Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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243 kb

THE OUTLOOK FOR SORGHUM IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

abstract 0901306010 issue 90 pp. 135 – 166 30.06.2013 ru 1670
The article gives theoretical and practical justification of sorghum use in animal feeding. The results of the study of organization of forage resources for livestock and poultry with the use of forage sorghum are shown. The ways and directions for the increase of nutritive value and productive effect in the diets for animals and poultry are determined
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THE PATH FOR IMPORT- SUBSTITUTION OF THE USE OF FOREIGN BREED PIGS

abstract 1301706078 issue 130 pp. 1058 – 1065 30.06.2017 ru 366
The extensive path for development in the country in the twentieth century caused low competitiveness of Russian pig production. The productivity of domestic pig production was significantly lower than in Europe, US, Canada and China. Feed costs per 1 kg of gain were 2-3 times higher with a low yield of piglets from a sow per year: 14-16 with an average European 25-27 heads. The country did not have enough meat; as a result, a significant amount of meat products was imported to Russia. Restrictions on imports in connection to the imposition of embargoes contributed to the increase in demand for domestic products and opened new opportunities for Russian producers. One way to increase the production of pork is to use pigs with a high genetic potential for productivity, imported for breeding from Canada and Europe. Based on the conducted studies, it has been established that pigs of foreign breeding have high reproductive qualities, which proves the expediency of their application in commercial pig production to increase the efficiency of the industry development and reduce the import of pedigree youngsters from abroad. The implementation of two breed gilts will help increase productivity in the industrial pig production
440 kb

THE PECULIARITIES OF ORGANOGENESIS OF AN APPLE-TREE AND POSSIBILITIES OF ITS OPTIMIZATION

abstract 0831209056 issue 83 pp. 796 – 813 30.11.2012 ru 2526
This article shows the peculiarities of an apple-tree organogenesis in gardens of intensive type. There was collected the agronomic way directed to the optimization of the given process
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THE PINUS SILVESTRIS USAGE EXPERIENCE WHEN INDUSTRIAL EMBANKEMENT RECULTIVATION OF KURSK MAGNETIK ANOMALY

abstract 0761202031 issue 76 pp. 361 – 372 29.02.2012 ru 1594
In this article, agrochemical properties of the mining rocks at the industrial embankment of Kursk Magnetic Anomaly and pine indices of growth have been analyzed. A conсlusion has been made about the impossibility to grow long-term pine plantation without substrate fertility increase measures
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THE POTENTIAL OF BEANS AND CEREALS GRASS MIXTURE TO DEVELOP HABITAT AT DIFFERENT DEGREES OF NOURISHMENT REGIME IN THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA

abstract 1321708008 issue 132 pp. 81 – 92 31.10.2017 ru 329
In this article, we present the results of the experiments on the potential of productivity and accumulation of the root mass of the Alfalfa and Brome-grass, on the content of the main nourishment elements and the consolidation of gross energy in the roots and agroenergetical effect of the collected gross energy in the conditions of permafrost turf soil of the Middle Lena valley. The maximum productivity potential of beans and cereals grass mixture was reached on the basis of the organic mineral nourishment regime: the collected exchange energy – 21,3 GJ, feed units – 1568 and collected raw proteins – 428 kg per ha. Thus, the content of digestible protein in beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis was increased from 118 to 124 g, that exceeded a zootechnic norm (105 g). In general the nitrogen contained in the total root mass of beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis was up to 26,6 centner per hectare and movable phosphorus- up to 33,6 kg per hectare that can serve as the source of nourishment for sown herbs. The maximal stock of gross energy in roots was got in beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis at organic-mineral degrees (humus of 40 centner per hectare once in 4 years + of N120PK60 annually) up to 157,1 GJ/ha, while the accumulation of the root mass reached 140,3 centner per hectare at average annual rates of accumulation of dry substance up to 24,5 centner per hectare. The processes of formation, decomposition and death of roots in the beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenosis take place almost in a balance state. Wherein the biological factor, as the inclusion of the Yakut yellow variety of the Alfalfa in the grass stand, plays a positive role
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THE PRODUCTIVITY OF PERENNIAL GRASS HERBAGE IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD

