare. Based on the researches we made conclusions, offers and recommendations for practical use in forestry of the Republic of Tatarstan
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PHYLLOXERA-RESISTANT HYBRID FORM OF GRAPES OF TECHNICAL SORTS FOR IMPROVING THE ASSORTMENT

abstract 1121508084 issue 112 pp. 1162 – 1172 30.10.2015 ru 1041
Many old varieties of grapes do not meet modern requirements, so there is a need for improved assortment of new high-quality varieties. The translation of the vineyards of the black sea coast of the Krasnodar region on inoculated culture is not fully decided the fate of the viticulture of the area. Weak resistance of American rootstocks to increased content of calcium and salts in the soil, caused the weakening of the bushes, reducing the vigor of the shoots, their maturation and yield of grape plantations in some areas of the district while reducing their quality indicators. In this regard, the development of new high-yielding varieties suitable for own-rooted viticulture remains the most urgent task for breeders. The article shows the potential of many years of breeding work and study of grapes of technical varieties in Anapa Zone Station, tolerant to phylloxera and resistant to fungal diseases and frost, with high quality products and gives a brief description of some prominent grape varieties
462 kb

SMALL-LEAVED LIME (TILIA CORDATA) CULTIVATION IN THE OMSK REGION SOUTH FOREST-STEPPE CONDITIONS

abstract 1121508085 issue 112 pp. 1173 – 1181 30.10.2015 ru 1270
Small-leaved lime (Tília cordata) is wonderful species of trees, producing honey. This tree species is not cultivated in forest tree nurseries of Head forestry department of the Omsk region for the purpose of an artificial reproduction. Small-leaved lime grows wild in Bolshyi Uki, Ust-Ishym and Tevris areas. This forest is the basis for a honey production. Small-leaved lime occupies a very small area, which equals 1,5 ha. Natural reproduction of small-leaved lime in the Omsk Pryirtysh district is a reliquiae. Questions of reproduction of small-leaved lime have not been studied yet. Shoots cloning of small-leaved lime has an important practical value for areas of natural reproduction. A technology of seed reproduction has not been developed for the Omsk region. Complexity of the matter is in the existence of a long and deep physiological quiescent period of small-leaved lime seeds. Experimental facts of small-leaved lime seed reproduction has been described in this article. Results of measuring of height and root neck diameter of oneand two-year old plants have been shown. The influence of putting young plants in the shadow on their growth and development has been evaluated. It has been shown that seedlings received from small-leaved lime growing in the Оmsk State Agrarian University Dendrology Park have large variation in the growth and development parameters and the fact of casting shadows on the plants truly affects the height of oneand same as two-year old samples
628 kb

EFFECTS OF EMILIANOS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON FORMATION OF QUALITATIVE INDICATORS OF WINES

abstract 1121508089 issue 112 pp. 1220 – 1231 30.10.2015 ru 935
Grapes are product of areas. Grape plant is very plastic and can grow on almost all types of soils except highly saline, fusion and wetlands. In studies of many authors, it was indicated the influence of different soil types and their properties on the growth of the vine plants, the quality of berries and their products. The object of study is soils and vines growing on them, laws and processes affecting the formation of grape production. Research methods are expeditions, field and laboratory. The article presents data on the effect of agrochemical soil properties (pH, solid residue, the amount of aqueous extract ions, chlorine ions, alkalinity (НSO3¯), calcium ion, magnesium ion, total carbonate, active carbonates, nitrate nitrogen, mobile phosphorus, exchangeable potassium , humus, humus reserves) on the formation of the harvest of grapes and wine products (tasting score, the extract, the amount of phenolic compounds, the amount of organic acids, the amount of amino acids, metal ions, potassium ions, sodium metal, magnesium ions, calcium ions, the amount of metal ions). With the help of statistical data, we can establish the effect of weather conditions on the formation of 2009-2011 qualitative wines of Cabernet Sauvignon
1352 kb

INFLUENCE OF BASIC SOIL TREATMENT ON THE INFESTATION OF SUNFLOWER AND ITS PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 1121508102 issue 112 pp. 1398 – 1419 30.10.2015 ru 1173
In the article we present the results of the researches on the study of the different systems of basic treatment of soil on the plants of sunflower, as well as its infestation by one-year and perennial weeds and its productivity on usual black soils of the Krasnodar region
472 kb

