Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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663 kb

NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY IN THE SORGHUM GRAIN AND GRAIN OF CHICKPEA IN THE DIETS OF AYRSHIRE COWS

abstract 1111507074 issue 111 pp. 1167 – 1179 30.09.2015 ru 963
The article has scientifically substantiated and experimentally proved high efficacy of using sorghum grain and chickpea grain in the diets of cows of Ayrshire breed. It has also shown their influence on the productivity, digestibility and utilization of nutrients of diets
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CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE TRAITS OF VARIETIES AND LINES OF WINTER (SOFT) WHEAT SOWN AFTER PEAS AS A PREDECESSOR

abstract 1111507076 issue 111 pp. 1191 – 1199 30.09.2015 ru 1082
The researchers of the institute are studying adaptive power of 17 varieties and 6 lines of winter wheat sown after peas using various methods of assessment of their adaptive properties. During the years of study (2012-2014) we found out that environmental conditions which account for 78% have the greatest effect on the trait ‘grain productivity’ in the formation of the yield. The share of genes accounts for 9,7%, the specific correlation ‘geno type x environment’ accounts for 10% which allow calculating adaptive properties. It has been defined that productivity of winter soft wheat changed a lot due to growing conditions and characteristics of varieties. The productivity ranged from 38,7 c/ha (‘Garant’ in 2014) to 76,5 c/ha 9’Lilit’ in 2013). The study found out that the varieties ‘Stanichnaya’, ‘Asket’ and ‘Lilit’ possess the highest response to cultivation with bi=1,15; bi=1,18 and bi=1,25 respectively. The varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’, the lines ‘430/07’, ‘260/09’ and 771/09’ possess a high adaptive ability and productivity with 111%, 105%, 108%, 105% and 106% respectively. The study of adaptive properties of winter soft wheat varieties gives an opportunity to distinguish adaptive, stress tolerant varieties with plasticity according to the primary structural elements which form productivity. The varieties ‘Asket’ and ‘Lidiya’ are characterized with high response to cultivation in different environmental conditions. The varieties ‘Lidiya’ and ‘Kapitan’ belong to adaptive cultivars. The varieties ‘Kapitan’, ‘Krasa Dona’ and the line ‘234/07’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘grain productivity’; the varieties ‘Kapitan’, ‘Krasa Dona’, ‘Lilit’ and the line ‘771/09’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘number of seeds per a ear’; the varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’ and the line ‘771/09’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘weight of seeds per a ear’
134 kb

INFLUENCE OF GREEN MANURE AND INTERCROPPING CULTURES IN THE CHAIN OF IRRIGATED CROP ROTATION ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF VEGETABLE CROPS

abstract 1111507082 issue 111 pp. 1289 – 1298 30.09.2015 ru 851
The article presents the results for the study of productivity and quality of vegetable crops in irrigated chains of crop rotation by using intermediate and green manure crops. The greatest number of units of grain produced in the first variant of the experiment, where in a part of crop rotation cultivated sweet corn, mustard as a green manure for potato and onion planting summer planting seeds in the ground and reached 37.4 tons of grain units. The infection of potato tubers with complex disease was lowest at the control variant and compose 11 %. The highest infection with diseases of potatoes fixed at the intermediate and without the use of Side-General culture and was 18 %, which is 63.6 % more than the control options. When we are using intermediate crops diseases of onion increased by 7,7–15,4 % in case of green manure using. When you include treatment of the soil under the previous culture it was the largest infest with diseases and was 16–17 %, which is by 23.1 and 30.8 % higher than in the control variant. Based on these results, we can conclude that the use of green manure crops and intermediates more favorable effect both on the productivity of the subsequent crops or the quality and marketability
158 kb

ASSESSMENT OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF PAMYAT SIMIRENKO PEACH VARIETIES ON VVA-1 CLONAL ROOTSTOCK DEPENDING ON THE FORMING CROWN

abstract 1111507084 issue 111 pp. 1314 – 1324 30.09.2015 ru 936
The article considers the results of the evaluation of the photosynthetic activity of peach trees in intensive plantations on clonal rootstock VVA-1 in the formation of improved cupped spindle-shaped crown. It is established that in the formation of spindle-shaped crown all the parts of it have just the right lighting, the leaves contain more chlorophyll, they are more specific and have real productivity
321 kb

INFLUENCE OF VARIETAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPES AND THE NATURE OF ALCOHOL AGENT ON LIQUEUR WINE QUALITY

abstract 1111507087 issue 111 pp. 1356 – 1366 30.09.2015 ru 895
The studies revealed that the application of spirits as a strength agent of 91.0 - 96.6% in special wines contained more vitamin-like substances than wine, alcoholized with double-distilled water with 75% alcohol concentration. The highest marks for tasting wines were given to the options made with the use of rectified grain origin alcohol as an agent of alcohol. Application of double-distilled water wine leads to accumulation of unnecessarily high undesirable groups of compounds such as methanol and fusel oil, thereby reducing the quality of the wine. Organoleptic parameters were the best for selection of wines from Anapa ZOSViV - Dionysus and Krasnostop EPA, as well as - Cabernet Sauvignon. We can conclude that for the production of high-quality red dessert wines we need, along with the classic varieties, wider use of new autochthonous varieties using alcohol agents of rectified grain origin
155 kb

