Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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189 kb

THE SEARCH FOR NEW SUGAR BEET IMMUNOMODULATORS AMOND PYRIDYLHYDRAZONE DERIVATIVES

abstract 1221608033 issue 122 pp. 461 – 470 31.10.2016 ru 429
In order to find compounds that increase sugar beet resistance to the adverse effects of herbicides, a series of pyridylhydrazone derivatives have been synthesized. The protective effect of new compounds for the herbicide mixture Betanal, Lontrel and Super Zeleke was studied in field conditions. The effect of pyridylhydrazones on the synthesis of photosynthetic pigments in leaves was investigated. Substances with a high protective effect were found
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YELD AND QUALITY OF ARTEMIS, INKROCHE TAMANSKII, SAUVIGNON TAMANSKII, NEWEST TECHNICAL GRAPEVINE VARIETIES

abstract 1261702044 issue 126 pp. 620 – 631 28.02.2017 ru 429
The article presents results of the study of yield, mechanical composition and quality of bunches of newest white grapevine varieties called Artemis, Sauvignon tamanskii and Inkroche tamanskii, in the conditions of Taman in the Krasnodar region. The yield of the studied genotypes ranged from 10.4 to 13.3 t / ha: the highest yield was in Artemis, and the lowest – in Sauvignon tamanskii. The average weight of the bunch was in Sauvignon tamanskii (152 g), the variety Artemis had 143 g and Inkroche tamanskii had 130 g of bunch weight. The percentage of berries in clusters ranged from 95.3 in Artemis to 95.9 in Inkroche tamanskii and Sauvignon tamanskii. The ratio of fruit mass to the mass of crests was 20.3 in the varieties of Artemis and 23.5 in Inkroche tamanskii and Sauvignon tamanskii. In genotypes of Artemis, Sauvignon and Inkroche Taman Taman the weight of 100 berries was 200, 160 and 130 g, respectively, the mass of 100 seeds - 4.6; 3.1 and 2.9 g, the average weight of the pulp from the juice to the weight of the skin - 24.3; 19.5; 15.9. The percentage of pulp and juice in clusters of the studied varieties was 85,9-89,1%, and the ratio of pulp to juice to the solid residue 6,1-8,2. Yield of musts from the studied sample was 74,5-75,4%. The content of sugars in the berries (17,5-19,6 g / 100 cm3) was dependent on the yield, the characteristics of varieties and timing of the harvest, but the harvest was favorable for the production of beverages and wine materials
188 kb

PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF GROWTH AND FRUITING OF PEACH ON VVA-1 CLONAL ROOTSTOCK, DEPENDING ON THE LAYOUT OF TREES

abstract 1211607082 issue 121 pp. 1324 – 1334 30.09.2016 ru 426
The article presents results of the evaluation of the physiological aspects of growth and fruiting of peach on clonal rootstock VVA-1, depending on the layout of the trees. It was found that when forming a spindleshaped crown, the most productive planting scheme is 5,0х1,5 m, at which the most optimized physiological processes were proved
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THE RESULTS OF IMPROVEMENT OF RED STEPPE AND HOLSTEIN CATTLE IN BREEDING FARMS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607095 issue 121 pp. 1583 – 1594 30.09.2016 ru 424
The modern cattle breeding in Russia is characterized by dynamic development, development of intensive technologies, increase in production, but at the same time, there are problems of increase in production of milk due to increase of dairy efficiency of cows at the most effective manifestation of the available level of their genetic potential. For the solution of this problem, i.e. for genetic improvement of dairy cattle, creation of new breeds, intra pedigree or zone types, more than 100 thousand of bulls with high genetics, and also 430 thousand heifers were delivered to Russia for the last 10 years. In this regard, the purpose of our researches was to study the level of genetic potential of dairy cows in breeding farms of "Nasha Rodina" of Gulkevichsky region, Vasyurinsky milk farm of Dinsky region, the Firm «Agrocomplex» of Vyselkovskiy region (Gazyrskoye enterprise), "Urozhay" of Kanevskoy region from 2000 to 2014, by using bulls of Golshtinsky breed. Researches have shown that in farms of the Krasnodar region producers with the high level of potential from 10791,0 kg to 12045 kg on milk were yield used on a breeding uterine livestock; from 4,22 to 4,40% of fat; from 3,32 to 3,49% of protein in milk. As a result the level of potential of daughters of bulls and cows in herds of farms was from 7774 to 9144 kg of milk; from 3,89 to 4,05% of fat; from 3,26 to 3,67% of protein in milk. However, genetic potential of new generation of animals is shown not completely. It is influenced by partial compliance of the created technological conditions of biology of animals, and indicators of breeding value of producers, with their prepatent indicators. Calculations of breeding value indexes of bulls – fathers of cows in the herd of "Urozhay" have shown that each bull has its breeding value, an ability to transfer the qualities to posterity. Bulls of Golshtinsky breed of red – motley color ( Pan 2037 and Tulup 78160689), by results of comparison of milk yields of daughters, mothers and contemporaries, had negative prepatent indexes of milk yield and milk protein content (according to F.F. Eysper and V. Sidorova). The data confirm the need of carrying out an obligatory index assessment of bulls before their use on the farm in order to avoid receiving descendants with low dairy efficiency
556 kb

