Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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134 kb

BIOLOGICAL FEATURES AND PRODUCTIVITY OF BLACK-AND-WHITE CATTLE

abstract 1061502013 issue 106 pp. 189 – 199 28.02.2015 ru 892
The behavior, interior and milk yield of the mature Black-and-White cows with various productivity levels, as well as etology of the replacement heifers are researched. The superiority of the high milk yielding cows for the lying duration and eating feed and water is revealed. Reduced variability of vital behavioral actions of animals is found. In addition, high yielding cows has been lower variability in all feeding acts. It was noted that high yielding animals exceeded equal age cows by the level of most interior factors. The differences were significant on the content of hemoglobin, vitamin E, and especially on the content of iron. Positive correlations between some interior design indicators is found. The analysis of lifetime productivity during our research found that high milk yielding cows had highest yields on the first lactation and kept the same level in the next lactations with insignificant variations. The lower productivity animals reached maximal yields on the third lactation with the followed downward trend. Differences between groups in lifetime productivity during research amounted to 16 992 kg. The significant superiority of the heifers with high grown intensity above equal age animals for the duration of feed and water eating, physiological functions and lying. The analysis of variation coefficient is confirmed the observed regularities.
178 kb

POPONA FOR COMFORT AND HEALTH OF CALVES

abstract 1091505034 issue 109 pp. 573 – 584 29.05.2015 ru 889
Milk productivity of cows is largely dependent on the efficiency of their own genetic potential. For the successful solution of this question it this essential the creation of proper technological conditions for high live stock process of ontogeny beginning from the neonatal period. One of the significant factors that influence the growth, development and safety of young grows in early of young grows in early postembryonic period are zoo-hygienic conditions of calves. Currently the "cold" method of keeping calves in individual houses is developed and widely used. It promotes the increase in the intensity of growth by 8,1%, prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract improving hygienic conditions and rising of profitability of their growing by 4,2%. It is now that calves kept individual houses in the face of increasing wind and decreasing temperatures as well as high humidity of air environment in winter, feel discomfort, move less, stay lying on the litter in the house. For the purpose of warming the animals in cold frosty days keeping outside in the houses, increasing their viability, growth intensity and the guarantee of prevention gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary system diseases development the staff of the Department of private zoo techniques (animal genetics) and pig-keeping from Kuban State Agrarian University have developed Popona - blanket-clothes for calves, which will allow to redirect received from feed energy to a calf growth. It will happen by reducing energy consumption for heating the body and prevent the development of colds due to the formation and preservation of the heat in the body in the absence of wet wool on with the external precipitation
1133 kb

MORPHOLOGIC AND ANATOMICAL CHANGES OF ORGANS OF APPLE TREES DEPENDING OF MEANS OF REGULATIONS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

abstract 0901306070 issue 90 pp. 1034 – 1052 30.06.2013 ru 886
According to the results of anatomical researches is determined, that under three sides spring punning of roots simultaneous annual applying of regalis number of grown closed (fruit) buds increase about 22–26 % during the first year, but then influence becomes weak and about the fifth year it needs the second (repeated) pruning of roots. Under two-sides pruning of roots a little decrease of size (caliber) is noticed in such sorts of apples as Gala and Golden Delicious
228 kb

INFLUENCE OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON THE NUTRITIOUS MODE OF THE SOIL, PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF ROOT CROPS OF SUGAR BEET

abstract 1111507107 issue 111 pp. 1640 – 1654 30.09.2015 ru 878
In the technology of cultivation of sugar beet the significant role is allocated for system of fertilizer. The research problem included studying of influence of various norms and combinations of mineral fertilizers on productivity and quality of this culture. In 2012-14 the stationary field experiment with sugar beet of a grade of "Nero" on an experienced field of department of agrochemistry in educational economy "Kuban" was put and made. Studying of the nutritious mode of the soil is one of the most important questions of determination of effectiveness of fertilizers. Researches showed that the application of double doses of nitrogenous, phosphoric and potash fertilizers, and also the complete fertilizer in double and threefold dose on the chernozem lixivious, has essential positive impact on the maintenance of like elements of a mineral delivery, providing the favorable food mode during body height and cultural development. Fertilizers promoted more intensive intake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in plants of sugar beet. The maximal maintenance of these elements is observed in a phase of clamping of rows. In experience the good harvest of sugar beet was received. Average productivity made about 450 c he (the increase makes ot13,6% to 77,4%). The maximal productivity of root crops is received at importation of N80P80K80 and N120P120K120 also made 620,3 and 633,3 c/he. Our researches showed that sugar content of root crops by options of experience fluctuated from 14,0 to 18,7%. The best results are received in options with importation of N80P80K80 - in these options sugar content made 18,7%.Thus, optimum conditions for sugar beet are created at importation of the complete mineral fertilizer at the rate of N80P80K80
907 kb

STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF OZONE ON THE GROWTH PROCESSES OF MAIZE SEEDS

abstract 1051501046 issue 105 pp. 759 – 773 30.01.2015 ru 877
Increasing the yield of crops is a global challenge substantiated by the scientists from all over the world. To achieve this goal, there are various ways, one of which is the ozonation of seeds before sowing. This method inhibits harmful microflora, which could be formed on the seed during the period of storage, and excites the chemical processes within the seed that can accelerate the process of growth. But despite the positive effect of ozone-air mixture of seeds and a variety of conducting research there is still no reliable data on the technological parameters of ozone effects on seed crops (e.g., corn). In this regard, we have conducted experimental studies to determine the effective parameters of the ozonation of corn seeds, such as the concentration of ozone in the ozone-air mixture, exposure time and binning after treatment. The influence of these parameters was assessed by changes in growth performance of seed, such as germination, germination and growth of strength. Just at the end of the pilot study we carried out a statistical analysis of the data, which allowed us to estimate the degree of influence of each independent parameter (ozone concentration, exposure time, binning after treatment) for each dependent parameter (germination energy, germination, growth force). The data obtained is presented in the article
194 kb

