Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Koshchayev Andrey Georgiyevich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 31

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335 kb

ECONOMIC-BIOLOGICAL FEATURES AND EXTERIOR MAINTENANCE OF YOUNG CATTLE IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1051501064 issue 105 pp. 1046 – 1074 30.01.2015 ru 524
In the Krasnodar region there is a unique gene pool of animals both for dairy and meat. To assess the heifers the authors formed five experimental groups of animals, the most common species in the region. The authors studied the main economic, biological and exterior features: live weight, measurements, assessment of the exterior. The studies found that among intensive species with the largest body weight throughout the growing period, in 8-month old Charolais heifers superior Simmental ones at 17.4 kg. In one year old Simmental heifers were 9.2 kg (R˂0,05) ahead of Charolais and in 15 months – 10 kg (R˂0,05). Over the entire period of growth the highest rates of relative growth rates of heifers were obtained by red steppe breed type named Kuban, which had an advantage over the Aberdeen-Angus – 19.1%, Charolais – 5.6%, Hereford – 6.2%, and the difference between them and Simmental weren’t fixed. When growing, the animals become less tall, more stretched, wide and massive. We have noted that during the period of cultivation we had increased indices: stretch (9% – Red Steppe, 13.8% – Charolais, 16.1% – Hereford); chest (5.4% Aberdeen Angus). This reduces the index of long legs of red steppe – 5.6%, 10.9% for Charolais. The study of linear growth of animals confirms that the animal meat breeds of live weight increase was due to the extension of the body and increase the width of the pelvis and chest. Some different facts were observed in heifers of Red Steppe breed. For them, the most characteristic increase in the width of the chest was 1.44 times, as well as increasing the depth of the chest and chest girth behind the shoulders
295 kb

EFFICACY OF SUPRANOL AND UTEROTON IN PREVENTION OF ACUTE POSTPARTUM ENDOMETRITIS IN COWS

abstract 1501906003 issue 150 pp. 0 – 0 28.06.2019 ru 78
The article reflects information characterizing the significance of mastitis and endometritis in the indicator of premature disposal of cows from herds of large farms in the western regions of the Krasnodar region: an average of 30% of the total culling of cows. The effectiveness of veterinary measures in Pravoberezhny JSC of the Temryuk district for mastitis and endometritis in cows was assessed: 81-95%; fertilization index value ‒ 1.8; the duration of the service period exceeds the requirements by 20 days. The studies the nature of the influence of the drugs called Sepranol and Uteroton on the calving process and the occurrence of postpartum complications in cows from the herd, which was formed with violation of breeding principles. The use of the drugs Uteroton and Sepranol contributed to a 50% decrease in the calving index in calving cows by 50% compared with the results of the combined use of estrophan and oxytocin. The use of Uteroton reduced the damage from the lack of milk by 87880 rubles, and the use of Sepranol - by 171164 rubles. We have given practical recommendation on the use of Uteroton and Sepranol for veterinary effects on the body of cows in the early postpartum period in order to reduce the occurrence of complications
229 kb

EXPERIENCE AND PROSPECTS OF SEXING SEMEN FOR CATTLE OF DAIRY COWS IN THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1011407060 issue 101 pp. 953 – 967 30.09.2014 ru 1356
The article is an analysis of the results of three years of work with sexing sperm in one of the two farms of the Kuban region which have implemented this tech-nology
211 kb

EXPERIENCE OF USING NATURAL MINERAL COMPOUNDS FOR METABOLIC DISORDERS IN CATTLE

abstract 1241610069 issue 124 pp. 1065 – 1084 30.12.2016 ru 366
In this study we show the results of the use of natural mineral compounds in metabolic disorders in cattle-breeding complexes of industrial type. According to official data for 2013-2015, based on the biochemical analysis of blood of cattle, that was held in some farms of Samara region, significant metabolic disorders were determined due to decrease in total protein level on 31,5% in average, decrease in alkali reserve – on 26,9% of samples, decrease in calcium concentration – on 40,7%, decrease of the phosphorus – on 8,1%, decrease in carotene – on 81,7% and glucose – on 84,3% of studies. Clinical examination of herd revealed a high level of animals with obvious signs of mineral metabolism disorders (osteodystrophy and rickets of alimentary origin) and comorbidity (nutritional anemia, gastroenteritis, pneumonia, disturbance of protein, carbohydrate and vitamin metabolism, and others). The use of complex natural compounds improves the efficiency of the traditional complex of treatment and prophylaxis, causing an increase in the total concentration of calcium in the blood serum on 10-55%, increase in calcium-phosphorus ratio till 1,27-2,3, increase in annual growth rate of young animals’ body weight on 8,2-44,8%, increase in milk production on 5,9-16,3%. Preparations have an antianemic action, normalize indicators of micronutrient metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates, enhance non-specific resistance factors and prevent the development of non-contagious internal pathology
387 kb

FRACTIONATION OF LUCERNE JUICE TO OBTAIN FEED ADDITIVES

abstract 0941310062 issue 94 pp. 918 – 941 27.12.2013 ru 739
The article provides an overview of the results of experimental works of the authors on the use of different methods of fractionation of Lucerne juice to obtain feed additives
249 kb

