Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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334 kb

TITANIUM IN THE WESTERN CAUCASUS LEACHED CHERNOZEM

abstract 1121508126 issue 112 pp. 1740 – 1749 30.10.2015 ru 1056
The article presents results of studying total content of titanium in both not fertilized and systematically fertilized black leached soil. Science-based system of fertilizer crop rotation allows solving problems of sufficient balance of nutrients in the system of "soilplant-fertilizer", increasing the quantity and improving the quality of the crop. At the same time, their application is active influence on the natural environment. In the soil, there is an input of a large set of chemical elements come along with fertilizers. In addition, due to their physiological pH or alkalinity, fertilizers are capable to affect the physical and chemical properties of the soil. The use of mineral fertilizers in scientifically based doses on the fields of crop rotation for 33 years virtually has no impact on the content of titanium in leached Chernozem. In the arable layer its number increased only by 2.1 %, and in subsurface - it is the same as in the crop without fertilizer. Enrichment of topsoil with titanium is due to desilication of rocks during weathering. Due to the low solubility of titanium minerals, they remain in the place longer, and therefore, the content of the element in the soil increases. As you know, fertilizers applied to the fields of crop rotation, increase the intensity of the biological cycle of substances and thereby enhance the process of destruction of the parent rocks
268 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE PREPARATION CASLLED “VYMPEL” AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS OF NEW GENERATION ON OF SAPERAVI VARIETY

abstract 1111507026 issue 111 pp. 461 – 488 30.09.2015 ru 905
The article presents the results of the studies on the effect of the processing of grape variety Saperavi with a growth regulator called Vimpel with water soluble and foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium silicon, both in pure form and in a tank mixture. Processing of bushes was performed three times: after flowering, growth phase of berries (berry of a pea), the beginning of ripening berries. We used Vimpel drug and foliar fertilizers such as Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium-silicon, both in pure form and in conjunction with Vimpel; it led to a significant increase in weight of the bunch, bush crop and planting yields. The smallest yield increase was provided by Vimpel. However, the combined use of this drug on a background of Kelik silicon- potassium foliar fertilizer and Nutrivant plus led to a greater increase in yield from the bush than when used fertilizers only. Processing of bushes by Vimpel in combination with a foliar application of Kelik potassium-silicon not only led to a significant increase in crop yields from the bush and plantations, but in two cases of the three it contributed to a significant increase of the mass concentration of sugars in the juice of berries. Using Vimpel, together with Nutrivant plus foliar application for two years out of three promoted maximize yields (23.4 and 18.4%) with a decrease in sugar content, and in one year - an increase in the harvest of 10.4%, with a significant increase in mass sugar concentration (1.92 g / 100 cm3 or 9.2%). Thus, the processing of Saperavi grapes with a growth regulator called Vimpel and water soluble foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium and silicon is an effective method of increasing the yield and quality of Saperavi grapes
169 kb

QUALITY OF GRAPES AND WINE OF SAPERAVI DUE TO APPLICATION OF LIGNOHUMATES OF THE GRADE "В"

abstract 1111507028 issue 111 pp. 504 – 519 30.09.2015 ru 902
There was given the review of the results of the study in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman zone of the Krasnodar region of the influence of the treatment of vines of Saperavi of lignohumates of the grade "В" (“LG-B Bio”, “LG-B Best Bio”, “LG- Best L”) on the quality of must and wine materials. The technology of the grape cultivation on the experimental plot corresponded to the adopted technology which is used in the JSC "Pobeda" of Temryuk District and was widely accepted for the keeping of fruit-bearing plantations of the zone of uncovered viticulture. Agrobiological works were carried out at the optimum terms and were of high quality. Vines of the third- year of life, embodied by the scheme in 3,0 x 1,5 m. The forming is a one-sided Guyot with a height of the trunk in 60 cm. On bushes there was formed the same load shoots and clusters. There were carried out the treatments of grape leaf surfaces by the solutions of lignohumates twice: the 1st – before the flowering and the 2 nd in the beginning of the formation of berries (in 20 days after the first one). The spraying was carried out in the early morning hours. The accounting of the grape harvest and the sampling for the determination of the quality of must and wine materials (10 kg per each type) was conducted in September 20, 2012. The technological and physical-chemical analyses were carried out in the shop of mini winemaking and in the accredited testing laboratory of the grape processing of the scientific center of the winemaking SCSRIHGG of the RAAS. The preparations "LG-B Bio", "LG-B Super Bio" and "LG-B Best A" as grape growth regulators have the equal and stable effect
208 kb

