Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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335 kb

ECONOMIC-BIOLOGICAL FEATURES AND EXTERIOR MAINTENANCE OF YOUNG CATTLE IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1051501064 issue 105 pp. 1046 – 1074 30.01.2015 ru 1012
In the Krasnodar region there is a unique gene pool of animals both for dairy and meat. To assess the heifers the authors formed five experimental groups of animals, the most common species in the region. The authors studied the main economic, biological and exterior features: live weight, measurements, assessment of the exterior. The studies found that among intensive species with the largest body weight throughout the growing period, in 8-month old Charolais heifers superior Simmental ones at 17.4 kg. In one year old Simmental heifers were 9.2 kg (R˂0,05) ahead of Charolais and in 15 months – 10 kg (R˂0,05). Over the entire period of growth the highest rates of relative growth rates of heifers were obtained by red steppe breed type named Kuban, which had an advantage over the Aberdeen-Angus – 19.1%, Charolais – 5.6%, Hereford – 6.2%, and the difference between them and Simmental weren’t fixed. When growing, the animals become less tall, more stretched, wide and massive. We have noted that during the period of cultivation we had increased indices: stretch (9% – Red Steppe, 13.8% – Charolais, 16.1% – Hereford); chest (5.4% Aberdeen Angus). This reduces the index of long legs of red steppe – 5.6%, 10.9% for Charolais. The study of linear growth of animals confirms that the animal meat breeds of live weight increase was due to the extension of the body and increase the width of the pelvis and chest. Some different facts were observed in heifers of Red Steppe breed. For them, the most characteristic increase in the width of the chest was 1.44 times, as well as increasing the depth of the chest and chest girth behind the shoulders
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COMPOSITION OF THE CLUSTERS AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF WHITE VINE SORTS OF GRAPE FOR PRODUCING JUICES OF DIRECT PRESSING

abstract 1061502079 issue 106 pp. 1179 – 1194 28.02.2015 ru 1014
The article contains the results of the study of mechanical composition of grapes and biochemical characteristics of white wine grapes for the production of juice of direct extraction and blending. Thus, the yield of studied grapes ranged from 7.5 to 13.2 t / ha: highest yielding varieties and hybrids of Pervenets Magaracha and Tsitronnyy Magaracha, and the lowest - Chardonnay and Pinot blanc. At an average weight of clusters of varieties were divided into three groups - large clusters (230-243 g) in varieties Pervenets Magaracha and Tsitronnyy Magaracha, medium (181-184 g) - the varieties Chardonnay and Pinot blanc, small (112-116 g) - the varieties Bianca and Viorica. By weight of the 100 berries were divided into four groups - Bianca and Viorica (I), Pervenets Magaracha (II), Chardonnay (III), Pinot blanc and Tsitronnyy Magaracha (IV). Weight of 100 seeds from the largest varieties Pinot blanc and Bianca, and the lowest - in the varieties of Tsitronnyy Magaracha and Chardonnay. The solids content in the juices of these varieties ranged from 19.4 to 21.8%, which corresponded to branded products and higher of commodity varieties. Mass concentration of sugars ranged from 18.4 to 21.3 g / 100 cm3. Titratable acid content in the juice was varied from 0.65 to 0.78 g / 100 cm3. Sugar-acid ratio, defined as the ratio of concentration of sugars and titratable acids ranged from 23.6 to 30. The recommended values for this indicator were within 22-30. According to the results of the tasting, we rated "excellent" the juices from the varieties of Tsitronnyy Magaracha, Viorica (19 points) and Bianca (17 points); "good" marks were given to the juices from Pinot blanc, Chardonnay, Pervenets Magaracha: this means that we can get juices of excellent quality from the grape varieties under study with the title of ampelographic variety; in addition, the juice of the grape of varieties Chardonnay, Pinot blanc, Bianca, Pervenets Magaracha due to their potassium content will be functional to improve the cardiovascular system. On the basis of the tasting we have conducted mixing of the juices from the varieties of Viorica and citron Magaracha with other juice varieties 50:50 and 70:30. Sensory evaluation showed that blending juices from the varieties of Viorika and citron juice Tsitronnyy Magaracha other varieties improves product quality and 50:50 increases by one the total score, and 70:30 - two units. Blend of the varieties of Viorica and Tsitronnyy Magaracha does not increase the total score, but gives the product a special flavor and aroma. Hence, using the grape varieties under study we can produce varietal juices with the name of their ampelographic type and blended juices to extend the assortment
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AGROCHEMISTRY OF HUMIC GROWTH REGULATORS IN RICE

