Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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165 kb

COLLECTION SAMPLES OF SOFT WINTER WHEAT TOLERANT TO LEAF RUST AND POWDERY MILDEW

abstract 1131509105 issue 113 pp. 1504 – 1513 30.11.2015 ru 746
Diseases cause great damage to agriculture, reducing yields and decreasing its quality. The losses are up to 20-30% of potential crop yields. Different types of rust and powdery mildew cause significant damage to wheat. Thereby, the growing of varieties tolerant to these diseases is of great importance at present. It allows solving such problems as the improvement of stability of grain production (especially in the epiphytotic time), improvement of its quality and reduction of prime cost of the product. Cultivation of resistant varieties gives the opportunity to avoid a use of crop protection chemicals and thus, to improve environment. The researches were carried out in the laboratory of intensive soft winter wheat breeding and seed-growing of FSBSI ARRIGC after I.G. Kalinenko in 2013-2015. The crop was sown in a bare fallow. 275 samples of soft winter wheat from the world collection VIR, Turkey (CIMMYT), new varieties of domestic and foreign breeding, varieties and constant selection lines of own selection were the subjects of the study. Favorable for disease development weather conditions allowed evaluating collection samples according to the degree of infection with leaf rust and powdery mildew under natural conditions. According to a complex resistance to leaf rust and powdery mildew we have distinguished the following samples: ‘Nakhodka’, ‘1226/98’, ‘662/99’, ‘1366/08’, ‘Patriarkh’ (Russia); ‘Shestopalivka’(Ukraine); ‘Simonida’ (Serbia); ‘MV 15-04’ (Hungary); ‘Rialto’ (England); ‘Menestrel’ (France); ‘№42 CIMMYT’ (US). Thus, our conducted study resulted in distinguishing the samples of soft winter wheat which are resistant to leaf rust and powdery mildew and are recommended to use as a source of resistance and tolerance to these pathogens. The samples with a combined resistance to both pathogens are of particular interest
145 kb

MOBILE POLLINATION AS A PARADIGM FOR INDUSTRIAL BEEKEEPING

abstract 1181604060 issue 118 pp. 990 – 1000 29.04.2016 ru 742
The article analyzes the state of the domestic beekeeping. It is proposed, as a paradigm of the industrial beekeeping, to use honey and pollination systems. Over the past 25 years, because the hard economic reforms in the public sector, there was almost double reduction of honey collection. Russian beekeeping is in the hard situation because of the low yields and the use of outdated technologies. Russia's share in the global honey market does not exceed 1 %. A more viable was apiaries of private households. Beekeepers receive a basic income from the sale of honey. Meanwhile, in developed countries more than 60% of the income of integrated use of honeybees account for pollination activities. In modern conditions of the Russian vector of development of beekeeping should be its production and technological re-equipment, improving its bioecological principles and socio - economic transformation of the infrastructure sector. Using mobile honey- pollination systems, which provide bees with feed conveyor due to the frequent movement of the apiary, honey plant and beekeepers can reduce the cost of manual labor for loading and unloading hives. In the Kuban Agrarian University we designed the pavilion design (RF patent number 2,284,103 ), awarded with a silver medal of Concours Lepine (France, Paris ). Using a mobile pavilion allows to conduct all production functions: honey and pollination production and reproduction, ensuring the competitiveness of the industry
143 kb

EFFICIENCY OF TETRA+ FEED ADDITIVE APPLICATION IN CHRONIC MYCOTOXICOSES OF PIGS

abstract 1211607053 issue 121 pp. 897 – 906 30.09.2016 ru 741
The article describes the efficiency of a feed additive called "Tetra+" during chronic mycotoxicoses of pigs. The purpose of carrying out series of experiments on sows was to determine the therapeutic and prophylactic effectiveness of innovative feed additive "Tetra+" during combined chronic mycotoxicosis in pigs and to study the influence of feed additive on the growth, weight, preservation and overall resistance of sows. The results of the experiments revealed that a feed additive "Tetra+" has had a positive impact on large-fruited of pigs; it can also be concluded that the feed additive "Tetra+" has a positive effect on the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and has antitoxic properties
271 kb

