Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
870 kb

FEATURES OF PRODUCTION OF LANDING MATERIAL OF THE HIBISCUS SYRIAN (HIBISCUS SYRIACUS L.) IN THE SOUTHERN REGIONS OF RUSSIA

abstract 1111507056 issue 111 pp. 935 – 943 30.09.2015 ru 857
The features of seeding and vegetative reproduction of Hibiscus Syrian (Hibiscus syriacus L.) in the South regions of Russia are accounted in the article. It is shown that the not sorted Hibiscuses reproduce better by seeds. Sowing is made before winter (November). The young growth appears on April-May of next year. The seedlings of first-year are wintering badly in the open soil; therefore, it is better to keep them in the basements in sand. When one-year seedlings are planting next spring we receive the standard seedling in the autumn this year. Planting material of high quality of Hibiscus Syrian was grown by means of inoculation and by the grafting method. It is recommended to execute an inoculation in the first tenday period of September. It is possible to execute the reproduction by means of inoculation in case of deficit of shoots of high quality plants and for the rapid fixing of sort. It is preferable to reproduce a Hibiscus Syrian by wood shoots in the frames or by green shoots in the unheated greenhouses in an autumn-winter period. The best results in the carried out research were got at planting shoots for further growth in the containers at the greenhouses with creating of shadow in a summer period. The high speed of shoots growth in the containers of cv. Duc de Brabant, cv. Woodbrige and cv. Russian Violet varieties are observed. The vegetative mass of shoots of cv. Speciosus, cv.Carneus Plenus and cv. Red Heart varieties increases more slowly. A conclusion follows, that the studied crop must take the deserving place in the assortment of decorative bushes of plant nursery farms
134 kb

PROTEIN OF MEAT AND BONE MEAL FOR PIGS

abstract 1111507071 issue 111 pp. 1133 – 1142 30.09.2015 ru 911
The modern requirements of intergovernmental standards to the quality and safety of livestock produce provide for the use of highly productive animals capable under small expenses to produce more the high quality produce. In particular, at the formation of meat productivity at pigs the great significance has an achievement of optimal digestion and assimilability of consumed fodder means. In the connection, the study of digestion of meat and bone meal from slaughterhouse wastes of cattle (MCM) and poultry (MCBM) presents the scientific interest. In the fodder experience on the growing pigs with the fistula of iliac intestines there was investigated the digestion of two types of meat and bone meal from slaughterhouse wastes of cattle (MCM) and poultry (MKBM). The iliac accessibility of amino acids of meat and bone meal found itself too low: 49,3 % - 69,3 %. The accessibility of general protein reliably did not differ from the average accessibility on main amino acids - 61,5 %. To count the real iliac accessibility of raw protein and amino acids of meat and bone meal there was determined an endogenous emission of these substances on the casein diet. The real iliac accessibility of protein and individual amino acids did not leave the limits in 73% on МCM and 69% - on МCBМ. The accessibility of lysine, leucine and isoleucine MCBM is reliably higher than the same in MCM (P
152 kb

SUPPLEMENTS OF SALTS OF METALS AND PROBIOTICS IN ANIMAL RATION DIMINISH THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF MEAT RAW OF FORAGES TO FEED AFFECTED WITH MOLDS OF STORAGE