INTERRELATION OF VARIOUS FORMS OF COMPOUNDS HEAVY METALS IN AN ARABLE LAYER OF EARTH AND THEIR ACCUMULATION IN GRAIN OF WINTER CROPS

abstract 1111507042 issue 111 pp. 737 – 757 30.09.2015 ru 904
In the article we consider the influence of agricultural technologies of cultivation of winter crops on existence of various forms of heavy metals in an arable layer of earth in the conditions and their accumulation in grain production. The gross content of compounds of copper in an arable layer of black leached soil is above background values (maximum concentration limit 1,5-1,7), a share of the fixed connections makes 75 %. The gross content of zinc exceeds background value for chernozems (1,25 clark). The correlation of the water mode of the soil and the content of mobile compounds of heavy metals in an arable layer - a straight line for Cu and the return for Mn , Pb, Cd and Co. Supplement of an arable layer of earth with mobile forms of copper, zinc and cobalt low, manganese - corresponds to the average level. Speaking of the degree of actual mobility the studied elements settle down in sequence: Cd> Mn> Co> Pb> Zn> Cu. Degree of potential availability decreases among: Zn> Mn>Pb> Co> Cu. The existence of Mn, Cu, Zn and Co in grain of wheat is lower than maximum concentration limit, and accumulation of Pb and Cd is higher than maximum concentration limit in grain production for baby food for 10-15 %, that increases individual risk of death to the maximum permissible level
143 kb

APPLICATION OF CHLORINE DIOXIDE FOR PRE-MILKING TREATMENT OF COW UDDER AND DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICATION FOR POST-MILKING TREATMENT OF DUGS OF COW UDDER

abstract 1111507051 issue 111 pp. 873 – 884 30.09.2015 ru 986
In the present article the main research results of investigation of the means of pre-milking and postmilking treatment of cow udder and dugs are presented. The treatment of cow udder dugs produces great effect on the milk quality, the incidence level of mastitis of cows in the herd, extension and pathogenic agents transmission from sick to healthy animals; and also udder treatment provides hygienic protection of udder dugs. Tree concentrations of detergent of chloride dioxide were tested. Whereof, dilution of detergent with concentration of 90 mg/l chloride dioxide proved effective disinfective effect in pre-milking treatment of udder dugs. The developed medication for post-milking treatment of cow udder dugs presented high preventive efficiency against mastitis and provided longer hygienic protection of cow udder dugs after milking
153 kb

ANTHROPOGENIC DISTURBANCE RESEARCH OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE CONDITIONS OF SANDPITS

abstract 1111507052 issue 111 pp. 885 – 895 30.09.2015 ru 1185
In this article, an anthropogenic influence on natural ecosystem such as an excavation of sand is discussed. Investigations were done in Kuyar Forest District of the Mari El Republic on a sandpit. The adjacent plot of natural forest was taken as a control. For evaluation the degree of environment transformation as a result of sand excavation several indicators were used. As indicators of physical soil degradation - thickness of organogenic horizon and soil density; for assessment a chemical degradation – content of main nutrients and humus; as an indicator of biological degradation – the level of active microbial biomass. Besides, a potential phytotoxicity was estimated. The study proved: physical and chemical parameters corresponded with the fourth degree of soil degradation, at the same time, biological parameters approximated to parameters of soil from natural territory
149 kb

STABILITY, DURABILITY AND NATURAL REGENERATION OF THE FOREST PARK STANDS ON THE SAND AND SHELL SOILS OF THE EASTERN AZOV

abstract 1111507054 issue 111 pp. 908 – 921 30.09.2015 ru 1373
The article presents the data of many years of research on resilience, durability and natural renewability of forest park plantations on sand and shell soils of the Eastern Azov
870 kb

