Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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280 kb

BIOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF FUNGICIDES IN WINTER WHEAT CROPS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON CROP YIELD

abstract 1321708080 issue 132 pp. 1035 – 1044 31.10.2017 ru 409
For the production of high quality winter wheat grain, it is necessary to observe the technology of growing the crop and creating optimal conditions for the growth and development of plants. An important role in it is played not only by agrotechnical measures, but also by effective protection of crops from pests. The phytosanitary state of winter wheat sowings has worsened significantly in recent years, however, the degree of damage to crops and the harmfulness of fungal diseases can be significantly reduced, and in some cases completely prevented by treatment of crops with fungicides. The range of fungicides is improved annually by incorporating more effective and less environmentally hazardous preparations. The research is aimed at determining the optimal rates of consumption, the biological effectiveness of new fungicides and assessing their effect on the yield of winter wheat. As a result, it has been established that treatment with Abucus Ultra with a rate of 1.0 l / ha has protective properties, but does not treat plants (72.2%). This further leads to a loss of an average of about 0.5 tons of grain per hectare. Fungicide Akanto Plus in the investigated rates of consumption has good protective and eradicating (healing) properties and with a decrease in the rate of consumption of less loss of yield. Thus, the choice of the preparation and its consumption rate should be based on an understanding of the phytosanitary situation, taking into account the condition of crops and the agroclimatic situation
235 kb

BIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY SAFE HERBAL FEED ADDITIVES FOR QUAIL

abstract 1041410107 issue 104 pp. 1520 – 1541 30.12.2014 ru 737
The work on the study of the biological assessment of environmentally safe herbal feed additives for quail has found in the supplement that contains the seeds of soybean varieties Valens, the bird had higher growth rates than in the supplement of soybean varieties Vila. Using as a protein-based supplement autoclaved soybean Valens varieties increases the profitability of meat quails from 22.52 to 28.76%, and the economic effect when used - to 32.5 rubles per 1000 quails compared with the addition made from soybean of Vilan varieties
202 kb

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT SORTS OF HUMIC COMPLEX AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE GROWTH OF PLANTS

abstract 1101506077 issue 110 pp. 1168 – 1178 30.06.2015 ru 1275
The article represents the results of the experiments on biological activity of humits of different sorts. The object of research was humic preparation called Vermistar, which was obtained by vermiculturing, on the basis of brown coal. Humics are group of high-molecular substances which have high physiological activity. Humic substances stimulate all biochemical processes on all the stages of plant growth. They change the permeability of the cell membranes, increase activity of ferments, amount of chlorophyll and productivity of photosynthesis. Also humits are not toxic; they don’t have carcinogen and mutagenic effects, so we have a chance of getting environmentally friendly products. The experiment results show high biological activity of humic preparations. Usage of humic stimulates germination, the accumulation of vegetative mass, weight gain. The frequency of shoot has been increased by 17-32%. Height of shoots, roots and vegetative mass has also been increased
164 kb

BIOLOGIAL TRAITS IN WALNUT BREEDING

abstract 1011407052 issue 101 pp. 828 – 842 30.09.2014 ru 1357
The article provides a review of biological traits that could be useful for selection of the walnut in diverse conditions of its growth. The most important aspects of species biology are described as they are of primary importance for breeding programs in the countries with walnut crops
123 kb

BIOGEOCHEMISTRY AND SELENIUM AGROCHEMISTRY

abstract 0921308045 issue 92 pp. 683 – 693 31.10.2013 ru 1728
In the article we show the history of opening of selenium, its distribution in the nature, the value of this microcell in life of plants. We also show the experience of russian and foreign scientists on studying of the influence of selenic fertilizers on a crop and quality of crops
134 kb

BIOENERGY EFFICIENCY OF CULTIVATION OF ALFALFA IN DIFFERENT YEARS OF LIFE IN THE CENTRAL ZONE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 0931309066 issue 93 pp. 970 – 981 30.11.2013 ru 1059
The article presents the bioenergetic efficiency of cultivation of alfalfa of 2 and 3 years of life at various technologies and methods of cultivation of primary tillage
187 kb

