Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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124 kb

DETERMINATION OF OPTIMAL SEEDING RATES OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF WINTER TRITICALE

abstract 0911307037 issue 91 pp. 563 – 573 30.09.2013 ru 1103
The results of experiments on defining the optimum seeding rate of different varieties of winter triticale are reviewed in this article. The influence seeding rate on yield and grain quality of winter triticale has been investigated
232 kb

DEVELOPING LOW TEMPERATURE SOURCE LOCAL HEATING FOR PIGLETS

abstract 1081504056 issue 108 pp. 761 – 778 30.04.2015 ru 1132
During the research, we have developed a low-temperature zonal heating panels with an infrared emitter to create a local microclimate for piglets in the suckling period. This heater is lightweight and durable frame in the form of an inverted box size 400 mm x 1800 mm, attached to the wall of the building swivel. Top frame mounted thermostat is connected to a temperature sensor mounted directly on a metal plate with a thickness of 1 mm, painted in black color. In the upper part of the inner carcass layer is a light insulating material, which is located directly under the low-temperature heat source is electric. Study of the optimal size of the heating panel revealed that in view of the limitations associated with the area of the machine and biological characteristics of the optimum size of the sow for 11 piglets are: width – 400 mm; length – 1500 mm (at ventral position) and 1800 mm (lateral position). Comparison of different heating sources for piglets revealed that the use of infrared lamps enables newborn piglets seating area by 55.6%, while in 28 days – by 88.9%. Infrared lamps can not completely meet the recommended specifications as to ensure a more intense heat lamp to be lowered towards the floor surface, which leads to a reduction in the useful area heated. Using as a source of local heating mats and low-temperature panels satisfies pigs in the area of the den in the early suckling period at 138.9 and 200.0%, to weaning, respectively – by 48.5 and 65.5%. Thus, we have developed a low-temperature heating panels contributed to a more uniform distribution of heat in a recreation area of suckling piglets and to provide a comfortable environment at temperatures of 2-3 C lower in comparison with other methods of heating
4917 kb

DEVELOPING OF INSIDE GENE MOLECULAR MARKERS OF RICE FOR INCREASING OF BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION PROCESSES EFFICIENCY

abstract 0671103019 issue 67 pp. 283 – 292 30.03.2011 ru 2080
Molecular markers for allele identification of breeding important rice genes Pi-ta (blast resistance) and Rc (red pericarp) have been created. Their efficiency is also checked
115 kb

DEVELOPING THE ELEMENTS OF THE MAN-AGEMENT METHOD FOR A MELIORATIVE CONDITION OF RICE FIELDS

abstract 0811207008 issue 81 pp. 94 – 103 30.09.2012 ru 1664
In the article, the estimation of the influence of a cul-tivation of rice on the land-reclamation condition of the soils of the rice irrigating system is made. The rea-sons of decreasing of the land-reclamation conditions of the soils of the rice irrigating system are established. The innovative way of the cultivation of rice culture and the results of its introduction are described
197 kb

DEVELOPMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OF A NEW PROBIOTIC FODDER ADDITIVE ON THE BASIS OF FUNCTIONAL MICROFLORA IN A RECEIPT OF FORMULA FEED FOR A QUAIL

abstract 0911307073 issue 91 pp. 1050 – 1069 30.09.2013 ru 1357
The article brings to light a research dedicated to the influence of a new probiotic fodder additive “Promomix” and its tradable counterpart “Probiolact” on a quail organism
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DEVELOPMENT OF COMPOSITION OF PARAFFIN - WAX PROTECTIVE COATINGS FOR PRESOWING PROCESSING OF WINTER WHEAT SEEDS