GROWING SUMMER POTATO WITH IRRIGATION ON FLOOD LANDS OF SOUTH RUSSIA

abstract 1071503013 issue 107 pp. 207 – 218 31.03.2015 ru 877
The article is devoted to the study of growth peculiarities of summer potato on floodplain lands of Southern Russia. High and stable yields in big farms are possible using substantiated planting time of potato which depends on specific soil – climatic conditions of the area as well as potato cultivation technology elements improvement under irrigation. The latter will provide in turn water and power resources economy. The results of field research to determine planting time allow defining the most favorable conditions for potato cultivation in the given soil-climatic zone. The analysis of data obtained on differential irrigation regimes gives a possibility to determine common regularities of irrigation standards impact on potato growth efficiency. The regime proposed is in conformity with the concept of ecological land reclamation and takes into account a moderate anthropogenic impact on landscape processes under a permissible level of summer potato productivity decrease. Therefore proposed optimal time of summer planting and rational irrigation regime will increase industrial efficiency of potato production and provide environmental safety of irrigation on floodplain lands of South Russia while allowing to economize water and power resources
147 kb

MEAT PRODUCTIVITY OF CROSSBRED SHEEP CALVES

abstract 1051501049 issue 105 pp. 802 – 812 30.01.2015 ru 876
The article presents the results of the control slaughter of purebred and crossbred lambs. It was found that the index of compactness and the main killer performance superiority had two or three breed lambs obtained from crosses involving sheep southern meat breed. The experimental animals were taken measurements of carcasses, which give a fairly complete and objective view of the differences in the length of the torso, hips, mascara and hip girth. There are specific differences in the yield of the most valuable cuts of the first grade the rams depending on the origin. The superiority of crossbred calves over the control for this indicator amounted to 16.4 and 33.4%. The chemical composition of the meat fine-wool lambs contained more moisture and less fat and less calories than meat crossbred animals. Increasing the hybrids values of the protein quality index indicates an increase in meat share of muscle proteins and the reduction of connective tissue, and consequently, improving the quality of the raw meat. Animals obtained by crossing, have wide and deep body, well-developed muscles of the thighs, the best quality characteristics of meat productivity
352 kb

IMPACT OF AN AMENDMENT FOR SOIL STRUCTURE IMPROVING ON SOIL AT SPRINKLING

abstract 1061502020 issue 106 pp. 313 – 323 28.02.2015 ru 875
The article presents the research results of the impact of amendment improving soil structure on soil upon sprinkler irrigation of agricultural lands. It is proposed to use artificial aggregation of soil for water erosion control via composition of structure-forming materials. The developed composition includes slagheap rock, bentonitic clay, claydite screenings, and shell limestone. Adjusted analytical relations of the impact of the amendment on runoff coefficient depending on the intensity of artificial rain upon irrigation of agricultural lands, slope, and water permeability have been revealed. Regression analysis of spectral surfaces has shown that slope of irrigation site has a significant impact on the increasing of runoff coefficient values, while correlation coefficient equals to 0.97. Water permeability has negative correlation, -0.85, with increasing the values of runoff coefficient. The relation between runoff coefficient and intensity of artificial rain is less strong, 0.89. We have determined that applying of the given amendment provides decreasing of runoff coefficient by 15 % depending on the slope of irrigation site, and by 20 % depending on rain intensity. Experts in the field of land reclamation can use obtained analytical relations for predicting surface soil loss when estimating the efficiency of amendment applying to control soil erosion activities at agricultural lands
147 kb

IMPROVING REPRODUCTIVE QUALITIES OF SOWS IN INDUSTRIAL PIG-BREEDING FARM

abstract 1131509078 issue 113 pp. 1072 – 1083 30.11.2015 ru 875
The article presents results of the experiment to study the influence of vitamins and minerals preparation with folic acid Vitoligo M at the reproductive functions of sows. It is established that prilificacy of sows was more at 12,5-39,3%. The piglets of the experimental groups had the best quality of growth and livability. Blood chemistry parameters were better in sows experimental groups. The experiment with lots of animals confirmed the results of scientific experience. The sows of the experimental groups had better breeding efficiency
128 kb

STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF ECOSSE ENRICHED BIOHUMATES ON THE WORK OF A PHOTOSYNTHETIC COMPLEX OF RADISH PLANTS

abstract 1071503003 issue 107 pp. 77 – 85 31.03.2015 ru 874
In the article we show the results of studying the influence of Ecoss enriched biogumat on the photosynthetic complex of radish plants. Seed treatment with humate allows plants to form more powerful root system and develop resistance to various diseases, they are less affected root and basal rot. Plants form a large leaf surface. In leaves we have increased chlorophyll content, they remain longer green, more intense and will accumulate in vegetation greater number of assimilant (carbohydrates), and ultimately increase the yield. More intensive work of the leaves apparatus also contributes to the reduction of nitrates in the production, which is especially important when growing vegetables, melons and potatoes. Humates have a positive impact on yields on soils of different fertility and the different value of the yield. This not only increases the yield of 3 - 5 kg/ha, but also increases the gluten content in grain of winter wheat by 3 - 4%. The application of humates has a high adaptability. Their use can be combined with seed treatment pesticides, spraying crops with pesticides, mineral fertilizers. Therefore, humates are widely spread not only in Russia but all over the world. We have studied the content of chlorophylls and carotenoids at leaf apparatus of radish plants, depending on the methods and doses of the processing with humic preparation
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