Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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587 kb

STRUCTURING THE INFORMATION SYSTEM OF DATABASE "PARAMETERS OF QUALITY OF GRAIN" IN RICE PLANT BREEDING

abstract 1341710111 issue 134 pp. 1437 – 1447 29.12.2017 ru 404
In breeding programs, evaluation of initial material is made on all the stages of developing the variety. Great difficulties for the breeding process are made by absence of modern mechanisms for storing, retrieving, manipulating the relevant data, and using the information previously obtained for use in solving the set breeding task. In order to organize the management of breeding process for development of high-quality rice varieties, based on the urgency of problem of intellectual analysis of data, the Database "Rice Quality" was designed as a set of structured data - the rice quality characteristics identified in the stages of the process of developing variety belonging to the "Rice". In the domain model, the infologic model, a set of parameters for evaluating rice quality in terms of out-of-program components is defined. The program is written in the Microsoft Access database environment using built-in query building tools, forms, reports. The structure of the developed tables includes static and refreshed directories in which the necessary information is stored, the tables are combined into one-to-many relationships, while ensuring data integrity, cascading updates and deletion of fields
191 kb

CROP YIELD AND GRAIN QUALITY OF ANTONINA WINTER WHEAT IN LEACHED BLACK SOIL UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE WESTERN PRE-CAUCASIAN REGION

abstract 1291705098 issue 129 pp. 1353 – 1370 31.05.2017 ru 403
The article is devoted to the various elements of the cultivation technology of winter wheat called Antonina with the application of different soil fertility backgrounds, fertilizer norms, and plant protection systems against weeds, pests and diseases. Investigations are carried out in a multivariate stationary experiment: factor ‘A’- soil fertility; factor ‘B’ - fertilizer system; factor ‘C’ - the system of plants protection; factor ‘D’ - the main methods of soil tillage. Four models of soil fertility levels were studied in the experiment: А0 - initial (natural background); А1 - medium (200 kg / ha Р2О5 and 200 t / ha of solid manure); А2 - high (double dose); at А3 - high (tripled) on three backgrounds of basic soil tillage: nonmoldboard, recommended, moldboard with deep bursting and without the application of tillage (direct seeding and the natural rate of soil fertility). The soil is heavy leached black humus with humus content in the arable layer of 2.5% - 2.9%. Based on examined researches it was found that for the sustainable yield of winter wheat the dose of mineral fertilizers should be increased, by that, the high quality of the grain is provided
153 kb

THE EXPERIENCE OF CREATING A POPULATION OF MEAT-WOOL SHEEP

abstract 1341710071 issue 134 pp. 884 – 894 29.12.2017 ru 403
The study of the productive qualities of crossbred offspring from different breeding combinations and identifying the most effective ones providing the maximum increase in the production of high quality lamb while reducing its cost is an important problem and is essential for further development of methods of creating a new type of precocious meat and wool sheep. In the Rostov region in the result of the establishment of populations of meat-wool sheep there are several groups of animals with different characteristics and hereditary inclinations. As the base of the work there is a method of mating and breeding of sheep of the desired type. The article presents the results of one of the fragments of a large complex work in which the possibility of using three-pedigree hybrids, created with the involvement of potential salskaya, edilbaevskaya and intense meat-wool breed, which is severokavkazskaya, to improve productive quality in the breeding of sheep. We have evaluated productivity and biological features of hybrids and proved the economic efficiency of their use in the production of mutton. We have given the results of the control slaughter and assessment of qualitative indicators of the meat of young sheep. The set of indicators characterizing meat productivity and meat quality revealed that the superiority of the studied indicators remained for two - and three-bred cross cattle. Hybrids have a higher rate of growth and quality parameters of meat productivity. These options are simple and complex industrial crossing are promising and can be implemented and used on the farms of the zone of breeding Merino sheep. Thus, the use of crossbreeding gives an opportunity to convert a flock of sheep in the desired direction quickly. At the same time, three-pedigree hybrids better combine the valuable qualities of the used species
137 kb

THE INTRODUCTION OF ELEMENTS OF BIOLOGIZATION IN THE CULTIVATION OF CORN IN THE CENTRAL BLACK EARTH REGION

abstract 1231609110 issue 123 pp. 1618 – 1629 30.11.2016 ru 402
The article presents the results of a study to determine changes in indicators of fertility in typical chernozem of the Belgorod region and the productivity of corn using different agricultural technologies, including with elements of biologization
329 kb

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION COMPARISON OF DRIED TOBACCOS OBTAINED FROM DIFFERENT HYBRIDS, SORTS AND LINES

abstract 1281704068 issue 128 pp. 1003 – 1013 28.04.2017 ru 401
Tasting and smoking properties of tobacco products depend on chemical composition of dried tobacco. The most important are nicotine, carbohydrates, and proteins. Their content is controlled when new sorts are bred. In the article data on chemical composition and their analysis for some hybrids, new and zoned sorts are presented. Most of studied samples had medium nicotine content in dried tobacco. Hybrid of Jubileiniy noviy 142 and Ostrolist 46, sorts: Trapezond 159, 359, 115 and Ostrolist 46 were characterized as low nicotine tobaccos. Jubileiniy (standard) and Oktiabrskii were characterized as high nicotine tobaccos. This indicator depends on rain quantity during vegetation period. During drought seasons this indicator is higher. Total soluble carbohydrates content affects smoke taste. The more water soluble carbohydrates content the better smoking properties tobacco has. Unlike nicotine, carbohydrates content when rainy season increases. Best results were for Krupnolistniy 9M and Oktiabrskii. Proteins have negative effect on smoke taste as it becomes bitter and with smell of burned feathers. Most of studied hybrids have quite high protein content. For cured tobacco quality assessment, not total contents of proteins and carbohydrates are important but their ratio (carbohydrates/proteins) called Shmuk ratio. Best results were for Krupnolistniy 9M and Oktiabrskii
170 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE MELIORATIVE CONDITION ON THE PROPERTIES OF SOILS OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES OF KUBAN AND THEIR PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 1321708017 issue 132 pp. 218 – 230 31.10.2017 ru 401
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
151 kb