PREMIXES ON THE BASIS OF OIL-CROPS SEEDS PROCESSING PRODUCTS USE EFFICIENCY IN PARENT FLOCK LAYING HENS FEEDING

abstract 1311707136 issue 131 pp. 1668 – 1680 29.09.2017 ru 423
This article presents the studying results of new premixes of domestic production using efficiency based on processed products, in particular - oil cakes. The research was carried out in the conditions of the second-order pedigree reproductor in LLC "Svetly" in the Svetloyarsky district of the Volgograd region in the period from 2015 to 2017. During the scientific and economic experience, the authors revealed the new fodder additives positive influence on the laying hens’ egg productivity, on the eggs morphological and incubation rates and on the got young birds. The use of premixes in layer diet, which included the fodder concentrate from the plant raw material "Sarepta" and Camelina seed oil cake, contributed to the increase in the hens laying capacity, in general, the group received in 249 and 310 pieces more than in the control one. The egg average weight from the chickens of the control group was 60.89 g; from the first experimental it was 61.33 g; from the second experimental it was 61.39 g, which was higher than in the control one, respectively, by 0.44 g and 0.50 g. While the hatching eggs morphological indices analysis, it was revealed that all parameters are within the permissible limits of the physiological norm. Fertilization of eggs in the control group was at the level of 89.33%, which is lower than in the experimental groups. As a whole, the eggs' production in groups was 20.00% in the control, 17.33% in the 1st group, and 16.00% in the 2nd test group
142 kb

MODERN ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF SORGHUM FORAGE

abstract 1231609052 issue 123 pp. 783 – 792 30.11.2016 ru 421
Sorghum is a source of concentrated, succulent and coarse forage. Its grain is used for making the mixed fodder and as the concentrated forage for swine, cows, sheep, horses and poultry. Sweet sorghum is successfully used for silage and haylage. Green chop of Sudan grass is used as fresh food for domestic animals and it’s used for making hay and silage. The nutritional value of the fodder is the way to meet the animal needs in nutrients, necessary for living. To determine the nutritional value of the fodder, oat fodder units and energy fodder units or exchange energy are used. At present the assessment of nutritional value according to fodder units is being revised, because it doesn’t give the true picture of the value of fodder nutrition and animal needs in nutrients. The general energetic nutritional value of fodder is considered as contents of all organic substances, supplied with fodder or with its energy. The nutritional value of fodder is valued according to the characteristics of its chemical composition, digestion of nutrients and general (energetic) nutritional value. The purpose of the work is to assess the nutritional value of fodder, obtained from the best sorghum varieties, as the food for different kinds of agricultural animals. Sorghum, used as fodder for poultry possesses the largest nutritional value. Among the grain sorghum varieties, the variety ‘Zernogradskoe 88’ has got the biggest value of fodder units. The green chop of Sudan grass and green fodder for silage of sweet sorghum possess the greatest nutritional value for swine. The varieties of Sudan grass ‘Krasava’ and ‘Arkadiya’ and the variety of sweet sorghum ‘Listvenit’ are the best varieties according to the contents of fodder units
126 kb

PROBABILITY OF ESTIMATION OF AMELIORATIVE CONDITION OF IRRIGATED FIELD WHEN USING BIOTECHNOLOGY

abstract 1211607110 issue 121 pp. 1778 – 1786 30.09.2016 ru 420
The biotechnology (year - round utilization of livestock and spirit wastages) was developed for the protection of farmlands and water objects. Technology of processing of organic wastages by means of earthworms (vermicomposting) gives the chance to use wastages of livestock complexes, to make a sewage disposal at minimum energy consumption. In the field experiment which was made in the training farm called "Kuban" for the detailed studying of influence of the held events there were put the platforms. The technique of probability of estimation of ameliorative condition of an irrigated field is given in the article. The nonparametric statistical assessment of degree of soil compliance to the normative conditions is defined
277 kb

SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF TOBACCO SEEDS GROWING

abstract 1211607048 issue 121 pp. 835 – 845 30.09.2016 ru 419
Nicotiana tabacum and rustica are facultative self-pollinated plants, therefore, because of pollination peculiarities, specific methods are applicable to growing seeds of this plants. Researches on mass, individual and family, recurrent methods of seeds selection for productivity and sowing properties are carried in the institute for revealing most efficient methods of getting seeds. Seeds growing system for Nicotiana tabacum and rustica is a part of general seeds growing system for all agricultural plants and consists of breeding, testing new sorts, mass reproduction of seeds with retained biological and productivity properties, seeds harvesting and controlling their sort and sowing properties. Primary growing of nicotiana tabacum and rustica seeds is carried by individual and family or recurrent selection and further testing of chosen plants, distinctive for this sort, on economically valuable and biological properties. Peculiarities of each zoned sort are kept by retaining its primary genome with constant selection of highly productive genotypes, specific for this sort. Well-organized seed growing system leads to sort potential revealing. Biotype composition of sort is obviously changing in a few years, so primary seeds growing system should be constantly improved
520 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BEEF OF YOUNG SPECIAL MEAT AND HOLSTAIN SPECIES GROWN IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1211607141 issue 121 pp. 2288 – 2330 30.09.2016 ru 419
The author has examined peculiarities of meat productivity of animals of the most common breeds: Charolais, Simmental, Aberdeen Angus, Hereford, Kuban type of Red Steppe. As a result of the slaughter carried out for younger group achieved 15 months age, the Charolais breed bulls exceeded peers of Kuban type on slaughter weight to 60.9 kg (20.9 %), Aberdeen Angus – 53.8 kg (18.5 %), Hereford and Simmental respectively – to 35.1 and 24.8 kg (8,5-12,0 %). By the age of 18 months their superiority increased respectively by 56.9; 57.5; 55.8 and 29.9 kg (16.8; 16.9; 16.5 and 8.82%). Halves of bodies of the Kuban breed (considering the specific type of boneless beef output) aged 15 months gave way to all the groups: Charolais and Angus – by 1.1- 1.5%, Simmental and Hereford – by 0.4-0.6%. The yield of premium beef exceeds the standards in all genotypes: Kuban – by 9.5%, beef breeds – by 11.2% (Charolais) and 19% (Simmental). The balance beetween dry matter and moisture is in the optimal range (0.43: 1-0,73: 1). At 15 months of age, in the number of dry matter, Charolais bulls outnumbered Aberdeen-Angus and Red steppe at 5.1-5.2%, Simmental and Hereford - on 3,0-4,9%. With age, in the meat of calves of beef breeds the level of fat increased, for example, in Hereford and Simmental 0.3-0.5%, Aberdeen Angus and Simmental – 0.7-0.8%. In the middle of a sample of ground beef of carcasses of the calves of Charolais breed at the age of 18 months it contained more protein than in the meat of the calves of Red steppe (1.2%, Hereford (1.1%), Angus (1.4%), Simmental (1,3%). All the meat of the carcasses of the calves of specialized beef breeds was of high quality and diet: one part of the protein had 0.59 parts of fat (Aberdeen Angus) and 0.45 parts (Hereford)
219 kb

INFLUENCE OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON PRODUCTIVITY OF MERLO TECHNICAL GRADE IN THE CONDITIONS OF ANAPA-TAMAN ZONE

abstract 1311707129 issue 131 pp. 1571 – 1586 29.09.2017 ru 418
The article reviews the results of studying the influence of mineral fertilizers on the uvological, yielding and qualitative indices of the Merlot grape variety in the Anapo-Taman zone of the Krasnodar region. The technology of cultivation of grapes on the experimental plot was performed in accordance with the accepted for the given zone and culture. Agrobiological work was carried out at the optimal time and had a high quality of execution. Grape bushes were laid in a 3.0 x 2.0 m pattern. Formation - a two-shoulder horizontal cordon. On the bushes, there was formed the same load shoots and bunches. Scheme of experience: option 1 – no fertilizers (control); option 2 - superphosphate with a mixture of potassium salt (P90K90) from the autumn; option 3 – nitroammofoska (N120P120K120) from autumn; option 4 – ammonium nitrate (N60) in early spring. Analysis of the results of the studies on the study of biological features of growth, fruiting, yield and quality of Merlot grape varieties on the background of the use of mineral fertilizers shows their high efficiency in the conditions of the Anapo-Tamanskaya zone of the Krasnodar region and can be recommended for use in production conditions. Autumn application of nitroammofoski (N120P120K120) provides an increase in yield by 68.3%, increases the yield of mash from a hectare by 76.7% and the collection of sugar by 97.6%. Autumn application of phosphate-potassium fertilizers (P90K90) and early spring application of ammonium nitrate (N60) also contributed to an increase in yields by 33.3 and 40.6%, respectively. On the output of the wort, these options are equal, and for the collection of sugar phosphate-potassium fertilizers exceed ammonia nitrate
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