Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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125 kb

SOIL FERTILITY IN DEPENDENCE ON CROP CULTIVATION

abstract 0350801004 issue 35 pp. 40 – 49 29.01.2008 ru 4195
Results of researches carried out in stationary multi factorial experience, plotted in 1991, were generalized in the article. Different influence of cultivated crops in crop rotation on agro physical properties of active fertile layer of old irrigated leached chernozem was determined on the base of material generalization. Positive role of alfalfa for improvement of agro Physical soil properties were revealed. Quantity of agronomically valuable aggregates and water proof of soil structure are increased because of it.
169 kb

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES DEPENDING ON THEIR MELIORATIVE CONDITION

abstract 1331709110 issue 133 pp. 1249 – 1261 30.11.2017 ru 525
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
168 kb

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES DEPENDING ON THEIR MELIORATIVE CONDITION

abstract 1341710088 issue 134 pp. 1083 – 1095 29.12.2017 ru 422
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
115 kb

SOIL PROTECTIVE SYSTEMS IN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES OF ROSTOV REGION

abstract 0691105009 issue 69 pp. 93 – 102 30.05.2011 ru 1835
The article gives the results of researches carried out on stationary sites of typical agricultural landscapes to register the development of erosion processes. Systems of phytomeliorative and soil protective techniques and methods on shallow gully and gully-field types of agricultural landscapes in southern black soil zone of Rostov region are also proved
138 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF INTRODUCING IN VITRO OF NEW CLONAL ROOTSTOCKS FOR STONE FRUIT CROPS

abstract 1311707042 issue 131 pp. 472 – 478 29.09.2017 ru 698
The article presents the results of the study of the effect of the size of the explant clonal rootstocks for stone fruit crops of the Krymskaya OSS VIR VSL-1, VSL-2, LC-52, RVL-1, RVL-7, VVA-1, AP-1 injected in vitro and concentration vitamins and phytohormones in a nutrient medium on the efficiency of introducing in vitro of these rootstocks. The optimal size of the injected in vitro explant was determined and nutrient medium in the first stage of micropropagation was optimized. The optimal size of the dissected meristem, which provides the maximum percentage of explant initiation is 0.4 mm. The modified version of the nutrient medium based on the Murashige and Skug prescriptions with a reduced content of vitamins B1 0.1 mg / l, B6 0.4 mg / l, PP- 0.4 mg / l, and phytohormone 6-BAP - 0.3 mg / l. at the first stage of cultivation of explants of clonal rootstocks for stone fruit crops is optimal. The survival rate of explants in all tested samples of clonal rootstocks on this modified nutrient medium was in the range of 92.5-97.5%
1581 kb

SOVIET POSTERS IN PROMOTING AGRONOMIC KNOWLEDGE

abstract 1071503097 issue 107 pp. 1493 – 1511 31.03.2015 ru 1050
We attempt to combine professional agronomic knowledge with familiarity with graphic art presented in the form of a poster in the paper. The term "poster" is considered a large loose-leaf edition, combines visual and typographic elements and execute graphic communications. The main idea of the poster is to convey the information to the reader quickly and accurately. In the study of the material we have formed complex scientific and educational resources on the history of agricultural science, including the history of the popularization of agronomic knowledge. In our work, the poster is treated as an object of analysis, as the material of social and cultural analysis and as a tool to gather information on the development of agronomic knowledge through their visualization. In the course "History and methodology of scientific agronomy" one of the competencies of students is familiarity with the methodology popularization of agronomic knowledge, understanding of what is happening. In this regard, an attempt was made to consider the Soviet poster as a source of information on the development of scientific agriculture in the period from 1917 to 1980. The aim was to analyze the main events of this period, elements of the technology of agricultural production, species and varietal diversity of crops, as well as various events in the agricultural sector. The article considers four basic types of posters: promotional, political, instructional, scientific and educational. Each of these types of posters performs its function. The poster covered all stages of agrarian sector of the country, was a historical reflection of the Soviet period and always remained mobile, online and popular art form. Today, his role is small, because it has changed the ways of presenting information. However, its historical role unchanged, he has served as the Foundation of the modern advertising industry, including agronomic knowledge
177 kb

SPECIES COMPOSITION AND EFFICIENCY OF STEPPE MEADOWS IN DEPENDENCE ON THE DIETARY REGIME IN THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA

abstract 1311707057 issue 131 pp. 672 – 683 29.09.2017 ru 298
In the conditions of middle valley of the Lena River on the cryogenic, inundated, cespitose and chernozemic soils different steppe communities differently react on dietary regime. Herb-grass phytocenosis at organic dietary regime is reformed in cereal phytocenosis with the contents of cereals to 76% and bean types 19% of dry basis with productivity to 20 centner of hectare of dry basis. At the same time the efficiency of the improved phytocenosis was on charge exchange energy of 17,3 mega joule of hectare, feed units 1032 and a crude protein of 247 kilo of hectare. The whetgrasses phytocenosis has provided productivity to 19,4 centner of hectare and the content of perevarimy protein in 1 feed unit up to 118 gram. So the most effective for the steppe meadows is using complex fertilizer (humus of 20 tons of hectare + N60P60K60), increasing the productivity twice with a high quality of food
998 kb

SPECIES COMPOSITION OF FUNGI ISOLATED FROM DISEASED VINES VASCULAR NECROSIS

abstract 0661102033 issue 66 pp. 379 – 388 28.02.2011 ru 2261
The article presents the results of studies on the species composition of fungi isolated from seedlings of grapes affected by vascular necrosis
189 kb

SPECIFIC COMPOSITION OF FUNGI OF THE OVER-GROUND PART OF THE WINTER WHEAT AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF ITS ONTOGENY IN STAVROPOL REGION

abstract 0681104011 issue 68 pp. 114 – 126 28.04.2011 ru 1856
The article gives data on the importance of mikro-fundi in the Central part of the Caucasus, causing fungi of leaves and ear
0 kb

SPECIFIC OF AGRO TECHNICAL METHODS OF RICE GROWING IN ROSTOV REGION

abstract 0791205052 issue 79 pp. 705 – 715 31.05.2012 ru 1348
Technological methods of rice cultivation in Rostov region are considered in the article. Broadcast sowing method with rolling down the soil, application of op-timum fertilizer doses before blossoming, water schedule for weed control are recommended. Low rice percentage crop rotation for farms with unsatisfactory financial position and minimum technical equipment are suggested
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