Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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130 kb

FOOD AND BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF MEAT PRODUCTS PRODUCED FROM MEAT OF PIGS OF DIFFERENT GENOTYPES

abstract 0891305071 issue 89 pp. 1051 – 1059 29.05.2013 ru 1426
In this article, we have presented and analyzed the chemical analysis and the organoleptic evaluation of the energy value of sausage products made from meat type pigs bred in the Southern Federal District, and their hybrids
584 kb

FORECASTING OF GRAPE YIELD AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF OPTIMUM BUSH LOADING DURING THE CUTTING IN BUDS ON THE PROPOSED YIELD ON THE EXAMPLE OF OAO AF «SOUTH»

abstract 1161602026 issue 116 pp. 352 – 368 29.02.2016 ru 808
The article presents the material of forecasting for grape yield of next year and establishing the optimal loading if cutting of bushes. The material includes 14 varieties of grapes, 11 of them are technical and 3 are table ones. For each year of stable high yield of grapes, it is necessary to pre-set the optimum length of fruit cutting of shoots and optimum load on the bush healthy eyes. To do this for each variety on the eve of trimming bushes we perform optimum productivity analysis of wintering buds of fruit along the length of shoots, i.e. we implement forecasting of grape yield for next year. We have a plan of forecasting for yields of vineyards by microscopy of wintering buds on one-year shoots of fruit ripened grapes in order to establish the potential of embryonic establishment of inflorescences in the central holes of buds. Based on the analysis of buds, the indices were calculated for wintering fruiting buds and their degree of damage during the growing season. It was revealed, that the majority of grape varieties under study shows high tab embryonic inflorescences in central buds in overwintering buds for next year yield. Higher rates at a rate of fruiting buds were wintering in the varieties: Moldova (section 27). - 1.66; Bianca (section 6). - 1.83; Kunlean (section 15). - 1.71; Merlot (section 14). - 1.64; Saperavi (section 56). - 1.76. The lowest rates of fructification - the varieties Muscat Hamburg (section 21) and Augustine (section 11) and were respectively 1.20 and 1.24. As a planned productivity, we offered the optimal loading model of cutting bushes buds. As a result of productivity analyzes of buds along the length of the fruit shoots in 2016 we recommended to carry out pruning of fruit annual shoots 3-4 buds of the form of AZOS-1 and the form of cordon - 5-6 buds
163 kb

FOREST DIVISION AND STATUS OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF THE TAMAN PENINSULA

abstract 1341710047 issue 134 pp. 585 – 599 29.12.2017 ru 473
The article presents long-term studies of afforestation on the Taman Peninsula. The directions of improving the ecology of the peninsula are considered by increasing the total biomass of the biogeocenosis of the given region by creating forest plantations, increase of forest cover and involvement of non-generating land in the economic circulation. Practical agro-forest-meliorative aspects of development of a specific category of nonproducing lands are presented. The basic agrotechnical methods are recommended at creation of forest plantations. The analysis of the state of forest plantations on the unique site of the Taman Peninsula is given - it is a tract of Sad Yakhno
764 kb

FORESTRY AND ECONOMICAL EFFICIENCY OF FOREST TENDING ACTIVITIES IN TERMS OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN

abstract 1121508048 issue 112 pp. 657 – 668 30.10.2015 ru 901
On the example of middle-aged and mature valuable forest stands we have brought an assessment of forestry and economic efficiency of various options of silvicultural actions for the reconstruction of invaluable young growths (17 objects with a total area of 102,6 hectares) which was carried out in 1947-1959 and to formation of plantings from subgrowth and young growth of the coniferous breeds kept when carrying out gradual and continuous cabins in 1962-1996 and also from forest cultures (8 objects of 44,9 hectares) for conditions of the coniferous and broad-leaved woods of the Republic of Tatarstan. The results of the researches showed that the best indicators of forestry and economic efficiency of actions of care of the woods by reconstruction are observed in pine plantings at a continuous way: the grown-up wood reserves on a root (346-522 m3/hectare in 55 years) exceed stocks of modal forest stands on 109-288 m3/hectare with economic efficiency within 10625-50659 rub/hectare. Slightly less efficient - larch and spruce plantings at a corridor way of reconstruction. Similar indicators of actions for formation of plantings from subgrowth represent positive results as well: forestry efficiency made from 31 to 208 m3/hectare, economic - within 10584-26846 rub/hectare. Based on the researches we made conclusions, offers and recommendations for practical use in forestry of the Republic of Tatarstan
223 kb

FORMATION OF A UNIFIED SYSTEM OF PLANTING IN VOLZSKY

abstract 0661102002 issue 66 pp. 19 – 28 28.02.2011 ru 1772
The stages of forming a unified system of planting in Volzhskiy are reviewed. Economic mechanism for implementing the proposed activities is statedм
133 kb

FORMATION OF MICROBE-PLANT CONSORTIUMS OF THE RHIZOSPHERE IN ONTOGENESIS OF GRAIN CROPS

abstract 0811207027 issue 81 pp. 377 – 386 30.09.2012 ru 1491
The microbiological composition of the rhizosphere of the soft wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the two-row barley (Hordeum distichon L.) and the sowing oats (Avena sativa) was studied. It is shown, that the total number of the rhizosphere microorganisms changes during the plant growth and development. The specificity of the microbial composition of the three studied cereal crops has been observed
149 kb