POSSIBILITIES OF USING GROWTH REGULATORS FOR FORMATION OF FRUIT PLANTS YIELD

abstract 1191605087 issue 119 pp. 1268 – 1277 31.05.2016 ru 740
The researches were about availability of the appliance of some physiology active matters – aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG) and melafen for optimization of yield formation for orange and apple trees. Field researches were conducted in 2011-2012 in commercial orchards in the region of Gingin in the Western Australia (climate of the region – Mediterranean, the soil – sandy) and in 2015-2016 in apple orchards of the botanical garden of Kuban State Agrarian University (climate of the region - moderately continental), started in 2006. The article shows expediency of using inhibitor biosynthesis of ethylene of AVG at a concentration from 20 to 60 mg /l when the orange fruit size was 3.0 cm, and the growth regulator "Melaphen" (concentration 1˟10- 9 М) in the second half of the vegetation period of apple plants (for 45-50 days before harvest). The use of treatments in these terms reduces pre-harvest fruit drop and thus increase the economic productivity of fruit trees (apple in - up to 11%). It is noted that a variety of orange called Washington Navel is more responsive to the increased concentration of AVG, than the variety of Lane Late (optimal concentration of 60 and 20 mg / l, respectively). We have shown a wide spectrum of action of the treatment "Melaphen" on apple plants. Along with the retention of the fruit on the tree, it enhances the activity of plant growths in summer and some weakening concerning tabs flower buds as well as the displacement of their development. However, the use of melaphen in this period increases the efficiency of the formation of various parts of flowers and fertilization in the next season. With such results of the adjustment processes of vegetative growth and generative development of plants under the influence of physiologically active substances, it will ensure the formation of relatively high and regular yields of fruits
185 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF SEED CROPS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1151601056 issue 115 pp. 894 – 907 27.01.2016 ru 738
The main detected problems in selection system and seed industry consist of depreciation of laboratory equipment and specialized technique; the lack of funds and low incentives for creators of sorts; decreasing of volumes of elite and original seeds production in the Krasnodar region; common use of low reproduction seeds in production of grain. The existing stairs of seed multiplication system are examined, as well as their organizational and legal status. Directions of improvement of system of state support in this field are defined on the basis of presenting subsidies and preferences on purchasing of import of highly specialized equipment, provided that there are no domestic equivalent; correction of requirements in order of receipt of support for development of elite and original seed industry. The necessity of creation of united seed selection center of seed industry in the Krasnodar region on the basis of a specialized research Institute (KNISH of Lukyanenko). Though, as the result of providing by center of consistent recommendations on peculiarities of cultivation of sorts and their adaptive placement, maintenance of contractual relations based on principals of franchising, evaluation of sort and sowing index of quality of seed lots and hybrids, will allow to speed up the development of domestic seed industry, increase the quality of corn farming in region
376 kb

THE QUALITY OF THE MUSCULAR TISSUE OF YOUNG GEESE

abstract 1301706016 issue 130 pp. 243 – 252 30.06.2017 ru 732
The article presents the materials of research on studying of influence of various levels of crude fat in the complete feed (CF) for the young geese of Lindovskaya breed on chemical composition and organoleptic quality of goose meat. In the experimental groups we increased the concentration of crude fat in the start and finish of the CF to 7.4 % and 6,85 %, respectively. As the lipid supplement, we used sunflower oil. It is established that muscle tissue of geese, consuming finishing CF with sunflower oil, has a more pronounced taste, odour, tenderness and juiciness. We may highlight the tendency to increase the proportion of monounsaturated oleic acid, in the background of the decrease of specific weight of palmitic acid in the fat muscle 60 day goslings who received the start and finish of CFs with the addition of sunflower oil
421 kb