abstract 1111507072 issue 111 pp. 1143 – 1155 30.09.2015 ru 880
The obtaining of high-quality meat is impossible without providing of full value feeding of agricultural animals in the combination with the maintenance of conditions of their feeding. In farms of the Krasnodar region the seeding of forages with molds varies from 103 to 107 КОЕ in 1 gm of forage. There was conducted the study of influence of feeding of animals with mold mixed fodders on the seeding with microscopic fungus of tissues of inner organs. There was carried out the slaughter with the aim of study of meat quality, immune hematological large part of intestines. There were selected the samples of meat and inner organs on the seeding with microscopic fungus. There was determined that in tissues of inner organs of animals which during 4 months were on the ration including the mixed fodder with general seeding with mold fungus 105 -106 КОЕ in 1 gm of forage, there were found the spores of molds. Also there was determined the intensity of animals’ growth of first and second groups reliably did not vary (p>0,5). There were worked out the ways of improvement of sanitary condition of fodders by the means of introduction of the salts of microelements into rations such as bluestone and ferrous sulfate with the addition of probiotics KM3(cultured milk fermentation including Streptococcus lactis, Lactobacillus acidofilum) influencing the growth of pigs, the condition of their health and the quality of meat raw at the using of fodders dirty with micromycets. The consumption of fodders attacking with microscopic fungus with the addition KM3 showed that the lacto- and bifidus bacteria KM3 suppressed the development the pathogenic microflora of gastrointestinal tract of pigs. There were determined the optimal doses of the introduction of detoxicants in fodders affected with molds of storage. The positive effect in average amounted 8%
663 kb

NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY IN THE SORGHUM GRAIN AND GRAIN OF CHICKPEA IN THE DIETS OF AYRSHIRE COWS

abstract 1111507074 issue 111 pp. 1167 – 1179 30.09.2015 ru 947
The article has scientifically substantiated and experimentally proved high efficacy of using sorghum grain and chickpea grain in the diets of cows of Ayrshire breed. It has also shown their influence on the productivity, digestibility and utilization of nutrients of diets
136 kb

CHARACTERISTICS OF ADAPTIVE TRAITS OF VARIETIES AND LINES OF WINTER (SOFT) WHEAT SOWN AFTER PEAS AS A PREDECESSOR

abstract 1111507076 issue 111 pp. 1191 – 1199 30.09.2015 ru 1057
The researchers of the institute are studying adaptive power of 17 varieties and 6 lines of winter wheat sown after peas using various methods of assessment of their adaptive properties. During the years of study (2012-2014) we found out that environmental conditions which account for 78% have the greatest effect on the trait ‘grain productivity’ in the formation of the yield. The share of genes accounts for 9,7%, the specific correlation ‘geno type x environment’ accounts for 10% which allow calculating adaptive properties. It has been defined that productivity of winter soft wheat changed a lot due to growing conditions and characteristics of varieties. The productivity ranged from 38,7 c/ha (‘Garant’ in 2014) to 76,5 c/ha 9’Lilit’ in 2013). The study found out that the varieties ‘Stanichnaya’, ‘Asket’ and ‘Lilit’ possess the highest response to cultivation with bi=1,15; bi=1,18 and bi=1,25 respectively. The varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’, the lines ‘430/07’, ‘260/09’ and 771/09’ possess a high adaptive ability and productivity with 111%, 105%, 108%, 105% and 106% respectively. The study of adaptive properties of winter soft wheat varieties gives an opportunity to distinguish adaptive, stress tolerant varieties with plasticity according to the primary structural elements which form productivity. The varieties ‘Asket’ and ‘Lidiya’ are characterized with high response to cultivation in different environmental conditions. The varieties ‘Lidiya’ and ‘Kapitan’ belong to adaptive cultivars. The varieties ‘Kapitan’, ‘Krasa Dona’ and the line ‘234/07’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘grain productivity’; the varieties ‘Kapitan’, ‘Krasa Dona’, ‘Lilit’ and the line ‘771/09’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘number of seeds per a ear’; the varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’ and the line ‘771/09’ are stress tolerant according to the trait ‘weight of seeds per a ear’
134 kb