FUNCTION FEED ADDITIVE OF CAROTE-NOID VEGETABLE RAW MATERIALS FOR POULTRY

abstract 0931309079 issue 93 pp. 1165 – 1184 30.11.2013 ru 869
The article is concerned with the use of functional feed additives from pumpkin fruits and alfalfa juice for the poultry industry. In the study of laying hen it has been found that the use of a feed additive in-creased pumpkin paste content in serum and egg yolk carotenoids is more than two times, and the concentration of vitamin A in these tissues increased slightly, not exceeding 20%. Livability and productivity of poultry increased and average expendable fodder per head per day decreased. Economic calculation showed that the use of pumpkin paste reduces the cost of production of eggs. The use of alfalfa juice coagulates in diets for broiler chickens resulted in an increase in the concentration of carotene in the liver by 22,7-46,8% relative to control. The juice addition also increased the content of vitamin A in the liver by 27.9%, increase the safety and efficiency of the bird. The authors draw certain conclusions from experiment results that the use of functional additives in poultry from the fruit of pumpkin and alfalfa juice is an alternative to synthetic vitamin preparations and produce a more environmentally friendly products
574 kb

INTENSIFICATION OF THE CULTIVATION PROCESS OF PHYSIOLOGICALLY-ADAPTED LACTOBACILLI AS A BASIS FOR THE CREATION OF BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS OF MICROBIAL ORIGIN FOR POULTRY BREEDING

abstract 1281704076 issue 128 pp. 1101 – 1114 28.04.2017 ru 193
The work was done in the research laboratory of the department of Biotechnology, Biochemistry and Biophysics of Kuban State Agrarian University, the aim of which was to select the most appropriate nutrient medium for maximum growth of lactic acid microorganism growth. The object of the study was its own microflora of gastrointestinal tract of quails ‒ Lactobacillus agilis, Lactobacillus intermedius and Lactobacillus salivarius. As a nutrient substrate there were used 4 of the nutrient media: the medium for lactic acid bacteria (city Uglich), the melasse-autolysis medium, the glucose-peptone medium and the MRS. During the cultivation of the microflora of the variable parameters were the time and temperature of cultivation. During the cultivation of microflora the time and the temperature of growing were the variable parameters. In the process of growing there was carried out the analysis of dynamics of consumption of reducing substances and titers of microorganisms. According to the results of growing of microbial cultures there was revealed the active consumption of carbon substrate in used variants of nutrient media, and it was found that there was observed the maximum of cells to 24 h of cultivation. On the basis of carried out results of cultivation on different media and at different parameters there was determined that the most titer of cells was reached to 24 h at the temperature 38,0 °С on the melasse-autolysis medium. So, the melasse-autolysis medium can be recommended in production conditions as the cheaper substrate at the further development of biological preparations for poultry breeding
311 kb

MODELING REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF BREEDING PIGS

abstract 1141510076 issue 114 pp. 1004 – 1020 30.12.2015 ru 634
The article contains the experience of the development of the methodology and the computer program for calculation of regional and local systems of pigs hybridization at the example of the Rostov region (Russia). Crossing the GP lines for F1 should be organized in multiplier farm, which may be separate farms and to be part of large commercial farms. For the production of F1 in a multiplier farm, we must breed a purebred specialized paternal and a maternal line, selected on the effect of combining ability. For the successful functioning of the system of hybridization, it is necessary to build a genetic pyramid, including breeding and genetic centers (nucleus farm), multiplier farm, reproducing the baseline. The article gives a detailed calculation of sow population of levels of P, GP, GGP for maternal and paternal breeds of pigs. The program uses user-defined parameters of pigs productivity, of the simulated population, and the parameters characterizing the intensity of selection of young animals. To ensure annual production of 1,822 million pigs in the Rostov region it is necessary to provide the availability of brood stock in the amount of 89 thousand heads, 6 800 heads in the structure of grandparent flocks (GP), 730 heads in the structure of the Grand-Grand-parent stock (GGP), excluding sows second maternal and paternal breeds
803 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF I-FORMS OF PF-RELATED BACTERIOPHAGES IN PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA PAOI LYZATES BY EXTRACTS OF EUROPEAN BIZON’S FEKALIA

abstract 1491905036 issue 149 pp. 0 – 0 31.05.2019 ru 44
In this work, we have found shortened particle forms of the filamentous bacteriophage Pf, when the lysis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 strain was induced by extracts of bison feces to study the intestinal bacteriophages of this animal. The sizes of the shortened particles from 250 to 950 nm and their thickness 17 nm were determined. The particles had a slightly pointed one end and sometimes a flag on the other extended end. The particles were formed in the process lysis of this strain by other bacteriophages. These lysates also contained a high concentration of vesicles from the pseudomonad membrane. The article discusses the mechanisms of prophage induction in the Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 strain due to phage-phage induction and substances of the investigated extract
163 kb

PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECT OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE ON QUAIL ORGANISM

abstract 0901306031 issue 90 pp. 488 – 502 30.06.2013 ru 1125
The article covers the study of the influence of sodium hypochlorite different concentrations on the quail organism in various schemes of its application
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