ACREAGE AND YIELD OF WINTER BARLEY IN THE MAJOR REGIONS OF GROWING

abstract 1121508119 issue 112 pp. 1640 – 1650 30.10.2015 ru 905
The article presents a comparative analysis of national economic importance of winter barley in relation to other crops. The advantages of winter barley in a number of factors have been observed. The information about acreage under crop and gross yield of this crop is presented in an article in the form of tables. The authors have studied such important factors as a dynamics of acreage of crop yield in the main regions of cultivation. Against the overall negative dynamics of sown areas, they noted a clear increase in 2013. An analysis of grain yield of winter barley in the main regions of cultivation by year has been presented graphically. Special attention was paid to the Southern Federal District and the Krasnodar Territory in particular as a major producer of grain of winter barley. The analysis of yields in the major regions of cultivation of winter barley showed a clear advantage of the Krasnodar region. The index of the average grain yield of winter barley cultivation in this region for the period from 2003 to 2008 has been shown. Moreover, the article has presented the role of sorts in increasing the yield grade. We have also highlighted the issue of selection of winter barley in our country. The desirability of increasing the production of winter barley in the Russian Federation has been noted as well
327 kb

INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY OF BROILER CHICKENS WHEN USING DIETARY SUPPLEMENT IN RATIONS

abstract 1121508105 issue 112 pp. 1448 – 1457 30.10.2015 ru 870
It was experimentally established, that the inclusion dietary supplements, based on whey in feed mixtures for broiler chickens improves digestibility and nutrient digestibility of feed, which has a positive effect for live weight of poultry
275 kb

THE CONTENT AND THE FORMS OF MAGNESIUM COMPOUND IN LEACHED BLACK SOIL (CHERNOZEM) OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA IN THE AGROGENESIS

abstract 1121508124 issue 112 pp. 1717 – 1727 30.10.2015 ru 684
The article presents the results of the study on the magnesium mode of leached chernozem of Western Ciscaucasia at three rotation of grain-grass-tilled crop rotation. Magnesium in the soil is represented mainly by non-exchangeable form, the number of which is estimated at 90,18 and 91,29 % of gross reserves. Exchange forms of magnesium are 8,68 and 7,71 % respectively in arable and the subsurface layer. The share of water-soluble and organic forms account for less than 1 % - of 0.62 and 0.68 and 0.46 and 0.38% respectively. For three rotation 11-full rotation of gross stocks of magnesium in the soil in which crops were grown without fertilizers has decreased by 0.02 % (200 mg/kg), with fertilizers of 0.03 and 0.02 % (300 and 200 mg/kg). Intense magnesium has been leached from the topsoil. There was a change of the soil content of the forms of magnesium. In the rotation without fertilizer, the share of non-exchangeable magnesium in the General Fund item increased from baseline by 0.27 % in arable and 0.11% of the subsurface layer of soil that the absolute content decreased. The amount of water-soluble, exchangeable and organic magnesium of the soil decreased. Reducing the amount of water-soluble (0.05 and 0.06 %) and metabolic (0.18 and 0.02 %) of magnesium was due to its consumption of the plants. The proportion of magnesium organic part of the soil is reduced as a result of steadily declining yields, and, therefore, the amount of organic residues. In crop rotation, use of mineral fertilizers we have observed different behavior of magnesium compounds in the soil. The number of non-exchangeable magnesium decreased from baseline by 0.13 % in arable and 0,58 % of the subsurface layer of soil. The content of the exchange of magnesium increased respectively 0.43 and 0.41 %, water soluble - 0.13 and 0.10 %, and the organic part of the soil - 0.02 and 0.02 %
373 kb

THE CONTENT AND FORM OF THE NICKEL COMPOUNDS IN THE WESTERN CAUCASUS LEACHED CHERNOZEM IN TERMS OF AGROGENESIS

abstract 1121508125 issue 112 pp. 1728 – 1739 30.10.2015 ru 728
The article presents results of studying the total content and the forms of Nickel in the Western Caucasus leached Chernozem at three rotations of 11-fild grain-grass-arable crop rotation. The Nickel content in the soil is close to its Clark (40 mg/kg) and significantly lower than UEC (80 mg/kg). Scientifically based system for fertilizing crop rotation does not lead to the accumulation of Nickel in the soil, but creates the conditions for increasing its mobility. In the future, we may experience the need of the inclusion of Nickel into the system of fertilization of crops grown on leached Chernozem. The Nickel content in the leached Chernozem before development of crop rotation was generally close to Clark soils of the world (40 mg/kg) and significantly lower than UEC (80 mg/kg), which favors the production of high quality produce. After three rotations of the crop rotation without using fertilizers, the total content of Nickel and acid-insoluble form in the soil decreased slightly, but the number of the element extracted with both buffer and acid extractor, increased insignificantly. The decrease of the total content of Nickel and its reserve (acid-insoluble) fund in the soil we explain with the annual exclusion of the element with harvests crops from the fields, and the trend of increasing mobile and acid-soluble - mineralization of humus followed by acidification of the soil. Systematic mineral fertilization on field crop rotation was slightly up for the Nickel fund of the soil, but did not ensure the recovery of the initial level. At the same time, at fertilize crop rotation we observed a clear trend of increasing the number of rolling and acid-soluble Nickel. If we consider that the value of the MPC for moving Nickel is equal to 6 mg/kg, these changes may not have any negative environmental impacts, but rather will encourage the use of this ultra-microelement by plants
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