abstract 1061502034 issue 106 pp. 550 – 567 28.02.2015 ru 1020
The article shows prospects of the use of growth regulators on the nature of humic culture of rice in the first place due to the low field germination of seeds, rice crops lodging. Effect of humate on the growth, development and photosynthetic activity of plants, as well as the consumption of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium results in increased grain yield of rice. Depending on the type of humate yield increased by 5,0-6,4 с/ha. Seed treatment caused a change humates biochemical and technological indicators of the quality of grain. Beans with these options contain more than in the control of protein per 0,13-0,44 % starch - 0,36-1,2 %, decreased membranous grain by 0,2 % and 1 % fracture, raised on vitreousness 1,46-2,0% and the yield of cereals on 1,06-2,0 %
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INFLUENCE OF PROTECTIVE COATINGS ON GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ONION CROPS

abstract 1141510011 issue 114 pp. 144 – 161 30.12.2015 ru 1023
The influence of protective coatings on changes in the biological characteristics of quality, germination, plant growth and development of the onion crop quantitative loss of garlic was investigated for the first time. The objects of research were winter garlic called Tien Shan and onion of Allan variety. Water solutions of polyvinyl alcohol PWS-5, paraffin coating Р, paraffin-cerezin composition PK-1 were studied as a protective coatings. Coating onions and chives before planting them in the ground delay germination, respectively at 1 and 2 weeks. Then, protective coatings act as growth stimulants. The greatest increase in green mass of garlic for 3 months (almost 2 times) compared to the control (uncoated) prepared using the hydrophobic coating РK-1. РK-1 increases the yield of garlic and onions in 1.5 times, and the seeds of onions in 1.3 times. It is recommended before planting onions to cover onions the PK-1 in order to prevent his fall germination and receive further large bulbs weighing 130-131 g. Carbohydrates, starch, vitamin C, and life-giving moisture garlic, it is best stored in a РK-1 coated serve after planting in soil more efficient power plant. As a result, such plant grows better, develops and gives higher yields
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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TRITICALE IN FEEDING

abstract 1161602057 issue 116 pp. 821 – 849 29.02.2016 ru 1023
In the decision to establish solid fodder resources in the arid parts of Southern Russia triticale should take its rightful place. It must be introduced instead of winter wheat, inferior to the yield, quality and output of nutrients per unit of area. It is necessary to maximize the potential of new varieties of winter triticale, as the productivity of animals largely depends on the varietal characteristics of the culture. Triticale has attracted special attention by its ability to exceed the parental forms on productivity and quality, and resistance to adverse soil and climatic conditions and the most dangerous disease is not inferior to rye. The generalized data of most researchers characterize triticale as a factor in increasing the productivity of animals and reducing the cost of feed per unit of output, although in some cases there is a negative trend in reduction of productivity by the replacement of cereal grain components for winter triticale. Due to the enrichment of compound feed with triticale grain by enzyme preparations and enzyme-probiotic supplements we can greatly increase productivity, digestibility of main nutrients, improve meat quality and reduce the cost of feed per unit of output. We can increase the productive effect of triticale grain by extrusion. In physiological metabolic experiments, it is found that by extruding of triticale grain the digestibility of the main nutrients is increased by 1.3-1.8%. Extruding of triticale before feeding promotes slaughter yield and increases the levels of protein in the muscle. The use of triticale in rations instead of wheat reduces the cost of the diet, the cost of the manufactured products and increases profitability. The study of achievements of scientists from various scientific organizations necessitates the further breeding work with the culture of triticale and requires the development of innovative technological methods that can help reduce the concentration of pentosans and beta-glucans in the grain
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OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR PCRRFLP FOR GENOTYPING SHEEP