INFLUENCE SOIL AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS FOR GROWING GRAPE VARIETIES BRANDY AND DEFINITION OF AREA OF SPECIALISATION BRANDY PRODUCTION

abstract 1201606093 issue 120 pp. 1392 – 1402 30.06.2016 ru 397
Improving the quality of Russian cognac is of great national importance. It should be noted that about 80% of Russian foreign brandies made from aged cognac distillates. To obtain high-quality products necessary technical-chemical control of production starting from the vine and the conditions of its growth. For a comprehensive evaluation of the totality of important factors: climate, relief, soil and variety. It is important to add that this grading must be accompanied by the release of environmental macro zones with viticulture specialization. In this regard, there has been conducted a soil-cartographic survey of lands of ACE "Fanagoria" in the Temryuk district of the Krasnodar region. Evaluation took place in view of all 4 factors, notably the soil factor; and the content of lime in the soil and the degree of salinity of soils. Soil analyzes were carried out in FGBNU Anapa ZOSViV SKZNIISiV using the latest equipment generally accepted methods for determining indicators of soil characteristics. The purpose of the research - to give a detailed description of the survey area, as well as highlight the boundaries of environmental macro zones for the cultivation of grapes brandy. During the research, it was found that for the selection and evaluation of raw material zones for brandy production we must take into account soil and climatic optimum performance to get quality brandy raw materials
128 kb

REPRODUCTIVE, FATTENING AND MEAT QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS AT USING BOARS OF SPECIALIZED BREEDS AND TYPES

abstract 1221608008 issue 122 pp. 89 – 98 31.10.2016 ru 396
The article describes the evaluation of reproductive, fattening and meat qualities of pigs of purebred large white breed (KB), crossbred ewes, derived from crosses KB sows with boars of steppe type (ST) CM-1 and three-pedigree animals, obtained by crossing crossbred ewes KB x ST with imported boars of specialized meat breeds, such as Landrace (L) Duroc (D) and pietrain (P). We have studied qualities such as prolificacy, milk yield, live weight of the nest, the average weight of one Piglet, the safety of the offspring to weaning, maturity, which is closely associated with average daily gain in live weight, meat content of carcasses, their linear dimensions, meat productivity, the amount of kidney fat, weight of carcasses of animals of the experimental groups, carcass yield
127 kb

THE PATH FOR IMPORT- SUBSTITUTION OF THE USE OF FOREIGN BREED PIGS

abstract 1301706078 issue 130 pp. 1058 – 1065 30.06.2017 ru 396
The extensive path for development in the country in the twentieth century caused low competitiveness of Russian pig production. The productivity of domestic pig production was significantly lower than in Europe, US, Canada and China. Feed costs per 1 kg of gain were 2-3 times higher with a low yield of piglets from a sow per year: 14-16 with an average European 25-27 heads. The country did not have enough meat; as a result, a significant amount of meat products was imported to Russia. Restrictions on imports in connection to the imposition of embargoes contributed to the increase in demand for domestic products and opened new opportunities for Russian producers. One way to increase the production of pork is to use pigs with a high genetic potential for productivity, imported for breeding from Canada and Europe. Based on the conducted studies, it has been established that pigs of foreign breeding have high reproductive qualities, which proves the expediency of their application in commercial pig production to increase the efficiency of the industry development and reduce the import of pedigree youngsters from abroad. The implementation of two breed gilts will help increase productivity in the industrial pig production
152 kb

APPLICATION OF BIOFUNGICIDES CALLED GUAPSIN AND TRIHODERMIN DURING THE PERIOD OF PRODUCTION OF GRAFTED PLANTING MATERIAL AT THE STAGE OF STRATIFICATION OF GRAFTED GRAPES CUTTINGS

abstract 1211607104 issue 121 pp. 1692 – 1702 30.09.2016 ru 392
The article gives the results of the three years of research to identify the main species composition of fungal pathogens when stratified open and closed methods. Biological efficiency of Guapsin, 0,2%, and Trichodermin, 0,5% is shown. During the period of stratification, using an open method "on the water", the following pathogens have evolved: Cladosporium herbarum (18,6%), Trichotecium roseum (16,3%), Phomopsis viticola (13,9%), Alternaria spp. (13,4%), Penicillium sp. ( 9,1%), Aspergillus sp. (5,6%), Pythium sp. (4,3%), Gonatobotrys flava (4,3%), Mycelia sterilia (2,8%), Botrytis cinerea (2,2%). The studies found that the close method of stratification in the peat developed the following specific composition of pathogens: Penicillium spp. (21,1%), Phomopsis viticola (16,4%), Botrytis cinerea (15,3%), Trichotecium roseum (11,1%), Alternaria spp. (8,2%), Mycelia sterilia (1,0%). During the period of stratification, biological efficiency Guapsin, 0.2%, and Trichodermin, 0,5%, was 31,9-88,0% and 28,2-86,3%, respectively
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