abstract 1271703014 issue 127 pp. 246 – 259 31.03.2017 ru 625
The article is devoted to the estimation of the dependence of perennial grass herbage’s productivity on the dose and distribution of nitrogen fertilizers during the vegetation, as well as from the dynamics of the species composition by years of use. It was revealed that for cocksfoot-timothy grass mixture an increase in the rate of nitrogen fertilizer for every 10 kg of active ingredient leads to an increase of yield by 0.27 tons/ha. The selection of components of grass mixtures and rational fertilizer doses forms the herbage which provides a yield of about 7,0-12,0 tons/ha of dry mass and 58,1-99,6 GJ of energy exchange. It is established that competitive relations in grass mixtures are exacerbated with increasing doses of fertilizers. The timothy grass develops successfully in a mixture with the cocksfoot with a low level of mineral nutrition (N80). A high level of mineral nutrition speeds up the formation of single-species herbage - the cocksfoot. Meadow fescue grass provides sustainable yields on medium and high backgrounds of mineral fertilizers in combination with the cocksfoot. Recommendations for a nitrogen dose of more than 200 kg per hectare for fertilizing mixed grass crops with the cocksfoot and about 100 kg per hectare for clover-cereals mixtures without cocksfoot are suggested
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THE PRODUCTIVITY OF WINTER WHEAT DEPENDING ON THE TECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATION AFTER ROW PREDECESSORS ON LEACHED CHERNOZEM (BLACKSOIL) OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1061502023 issue 106 pp. 351 – 365 28.02.2015 ru 1006
The study was conducted in a stationary multivariate experiment at the experimental station of Kuban State Agrarian University during eighteen years. The technology of growing winter wheat was improved by the optimization of norms of fertilizers and plant protection systems for different levels of soil fertility. Totally there were 48 technologies for growing winter wheat after and grain: corn, sunflower, sugar beet, where studied in the experiment. The best combination of high yield (77.2 t / ha) with high quality grain (nature - 789 g / l, the total vitreousness - 60%, -14.2% protein content, gluten content - 29.0%) was found under intense technology. The grain quality meets the requirements for the 2nd class. Similar productivity (yield - 76.4 t / ha, the total vitreousness - 55% protein content - 13.4% gluten content - 27.2%) was obtained in and when grown for its resource-saving technology also. All kinds of technologies for growing winter wheat studied in the experiment were profitable, but resource-saving technology was the most efficient. Net income per hectare under this technology was 31,745 rubles, and a cost of 1 quintal of grain - 284 rubles
447 kb

THE QUALITY OF MERLOT GRAPE AND WINE ON A BACKGROUND OF APPLICATION OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF ANAPA-TAMAN AREA

abstract 1301706090 issue 130 pp. 1236 – 1248 30.06.2017 ru 359
The article reviews the results of studying the influence of mineral fertilizers on the qualitative indices of the Merlot grape variety in the Anapo-Taman zone of the Krasnodar region. The technology of cultivation of grapes on the experimental plot was in accordance with the accepted for the given zone and culture. Agrobiological work was carried out at the optimal time and had a high quality of execution. Grape bushes are laid in a 3.0 x 2.0 m pattern. Formation - a twoshoulder horizontal cordon. On the bushes we formed the same load of shoots and bunches. Scheme of the experiment: option 1 – no fertilizers (control); option 2-superphosphate with a mixture of potassium salt (P90K90) from the autumn; option 3 –nitroammofoska (N120P120K120) from autumn; option 4 – ammonium nitrate (N60) in early spring. Analysis of the results of studies on the study of biological features of growth, fruiting, yield and quality of Merlot grape varieties on the background of the use of mineral fertilizers shows their high efficiency in the conditions of the AnapoTamanskaya zone of the Krasnodar region and can be recommended for use in production conditions. Mineral fertilizers ensures the receipt of dry bulk wine of superior quality control sample (without fertilizers) the concentration of tartaric acid 17.3 25.1 percent, phenolic compounds 17.1 – 40.0 %, and alcohol content of 7.2 and 9.3 %, titratable acids 11.8 and 13.7 %, given extract by 17.4 %, with a decrease of the mass concentration of total sulfur dioxide and pH. The most effective is the introduction of NPK (N120P120K120)
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THE QUALITY OF THE MUSCULAR TISSUE OF YOUNG GEESE

abstract 1301706016 issue 130 pp. 243 – 252 30.06.2017 ru 734
The article presents the materials of research on studying of influence of various levels of crude fat in the complete feed (CF) for the young geese of Lindovskaya breed on chemical composition and organoleptic quality of goose meat. In the experimental groups we increased the concentration of crude fat in the start and finish of the CF to 7.4 % and 6,85 %, respectively. As the lipid supplement, we used sunflower oil. It is established that muscle tissue of geese, consuming finishing CF with sunflower oil, has a more pronounced taste, odour, tenderness and juiciness. We may highlight the tendency to increase the proportion of monounsaturated oleic acid, in the background of the decrease of specific weight of palmitic acid in the fat muscle 60 day goslings who received the start and finish of CFs with the addition of sunflower oil
549 kb

THE RESEARCH OF HAPLOTYPE DEVERSITY OF RUSSIA ABORIGINAL GRAPE VARIETIES

abstract 0611007033 issue 61 pp. 409 – 431 24.09.2010 ru 1936
In the article we have studied 55 aboriginal varieties, collected in the North Caucasus. We have described allelic diversity and identified four haplotypes. All the populations were closely related while being examined using a factor of Nei's genetic distance (Dn), with the exception of indigenous varieties of Armenia. Maximum differences have been found between the Uzbek population and Astrakhan, Turkmenian, Armenian populations. The most genetically rich were the population of Don area and Krasnodar region
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