EVALUATION OF RICE VARIETIES, VARIETY SAMPLE ON BIOCHEMICAL, AMYLOGRAPHIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CARYOPSIS IN ORDER TO DEVELOP INTEGRATED QUALITY PATTERN

abstract 1111507091 issue 111 pp. 1404 – 1415 30.09.2015 ru 1361
In this article, the results of the research of quality characteristics of Russian rice varieties were observed
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DEVELOPMENT OF MICROFLORA IN APPLE ROOT RHIZOSPERE WHEN FERTILIZING

abstract 1111507094 issue 111 pp. 1446 – 1459 30.09.2015 ru 897
The problem of environmental safety of agricultural products and agro-technical measures is very urgent now. Various agrochemicals are widely used in agricultural production: plant protection preparations, fertilizers, stimulants and plant growth regulators, etc. One possible solution of this problem may be a partial replacement of mineral fertilizers by bacterial ones. The aim of our research was to determine the effect of different fertilizers and methods of their application on the quantity of microorganisms in the apple root rhizosphere soil. The research was carried out according to conventional methods. In our experiment, we determined the number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the roots of apple trees, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the leaves; hydrolysable nitrogen, available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium in soil and crop yield. The highest yield was obtained by fertigation in our research. Application bacterial fertilizer to the soil ensured yield increase at the level of mineral fertilizer application. Application of fertilizers in general, in the studied application rates provided optimum level of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content in the leaves and soil. By use of fertigation and bacterial fertilizers were high and relatively stable numbers of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the apple trees. The number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere had a positive correlation with yield and the content of nutrients in soil and in leaves
379 kb

ALLOCATION OF HYDROLYABLE NITROGEN IN THE SOIL ROOT ZONE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRIP IRRIGATION AND FERTIGATION IN THE INTENSIVE APPLE ORCHARD

abstract 1111507095 issue 111 pp. 1460 – 1473 30.09.2015 ru 929
Nitrogen supply of soils is an important factor in the successful cultivation of agricultural crops. Nowadays, in the Central Black Earth region there are planted orchards with high density of trees, with installed systems of drip irrigation and fertigation. Such orchards are relatively new, particularly in this region. Fertigation ambiguous effects on soil structure and its content of nutrients, especially hydrolysable nitrogen. Therefore, the study of the distribution of hydrolysable nitrogen in the soil under the influence of fertigation and drip irrigation is important. The aim of our research was to investigate the distribution hydrolysable nitrogen in the root soil layers 0-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-80 cm. Investigations were carried out according to conventional methods. In these layers of the soil, we have determined the content of hydrolysable nitrogen and yield. As a result, we have found that in variants with fertigation were the highest yield. In addition, with fertigation it was noted higher content of hydrolysable nitrogen in the soil as compared with the control without irrigation, especially in the deep layers 21-40; 41-60 and 61-80 cm. It was also noted increase of hydrolysable nitrogen in the soil along the periphery of the wetting
228 kb

INFLUENCE OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON THE NUTRITIOUS MODE OF THE SOIL, PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF ROOT CROPS OF SUGAR BEET

abstract 1111507107 issue 111 pp. 1640 – 1654 30.09.2015 ru 879
In the technology of cultivation of sugar beet the significant role is allocated for system of fertilizer. The research problem included studying of influence of various norms and combinations of mineral fertilizers on productivity and quality of this culture. In 2012-14 the stationary field experiment with sugar beet of a grade of "Nero" on an experienced field of department of agrochemistry in educational economy "Kuban" was put and made. Studying of the nutritious mode of the soil is one of the most important questions of determination of effectiveness of fertilizers. Researches showed that the application of double doses of nitrogenous, phosphoric and potash fertilizers, and also the complete fertilizer in double and threefold dose on the chernozem lixivious, has essential positive impact on the maintenance of like elements of a mineral delivery, providing the favorable food mode during body height and cultural development. Fertilizers promoted more intensive intake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in plants of sugar beet. The maximal maintenance of these elements is observed in a phase of clamping of rows. In experience the good harvest of sugar beet was received. Average productivity made about 450 c he (the increase makes ot13,6% to 77,4%). The maximal productivity of root crops is received at importation of N80P80K80 and N120P120K120 also made 620,3 and 633,3 c/he. Our researches showed that sugar content of root crops by options of experience fluctuated from 14,0 to 18,7%. The best results are received in options with importation of N80P80K80 - in these options sugar content made 18,7%.Thus, optimum conditions for sugar beet are created at importation of the complete mineral fertilizer at the rate of N80P80K80
149 kb

APPLICATION OF GRADE "A" LIGNOHUMATES IN THE TECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATION GRAPES OF SAPERAVI TECHNICAL VARIETIES

abstract 1111507112 issue 111 pp. 1701 – 1712 30.09.2015 ru 1068
The article reviews the results of the study of the influence of lignohumates of the grade "A" («LG- АМ», «LG-А super BIO», «LG-А super L») on the grape vines treatment of the Saperavi variety on the quality must and wine in the Anapо- Taman zone of the Krasnodar region. The technology of the cultivation of grapes on the experimental plot corresponded to the adopted in the JSC "Victory" of Temryuk District, and was accepted for keeping of fruit-bearing plantations area of non-covered viticulture. Agrobiological works were carried out at the optimum time and were of high quality type. Vines of the third year of life, embodied by the scheme in 3,0 x 1,5 m. The forming was a one-sided Guyot with a height of 60 cm in trunk. There was formed the same load by shoots and clusters on the shoots. The treatment of leaf surface bushes with the solutions of lignohumates were conducted twice: 1st - before flowering and 2 nd at the beginning of the formation of berries (20 days after the first one). The spraying was carried out in the early morning hours. The accounting for the grape harvest and sampling to determine the quality of must and wine (10 kg each variant) was conducted in September 20, 2012. Technological and physical-chemical analyzes were carried out in the shop micro winemaking and accredited testing laboratory of grape processing of the SSI NCZSRIHV of RAAS. Preparations "LG-B Bio", "LG-B Super Bio" and "LG-B Super A" as grape plant growth regulators have equal and stable effect
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