abstract 1261702058 issue 126 pp. 832 – 843 28.02.2017 ru 388
We have proposed the method of presowing processing of seeds of winter wheat using a hydrophobic paraffin-wax system of the new composition. Water protected paraffinceresin coating has been used before for storage of garlic. However, the paraffin coating were not applied to wheat seeds and were not investigated their effect on germination, growth and further development of plants of winter wheat. This work has been done for the first time. The ceresin wax is replaced by sunflower wax. New component composition of the hydrophobic waterproof coating winter wheat seeds: sunflower wax – 15-20 % wt .; paraffin – all the rest of it. Sunflower wax is a surfaceactive substance and has the properties of the plasticizer and the dispersant of the dispersed structure of the paraffin. The advantages of this coating: it protects the seeds from moisture loss, regulates the timing of their germination, contributes to the preservation of accumulated nutrients, and enhances plant growth and development; it increases the yield of wheat. In the field, we have set growth stimulating ability of paraffin-wax coating of winter wheat seeds of variety called Charade. The resulting increase in yield was 20% (control of 52.6 с / ha), while maintaining the quality of grain. This use of sunflower wax solves an important environmental problem – disposal of oilseed production waste
284 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY-RIPENING WHITE CABBAGE VARIETIES IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1231609101 issue 123 pp. 1488 – 1497 30.11.2016 ru 392
Early-ripening white cabbage has a special place among the vegetables cultivated in the Kuban region. It opens the pipeline of vegetables from the open ground and is supplied to other regions at a time when shortage of vegetables of domestic production is felt the most. Modern producer requirements to domestic hybrids are the highest - product quality, uniformity and productivity should not concede to foreign analogues. Ways to improve the quality of early ripening hybrids: development of lines based on modern foreign hybrids, high uniformity of lines by morphological and economic traits. Development of male sterile lines and dihaploid lines in culturein vitro can more successfully solve the problem of quality of early ripening hybrids. The use of the above methods and approaches helped develop series of inbred lines - gene sources for complex agronomic traits. On the vase of obtained lines promising earlyripening hybrids were developed. One of the hybrids, Ritsa F1, entered the State register of breeding achievements. Advantages of the hybrid: earliness, uniformity and high marketability of heads, high productivity. According to results of contest trial new hybrid Milana F1 is passed for State trial, this hybrid has high productivity potential for growing in sale cropping. Both hybrids were produced with the participation of male sterile line Dt46f, resistant to fusarium. High quality seeds of these hybrids were produced in a greenhouse in direct crop for a wide industrial and environmental testing
285 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY-RIPENING WHITE CABBAGE VARIETIES IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1241610065 issue 124 pp. 1010 – 1019 30.12.2016 ru 416
Early-ripening white cabbage has a special place among the vegetables cultivated in Kuban region. It opens the pipeline of vegetables from the open ground and is supplied to other regions at a time when shortage of vegetables of domestic production is felt the most. Modern producer requirements to domestic hybrids are the highest - product quality, uniformity and productivity should not concede to foreign analogues. Ways to improve the quality of early ripening hybrids: development of lines based on modern foreign hybrids, high uniformity of lines by morphological and economic traits. Development of male sterile lines and dihaploid lines in culture in vitro can more successfully solve the problem of quality of early ripening hybrids. The use of the above methods and approaches helped develop series of inbred lines - gene sources for complex agronomic traits. On the vase of obtained lines promising earlyripening hybrids were developed. One of the hybrids, Ritsa F1, entered the State register of breeding achievements. Advantages of the hybrid: earliness, uniformity and high marketability of heads, high productivity. According to results of contest trial new hybrid Milana F1 is passed for State trial, this hybrid has high productivity potential for growing in sale cropping. Both hybrids were produced with the participation of male sterile line Dt46f, resistant to fusarium. High quality seeds of these hybrids were produced in a greenhouse in direct crop for a wide industrial and environmental testing
155 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF MICROFLORA IN APPLE ROOT RHIZOSPERE WHEN FERTILIZING

abstract 1111507094 issue 111 pp. 1446 – 1459 30.09.2015 ru 939
The problem of environmental safety of agricultural products and agro-technical measures is very urgent now. Various agrochemicals are widely used in agricultural production: plant protection preparations, fertilizers, stimulants and plant growth regulators, etc. One possible solution of this problem may be a partial replacement of mineral fertilizers by bacterial ones. The aim of our research was to determine the effect of different fertilizers and methods of their application on the quantity of microorganisms in the apple root rhizosphere soil. The research was carried out according to conventional methods. In our experiment, we determined the number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the roots of apple trees, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the leaves; hydrolysable nitrogen, available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium in soil and crop yield. The highest yield was obtained by fertigation in our research. Application bacterial fertilizer to the soil ensured yield increase at the level of mineral fertilizer application. Application of fertilizers in general, in the studied application rates provided optimum level of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content in the leaves and soil. By use of fertigation and bacterial fertilizers were high and relatively stable numbers of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the apple trees. The number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere had a positive correlation with yield and the content of nutrients in soil and in leaves
727 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIPLEX DNA-MARKER SET FOR IDENTIFICATION OF RICE BLAST RESISTANCE GENES Pi -40 AND Pi-b

abstract 0941310019 issue 94 pp. 252 – 263 27.12.2013 ru 1149
Multiplex DNA-marker set for PCR identification for rice blast resistance genes Pi-40 and Pi-b was developed in this study. Optimal primers combinations and PCR conditions allows to identify both abovementioned genes in the single PCR
.