abstract 1131509102 issue 113 pp. 1474 – 1482 30.11.2015 ru 1026
Diagnosis by PCR-RFLP (polymerase chain reaction – polymorphism of the lengths of restriction fragments) is the standard analysis of point mutations for the diagnosis of allelic polymorphism of candidate genes related with productive qualities of farm animals. Along the length of the fragments (RFLP) make a conclusion about the absence or presence of the point mutation, and homozygosity or heterozygosity of the individual. The aim of our work was the optimization of protocols for conducting PCR-RFLP analysis for genotyping sheep for genes of the growth hormone gene differential growth factor and gene of calpastatin
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THE PRODUCTIVITY OF WINTER WHEAT DEPENDING ON THE TECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATION AFTER ROW PREDECESSORS ON LEACHED CHERNOZEM (BLACKSOIL) OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1061502023 issue 106 pp. 351 – 365 28.02.2015 ru 1028
The study was conducted in a stationary multivariate experiment at the experimental station of Kuban State Agrarian University during eighteen years. The technology of growing winter wheat was improved by the optimization of norms of fertilizers and plant protection systems for different levels of soil fertility. Totally there were 48 technologies for growing winter wheat after and grain: corn, sunflower, sugar beet, where studied in the experiment. The best combination of high yield (77.2 t / ha) with high quality grain (nature - 789 g / l, the total vitreousness - 60%, -14.2% protein content, gluten content - 29.0%) was found under intense technology. The grain quality meets the requirements for the 2nd class. Similar productivity (yield - 76.4 t / ha, the total vitreousness - 55% protein content - 13.4% gluten content - 27.2%) was obtained in and when grown for its resource-saving technology also. All kinds of technologies for growing winter wheat studied in the experiment were profitable, but resource-saving technology was the most efficient. Net income per hectare under this technology was 31,745 rubles, and a cost of 1 quintal of grain - 284 rubles
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PECULIARITIES OF REGENERATIVE PROPERTIES AT CUTTINGS OF MOLDOVA AND VOSTORG TABLE GRAPES OF DIFFERENT LENGTHS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF RUDIX PLUS TREATMENT

abstract 1041410027 issue 104 pp. 384 – 413 30.12.2014 ru 1033
In the article there were presented the results of researches of influence on study of Norwegian stimulator of root forming named Rudix Plus on regeneration properties of cuttings of Moldova and Vostorg table grapes of different lengths and as well the degrees of influence of studied factors on these indexes. The researched varieties have significant differences by a lot of important biological indexes including the potential rhizogenic activity of cuttings
309 kb

UVOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF RED WINE VARIETIES IN TAMAN

abstract 1091505053 issue 109 pp. 781 – 800 29.05.2015 ru 1034
The article contains the results the study of the mechanical composition of clusters and biochemical characteristics of the red wine grape varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot (regionalized), Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Kortis and Verdot black (introduced). In terms of the structure of the cluster of the variety they can be divided into three groups: Cabernet Kortis and Cabernet Sauvignon (16,6-16,8), Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Franc and Verdot Black (17,5-17,9), Merlot (19.9 ). In terms of addition of the variety they can be divided into four groups: Cabernet Franc (6.3), Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot (4.9-5.0), Cabernet Carbon (4.3), Verdot Black and Cabernet Kortis (3, 7-3,4). Structural parameters of the clusters of the varieties we have studied were ranged from 5.1 to 5.6, and the berry from 64.3 to 74. The yield of the wort from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot is equal to 75,1-77,7% from Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Kortis and Verdot Black - 70,5-72%. Mass concentration of sugars in the studied varieties was in the range of 22,3-26 g / 100 cm3, titrated acids - 0,47-0,77 g / 100 cm3, active acidity - 3.1-3.8. The ratio of fructose to glucose was: Verdot Black - 1.2, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Carbon - 1.5, Cabernet Kortis - 1.8, Kabernet Franc - 2.8, Merlot - 3.2. Most ranged organic acid in all varieties – wine acide. Relation of the content of tartaric and wine acids in varieties amounted: Cabernet Kortis 7: 1, Cabernet Karbon 6: 1, Cabernet Franc 2.8: 1, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot 2: 1, Verdot Black 1,4-1. Mass concentration of cations in the varieties was (in mg / dm3): potassium - 816,4-1770, sodium - 13,03-21,31, magnesium - 76,21-106, calcium - 52,24-89,45. In comparison with Cabernet Sauvignon larger potassium cations had Cabernet Franc and Merlot, sodium cations - Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, magnesium cations - Cabernet Carbon, Kortis, Cabernet, Merlot, calcium cations - Cabernet Kortis, Merlot and Cabernet Carbon
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APPLICATION OF CHLORINE DIOXIDE FOR PRE-MILKING TREATMENT OF COW UDDER AND DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICATION FOR POST-MILKING TREATMENT OF DUGS OF COW UDDER

abstract 1111507051 issue 111 pp. 873 – 884 30.09.2015 ru 1036
In the present article the main research results of investigation of the means of pre-milking and postmilking treatment of cow udder and dugs are presented. The treatment of cow udder dugs produces great effect on the milk quality, the incidence level of mastitis of cows in the herd, extension and pathogenic agents transmission from sick to healthy animals; and also udder treatment provides hygienic protection of udder dugs. Tree concentrations of detergent of chloride dioxide were tested. Whereof, dilution of detergent with concentration of 90 mg/l chloride dioxide proved effective disinfective effect in pre-milking treatment of udder dugs. The developed medication for post-milking treatment of cow udder dugs presented high preventive efficiency against mastitis and provided longer hygienic protection of cow udder dugs after milking
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