INFLUENCE OF GREEN MANURE AND INTERCROPPING CULTURES IN THE CHAIN OF IRRIGATED CROP ROTATION ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF VEGETABLE CROPS

abstract 1111507082 issue 111 pp. 1289 – 1298 30.09.2015 ru 836
The article presents the results for the study of productivity and quality of vegetable crops in irrigated chains of crop rotation by using intermediate and green manure crops. The greatest number of units of grain produced in the first variant of the experiment, where in a part of crop rotation cultivated sweet corn, mustard as a green manure for potato and onion planting summer planting seeds in the ground and reached 37.4 tons of grain units. The infection of potato tubers with complex disease was lowest at the control variant and compose 11 %. The highest infection with diseases of potatoes fixed at the intermediate and without the use of Side-General culture and was 18 %, which is 63.6 % more than the control options. When we are using intermediate crops diseases of onion increased by 7,7–15,4 % in case of green manure using. When you include treatment of the soil under the previous culture it was the largest infest with diseases and was 16–17 %, which is by 23.1 and 30.8 % higher than in the control variant. Based on these results, we can conclude that the use of green manure crops and intermediates more favorable effect both on the productivity of the subsequent crops or the quality and marketability
158 kb

ASSESSMENT OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF PAMYAT SIMIRENKO PEACH VARIETIES ON VVA-1 CLONAL ROOTSTOCK DEPENDING ON THE FORMING CROWN

abstract 1111507084 issue 111 pp. 1314 – 1324 30.09.2015 ru 919
The article considers the results of the evaluation of the photosynthetic activity of peach trees in intensive plantations on clonal rootstock VVA-1 in the formation of improved cupped spindle-shaped crown. It is established that in the formation of spindle-shaped crown all the parts of it have just the right lighting, the leaves contain more chlorophyll, they are more specific and have real productivity
321 kb

INFLUENCE OF VARIETAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPES AND THE NATURE OF ALCOHOL AGENT ON LIQUEUR WINE QUALITY

abstract 1111507087 issue 111 pp. 1356 – 1366 30.09.2015 ru 880
The studies revealed that the application of spirits as a strength agent of 91.0 - 96.6% in special wines contained more vitamin-like substances than wine, alcoholized with double-distilled water with 75% alcohol concentration. The highest marks for tasting wines were given to the options made with the use of rectified grain origin alcohol as an agent of alcohol. Application of double-distilled water wine leads to accumulation of unnecessarily high undesirable groups of compounds such as methanol and fusel oil, thereby reducing the quality of the wine. Organoleptic parameters were the best for selection of wines from Anapa ZOSViV - Dionysus and Krasnostop EPA, as well as - Cabernet Sauvignon. We can conclude that for the production of high-quality red dessert wines we need, along with the classic varieties, wider use of new autochthonous varieties using alcohol agents of rectified grain origin
155 kb

EVALUATION OF RICE VARIETIES, VARIETY SAMPLE ON BIOCHEMICAL, AMYLOGRAPHIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CARYOPSIS IN ORDER TO DEVELOP INTEGRATED QUALITY PATTERN

abstract 1111507091 issue 111 pp. 1404 – 1415 30.09.2015 ru 1250
In this article, the results of the research of quality characteristics of Russian rice varieties were observed
155 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF MICROFLORA IN APPLE ROOT RHIZOSPERE WHEN FERTILIZING

abstract 1111507094 issue 111 pp. 1446 – 1459 30.09.2015 ru 866
The problem of environmental safety of agricultural products and agro-technical measures is very urgent now. Various agrochemicals are widely used in agricultural production: plant protection preparations, fertilizers, stimulants and plant growth regulators, etc. One possible solution of this problem may be a partial replacement of mineral fertilizers by bacterial ones. The aim of our research was to determine the effect of different fertilizers and methods of their application on the quantity of microorganisms in the apple root rhizosphere soil. The research was carried out according to conventional methods. In our experiment, we determined the number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the roots of apple trees, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the leaves; hydrolysable nitrogen, available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium in soil and crop yield. The highest yield was obtained by fertigation in our research. Application bacterial fertilizer to the soil ensured yield increase at the level of mineral fertilizer application. Application of fertilizers in general, in the studied application rates provided optimum level of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content in the leaves and soil. By use of fertigation and bacterial fertilizers were high and relatively stable numbers of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of the apple trees. The number of microorganisms in the rhizosphere had a positive correlation with yield and the content of nutrients in soil and in leaves
.