INFLUENCE OF DURATION OF THE FIRST LACTATION PERIOD OF SOWS ON REPRODUCTIVE QUALITY

abstract 1221608079 issue 122 pp. 1163 – 1199 31.10.2016 ru 731
The article contains research results on the influence of duration of the first lactation period of sows on reproductive qualities. The authors have detected basic problems which reduce indices reproduction of purebred pigs of the breed of Yorkshire and hybrids of F1 (Yorkshire x Landras) under conditions of a new complex. It was found that because of the increase in duration of lactation period of the sows it is impossible to increase the safety of the piglets with a reduced live mass (from big nests and slow in growth) and improve the reproductive quality of sows. This method has been used in the economy what led to a notable improvement in the indices of pig breeding
373 kb

THE CONTENT AND FORM OF THE NICKEL COMPOUNDS IN THE WESTERN CAUCASUS LEACHED CHERNOZEM IN TERMS OF AGROGENESIS

abstract 1121508125 issue 112 pp. 1728 – 1739 30.10.2015 ru 728
The article presents results of studying the total content and the forms of Nickel in the Western Caucasus leached Chernozem at three rotations of 11-fild grain-grass-arable crop rotation. The Nickel content in the soil is close to its Clark (40 mg/kg) and significantly lower than UEC (80 mg/kg). Scientifically based system for fertilizing crop rotation does not lead to the accumulation of Nickel in the soil, but creates the conditions for increasing its mobility. In the future, we may experience the need of the inclusion of Nickel into the system of fertilization of crops grown on leached Chernozem. The Nickel content in the leached Chernozem before development of crop rotation was generally close to Clark soils of the world (40 mg/kg) and significantly lower than UEC (80 mg/kg), which favors the production of high quality produce. After three rotations of the crop rotation without using fertilizers, the total content of Nickel and acid-insoluble form in the soil decreased slightly, but the number of the element extracted with both buffer and acid extractor, increased insignificantly. The decrease of the total content of Nickel and its reserve (acid-insoluble) fund in the soil we explain with the annual exclusion of the element with harvests crops from the fields, and the trend of increasing mobile and acid-soluble - mineralization of humus followed by acidification of the soil. Systematic mineral fertilization on field crop rotation was slightly up for the Nickel fund of the soil, but did not ensure the recovery of the initial level. At the same time, at fertilize crop rotation we observed a clear trend of increasing the number of rolling and acid-soluble Nickel. If we consider that the value of the MPC for moving Nickel is equal to 6 mg/kg, these changes may not have any negative environmental impacts, but rather will encourage the use of this ultra-microelement by plants
423 kb

MODERNIZATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF MICROCLIMATE PARAMETER MANAGEMENT ARE THE BASIS OF THE V GENERATION GREENHOUSES

abstract 1231609129 issue 123 pp. 1930 – 1952 30.11.2016 ru 728
Protected soil of Russia which has been stagnant for a long time began to expand actively and to modernize. The State Program of protected soil development for 2015-2016 promotes it, according to which every year it is planned to introduce 200 – 215 ha of modern industrial greenhouses. There was set the task of production of 1 mln. tons of greenhouse vegetables by the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia to 2020. Existing greenhouses of the IV generation of the type "Venlo" takes about 2.2 hectares in the country and are successfully used by producers of vegetables, obtaining in a year-round period 700 – 720 thousand tons of vitamin production. At present time the special attention of greenhouse owners is paid to greenhouses of the V generation of the system UltraClima, ModulAIR, in which we modernized the system of microclimate parameter management allowing to eliminate the critical periods of management by thermal isolation in the second part of May to the end of summer. The offered systems allow essentially economizing energy expenses, considerably to increase the profitability of vegetable production at the expense of management by growth’s processes and plant development. The innovation solutions in a greenhouse construction on the example of the first Russian greenhouse with the system UltraClima constructed in the Lipetsk region are discussed in this article. There was shown the characteristic of a new analogous development of Russian engineers having a number of advantages in comparison with UltraClima
861 kb

INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF BASIC TREATMENT CONDUCTED UNDER SUNFLOWERS ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL

abstract 1191605017 issue 119 pp. 254 – 263 31.05.2016 ru 725
In the article, we present results of the research of the influence of various processings of soil on accumulation of productive moisture in autumn and winter periods
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