FEATURES OF PRODUCTION OF LANDING MATERIAL OF THE HIBISCUS SYRIAN (HIBISCUS SYRIACUS L.) IN THE SOUTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIA

abstract 1111507056 issue 111 pp. 935 – 943 30.09.2015 ru 869
The features of seeding and vegetative reproduction of Hibiscus Syrian (Hibiscus syriacus L.) in the South regions of Russia are accounted in the article. It is shown that the not sorted Hibiscuses reproduce better by seeds. Sowing is made before winter (November). The young growth appears on April-May of next year. The seedlings of first-year are wintering badly in the open soil; therefore, it is better to keep them in the basements in sand. When one-year seedlings are planting next spring we receive the standard seedling in the autumn this year. Planting material of high quality of Hibiscus Syrian was grown by means of inoculation and by the grafting method. It is recommended to execute an inoculation in the first tenday period of September. It is possible to execute the reproduction by means of inoculation in case of deficit of shoots of high quality plants and for the rapid fixing of sort. It is preferable to reproduce a Hibiscus Syrian by wood shoots in the frames or by green shoots in the unheated greenhouses in an autumn-winter period. The best results in the carried out research were got at planting shoots for further growth in the containers at the greenhouses with creating of shadow in a summer period. The high speed of shoots growth in the containers of cv. Duc de Brabant, cv. Woodbrige and cv. Russian Violet varieties are observed. The vegetative mass of shoots of cv. Speciosus, cv.Carneus Plenus and cv. Red Heart varieties increases more slowly. A conclusion follows, that the studied crop must take the deserving place in the assortment of decorative bushes of plant nursery farms
134 kb

PROTEIN OF MEAT AND BONE MEAL FOR PIGS

abstract 1111507071 issue 111 pp. 1133 – 1142 30.09.2015 ru 939
The modern requirements of intergovernmental standards to the quality and safety of livestock produce provide for the use of highly productive animals capable under small expenses to produce more the high quality produce. In particular, at the formation of meat productivity at pigs the great significance has an achievement of optimal digestion and assimilability of consumed fodder means. In the connection, the study of digestion of meat and bone meal from slaughterhouse wastes of cattle (MCM) and poultry (MCBM) presents the scientific interest. In the fodder experience on the growing pigs with the fistula of iliac intestines there was investigated the digestion of two types of meat and bone meal from slaughterhouse wastes of cattle (MCM) and poultry (MKBM). The iliac accessibility of amino acids of meat and bone meal found itself too low: 49,3 % - 69,3 %. The accessibility of general protein reliably did not differ from the average accessibility on main amino acids - 61,5 %. To count the real iliac accessibility of raw protein and amino acids of meat and bone meal there was determined an endogenous emission of these substances on the casein diet. The real iliac accessibility of protein and individual amino acids did not leave the limits in 73% on МCM and 69% - on МCBМ. The accessibility of lysine, leucine and isoleucine MCBM is reliably higher than the same in MCM (P
152 kb

SUPPLEMENTS OF SALTS OF METALS AND PROBIOTICS IN ANIMAL RATION DIMINISH THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF MEAT RAW OF FORAGES TO FEED AFFECTED WITH MOLDS OF STORAGE

abstract 1111507072 issue 111 pp. 1143 – 1155 30.09.2015 ru 901
The obtaining of high-quality meat is impossible without providing of full value feeding of agricultural animals in the combination with the maintenance of conditions of their feeding. In farms of the Krasnodar region the seeding of forages with molds varies from 103 to 107 КОЕ in 1 gm of forage. There was conducted the study of influence of feeding of animals with mold mixed fodders on the seeding with microscopic fungus of tissues of inner organs. There was carried out the slaughter with the aim of study of meat quality, immune hematological large part of intestines. There were selected the samples of meat and inner organs on the seeding with microscopic fungus. There was determined that in tissues of inner organs of animals which during 4 months were on the ration including the mixed fodder with general seeding with mold fungus 105 -106 КОЕ in 1 gm of forage, there were found the spores of molds. Also there was determined the intensity of animals’ growth of first and second groups reliably did not vary (p>0,5). There were worked out the ways of improvement of sanitary condition of fodders by the means of introduction of the salts of microelements into rations such as bluestone and ferrous sulfate with the addition of probiotics KM3(cultured milk fermentation including Streptococcus lactis, Lactobacillus acidofilum) influencing the growth of pigs, the condition of their health and the quality of meat raw at the using of fodders dirty with micromycets. The consumption of fodders attacking with microscopic fungus with the addition KM3 showed that the lacto- and bifidus bacteria KM3 suppressed the development the pathogenic microflora of gastrointestinal tract of pigs. There were determined the optimal doses of the introduction of detoxicants in fodders affected with molds of storage. The positive effect in average amounted 8%
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