FORMATION OF ROOT SYSTEM OF VARIETY-STOCK COMBINATIONS OF SWEET CHERRY IN THE CONDITIONS OF IRRIGATED GARDEN

abstract 0761202074 issue 76 pp. 918 – 930 29.02.2012 ru 1633
There were cited the results of sweet cherry perspective clonal stocks root system study in the conditions of irrigated garden. There were determined the differences of root location on soil horizons. There were revealed the interinfluence of graft and stock on development of root system and character of root location in soil
112 kb

FORMING OF NITROGEN STOCK IN BASIC SUBTYPES OF BLACK SOILS IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 0781204035 issue 78 pp. 402 – 411 30.04.2012 ru 1956
Description of nitrogen stock for black soils of southern and eastern European facies is given in the article. It is ascertained, that the black soil subtypes in the South of Russia have low content of mineral nitrogen (0,4-4,2%) and easily hydrolysable one (6,0-8,3), two times more than that of hard-to- hydrolyze nitrogen (13,4-16,4%), while the main part of nitrogen stock (74,4-78,9%) is found in unhydrolyzable fraction which practically does not participate in farm crop nutrition
136 kb

FORMING SIGN COLLECTION OF ROSE VARIETIES OF CLIMBING TYPE IN THE CENTRAL SUBZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1171603026 issue 117 pp. 420 – 430 31.03.2016 ru 598
The article gives a brief summary on the results of the introduction of rose varieties of climbing type in the central sub-zone of the Krasnodar region. Starting from the year 2000 in our institute a collection of roses from different garden groups, which includes 164 varieties, has been formed. Presently the rose varieties with long stems (from 2.5 m or more) are popular among specialists of landscape industry and floristlovers. Therefore we carry on introductions and study rose varieties of the groups of Rambler and LargeFlowered Climber. Rose varieties with valuable decorative signs, with enhanceable resistance to cold and drought-resistingness are selected. The valuable varieties and sources of the indicated signs are identified. Varieties of Albertine, American Pillar, Devichiy grezy are the sources of bright flower color; Bobbie James, Dorothy Perkins, Duc de Constantine - sources of long (more than 4 meters) of flexible shoots Warthburg - the source of early flowering. Variety New Daun - one of the few varieties of Rambler, which is characterized by re-bloom throughout the growing season in the conditions of the Krasnodar region. The indicative collection of several rose varieties includes the group of Large-Flowered Climber. A variety called Adzhimushkay is a source of large fragrant flowers of bright and early flowering. For the variety of Crimskiy Motive we noted the presence of a valuable feature - long flowering during the dry season (July-August). Flammentanz was included into the collection as one of the most winter resistant varieties of large-flowered. Promising varieties of the series of Super Rambler in the conditions of Krasnodar in the dry season formed short shoots, and flowers were not formed. Rose varieties included into the collection can be considered indicative of "anchor" genotypes, which are valuable for involvement into the selection process
352 kb

FROST RESISTANCE OF CRIMEAN INDIGENOUS GRAPE VARIETIES AND THEIR HYBRIDS

abstract 1171603044 issue 117 pp. 684 – 697 31.03.2016 ru 655
The article highlights the issues of grape plants resistance to low temperatures; it is an urgent problem for all wine-growing regions of the world, located in the zone of risky agriculture. Losses caused by frost, indicate long-standing necessity of perfection of assortment in terms of enhancing its hardiness by enriching more resistant genotypes obtained both through the introduction or naturalization, as well as from the crossing of indigenous with interspecies hybrids. Methodology for evaluating frost resistance properties of the material served as a preparation for the originality of his research and experimental evaluation of the unique divisibility properties of the aim. Thus, we initially conducted hardening of matured cuttings at positive temperature plus 8 plus 4 ° C for 14 days (I quenching phase) and a negative temperature minus 5 ° C-minus 7 ° C for 9 days and minus 10 ° C-1 day (II hardening phase). Then the cuttings we frozen in the temperature range from minus 16 ° C to the next steps of consistent freezing (minus 16 ° C - 2 days; minus 18 ° C - 2 days; minus 20 ° C - 2 days; minus 22 ° C – 1day, minus 24 ° C - 1 day, minus 26 ° C - 1 day, minus 28 ° C - 1 day and minus 30 ° C - 8 hours). After freezing of cuttings of each variety, the sample was placed on the 3 days in the refrigerator at the temperature of + 2 ° C to their gradual thawing. Cuttings were grown at room temperature on water. As a result, obtained by the accounting: the lowest frost-resistance among the studied forms of parental Crimean origins was found in grades of Shabash, Soldayya and Solnechnodolinsky; the varieties of Dzevat kara, Kokur bely, Kokur cherny, Misket, Misgyuli kara, Sari Pandas were set as a weak level (-20 °C); Aybatly, Kefesiya, Kok pandas and Ekim kara have average level up to -22 °C; the highest frost-resistance - 24 °C – was shown by Khersonessky and Kapselsky. Also, we have identified synthetic frost-resistant F1-population and plus-transgressive selection form
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