Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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157 kb

PSEUDOEXFOLIATION SYNDROME AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

abstract 1311707088 issue 131 pp. 1067 – 1075 29.09.2017 ru 5
The retrospective study of patients with retinal vein occlusion and frequency of pseudoexfoliation syndrome is made in this study. Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common type of retinal vascular disorder, after diabetic retinal disease, and may develop with a consequent reduction in visual acuity. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related disease characterized by the production and accumulation of a fibrillar extracellular material in several ocular tissues We have analyzed data of 73 patients with retinal vein occlusion. It was detected that risk of central vein occlusion is higher in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (23,3% of patients were diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome). In the branch retinal vein occlusion group only 9,3% of patients had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. In control group only 8,6% of patients had this syndrome. Control group was made of 80 patients similar in age without any retinal and cardiovascular abnormalities, patients with episodes of ocular hypertension, glaucoma, and those who had undergone cataract surgery were excluded from the study. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome may be considered as an independent risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion
1038 kb

PATHOLOGY OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT PERSONNEL OF COMMERCIAL FLEET

abstract 1291705003 issue 129 pp. 37 – 46 31.05.2017 ru 138
It is known that there are most widespread the diseases of cardiovascular system among the examined seamen. We have carried out the analysis of distribution of concrete nosological forms of pathology of cardiovascular system and concomitant diseases (gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, ENT organs, the musculoskeletal apparatus and others). Results of preventive screening of the crew personnel performed in 2007–2010 by medical commission of Novorossiysk clinical center of Russia’s Federal Medico-Biological Agency were subject to scientific research. 3352 seamen aged from 18 to 60 years (middle age 27,2+1,3 years), among which 2627 surveyed – personnel of bluewater shipping, 725 surveyed – personnel of domestic shipping have been subjected to studying. The examined contingent is ranged taking into account professional groups. It is revealed that cardiovascular pathology is almost equally widespread in all professional groups of personnel of ships of domestic and blue-water shipping. This pathology occurs at 13,5–21% of the seamen corresponding who had medical examination. The main group of the examined seamen (79–96,7%) belongs to the category «almost healthy» and suitable for work in the sea. Among revealed pathology at seamen, the high specific weight (63– 70%) belongs to diseases of cardiovascular system. Probable intensive work and harmful factors of the ship environment in each of professional groups exert significant negative impact on psychic and somatic health of seamen. Neurocirculator dystonia (hypertensive and cardio types) dominates in structure of cardiovascular pathology registered at seamen of both professional groups. The associated diseases (71–82%) meet more often at persons with hypertension, manifesting forms of atherosclerosis and ischemic disease. In both groups, we have noted the high percent of violations of digestive tract, musculoskeletal apparatus, alimentary and constitutional obesity and eyesight. However, alimentary and constitutional obesity and diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus are most characteristic of the personnel of ships performing long maritime traffic. Obviously, this phenomenon is connected with hypodynamia
146 kb

THE ROLE OF THE TRANSCRIPTION AND ANGIOGENESIS FACTORS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PURULENT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL MUCOSA CANCER

abstract 1281704023 issue 128 pp. 330 – 341 28.04.2017 ru 158
While studying the content of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor in the tumor tissue, oral fluid and peripheral blood of 141 patients with oral mucosa cancer T1-3N0-2M0, it was shown that the development of purulent inflammatory postoperative complications in patients with oral mucosa cancer is associated with an increased expression of HIF-1α in the tissue and its translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, activation of the neoangiogenesis processes. It is informative to determine HIF-1α factor in the blood serum, which, for further development, can be used as a non-invasive diagnostic marker to predict the postoperative course in this category of patients
1880 kb

PROBLEM OF RENDERING OF FIRST MEDICAL AID ON COMMERCIAL SHIPS UNDER RUSSIAN FLAG

abstract 1271703073 issue 127 pp. 1045 – 1055 31.03.2017 ru 323
The problem of rendering of first medical aid to personnel of commercial ships under the Russian flag is considered. It is shown that the decision of this problem in our country is impossible without juridical aspects of activity of sailors-paramedics, questions of their training in bases of rendering an emergency aid and due medical support of the Russian ships. The emergency elementary aid has to be an integral part of activity of personnel of ships. Some directions of the decision of a problem of efficiency of providing such help to personnel of ships are proposed. Development of the bill directed to introduction in Russia of requirements for assistance by paramedics on commercial ships is necessary
142 kb

MEDICAL ASPECTS OF TOXICAL DANGERS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPS (REVIEW)

abstract 1261702063 issue 126 pp. 892 – 901 28.02.2017 ru 240
The article presents an analysis of features of the organization of special medical and prophylactic support on commercial ships. First-aid treatment at poisoning of crews of the most widespread toxic matter (poisonous gases, oil products, methane, coolants, and fumigants) has been considered. It is noted that medical aspects of toxic dangers on the water transport have to include prevention of the pathological states of health of seamen, timely medical support of the ship, early diagnostics of pathological states, sorting of injured persons and the organization of first emergency medical aid
368 kb

PROGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF LYMPHOCYTIC INFILTRATION IN VULVAR CANCER PATIENTS

abstract 1251701056 issue 125 pp. 827 – 839 31.01.2017 ru 327
A retrospective immunohistochemical study of lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration in tumor tissue of 84 vulvar cancer patients with a long (over 2 years) and short (less than 2 years) remission was performed to determine a possible role of immunologic microenvironment of tumors in maintaining remission. Vulvar cancer patients with a short remission period were aged 46-85 years, mean age 67 years. 15.8% of them had stage I of the disease, 21% - stage II, 47.4% - stage III and 15.8% - stage IV. The average duration of remission in this group was 11 months. Patients with a long remission period were aged 27-71 years, mean age 48 years. 38.5% of them had stage I of the disease, 53.8% - stage II and 7.7% - stage III. The average duration of remission in this group was 8 years. Histological study showed squamous cell carcinoma in all patients. Stroma and parenchyma of tumor tissues demonstrated lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration of various degrees with the predominance of T-lymphocytes. CD8+ cells prevailed in tumor tissue of patients with a long remission period (over 2 years), while a higher level of CD4+ Т-lymphocytic infiltration was associated with a short remission (less than 2 years) and a poor prognosis. These differences allow prediction of the vulvar cancer course and its early or late recurrence
131 kb

CLINICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL FACTORS AND PREDICTION PARAMETERS OF CELL CYCLE IN ESOPHAGEAL CANCER

abstract 1241610028 issue 124 pp. 484 – 493 30.12.2016 ru 218
The aim of the study is to compare the traditional clinicopathologic factors and prognosis of cell cycle parameters, such as ploidy, cell cycle kinetics, as well as the study of DNA content in the tumor tissue of patients with esophageal cancer. Cancer of the esophagus - a very aggressive malignant disease, most commonly manifested impaired swallowing. As a rule, this type of cancer pathology is characterized by unfavorable outcome. Ploidy and cell proliferation activity, defined by the content of the DNA of the tumor - synthesizing cells are one of the important indicators of the growth rate of malignancy and prognosis. The study was performed on tumor tissue fragments of the 30 patients operated on for cancer of the esophagus. DNA study - conducted in the open cell material aftercare. DNA cell content was determined by flow cytometry BD FACSCanto II. By studying the DNA-cytometric parameters, we found the prevalence of aneuploid tumors in 66.7%. It was shown that DNAcytometric parameters are independent of gender. Major weight of diploid and aneuploid cell tumors of the esophagus was in G0 / 1 phase of the cell cycle. Comparative analysis of DNA - cytometric parameters and the degree of differentiation of esophageal tumor revealed a prevalence of aneuploid tumors in all the test cases. content distribution pattern of tumor cells was found in the G0 / G1-, G2 + M -, S - phase of the cell cycle at different stages of the disease
299 kb

NON-INVASIVE DIAGNOSTICS OF ANEUPLOIDY OF A FETUS WITH CIRCULATING TROPHOBLAST CELLS IN MATERNAL BLOOD

abstract 1231609131 issue 123 pp. 1965 – 1984 30.11.2016 ru 281
Isolation of fetal cells from the blood of a pregnant woman is more relevant for receiving the information of the genome of a fetus and implementation in clinical practice, non-invasive screening methods for prenatal diagnosis. The work proposes efficient ways of sorting trophoblasts circulating in maternal blood for the diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy in early gestation by analyzing microsatellite marker of the chromosomes that most prone to numerical aberrations (13, 18, 21, X and Y). A set of microsatellite markers allowed to reveal aneuploidy in three pregnant women, and also to exclude mosaicism and contamination of samples with maternal cells. A retrospective analysis of data on invasive cytogenetic studies (chorionic villus sampling) confirmed the results of the study
165 kb

HIFU: PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION IN ONCOUROLOGY

abstract 1221608019 issue 122 pp. 264 – 277 31.10.2016 ru 249
Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most frequently malignant neoplasms in the worldwide male population. Back in the 90's began a promising noninvasive method of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as an alternative to radical prostatectomy for the treatment of localized prostate cancer was used. Information about the destructive histological effect by HIFU has been known since the 1930, however, the clinical implementation of this technology due to the absence at the time visualization capabilities for monitoring during the procedure has been postponed. In this paper, an overview of published data on the HIFU clinical application in prostate cancer as a major, "saving" and focal therapy. Examples of a favorable combination of this method are also provided with pharmacological agents. Based on the analysis of clinical data, we can say that HIFU is a good alternative minimally invasive therapeutic modality for patients with prostate cancer who are not candidates for radical prostatectomy. Applying of HIFU is possible as a treatment option with local recurrence after external radiotherapy, with careful selection of patients is important, depending on prognostic factors
141 kb

THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CTCs IN COLORECTAL CANCER PATIENTS DEPENDING ON THE CHOICE OF SURGICAL INTERVENTION

abstract 1221608073 issue 122 pp. 1064 – 1074 31.10.2016 ru 274
Mortality from malignant diseases is directly linked to early metastasis and relapse. It is now possible to identify individual tumor cells in bone marrow biopsies and peripheral blood. Colorectal cancer is one of the leading places in the structure of cancer incidence and mortality, both in Russia and around the world. Studies have shown that after surgery the ability of tumor cells to the dissemination and implantation increases. The work contains 30 patients with the verified colorectal cancer with metastasis to the liver. To determine the CSC we have applied an analysis technology in CellSearch System ™ (Janssen Diagnostics, LLC). Our study of the number and frequency of detection of circulating tumor cells in peripheral blood of patients and control group demonstrates the reduction in the number of CTCs during laparoscopic surgery and changing the dynamics of the level of tumor cells in the form of reduction from the stage of the mobilization of the drug due to minimally invasive access, minimizing manipulation in the projection of the tumor and as a consequence, preventing the release into the blood stream of single tumor cells
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