Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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169 kb

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES DEPENDING ON THEIR MELIORATIVE CONDITION

abstract 1331709110 issue 133 pp. 1249 – 1261 30.11.2017 ru 562
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
297 kb

IMPLEMENTATION OF POTENTIAL PRODUCTIVITY OF THE OLD VARIETIES OF WINTER WHEAT

abstract 1151601051 issue 115 pp. 829 – 848 27.01.2016 ru 563
In the article, we discuss issues of morphological and physiological control over plants of winter wheat. As the object of the research, we have selected landraces - the population of winter wheat, which was grown on the territory of the Kuban region in the last century. The aim of this work was determination of the effect on the reproductive system of winter wheat varieties of factors such as conditions of cultivation and processing "Cecece 750" 1.5 l/ha D. V. crop retardant. To achieve this goal we have conducted a morphological analysis of the growth cone at the VI stage of organogenesis, which provide quantitative evaluation of potential future seed production of spike of winter wheat. To study the effect of the year of breeding on the reproductive system of winter wheat varieties the analysis of variance was calculated according to the scheme 3×7 factorial variability characteristic due to the influence of genotype (factor B), cultivation year (factor A), that is repeated in time is interpreted as the effect of the year conditions of cultivation. The influence of retardant on the reproductive system of winter wheat varieties was conducted using the analysis of variance on the above described scheme, 2×7, where the factor "A" is presented in two gradations (options, retardant treated and not treated), in this case, repeated for years was excluded as a factor. The result of researches indicates that the rate of realized productivity is variety-specific and can serve as a measure of the flexibility of the studied cultivars to different environmental conditions. The analysis of variance showed significant retardant effect on the realization of potential productivity in all variants of the crops of soft winter wheat. The comparison of the average general population indicates that the genetic potential of tall varieties may not manifest even in favorable for crop cultivation. The artificial reduction of plant height by inhibiting the growth of retardant is an effective way to identify high productivity of these genotypes as varieties of winter and Nemenchinskaya Old No. 346
149 kb

REPRODUCTIVE, FATTENING AND MEAT QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS AT USING BOARS OF SPECIALIZED BREEDS AND TYPES

abstract 1221608005 issue 122 pp. 59 – 68 31.10.2016 ru 567
The optimal rations have been found. We have conducted a research on the assessment of meat productivity, biochemical blood tests. The chemical composition of blood and meat has been found. We have empirically chosen a content area for both chicks and adults of black African ostriches. The article shows a selection of optimal rations for feeding of ostriches; we have also determined the live weight of ostriches in groups, keeping the chicks safe in groups, hematological studies of ostriches blood, the chemical composition of the meat, the efficiency of premixes of Vitafel S
140 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF DELICACIES FROM MEAT OF IMPORTED PIGS

abstract 1311707003 issue 131 pp. 19 – 28 29.09.2017 ru 567
In recent years, many pigs of specialized breeds, characterized by increased meat qualities, have been brought to Russia from Canada and a number of European countries. The article presents the results of the assessment of slaughter and meat qualities of pigs of different genotypes. Danish pig meat was used as research objects: purebred landrace (CHL), benthic hybrid Landrasx yorkshire (LxY), three-breed hybrid landrace hyorkshire x dyurok (LxXxD), removed from control fattening, and developed prototypes of delicacy products. The commission evaluation of meat and broth showed that the boiled meat from the three breed animals received the highest score, and the quality of the broth significantly exceeded the samples of purebred landrace and two-breed animals. As a result of the tasting evaluation of the Voronezh ham, it was established that the samples of meat from threebreeded pigs, in comparison with the samples from purebred meat, show the most pronounced flavor, aroma and soft consistency
261 kb

THE DURATION OF THE PRODUCTIVE USE OF SOWS AND ANALYSIS OF REASONS FOR CULLING

abstract 1341710042 issue 134 pp. 514 – 524 29.12.2017 ru 568
Nowadays, domestic pig production is dynamically changing in technological and selection terms and is one of the most effective sectors. In the current conditions of pig breeding in intensive technology, the requirements to the level and direction of pig production, the rational use of genetic resources are increasing. The development of effective methods for the production of pork on the basis of the wide use of highly productive breeds and types of both imported and domestic selection allows to obtain the maximum possible productivity of animals, to produce pork of good quality, to reduce the cost of production and to fully realize the genetic potential of animals. Genetic and selection techniques have significantly changed the physiological, morphological and productive capabilities of modern animals. In connection with this, the actual for the pig industry is the identification of opportunities to increase the duration of the use of pigs, and the inclusion of new indicators in breeding work when creating specialized maternal lines. The research was carried out on the electronic database (KP ACC, OOO "Selikom", Ryazan), the breeding center "Lozovoye" ZAO "Plemzavod-Yubileyniy" of the Tyumen region. The center is engaged in thoroughbred breeding and improvement of four pigs: large white, landrace, pietren, duroc
161 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE WAYS OF THE BASIC SOIL CULTIVATION ON AGRO-PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF REGULAR BLACK SOIL AND YIELDS OF SUNFLOWER