BIOENERGETICS ESTIMATION OF LONGTIME FERTILIZERS’ APPLICATION IN THE CROP ROTATION

abstract 1301706061 issue 130 pp. 856 – 872 30.06.2017 ru 580
The influence of the crop rotation type, predecessor and different doses of mineral fertilizers on the yield of winter wheat varieties was investigated and bioenergetics estimation was given. Investigations were carried out in the North-Kuban Agricultural Experiment Station in two ten field crop rotation: grain tillage and grain - grass tillage rotation of prolonged stationary experience. The soil is the black soil, low in humus, powerful, with humus content (0-30sm), depending on the power of nutrition backgrounds in the arable soil layer. It was found that the selection of predecessors and the differentiated application of mineral fertilizers ensure stable high yields of grain and they exceed the varieties without fertilizers by 40-79%. Winter wheat yield depends on the crop rotation of 8-15%; from its predecessor - 15-18% and 27-31% of the fertilizer. A strong correlation between yield and agronomic methods was determined. The most effective predecessor for the wheat cultivation by the turnover of furrow slice is sainfoin, peas and wheat. More labor intensive and energy-consuming predecessors are grain maize and sugar beet
136 kb

BIOECOLOGICAL BASIS OF SELECTION AND EUROPEAN CEDAR VARIETY TESTING

abstract 0761202029 issue 76 pp. 336 – 347 29.02.2012 ru 2061
The article outlines bio ecological properties of the European cedar, important for the selection of the total seed production, principles of selection varieties of clones. A description of the first grade-clone “Carpathian” is given
1344 kb

BIOCHEMISTRY OF SOME PERSPECTIVE TABLE GRAPES

abstract 1071503114 issue 107 pp. 1757 – 1769 31.03.2015 ru 944
The article contains results of the study of biochemistry of some perspective table grape varieties: Aniuta, Vodograi, Nizina and Jubilee Novocherkasska, yield in 2013 from the Central zone of Krasnodar region. At the time of redy yield the combination of sweetness and acidity of fruits were favorable. The ratio of fructose to glucose was 1.69; 1.36; 2.00; 1.13, respectively, in grapes Aniuta, Vodograi, Nisina, Jubilee Novocherkasska. According to the percentage of fructose in fruit juice varieties Aniuta, Vodograi and Jubilee Novocherkasska close to each other (50.93; 56.14; 51.23%). According to the percentage of glucose similar varieties Aniuta and Nizina (33 - 34.27%), Vodograi and Jubilee Novocherkasska (41.16 - 45.22%). Sort Jubilee Novocherkasska, had content in berries close fructose and glucose. Most of fructose (66.02%) in berries variety Nizina. In berries studied cultivars organic acid content was: wine 3128 - 3861, malic 982 - 3753, citric 109 - 317, amber 3 - 115 mg / dm3. The highest concentrations of potassium and sodium cations are presented in berries varieties Aniuta: potassium - 1219 sodium - 35.13 mg / dm3 and cations magnesium and calcium in berries Jubilee Novocherkasska 46.75 and 73.64 mg / dm3. The lowest concentration of potassium and sodium cations observed in grape Vodograi, magnesium - from grape Aniuta, calcium - at grape Nizina. We studied grape bunches are large, not dense, beautiful, berries are large, harmonious taste. Tasting score fresh grapes varieties Aniuta, Vodograi, Nizina, Jubilee Novocherkasska 7.6; 7.4; 7.8; 7.8 points respectively
633 kb

BIOCHEMISTRY OF PERSPECTIVE TABLE GRAPE VARIETIES AND CLONES IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 0991405066 issue 99 pp. 959 – 970 30.05.2014 ru 1496
The article highlights the biochemical characteristics of perspective newest varieties of table grapes and clones of the Kuban region; it also presents the results of the study in an industrial environment of OAO AF "South", OOO "Phanagoria-Agro", Training Farm "Kuban" and branches of the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University and in Farmer-amateur conditions of private entrepreneurs of Kuban
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