abstract 1191605056 issue 119 pp. 778 – 789 31.05.2016 ru 569
The article presents the results of the researches on the study of the different systems of basic treatment of soil under sunflower’s density, aggregate composition, supplies of productive moisture on regular black soil of the Krasnodar region
168 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE SOIL AND THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE FOOTHILL ZONE OF KABARDINOBALKARIA ON THE PERFORMANCE INDICATORS OF SYMBIOTIC CROPS, YIELD, YIELD STRUCTURE AND THE QUALITY OF LENTIL SEEDS

abstract 1181604043 issue 118 pp. 758 – 772 29.04.2016 ru 571
In the leached black soils of the foothill zone of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic on the territory of training experimental plant of FSBEI HE Kabardino-Balkarian state agricultural university named after V.M. Kokova we have studied the effect of soil and climatic conditions of area of cultivation and application of micro – macro fertilizers, plant growth regulators and biological products on the crops of lentils, their impact on the efficiency and quality. It is proved that in general, the natural conditions of the foothill zone are favorable for cultivation and obtaining high yields of major crops. The analysis of meteorological conditions of the area (typical for the whole area) shows that there are great reserves and opportunities to obtain high and stable yields of lentils grains. These morphological, genetic and agrochemical parameters of leached chernozem growing zones suggest the soil favorable to the growth and development of lentils. On average, during the years of studies, the number of plants on which we had marked tubercles, on the example of Rauza varieties in the background variant, was 63.7%; the use of the drug called Agropon C in combination with sodium selenite increased by 15.2% the number of plants with root nodules. Increasing the number of plants with root nodules was accompanied with increasing the number and weight of nodules per plant by 8.1 pc. and 10.1 mg. respectively. The highest yield - 2.66 t/ha under experimental conditions was obtained in the form of joint use of the drug Agropon C and sodium selenite with a seeding rate of 2.2 million viable seeds per hectare, which is higher than the reference version for this seeding rate by 0.46 t/ha or 17.3%. The maximum value indicators of protein content in the seeds and collecting the protein per unit area reached with the use of joint application of Agropon C and sodium selenite, where we achieved the seeding rate of 2.2 million of germinating seeds per hectare and made up 29.6% and 787 kg/ha, respectively
151 kb

FEED CONCENTRATES: TRADITIONS AND PURPOSES OF THEIR APPLICATION IN POULTRY

abstract 1321708046 issue 132 pp. 569 – 580 31.10.2017 ru 572
The article shows the historically developed situation and the actual state of the production practice in chronic mycotoxicosis of a bird. The main feed problems in poultry farming are shown through the prism of a review of market proposals for feed concentrates. An overview of preventive and compensating agents on the market, as well as a brief description of feed concentrates based on beta-carotene for fighting mycotoxicosis. It is shown that the vitamin-mineral fodder concentrate "Tetra +" is an alternative to the existing feed concentrates on the market, the effectiveness of which has been confirmed in experiments on laboratory animals and in poultry feeding. Based on the analysis, a conclusion was made about the relevance of studies to identify the effectiveness of vitamin-mineral concentrate "Tetra +" in livestock
178 kb

PHYTO-SANITARY CONDITION OF CROPS OF WINTER BARLEY WHEN GROWING USING DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES

abstract 1151601038 issue 115 pp. 613 – 631 27.01.2016 ru 574
The article presents the biennial data on infestation of winter barley infected with his disease and pests, depending on fertilizer rates, the main method of tillage and plant protection. Weeds are one of the most highly potent factors that reduce the productivity of plants. System of agronomic plant cannot increase the productivity of plants, if it contributes to impurity of crops. In the studied years, the most common weeds at the recommended tillage were dead nettle, cleavers, chickweed, field bindweed. At zero processing - foxtail, poppy, wild oats, Leptospermum, dead nettle, veronica. The use of biological and chemical plant protection products reduced the degree of expansion and development of disease
910 kb

OENOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF MERLOT VARIETY AND ITS CLONES IN DIFFERENT ZONES OF GROWTH

abstract 1271703070 issue 127 pp. 980 – 995 31.03.2017 ru 574
The article presents the results of the study of yield, mechanical and biochemical composition of Merlot grape vine variety and its two clones in the conditions of Taman and Anapa subzone of the Krasnodar region. Clones differ from the maternal variety by the large number of berries in the bunch, the mass of the berry, the average mass of the bunch and the yield. Maternal variety and its clones are characterized by very close percentages of berries and combs in the bunch and by indicators of the structure, composition and structure of the bunch. By the yield of juice percentage, in different growth areas clones showed the same results as the original variety. According to the content of glucose, fructose, organic acids (wine, apple, citric, succinic), potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium cations in the juice of berries, there is no reliable differences between the original variety and its clones. The content of dry substances, sugars, titrated acids, and the sugar-acid coefficient depended on the yield, but in general, they were favorable for the production of wine materials and juices. Merlo phanagoriiskii and Merloc are ecologically plastic and belong to the first group of varieties that retain their valuable characteristics in different areas of growth
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